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An English monk, "Willelmus, cognomento Diabolus," and another person, Hughes le Diable, lord of Lusignan." Robert, duke of Normandy, son to William the Conqueror, was surnamed "the Devil."
In Norway and Sweden there were two families of the name of "Trolle," in English "Devil," and every branch of these families had an emblem of the "Devil" for their coat of arms.
In Utrecht there was a family of "Teufels," or "Devils," and another in Brittany named "Diable.'
A SEA BULL.
An Irishman, who served on board a man of war in the capacity of a waister, was selected by one of the officers to haul in a tow-line of considerable length, which was towing over the tafrail. After rowsing in forty or fifty fathoms, which had put his patience severely to proof, as well as every muscle of his arms, he muttered to himself, "Sure, it's as long as to day and to-morrow! It's a good week's work for any five in the ship!-Bad luck to the arm or leg it'll leave me at last!-What! more of it yet!-Och, murder; the sa's mighty deep to be sure!"-After continuing in a similar strain, and conceiving there was little probability of the completion of his labour, he suddenly stopped short, and addressing the officer of the watch, exclaimed, " Bad manners to me, sir, if I don't think somebody's cut off the other end of it!"
too as they went along should sing aloud, having each of them, as a recompense, a handsome sum of money allotted for a portion. All the clergy of Padua marched before in long procession, together with all the monks of the convent, except those wearing black habits, whom he expressly excluded by his will, lest the blackness of their hoods should throw a gloom upon the cheerfulness of the procession.
CHARLES I. AND PARLIAMEnts.
Mr. Pye, the late poet laureate, in his Sketches," says, "When I was at Oxford, my tutor having the revisal of some papers relative to the civil war, (I know not if they have been published,) showed me a letter from one of the king's secretaries, with remarks on the margin in the king's own handwriting. One expression particularly struck me, as seeming to show his determination to lay aside the use of parliaments. The paper was a circular request to some of the counties for their pecuniary assistance, I believe on the Scots' invasion. The words were, as nearly as I can recollect, (sixteen years having elapsed since I saw the letter,) Your obliging me in this instance will induce me to ask your aid in a manner more agreeable to yourselves.' These words had a line drawn through them; and there was written on the margin, in the king's hand: 'I have SCORED out these words, as they seem to imply a promise of calling a parliament, of which I have no intention.' 999
For the Table Book.
A Pat-an odd joker-and Yankee more sly,
Lodovick Cortusius, an eminent lawyer, THE YANKEE CAUGHT IN HIS OWN who died at Padua on the 15th of July, 1518, when upon his death-bed forbad his relations to shed tears at his funeral, and even put his heir under a heavy penalty if he neglected to perform his orders. On the other hand, he ordered musicians, singers, pipers, and fiddlers, of all kinds, to supply Said the Yankee to Pat, " If I don't make too free, the place of mourners, and directed that fifty of them should walk before his corpse with the clergymen, playing upon their several instruments; for this service he ordered each of them half a ducat. He likewise appointed twelve maids in green habits to carry his corpse to the church of St. Sophia, where he was buried, and that they
Give that gallows its due, pray where then would you
Why honey," said Pat, "faith that's easily known, I'd be riding to town-by myself-all alone."
SAM SAM'S SON
On our way from Penge, W. thought this object worth sketching. He occupied himself with his pencil, and I amused myself with dropping grains of dust among a fleet of tadpoles on the yellow sands, and watching their motions: a few inches from them, in a clearer shallow, lay a shoal of stickle-backs as on their Dogger-bank: a thread and a blood-worm, and the absence of my friend, and of certain feelings in behalf of the worms, would have afforded me excellent sport. The rivulet crosses the road from a meadow, where I heard it in its narrow channel, and muttering inwardly
"the rapids are near," from the "Canadian Boat-song," I fell into a reverie on Wilson's magnificent painting of the falls of Niagara, in Mr. Landseer's paintingroom. While I seated myself by the wayside, and, among ground-ivy and periwinkle, discriminating the diminutive forms of trees in the varied mosses of an old bank, I recollected descriptions I had read of transatlantic scenery, and the gigantic vegetation on the Ohio and Mississipi.
A labourer told us, that this little brook is called "Chaffinch's River," and that is springs from "the Alders," near Croydon, and runs into the Ravensbourne.
From "Bussy D'Ambois his Revenge," a Tragedy, by George Chapman, 1613.]
Plays and Players.
Guise. I would have these things
See all their grave and serious mischiefs play'd,
But puppetry, and pied ridiculous antics.
Baligny. Why, is not all the World esteem'd a Stage? Clermont. Yes, and right worthily; and Stages too Have a respect due to them, if but only
For what the good Greek Moralist says of them:
That can within his greatest glory fall;
Is a man 'fraid with poverty and lowness?
And ignorant Swearer out of jealous envy,
He stood and laugh'd. Heard he a Tradesman, swear. ing
Never so thriftily, selling of his wares,
He stood and laugh'd. Heard he a Holy Brother,
Not for their good but his--he stood and laugh'd.
Never so weeping, wringing of her hands
For her dead Lord, still the Philosopher laugh'd.-
Were only maskerles, and wore false faces,
in this one thing all the discipline
Of manners and of manhood is contain'd;
In his main sway; and make (in all things fit)
Apparitions before the Body's Death SCOTICE, Second Sight.
these true Shadows of the Guise and Cardinal, Fore-running thus their Bodies, may approve, That all things to be done, as here we live, Are done before all times in th' other life.
[From "Satiromastix," a Comedy, by Thomas Decker, 1602: in which Ben Jonson, under the name of Horace, is reprehended, in retaliation of his "Poetaster;" in which he had attacked two of his Brother Dramatists, probably Marston and Decker, under the names of Crispi nus and Demetrius.]
Horace. What could I do, out of a just revenge,
As often as thou speaks't so. Where one true
Crispinus. This makes us angry, but not envious.
In the scholastic way you brought to town with you,
Players. My Lord, we are corrected.
But you, Sir, are incorrigible, and
Your parts your own free fancy; and sometimes
With care and skill composed; and when you are
Player. That is a way, my Lord, has been allowed
THE DIVER OF CHARYBDIS.
To the Editor.
Sir, Mr. Brydone, in the quotations you have made, appears to doubt the accuracy of the stories relating to Charybdis. I never recollect to have heard mention of the name of Colus, but apprehend he was the same as the famous Sicilian diver, Nicolo Pesce. Associated with Charybdis,
At page 643, &c.
some notice of this extraordinary man may not be uninteresting.
The authenticity of this account depends entirely on the authority of Kircher. He - assures us, he had it from the archives of the kings of Sicily; but its having so much of the marvellous in it, many have been disposed to doubt its accuracy. Historians are too fond of fiction, but we should by no means doubt their sincerity, when we find them on other subjects not contemptible authorities.
"In the time of Frederic, king of Sicily, (says Kircher,) there lived a celebrated diver, whose name was Nicholas, and who, from his amazing skill in swimming, and his perseverance under the water, was surnamed the fish. This man had from his infancy been used to the sea; and earned his scanty subsistence by diving for corals and oysters, which he sold to the villagers on shore. His long acquaintance with the sea at last brought it to be almost his natural element. He was frequently known to spend five days in the midst of the waves, without any other provisions than the fish which he caught there, and ate raw. He often swam over from Sicily into Calabria, a tempestuous and dangerous passage, carrying letters from the king. He was frequently known to swim among the gulfs of Lipari, no way apprehensive of danger.
"Some mariners out at sea one day observing something at a distance from them, regarded it as a sea-monster; but upon its approach it was known to be Nicholas, whom they took into their ship. When they asked him whither he was going in so stormy and rough a sea, and at such a distance from land, he showed them a packet of letters, which he was carrying to one of the towns of Italy, exactly done up in a leather bag, in such a manner that they could not be wetted by the sea. He kept them company for some time in their voyage, conversing and asking questions; and, after eating with them, took his leave, and jumping into the sea, pursued his voyage alone.
"In order to aid these powers of enduring in the deep, nature seemed to have assisted him in a very extraordinary manner; for the spaces between his fingers and toes were webbed as in a goose: and his chest became so very capacious, that he was able, at one inspiration, to take in as much breath as would serve him a whole day.
"The account of so extraordinary a person did not fail to reach the king himself;
who commanded Nicholas to be brought before him. It was no easy matter to find Nicholas, who generally spent his time in the solitudes of the deep; but, at last, after much searching, he was discovered, and brought before his majesty. The curiosity of this monarch had long been excited by the accounts he had heard of the bottom of the gulf of Charybdis; he now therefore conceived that it would be a proper opportunity to obtain more certain information. He therefore commanded the poor diver to examine the bottom of this dreadful whirlpool; and, as an incitement to his obedience, he ordered a golden cup to be thrown into it. Nicholas was not insensible of the danger to which he was exposed; dangers best known only to himself, and therefore he presumed to remonstrate; but the hopes of the reward, the desire of pleasing the king, and the pleasure of showing his skill, at last prevailed. He instantly jumped into the gulf, and was as instantly swallowed up in its bosom. He continued for three quarters of an hour below, during which time the king and his attendants remained on shore anxious for his fate: but he at last appeared, holding the cup in triumph in one hand, and making his way good among the waves with the other. It may be supposed he was received with applause when he came on shore; the cup was made the reward of his adventure; the king ordered him to be taken proper care of; and, as he was somewhat fatigued and debilitated with his labour, after a hearty meal he was put to bed, and permitted to refresh himself with sleeping.
"When his spirits were thus restored, he was again brought before the king, to satisfy his curiosity with a narrative of the wonders he had seen; and his account was to the following effect :-He would never, he said, have obeyed the king's commands, had he been apprized of half the dangers that were before him. There were four things, he said, which rendered the gulf dreadful, not only to men but to the fishes themselves. 1. The force of the water bursting up from the bottom, which required great strength to resist. 2. The abruptness of the rocks, which on every side threatened destruction. 3. The force of the whirlpool dashing against these ocks. And, 4. The number and magnitude of the polypous fish, some of which appeared as large as a man; and which, every where sticking against the rocks projected their fibrous arms to entangle him. Being asked, how he was able so readily to find the cup that had been thrown
in, he replied, that it happened to be flung by the waves into the cavity of a rock against which he himself was urged in his descent. This account, however, did no! satisfy the king's curiosity. Being request. ed once more to venture into the gulf for further discoveries, he at first refused: but the king, desirous of having the most accurate information possible of all things to be found in the gulf, repeated his solicitations; and to give them greater weight, produced a larger cup than the former, and added also a purse of gold. Upon these considerations the unfortunate diver once again plunged into the whirlpool, and was never heard of more."
This is Kircher's account, some assertions of whom will undoubtedly excite incredibility in the minds of all. I do not wish to offer any remarks, but leave your readers to form their own opinions.
People, by being accustomed to the water from their infancy, may often, at length, not only be enabled to stay much longer under water, but putting on a kind of amphibious nature, have the use of all their faculties as well under the water as on the dry land. Most savage nations are remarkable for this; and, even among civilized nations, many persons are found capable of continuing submerged for an incredible time.
I am, &c.
COUNTRY LITTLE KNOWN.
We have to inform the public of a remarkable discovery, which, though partially disclosed by former travellers, has still remained, for the most part, a strange secret. It is this; that there is actually, at this present moment, and in this our own beautiful country of Great Britain, a large tract of territory, which to nine hundred and ninety-nine thousandths of our beloved countrymen is as much an undiscovered land as the other end of New South Wales, or the Pole which they have gone to find out. We have read of places in romance, which were more shut out by magic from people's eyes, though close to them, than if a fifty-foot wall encircled them. It would seem as if some such supernatural prohibition existed with regard to the land in question; for the extremities of it reach to within a short distance from the metropolis, which it surrounds on all sides; nay, we have heard of persons riding through it,