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C. M. Sutton
G. R. Dawson
W. Curtis John Eamer R. A. Cox John T. Thorp R. Rothwell J. E. Dowdeswell R. Clark H. Woodthorpe T. Tyrell W. Borradaile,jun.
T. Smith H. Taylor W. Keppel F. T. Hammond W. Congreve N. Knowlys, the Common Sergeant of London J. Buller J. Whately G. Nayler, York
At the Court at Carlton-house, the 30th day of January, 1820, Present, The King's Most Excellent Majesty in Council.
His Majesty being this day present in Council, was pleased to make the following declaration, viz. :
"I have directed that you should be assembled here, in order that I may discharge the painful duty of announ cing to you the death of the King, my beloved father.
"It is impossible for me adequately to express the state of my feelings upon this melancholy occasion, but I have the consolation of knowing, that the severe calamity with which his Majesty has been afflicted for so many years, has never effaced from the minds of his subjects the impressions created by his many virtues; and his example. will, I am persuaded, live for ever in the grateful remembrance of his country.
"Called upon, in consequence of his Majesty's indisposition, to exercise
the prerogatives of the Crown on his behalf, it was the first wish of my heart to be allowed to restore into his hands the powers with which I was intrusted. It has pleased Almighty God to determine otherwise, and I have not been insensible to the advantages which I have derived from administering in my dear father's name the government of this realm.
"The support which I have received from Parliament and the country, in times the most eventual, and under the most arduous circumstances, could alone inspire me with that confidence which my present station demands.
"The experience of the past will, I trust, satisfy all classes of my people, that it will ever be my most anxious endeavour to promote their prosperity and happiness, and to maintain unimpaired the religion, laws, and liberties of the kingdom."
Whereupon the Lords of the Council made it their humble request to his Majesty, that this his Majesty's most gracious declaration to their Lordships might be made public; which his Majesty was pleased to order accordingly.
At the Court at Carlton-house, the
Archbishop of Canterbury
Earl of Mulgrave Viscount Melville Viscount Sidmouth Bishop of London
Right Hon. the Speaker Right Hon. Sir William Scott Right Hon. Sir William Grant Right Hon. Thomas Wallace Right Hon. Nicholas Vansittart Right Hon. Charles Arbuthnot Right Hon. Sir John Nicholl Right Hon. Fred. John Robinson Right Hon. Robert Peel Right Hon. W. S. Bourne Right Hon. Charles Bagot Right Hon. Sir Richard Richards Right Hon. Sir B. Bloomfield Right Hon. Sir John Leach Right Hon. Sir Charles Abbot Right Hon. Sir Robert Dallas His Majesty, at his first coming into the Council, was this day pleased to declare, that understanding that the law requires he should, at his accession to the Crown, take and subscribe the oath relating to the security of the Church of Scotland, he was now ready to do it this first opportunity; which his Majesty was graciously pleased to do according to the forms used by the law of Scotland, and subscribed two instruments thereof, in the presence of the Lords of the Council, who witnessed the same; and his Majesty was pleased to order, that one of the said instruments be transmitted to the Court of Session, to be recorded in the Books of Sederunt, and afterwards to be forthwith lodged in the Public Register of Scotland; and that the other of them remain among the Records of the Council, and be entered in the Council-book.
The Proclamation of the Accession of his present Majesty, George the Fourth, would have taken place on Sunday, but the 30th being the anniversary of the martyrdom of Charles I. which is observed by statute as a solemn fast in the ritual of the church
service, the ceremony was deferred till yesterday. By 10 o'clock in the morning, the space fronting the Palace of Carlton-house was occupied by great numbers of spectators. Mr Lee, the High Constable of Westminster, with a considerable number of assistants, kept an open passage to the courtyard of Carlton-house, to secure ingress for the different persons who were to compose the procession, and who began to assemble before eleven o'clock. Small parties of the Horse Guards then appeared, and took their station before Carlton-house, and along Pall-mall to the Opera-house. Many of the nobility and gentry began to take their stations round the steps of the grand entrance of Carlton-house. The view at this time was grand and imposing in the extreme, especially when the eye was directed over the elevated space before Carlton-house. The variegated colours; the fineness of the day, the sun shining at this period with peculiar brilliancy; the arrival of the Royal Dukes and the Nobility in their carriages; all contributed greatly to increase the general effect. The crowd in Pall-mall by half past eleven became immense, but all proceeded with the utmost tranquillity.
A little before twelve o'clock the procession was completely formed, and advanced in front of Carlton-house in the following order :
Farriers ofthe LifeGuards, with axes erect.
Two Knight-Marshal's Officers.
Kettle Drums. Trumpets. Pursuivant
Blue Mantle-William Woods, Esq. Rouge Croix-W. Radcliffe, Gent. F.S.A. Rogue Dragon-G. G. Young, Esq.
King of Arms-Garter Sir Isaac Heard, Kt.
Several Officers of State, Nobility, and Privy Counsellors attended.
Many Members of Parliament followed; and the Dukes of York, Clarence, and Glocester, and the Prince Leopold, next appeared. The arThe arrangement on this station was most effective, and it was improved on looking into the splendid hall of the Palace, for there were large parties of the Officers of State, &c. Surrounded by these, and supported by his Royal Brothers and Prince Leopold, appeared his Majesty George IV. The Duke of Glocester stood immediately in the grand entrance.
At12 o'clock the guns in St James's Park commenced firing, which was the signal for the proclamation. Sir Isaac Heard, the venerable Garter King at Arms, then stepped forward and stationed himself in the centre of the interesting group collected around the grand entrance. Those about him being uncovered, Sir Isaac Heard proceeded to read the Proclamation. At the conclusion of this ceremony, the company assembled instantaneously huzzaed most enthusiastically. Shouts were heard in all quarters, and the multitude without the walls filled the air with their plaudits. The military with similar ardour joined in the loud, long, and joyous huzzas. The guns continued firing. The bands struck up God save the King; and many a
loyal heart, by the satisfaction which beamed on the countenances of all, appeared to beat in unison with the sen timents of that truly national anthem. The Officers at Arms then mounted on horseback, and the procession commenced; it formed in the court-yard, and passed along the crescent made in proceeding round by the portico. It entered Pall-mall through the upper The officers belonging to
the city of Westminster, headed by the High Constable, went first, clearing the streets of the carriages and other obstructions that could easily be removed, and that might impede the march of the procession. The venerable Sir Isaac Heard, after the ter mination of the ceremony in the front of Carlton-house, did not join in the procession, availing himself of the ancient privilege of Garter King at Arms not to mount on horseback.The appearance of the procession was beautiful and grand in the extreme, when it was proceeding in full march. The whole party, as they passed along, were warmly greeted with huzzas, especially while they were traversing the front of the palace of Carltonhouse; and the approach of the procession towards Charing-cross, where the crowd on foot and in carriages was even greater than in Pall-mall, was announced by the plaudit raised by the assembled populace. The numbers at Charing-cross received considerable accession by the arrival of thousands from Pall-mall, who were desirous of beholding the ceremony of the Proclamation. The increased numbers of the spectators, together with the vast assemblage of carriages of various descriptions, occasioned some interruption to the procession; but by the great activity of the officers, and the willingness of all parties to contribute to the orderly and impressive arrangement of the procession, all obstructions were speedily removed.
The whole party having arrived and formed in the centre of Charing-cross, near the statue, the ceremony of the proclamation was repeated in like manner as it had been performed under the grand entrance of Carlton-palace..
The cavalcade then proceeded onward towards Temple-bar, preceded by an immense crowd. A troop of the Horse Guards arriving first, opened to the right and left, and having cleared a passage to the gates, the Pursuivant at Arms advanced, amidst flourishes of drums and trumpets, when the proclamation of his present gracious Majesty was again read aloud.
The city procession was in waiting at the corner of Chancery-lane. The upper City Marshall, Mr Wotner, was sent forward to the gate at Temple-bar by the Lord Mayor, intimation having been given to his Lordship that there was a loud knocking at the gate, and a demand of admittance from some persons outside.
Mr Wotner went to the gate and said, "Who knocks?"
Voice outside. "The Herald King at Arms. I attend with a warrant to proclaim King George the Fourth. Open your gates."
City Marshal." I shall inform the Lord Mayor that you are in waiting at the gate."
The Marshal then rode back to the Lord Mayor, and having informed him that the Herald King at Arms was in waiting for admission, to proclaim George the Fourth King of England, was directed by his Lordship to give the admission required, which was to be limited to the Herald King at Arms. The Marshal upon going to the gates said to the officers," Open one side of the gates and admit the Herald King at Arms, and him alone. The rest are to stay behind." The Herald King at Arms then rode in, supported by two of the guard, and
was accompanied by the City Marshal to the Lord Mayor's carriage. The gate was then closed. The Herald King at Arms, with his hat on, presented the warrant for proclaiming the new King. The Lord Mayor, immediately upon receiving the warrant, said, "Admit the whole procession into our city of London." gates were then thrown open, and the whole procession advanced till it reached the middle of Fleet-street, opposite to Chancery-lane, where the proclamation was read aloud. Loud huzzas succeeded the reading of the proclamation, and handkerchiefs and hats were waved in the air. The procession, which had become considerably greater by the addition from Westminster, then advanced into the city, and reached Wood-street, Cheapside, with very little interruption. At the south side of Wood-street, in the centre of Cheapside, it stopped, and the proclamation was then read.
The cavalcade then moved on to the Royal Exchange, where the same ceremony was observed. The carriages of the several Aldermen, 16 of whom were in attendance, met with various receptions to which they have been accustomed, and which the public are not very delicate in shewing, particularly when those come within their observation who are not very popular. Alderman Atkins was treated in the most brutal manner. A set of ruffians gathered together in a band and hooted at him, at the same time that they seemed very busy with their hands amongst the incautious gentry who were gaping at the show. Several of these fellows threw mud at the coach, and one of them threw something of a more dangerous kind, for one of the windows of the carriage, which it had been found necessary to put up on account of the violent conduct of the mob, was broken. The activity of the officers was here exercised with the
desired effect, and the fellow who broke the window was secured and taken to the Mansion-house, from whence he was conducted to Giltspurstreet Compter, upon this very serious charge.
The procession, after having left the Royal Exchange, advanced to Aldgate-pump, where it made a short pause, after which it returned to the Mansion-house, through Fenchurchstreet and Lombard-street. The Lord Mayor and Aldermen here separated from that part of the procession which had been admitted at the gate, and retired to partake of a sumptuous collation which was provided for them. The remainder of the procession then returned to Westminster in the same order as it came. Bands of music preceded the State carriage, and played for the most part during the procession God save the King.
"Carlton-House, Feb. 1, 1820. Half-past 3 o'clock, p. m. "The King has been attacked with inflammation on the lungs. We hope a favourable impression has been made on the complaint, but his Majesty still continues severely indisposed.
"WILLIAM KNIGHTON. "MAT. JOHN TIERNEY." "Carlton-House, Feb. 1, 11 o'clock, p. m. "The King is better; his Majesty has had some refreshing sleep, and the symptoms of his Majesty's disorder are considerably alleviated."
"Carlton-House, Feb. 2. "The King continues rather better. The inflammation in his Majesty's chest is diminished."
"Carlton-Palace, Feb. 2. 11 p.m. "The King's symptoms have all
been more favourable throughout the day. His Majesty has had three hours' refreshing sleep this evening. "Carlton-Palace, Feb. 3, Half past 11 a. m. "The King has not passed a good night, but all his Majesty's symptoms are still favourable.'
"Carlton-Palace, Feb. 3, Half past 9 p. m. "The King is in all respects much better."
"Carlton-Palace, Feb. 4, Half-past 9 o'clock, p. m. "The King has passed the whole of this day more satisfactorily than any preceding one since the commencement of his Majesty's severe ill
THE KING'S HEALTH.-The King's Palace, in Pall-Mall, was yesterday thronged the whole of the day with the different branches of the Royal Family, the Foreign Ambassadors and Ministers, the Cabinet Ministers, the Great Officers of State, the Nobility, Members of the House of Commons, the gentry, and others who have been presented at Court, and who are there. fore entitled to the honour of leaving their names to inquire after the Sovereign, as well as great numbers of others, including several of the Society of Friends, or Quakers, making their anxious and dutiful inquiries. The Physicians were, as usual, in constant attendance. The following was the first bulletin :
"King's-Palace, Pall-Mall, Feb. 4.-12 o'clock. "The King slept only at short intervals in the early part of the night; but his Majesty had three hours of uninterrupted sleep this morning. His Majesty's disorder is proceeding in its usual course, in a favourable manner. " HENRY HALFORD. "WM. KNIGHTON. "M. J. TIERNEY."