Imatges de pàgina

· X. Any member shall have a right to introduce others, provided she first mention their names, and produce sufficient evidence to the Society that they are of the above mentioned character. • XI. In case any member be absent, the shall send her contribution with her name marked thereon, or attend herself at the next meeting, and answer the requirements of each month.

XII. If any member be absent three meetings succeffively, without giving information to the Society, one or more persons shall be chosen to wait on her, and know the occasion of her absence.

XIII. Each person shall engage to continue a mem- . ber until circumstances occur to render it inexpedient; in which case, if a dismiffion be requested, it Thall be granted by a majority of members present. " XIV. If any member fail to exhibit the character required in the gth Article, she shall be excluded from the Society by a majority present.

XV. On the first Thursday of April, two persons shall bé chosen, by vote of the Society, to write a letter (for examination the first Thursday in May) to the Trustees of the Massachusetts Miffionary Society, to whom also the said books shall be conveyed, to be distributed as the judgment of their Miffionaries shall dictate.

XVI. The Society shall commence with prayer and praise; and, after attending to business, and reading a passage of Scripture, conclude in the same manner.

· The Institution of The Boston FEMALE ASYLUM,

organized Sept. 26th, 1800.

Job xxix. 11, 12, 13. When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and

when the eye saw me, it gave witness to me. Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him who had none to help him.-The blessing of him who was ready to perish came upon me. THOSE who are acquainted with the condition of

1 the poor, must know that many Female Orphans suffer for want of early patronage : notwithstanding the

care taken of them by the towri, much may still be done for them.

May the Ladies of Boston be stimulated to rescue some of the many from that wretchedness too common to the poor. To them the appeal' is made, and from them relief is wilhed. .

Can virtue, can talents, can wealth be employed in a more laudable way?-Females will sympathise especially with the sufferings of their own sex, when unprotected by parents or friends. Are there not many among the children of prosperity, who wish to embrace the present opportunity to lay the foundation of an Institution, which, at some future time, may prove an extensive blessing to thousands of unfortunate females ? - To the benevolent heart, how delightful is this prospect!

PLAN. THE name of the Institution shall be The Boston FEMALE ASYLUM. - . • The design is to raise funds for the benefit of Fe'male Orphan Children from three to ten years of age; to board them with some capable, discreet woman, who Thall teach them to read, write, few, and do all kinds of domestic bufiness, until old enough to be placed in virtuous families.

The stated meeting of the Society shall be held onæ a year, viz, on the last Tuesday in September; at which a Board, consisting of fourteen ladies, each subscribing the sum of three dollars a year, shall be elected by a majority of the subscribers when met; and votes may at any time be given in person, or by proxy. This Board shall choose from among themselves a Firft and Second Direc. tress, and Secretary; and shall have the management of "The affairs of the Asylum ; particularly they shall see that the children are well used, clothed and instructed at the expense of the Society. In a word, they shall have the entire direction of the children, till they are of proper age to be put out; and Mall choose fit places for thein. - The Managers shall meet once a month, at such place as they shall choose. Three members shall form a quoa rum to transact business. - The First Directress shall prefide at all meetings; preo ferve order; state questions for discussion; and declare the decifion. In all equal divisions the shall have the casting vote. With the advice of the Board, she shall call meetings of the Society. In case of absence, the second Dire&ress shall take her place for the time being. If both be abfent, a Directress shall be chosen by the Managers for that meeting.

The Secretary shall keep a Register of the Member's* bames; collect the dues, and pay them into the hands of the Treasurer. She shall notify and attend the meetings of the Society; record their proceedings; and render, at every meeting, an account of the monies received by her, and paid to the Treasurer, and of monies due.

· The Treasurer Thall be annually chosen by the body of the Subscribers; whole bufinels fhall be, to take charge of the monies collected for the Society; attend the meetings of the Managers, and examine their expenditures; and render to the Society, when called upon, an account of its Funds, and of her Receipts and Payments.

Members, in order to become so, thall pay not less than three dollars a year; but donations, to any amount, from Gentlemen as well as Ladies, will be gratefully received. The Gentlemen cannot be members of this So. ciety, but their names will be entered with peculiar pleasure on the list of its Benefactors. ..

RULES OF THE SOCIETY. I. : THIS Charity shall be confined to FEMALE ORPHAN CHILDREN.-. in . ..

II. They shall be placed under the care and instruction of a capable, discreet, and virtuous woman.

III. They shall be all dressed alike in a plain and fimple attire, and encouraged, when they behave well, by foie token of approbation conferred-by the Society; imre

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47, 88, maintains that, on the President's principles, • Virtue isian utter impossibility; because that the buia man mind is not capable of such different degrees of atfachment as are due to the infinitely various objects of the intelligent system: alfo, becaufe that our views of the fyftení being capable of perpetual enlargement, our attachments are liable to undue proportion, fo that those regards which appeared virtuous inay afterwards become vicious: and, lastly, that if Virtue consist in the lovo of Being in general, or attachment to the general good, the particular affections are to every purpose of virtue useless, and even pernicious; for their necessary tendency is to attract to their objects a proportion of attention, which far exceeds their comparative value in the general fcale." :: -,-": ineria

“ The question is," as Mr. Hall observes, « What is Virtue ?!? Answer, Love. But Love to whom, or what? To Beïng, Tays Edwards; and as the Supreme Being is the first and best of Beings, it is to love him supremely, and- our fellow-creatures in subordination to him. It is objected, that we cannot comprehend the Şupreme Being, and therefore cannot love him in pro- . portion to what he is in the scale of Being. True; and we cannot fully comprehend ourselves; yet we may love ourfelves fupremely.-" The order of nature, says Mr. Hall, is evermore from particulars to generals: we advance from private to public affections : from the love of parents, brothers, and lifters, to thofe more expanded regaids which embrace the immense society of human kind." But to this it may be replied: . . • 1. Virtuous affection does not consist in natural attachment: if it did, birds and beafts would be virtuous as well as men; nor does genuine benevolence arise from these instinctive feelings as their root : if it did, all men who are not without natural affe&tion would be virtuous, benevolent characters. It may imply a high degree of depravity to have obliterated natural affection, though the thing itself have no moral good in it. Natural affection, however, if exercised in subferviency to the divine glory.

becomes virtuous, as are eating and drinking, and all other natural actions. · .

2. The question does not relate to the order in which, the human mind comes to the knowledge of objects, and, so to the actual exercise of love towards them; but to the order in which love operates when the objects are known. If we were free from every, taint of original lin, yet we should not love God before we loved our parents; and that because we should not know him first. We cannot love an object before we know it; but it does not follow from hence, that when we know both God and our parents, we must continue to love them first, and God for their fake. That which Mr. Hall calls the order of nature," may indeed be so called, 'as it is the order establilhed for our being brought to the actual ex. ercise of our powers; but, with regard to the argument, it is rather the order of time than of nature. :*.

“ The welfare of the whole system of Being must be allowed,” says Mr. Hall, “ to be in itself the object of all others the most worthy to be pursued; so that, could the mind distinctly embrace it, and discern at every step what agion would infallibly promote it, we should be furnished with a sure criterion of right and wrong; an unerring guide, which would superlede the use and necessity of all inferior rules, laws and principles ;"'* but it is not necefsary to true virtue that it should comprehend all Being, or distinctly embrace the welfare of the whole System;" it is sufficient that it be of an expanfive tendency; and this appears to be Edwards' view of the subject. A child may love God by loving godliness or godly people, though it have as yet scarcely any ideas of God himself. It may also poffers a disposition, the tendency of which is

to embrace, in the arms of good will, “ the immense so· ciety of human kind,” though at the same time it may

not be acquainted with but few people in the world. Such a disposition will come into actual exercise “ from particulars to generals;" i. e, as fast as knowledge extends. This, however, is not “ private affection," or

* Sermon, p. 55

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