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mies but the enemies of the country ;| God for a King who has derived his he did not make the memory of a quiet glory from the peace of his King a fountain of wrath; the feelings realm, and who has founded his own of the individual (where they required happiness upon the happiness of bis any control) were in perfect subjec- people. tion to the just conception he had But the world passes on, and a new formed of his high duties; and every order of things arises. Let us take a one near him found it was a govern- short view of those duties which dement of principle, and not of temper; volve upon the young Queen whom not of caprice, not of malice couching Providence has placed over us—what in high places, and watching an oppor- ideas she ought to form of her dutiestunity of springing on its victim. and on what points she should endea
Our late Monarch had the good vour to place the glories of her reign. nature of Christianity : he loved the First and foremost, I think, the new happiness of all the individuals about Queen should bend her mind to the him, and never lost an opportunity of very serious consideration of educating promoting it; and where the heart is the people. Of the importance of this good, and the mind active, and the I think no reasonable doubt can exist; means ample, this makes a luminous it does not in its effects keep pace and beautiful life, which gladdens the with the exaggerated expectations of nations, and leads them, and turns its injudicious advocates ; but it premen to the exercise of virtue, and the sents the best chance of national imgreat work of salvation.
provement. We may honestly say of our late Reading and writing are mere inSovereign that he loved his country, crease of power. They may be turned, and was sensibly alive to its glory and I admit, to a good or a bad purits happiness. When he entered into pose ; but for several years of his life his palaces he did not say, “ All this is the child is in your hands, and you my birthright: I am entitled to it - it may give to that power what bias you is my due — how can I gain more please : thou shalt not kill — thou shalt splendour ? how can I increase all not steal — thou shalt not bear false the pleasures of the senses ?” but he witness : by how many fables, by how looked upon it all as a memorial that much poetry, by how many beautiful he was to repay by example, by atten- aids of imagination, may not the fine tion, and by watchfulness over the morality of the Sacred Scriptures be public interests, the affectionate and engraven on the minds of the young? lavish expenditure of his subjects; I believe the arm of the assassin may and this was not a decision of reason, be often stayed by the lessons of his but a feeling which hurried him away. early life. When I see the village Whenever it was pointed out to him school, and the tattered scholars, and that England could be made more the aged master or mistress teaching rich, or more happy, or rise higher in the mechanical art of reading or writthe scale of nations, or be better guided ing, and thinking that they are teachin the straight path of the Christian ing that alone, I feel that the aged faith, on all such occasions be rose instructor is protecting life, insuring above himself; there was a warmth, property, fencing the altar, guarding and a truth, and an honesty, which it the throne, giving space and liberty to was impossible to mistake; the gates all the fine powers of man, and litting of his heart were flung open, and that him up to his own place in the order of heart throbbed and beat for the land Creation. which his ancestors had rescued from There are, I am sorry to say, many slavery, and governed with justice :- countries in Europe which have taken but he is gone
and let fools praise the lead of England in the great busiconquerors, and say the great Napo- ness of education, and it is a thorough. leon pulled down this kingdom, and ly commendable and legitimate object mustroyed that army; we will thank of ambition in a Sovereign to overtake
them. The names, too, of malefactors, pared with the gigantic evils which and the nature of their crimes, are stalk over the world in a state of war. subjected to the Sovereign ;- how is God is forgotten in war-every prinit possible that a Sovereign, with the ciple of Christian charity trampled fine feelings of youth, and with all the upon human labour destroyed - hugentleness of her sex, should not ask man industry extinguished — you see herself, whether the human being whom the son, and the husband, and the she dooms to death, or at least does not brother, dying miserably in distant rescue from death, has been properly lands—you see the waste of human warned in early youth of the horrors affections - you see the breaking of of that crime, for which his life is for human hearts - you hear the shrieks feited—“ Did he ever receive any of widows and children after the battle education at all ?- did a father and — and you walk over the mangled mother watch over him – was he bodies of the wounded calling for brought to places of worship? — was death. I would say to that Royal the Word of God explained to him ?— child, Worship God by loving peace was the Book of Knowledge opened to – it is not your humanity to pity a him ?–Or am I, the fountain of mercy, beggar by giving him food or raiment the nursing-mother of my people, to - I can do that ; that is the charity send a forsaken wretch from the streets of the humble and the unknown to the scaffold, and to prevent by un- widen you your heart for the more exprincipled cruelty the evils of unprin- panded miseries of mankind — pity the cipled neglect ?”
mothers of the peasantry who see their Many of the objections found against sons torn away from their families — the general education of the people pity your poor subjects crowded into are utterly untenable ; where all are hospitals, and calling in their last educated, education cannot be a source breath upon their distant country and of distinction, and a subject for pride. their young Queen— pity the stupid, The great source of labour is want; frantic folly of human beings who are and as long as the necessities of life always ready to tear each other to call for labour, labour is sure to be pieces, and to deluge the earth with supplied. All these fears are foolish each other's blood ; this is your exand imaginary ; the great use and the tended humanity — and this the great great importance of education properly field of your compassion. Extinconducted is, that it creates a great guish in your heart the fiendish love bias in favour of virtue and religion, at of military glory, from which your a period of life when the mind is open sex does not necessarily exempt you, to all the impressions which superior and to which the wickedness of Hatwisdom may choose to affix upon it : terers may urge you. Say upon your the sum and mass of these tendencies deathbed, “I have made few orphans and inclinations make a good and vir- in my reign- I have made few widows tuous people, and draw down upon us - my object has been peace. I have the blessing and protection of Al- used all the weight of my character, mighty God.
and all the power of my situation, to A second great object, which I hope check the irascible passions of manwill be impressed upon the mind of this kind, and to turn them to the arts of Royal Lady, is a racted horror of war honest industry: this has been the - an earnest and passionate desire to Christianity of my throne, and this the keep her people in a state of profound gospel of my sceptre; in this way I peace. The greatest curse which can have striven to worship my Redecmer be entailed upon mankind is a state of and my Judge."
All the atrocious crimes com. I would add (if any addition were mitted in years of peace — all that is wanted as a part of the lesson to spent in peace by the secret corrup- youthful royalty), the utter folly of all tions, or by the thoughtless extrava- wars of ambition, where the objec gance of nations, are mere trifles com- sought for — if attained at all —
commonly attained at manifold its reallble, and how wise it is, to render the value, and often wrested, after short solid advantages of a National Church enjoyment, from its possessor, by the compatible with the civil rights of combined indignation and just ven- those who cannot assent to its doctrines. geance of the other nations of the Then again, our youthful Ruler must world. It is all misery, and folly, and be very slow to believe all the exaggeimpiety and cruelty. The atrocities, rated and violent abuse which religious and horrors, and disgusts of war, have sects indulge in against each other. never been half enough insisted upon She will find, for instance, that the by the teachers of the people; but Catholics, the great object of our horthe worst of evils and the greatest ror and aversion, have (mistaken as of follies have been varnished over they are) a great deal more to say in with specious names, and the gigantic defence of their tenets than those robbers and murderers of the world imagine who indulge more in the lushave been holden up, for their imita- ury of invective than in the labour of tion, to the weak eyes of youth. May inquiry - she will find in that seet, honest counsellors keep this poison men as enlightened, talents as splendid, from the mind of the young Queen! and probity as firm, as in our own May she love what God bids, and do Church: and she will soon learn to what makes men happy!
appreciate, at its just value, that exagI hope the Queen will love the gerated hatred of sects which paints National Church, and protect it; but the Catholic faith (the religion of two'it must be impressed upon her mind, thirds of Europe) as utterly incompathat every sect of Christians have as tible with the safety, peace, and order perfect right to the free exercise of of the world. their worship as the Church itself — It will be a serious vexation to all that there must be no invasion of the loyal hearts, and to all rationally pious privileges of other sects, and no con- minds, if our Sovereign should fall temptuous disrespect of their feelings into the common error of mistaking
that the altar is the very ark and fanaticism for religion ; and in this citadel of freedom.
way fling an air of discredit upon real Some persons represent old age as devotion. It is, I am afraid, unquesmiserable, because it brings with it the rionably the fault of the age, her youth pains and infirmities of the body ; but and her sex do not make it more imwhat gratification to the mind may not probable, and the warmest efforts of old age bring with it in this country of that description of persons will not be wise and rational improvement ? I wanting to gain over a convert so ilbave lived to see the immense improve- lustrious, and so important. Should ments of the Church of England -- all this take place, the consequences will its powers of persecution destroyed - be serious and distressing — the land its monopoly of civil offices expunged will be inundated with hypocrisy from the book of the law, and all its absurdity will be heaped upon absurd. unjust and exclusive immunities le. ity-- there will be a race of folly and velled to the ground. The Church of extravagance for royal favour, and he England is now a rational object of who is furthest removed from reason love and admiration -- it is perfectly will make the nearest approach to dis. compatible with civil freedom-it is an tinction; and then follow the usual institution for worshipping God, and consequences ; a weariness and disgust not a cover for gratifying secular inso- of religion itself, and the foundation lence, and ministering to secular am- laid for an age of impiety and intidelbition. It will be the duty of those to ity. Those, then, to whom these matwhom the sacred trust of instructing ters are delegated, will watch carefully our youthful Queen is intrusted, to over every sign of this excess, and lead her attention to these great im- guard from the mischievous intempe. provements in our religious establish-rance of enthusiasm those feelings, and ments; and to show to her how possi-Ithat understanding, the healthy state
of which bears so strongly and inti. struggle of parties, looks to it as a mately upon the happiness of a whole source of permanent improvement. A people.
great object of her affections is the Though I deprecate the bad effects preservation of peace; she regards a of fanaticism, I earnestly pray that state of war as the greatest of all huour young Sovereign may evince her. i man evils; thinks that the last of self to be a person of deep religious conquest is not a glory, but a bad feeling: what other cure has she for crime ; despises the folly and miscalall the arrogance and vanity which her culations of war, and is willing to saexalted position must engender? for crifice everything to peace but the clear all the flattery and falsehood with which honour of her land. she must be surrounded? for all the The patriot Queen, whom I am soul-corrupting homage with which painting, reverences the National she is met at every moment of her ex- Church — frequents its worship, and istence? what other cure than to cast regulates her faith by its precepts; herself down in darkness and solitude, but she withstands the encroachments, before God - to say that she is dust' and keeps down the ambition natural and ashes -- and to call down the piiy to establishments, and by rendering the of the Almighty upon her difficult and privileges of the Church compatible dangerous life? This is the antidote with the civil freedom of all sects, conof kings against the slavery and the fers strength upon, and adds duration baseness which surround them : they to, that wise and magnificent institushould think often of death --and the tion. And then this youthful Monarch, folly and nothingness of the world, and profoundly but wisely religious, disthey should humble their souls before daining hypocrisy, and far above the the Master of masters, and the King childish follies of false piety, casts herof kings; praying to Heaven for wis- self upon God, and seeks from the dom and calm retiection, and for that Gospel of his blessed Son a path for spirit of Christian gentleness which her steps, and a comfort for her soul. exalts command into an empire of Here is a picture which warms every justice, and turns obedience into a ser- English heart, and would bring all this vice of love.
congregation upon their bended knees A wise man struggling with adver- before Almighty God to pray it may sity is said by some heathen writer to be realised. What limits to the glory be a spectacle on which the gods and happiness of our native land, if might look down with pleasure : but the Creator should in his mercy have where is there a tiner moral and reli- placed in the heart of this Royal Wogious picture, or one more deserving man the rudiments of wisdom and of Divine favour, than that of which, mercy; and if giving them time to perhaps, we are now beginning to en- expand, and to bless our children's joy the blessed reality ?
children with her goodness. He should A young Queen at that period of grant to her a long sojourning upon life which is commonly given up to earth, and leave her to reign over us frivolous amusement, sees at once the till she is well stricken in years! What great principles by which she should glory! what happiness! what joy! be guided, and steps at once into the what bounty of God! I of course can great duties of her station. The im- only expect to see the beginning of portance of educating the lower orders such a splendid period; but when I do of the people is never absent from her see it, I shall exclaim with the pious mind; she takes up this principle at Simeon,-“ Lord, now lettest thou the beginning of her life ; and in all ihy servant depart in peace, for mine the change of servants, and in all the eyes have seen thy salvation.”
own force and direction the energy of On the Sunday after the Birth of the then
a free People ! May he grow in Drike of Cornwall, Mr. Sydney Smith in favour with God, by holding the troduced the following into the Prayer Faith in Christ fervently and feelingly, used at St. Paul's Cathedral before the
without feebleness, without fanaticism, Serinon,
without folly! As he will be the tirst “We pray also for that Infant of the man in these realms, so may he be the Royal Race whom in thy good Provi- best; - disdaining to hide bad actions dence thou hast given us for our future by high station, and endeavouring King. We beseech thee so to mould always, by the example of a strict and his heart and fashion his spirit, that he moral life, to repay ihose gifts which may be a blessing and not an evil to a loyal people are so willing to spare the land of his birth. May he grow from their own necessities to a good in favour with man, by leaving to its King."