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About 54 miles from Wells is the town of Glastonbury, where stood the famous Abbey of that name, one of the richest and most powerful monastic institutions in England. The last abbot was hanged on account of his refusal to surrender the abbey to Henry VIII. The ruins of the monastery contain the ashes of King, Arthur, King Edgar, and many illustrious nobles and prelates, but their monuments are now defaced or demolished. The only parts of the monastery in to lerable preservation are the chapel of St. Joseph, and the abbot's kitchen. The old cross in the centre of the town has been replaced by an elegant structure. The church of St John is a handsome building, surmounted by a beautiful tower, and that of St Benedict is a venerable edifice erected by Abbot Beer. On a hill northy east of the town is the Tor or St Michael's Tower, the only remaining portion of a church and monastery which formerly stood there. The George Inn was formerly an hospital for pilgrims to the shrine of St Joseph Population 1851, 3125.
XLIV. GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY TO BATH AND BBISTOL, 1184 Miles.
ON RIGHT FROY LOND.
ON LEFT YBOY LOND.
At a distance on the
Near Arlington are right is Uxbridge, an an.
some remains of D'Oyley cient borouglı, and pol.
House, the seat of the ling place for Middlesex.
famous Henry St. John It is famous for its corn
Viscount Boling brokc. market. It gives the 1057 West Drayton Station. 18 Staines. title of Earl to the Mar- On the right Iver Court At Runnemede, near quis of Anglesey. Pop.
and Iver Grove.
Egham, Magna Charta (1851) 3236.
was forced from King Chalfont St. Giles
Jolin in 1215. where Milton finished 102} Langley Station. 16 Colnbrook, a small anParadise Lost.
of Buccleugb.) famous as the residence of Sir John Stoke Poges, the spot
for its ancient oaks. Herschell, whose father, where Gray finished
Eton. (See also p. 90). the late Sir William Her. several of his poems. schell, also made many
Windsor, to which a Here Sir Ed. Coke enter
branch line, 3 miles in of his most important distamed Elizabeth in 1601, coveries here. (See also
length, is now opened. and presented her with
(See p. 89.)
• Eton College was founded in 1440, by Henry VI., for the education of 70 scholars. Beside these, there are generally several hundreds of the sons of the nobility and gentry receiving their education there. The total number has usually amounted to about 500. The chapel is a fine old Gothic structure, containing a monument to Sir Henry Wotton, who was long Provost of the College. At the west end of the ante-chapel is a beautiful marble statue of the founder, Henry VI.and in the centre of the principal court is another in bronze. The library contains # curious and valuable collection of books, an excellent assortment of Oriental MSS., and some beautifully illuminated missals. Eton was till lately the scene of a curious triennial pageant, called the Eton Montem. It has been discontinued since 1848. Among the many great men who were educated at Eton may be mentioned, Sir Robert Walpole, Har. ley Earl of Oxford, Lord Bolingbroke, Earl Camden, the famous Earl of Chatham, Outred the mathematician, Boyle the philosopher, Lord Lyttelton, Gray, Horace Walpole, West, Waller, Fox, Canning, the Marquis Wellesley, Hallam the historian, and the Duke of Wellington. Pop. of parish (including the college) in 1851, 3796.
Two m. from Slough Station is the town of Windsor, on the Thames, having an ancient church, a theatre, barracks, and a good free school. It returns 2 M.P. Pop. 1851, 9596.
Windsor Castle has been the principal seat of British Royalty for nearly elght centuries The Saxon kings had a palace at Old Windsor long previous to the Conquest. The present castle was founded by William the Conqueror, but was almost rebuilt by Edward III., with the assistance of the celebrated William of Wykeham, who was made clerk of the works. Great alterations were made by Sir Jeffry Wyatville daring the reign of George IV. St. George's Chapel is a splendid specimen of florid Gothic architecture. It contains the stalls of the Knights of the Garter; and here the ceremony of instal'ation takes place. Beneath it are the remains of Edward IV. and his Queen, Henry 11., Henry VIII. and Jane Seymour, Charles I., George III. and Queen, George IV., the Princess Charlotte, Duke of Kent, Duke of York, William IV., &c. The keep or round tower in the centre of the castle is perhaps the most remarkable part of the buiiu. bu Here Jaines I. of Scotland was confined. In the little park is a tree supposed
ON RIGHT FROY LOND.
ON LEFT FROM LOND,
Burnham Abbey. Taplow.
At a distance of 10 954 Maidenhead Station. 22. Bray, famous for its males is High Wycombe, Maidenhead is a market
vicar. This worthy genthe haudsomest town in town in Berks. It was an
tleman's conscience posBuckinghamshire. It has ciently called South Arling
sessed in a
peculiai sent 2 members to Par.
ton, and subsequently Mai. degree the quality of since Edward I. It gives denhithe. Besides the Great accommodating itself to the title of Earl and Western viaduct over the
circumstances. He Baron to the Marquis of Thames, there is a maguifi. changed his religios Lansdowne. cent bridge of 13 arches,
three times. On being Wycombe Park, Sir G. erected at an expense of
reproached as a turncoat, 11. Dashwood, Bart.; and £20,000.
be used to say, "Nay, Wycombe Abbey, Lord
nay, I always keep io Carington.
my principles, which are Haywood Lodge.
these-to live and die Shottesbrook, A. Van
Vicar of Bray." sittart, Esq;
Stubbings, H. Skrine, White Waltham, the
Esq.; and beyond, Hall birth-place of Hearne 87} Twyford Station. 804 Place, Sir G. E. C. Eas', the antiquary. Stanlake House.
Bart. 'Two miles distant is Wargrave, and 3 miles veyond it is Henley-upon
Woodley Green. Thames, a place of con. Bulmarshe Court, J. siderable antiquity, and Wheble, Esq. tamous as the place White Knights, cheuce the adherents or
formerly a seat of the great Reading b famnas on man Charles I were driven Duke of Marlborough, now
accounts. It was taken by out by Earl of Essex.
the Danes in the ninth cen demolished.
tury, after they had defeated Hoime Park, R. Pal
Reading Station. 351 Alfred the Great. . It acted mer, Esq:
Reading, a market, bo
prominent part in the expu).
bit of John, Charles L AN Archbishop Laud, Merrick the Poet, and Bla
rough, and county town in James II. Pop. 1851, 31,456.
Berks. It is a place of great Some of the houses in Tave the mathematician, were natives of Reading;
antiquity, having existed in Reading are constructed of the time of the Saxons. It
timber, but greater part or and her Milman the
the old town is of briek. In was frequently taken and
the suburbs are many handpoet, and the late Sir retaken during civil wars in
some houses Here are some Thomas N. Talfourd 1643. The earliest charter
remains of an abbey for BeneAuthor of Ion, &c. were
dictines, founded by Henry educated.
extant is that of Henry III. J. in 1112. Reading is well
It has returned two mem- furnished with charitable and Caversham Park (G. bers since 23d of Edward I.
Whitley Park. Crawshay, Esq.) Here
Three-mile-Cross, be " Herne's Oak," immortalised by Shakspeare. The great park is situated on the south side of the castle, and includes the beautiful avenue of trees, nearly three miles in length called the Long Walk. It is terminated by the colossal equestrian statue of George III., in bronze, by Westmacott. The drive through the park to Virginia Water is exceedingly striking. The interior of the castle is magnificent. The corridor or gallery, 520 feet in length, leading along the south and east sides of the court, is richly adorned with bronzes, marbles, pictures, &c. The state-rooms are gorgeously fitted up, and contain many paint. laps by the most eminent masters. Tickets to view these rooms may be had in London of Messrs. Colnaghi, Pall-mall East. Her Majesty's private apartments can only be seen daring the absence of the Court from Windsor by virtue of a special order from the Lord Chamberlain.
Half a mile from Windsor is Frogmore, the favourite residence of her late Majenty Qžeen Charlotte, and now that of H. R H. the Duchess of Kent. Six miles distanti Ascot Heathi, where raies are annually held in Jane.