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Caln Quarterly Meeting Memorial-Speculation in Indian Claims.
[Jan. 11, 1836.
tween the course he (Mr. C.) had pursued, and the one Mr. KING, of Alabama, could see no difference bethe Senator recommends. A reference of these peti-tween discussing the question on this or on the former tions is not necessary to give jurisdiction to the Competition. The language of this memorial, indeed, being mittee for the District, in order to bring out their opin- more respectful, there seemed to be a propriety to conion and that of the Senate on the highly important point fine the debate to it, rather than to extend it on the on which the Senator anticipated so much unanimity. other, the words of which were calculated to produce A resolution may be moved expressly denying the pow. so much bitterness and excitement. er of Congress, and referred to the committee; and, if Mr. WEBSTER hoped that the Senator from Pennno other should move it, he (Mr. C.) would, if accept- sylvania would not take a course by which all the ordiable to the Senator from Virginia. So far from the two nary business of the morning would be obstructed, and courses being incompatible, ihey were, in his opinion, that the consideration of this memorial would be deferin perfect harmony, and, together, formed the true red until the other petitions had been received.
Let the Senate, by a unanimous rejection of Mr.CALIIOUN thought the debate which commenced these vile slanders on the slaveholding States, show a on Thursday ought to be resumed and continued. He just indignation at the insult offered ihem; and let it saw no reason why this memorial should take priority be followed by the passage of a resolution, with like over the one presented from Ohio; why we should break unanimity, denying the power of Congress to touch the away from that petition to receive this, merely because subject of emancipation in this District; and much, the language in which it was couched was respectful; that very much, would be done to put down agitation, to is, as respectful as could be expected. For, however restore confidence to the Soutli, and preserve harmony / temperate it might seem, the same principle was imto the Union.
bodied in it; and the inuendoes conveyed were as far The question of postponement till Monday was then from being acceptable as the barefaced insolence of the determined in the affirmative.
other. lle hoped the debate would go on on the first On motion of Mr. WEBSTER, it was
petition; that the question would be met manfully; and Ordered, That when the Senate adjourn, it adjourn that, at the same time, we should not encroach upon the to meet on Monday.
hour which ought to be devoted to other business. The Senate then adjourned.
Mr. KING, of Alabama, said his object was to avoid excitement. The object of the petitioners in both me
morials was the same. It intends the abolition of slaMONDAY, JANUARY 11.
very and of the traffic in slaves in the District of ColumThe honorable A. Cuthbert, from Georgia, appear- bia. He had no wish to shrink from the question; on ed and took his seat.
the contrary, he was desirous of giving a direct vote.
Let the motion of the Senator from Pennsylvania preCALN QUARTERLY MEETING MEMORIAL.
vail, and certainly the object of the gentleman from After the reception of sundry executive communica- South Carolina would be attained. It would say to all tions and memorials,
who hold the same sentiments with these petitioners, that Mr. BUCHANAN said he was now about to present no further action would be had on any similar memothe memorial of the Caln quarterly meeting of the reli- rials, except merely to read and to reject them. He had gious society of Friends in Pennsylvania, requesting hoped that this session would pass away without any adCongress to abolish slavery and the slave trade in the ditional excitement. But the legislation here upon the District of Columbia. On this subject he had expressed subject had produced tenfold agitation. Suppose you his opinions to the Senate on Thursday last, and he had reject the petition from Ohio because the language is no disposition to repeat them at present. He would say, disrespectful, will that put an end to this excitement? however, that, on a review of these opinions, he was Any man must be blind not to see that an impression, perfectly satisfied with them. All he should now say and a well-founded one, would go abroad that it was not was, that the memorial which he was about to present received on that account merely, and that legislation was perfectly respectful in its language. Indeed, it was had on it in reference only to the language in which could not possibly be otherwise, considering the respect it was couched. The course pointed out by the Senaable source from wbich it emanated.
tor from Pennsylvania puts an end to all this. It says It would become his duty to make some motion in re- distinctly, we will reject what we will not, cannot, ought gard to this memorial. On Thursday last he had sug- not to receive. He had no disposition and no intention gested that, in his judgment, the best course to pursue to take any part in the debate. He should give a silent was to refer these memorials to a select committee, or to the Committee for the District of Columbia. le still Mr. CLAY said that he had not risen to take a part in thought so; but he now found that insurmountable ob- the principal question. He did not think, however, that stacles presented themselves to such a reference. these petitioners ought to have any monopoly of the
In presenting this memorial, and in exerting himself, time and attention of the Senate. He could not consent so far as in him lay, to secure for it that respectable re- to it. He had a motion himself which he wished to preception by the Senate which it deserved, he should do sent, and to which he attached much importance. He his duty to the memorialists. After it should obtain this should therefore more that this whole matter be laid on reception, he should have a duty to perform to himself the table, at least until the necessary business of the and to his country. He was clearly of opinion, for the morning be got through with. reasons he had stated on Thursday last, that Congress The question being taken, the memorial, &c., was orought not, at this time, to abolish slavery in the District dered to lie on the table. of Columbia, and that it was our duty promptly to place this exciting question at rest. He should therefore move
SPECULATION IN INDIAN CLAIMS. that the memorial be read, and that the prayer of the Mr. BLACK said he had received, and would take memorialists be rejected.
this occasion to present, a memorial from a number of the Mr. PRESTON said that the question was already citizens of Mississippi, residing in the northern part of raised by his colleague, and he trusted that the Senator that State, on an important subject. It related to exfrom Pennsylvania would not urge any action on this petensive frauds said to be about to be practised on the Govtition until some disposition was made of the one pre- ernment in relation to the public lands, involving, as the sented on Thursday by the gentleman from Ohio. memorialists suppose, at least the quantity of upwards
JAN. 11, 1836.]
Speculation in Indian Claims.
of two millions of acres of public land. He was inform the public lands. It was said these frauds had been the ed that there was much excitement on the subject in result of misconstruction of the President's language, that State, and that other-memorials would be forwarded, and lie wished it may turn out so. But he hoped, to numerously signed. It appears hy the treaty of Dan- whatever committee the subject might be referred, that cing Rabbit creek, that, to each Choctaw head of a fami- every effort would be used to bring these nefarious cully desirous of remaining and becoming citizens of Alabama prits before the world, and to hold them up to the inor Mississippi, a reservation was made of six hundred dignation they deserve for having attempted to commit and forty acres of land, to include improvements, and to so outrageous a robbery on the public property. From each child a less quantity, adjoining the improvement of what he had gathered, there had been no project since the parent; the land to be patented to claimants after a the famous Yazoo business, which had been so befariresidence thereon of five years. It was made neces- ous as the schemes which had been carried on in Missary, under the 14th article, which contains this pro- sissippi, and he hoped every pains would be taken to vision, that all intending to avail themselves of this ad- ferret out the abuse. vantage should record their names with the Indian Mr. WHITE, of Tennessee, made a few remarks on agent within six months after the making of the treaty. the subject. He said he was led to believe, from inThis register was kept by the agent at that time, (Colo- formation which had reached him, chiefly through the nel Ward,) but it appears that, by mistake, some names newspapers, that a plan had been laid for an immense were omitted, or, if recorded, the register has been speculation, under cover of the Indian treaty referred to; mutilated. The memorialists state that some specu- in pursuance of which, the claims that might be allowed lators, seizing upon the advantage which this circum- to certain Indians under the treaty, to a very large stance afforded, have gone to the Indians who have re- amount, had been bought up by individuals. His be. moved beyond the Mississippi river, and have procured, lief was, that claims of this kind had been purchased for a trifling consideration, very numerous claims, to be up, by using the names of the Indians, but entirely for preferred, sufficient to cover all, or nearly all, the good the benefit of other persons. The Government, (Mr. land remaining. He was informed that some of these w. said,) in his opinion, lay under a high responsibility gentlemen, speculating on these claims, no doubt from to protect the Indians in the rights reserved by the “ patriotic motives,” bad sold out their chances for im- treaty. By this speculation in the contingent claims of mense sums. He was also informed that, seizing upon the Indians, if sanctioned by Congress, great injustice the advantage of the fact that these lands bad been re- would be done to them. He hoped, he said, that not a served from the late sales, they were endeavoring to ex- claim of this description would be allowed until it was act large amounts from the settlers to quiet their posses- ascertained that the whole amount of it would enure sions, and secure their honies, under the apprehension solely and exclusively to the benefit of the Indian enthat these claims will finally be made good. Mr. B. titled to it. So far as he was concerned, as a member said he had no doubt there were some few cases in which of the committee to whom it was proposed to refer this individuals among the Choctaws had suffered Jetriment subject, he wished to be understood that he would not by their names not appearing in the register kept by the consent that any man but an Indian should enjoy the agent, who have conformed to the requisitions of the benefit of any one of these claims. No white man trealy; but he had no doubt that those cases were very should, with his consent, enrich himself by the beggary few indeed, and those should meet, when presented, of those people, whom he considered peculiarly under with the favorable altention of Congress. What he the guardianship of the United States. desired at present was, to put all on their guard against Mr. WEBSTER remarked that the fame of these these claims, and to prevent the innocent settlers from speculations had reached the State in which he resided. being taken in by them. They must come into the action. These reservations had been made in the expectation of Congress; and while he was ready to do justice to the that they would be productive of substantial benefits to meritorious claims, he would at the same time say it was the Indians. It seemed, however, that the substantial his firm conviction that few, very few, will be found to benefits had been in another quarter. Ile wished to be of that character. He would advise the settlers, know if he had understood that these grants, obtained therefore, against causeless apprehension, and all es by the speculators, would require the sanction of Conpecially against dealing in such improbable chances. gress to make them valid. if so, he was very glad to Mr. B. said lie had been informed that one hundred sec- hear it. tions bad been reserved at a single land oflice, without Mr. BLACK, in explanation, stated that some of the any power so to reserve. The land should, after baving grants were registered in the proper manner, and be. been proclaimed, have been sold.
longed to the Indians, and he hoped these would not As to the direction wbich this memorial shall take, he be prejudiced. Others would require the sanction of remarked that he was not altogether sure that it proper- | Congress. ly belonged to the Committec on Private Land Claims. Mr. KING, of Alabama, stated (as well as he could He did not desire the investigation in which these claims be heard) that, owing to the negligence of the agent, would probably involve the committee; yet, if the Sen- or by some means, some of those who were regularly ate thought that the proper direction, he was ready to registered bad not received their lands. The evidence undertake it, and they should be subjected to the of their claims was ordered to be presented to Congress strictest scrutiny. They cannot be passed without le- at the last session, but was not sent; and as the acting gislative action, and none of them shall pass until, agent bad gone on to render the sales, he hoped none after the fullest investigation, they shall be found to be of those who had legally availed themselves of the projust.
visions of the treaty would be injured. The claim of a After a few words from Mr. KING, of Alabama, in. wbite citizen ought not to be disallowed, if it should be audible to the reporters, from the loud conversation in found that the Indians received all the advantages guarthe privileged seats,
antied to them by the treaty. Mr. CLAY expressed his gratification that the Sena- Mr. WHITE briefly explained that, under the fourtor from Mississippi had brought forward this subject; teenth article of the treaty, no Indian was to receive a and stated that he had received accounts of extensive patent for his land unless he had resided on it for five frauds said to have been committed under the Choctaw years. He wished it to be understood that he did not treaty. It had even been said that the extent of these intend to give any opinion on these claims in advance. frauds would amount to ten millions of dollars out of | There were none presented to be relied on, on which
Abolition of Slavery--Sufferers by Fire in New York.
[Jan. 12, 1836.
to found an opinion. But, as one of the Committee on has not, however, done so; and probably will not, withIndian Affairs, he was determined not to permit any out a call from the Senate. location of a white citizen unless he was satisfied that Mr. C. then offered the following resolutions, which the full benefit of the reservation had resulted to the | lie upon the table for one day: Indian.
Resolved, That the President be requested to commuThe petition was then referred to the Committee on nicate to the Senate (if it be not in his opinion incomPrivate Land Claims.
patible with the public interest) whether, since the ter. SUFFERERS BY FIRE IN NEW YORK.
mination of the last Congress, any overture, formal or inMr. WEBSTER, from the Committee on Finance, re
formal, official or unofficial, has been made by the French ported a bill for the relief of the sufferers by the fire in accommodate the difficulties between the two Govern
Government to the Executive of the United States, to the city of New York; which was read twice. Mr. W. stated that he should ask the Senate to act
ments respecting the execution of the convention of the on this bill at an early day, perhaps to-morrow.
4th day of July, 1831; and, particularly, whether a de
spatch from the Duc de Broglie, the French Minister of SUPPRESSION OF INDIAN HOSTILITIES.
Foreign Affairs, to the French chargé de affaires at Mr. WEBSTER, from the Committee on Finance, Washington, was read, and the original or a copy of it reported a bill making appropriation for suppressing furnished by him to the Secretary of State, for the purthe hostilities with the Seminole Indians, with an amend-pose of indicating a mode in which those difficulties might ment.
be removed. Mr. W. explained briefly the necessity for acting on Resolved, also, (under the restriction above mentioned,) this bill at once, and stated that the amendment in- in the event of any such overture having been made, creased the appropriation from 80,000 to 120,000 that the President be requested to inform the Senate dollars.
what answer was given to it; and if the original or a copy The amendment was ordered to be engrossed, and of any such despatch were received, that he be further the bill to be read a third time.
requested to communicate a copy of it to the Senate. THE UNITED STATES AND FRANCE.
DISTRICT BANKS. ME. CLAY rose and said it must be obvious to every
Mr. Benton's resolution to appoint a special commit
tee on the banks of the District of Columbia was taken observer of passing events, that our affairs with France are becoming every day more and more serious in their character, and are rapidly tending to a crisis. Mutual
Mr. SOUTHARD made some observations in opposiirritations are daily occurring, from the animadversions
tion to a special committee, intimating that the Commitof the public press, and among individuals, in and out
tee for the District of Columbia might be instructed to of office, in both countries; and a state of feeling,
make the inquiries. greatly to be deprecated, if we are to preserve the re
After a few words from Mr. BENTON, in reply, lations of peace, must certainly be the
Mr. SOUTHARD stated that he wished to prepare an
consequence. According to the theory of our constitution, our diplo. | lution on the table; which motion was agreed to.
amendment, and moved to lay, for the present, the resomatic concerns with foreign countries are intrusted to the President of the United States, until they reach
SLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. certain point involving the question of peace or war, The motion of Mr. Calhoun, not to receive the petiand then Congress is to determine on that momentous tions from Obio, coming up in order, question. In other words, the President conducts our Mr. LEIGH said he proposed to make some remarks, foreign intercourse; Congress alone can change that in and moved to postpone the subject until to-morrow; tercourse from a peaceable to a belligerent one. This which was agreed to. right to decide the question of war carries along with
EXECUTIVE PATRONAGE. it the right to know whatever has passed between our own Executive and the Government of any foreign Pow
The special order, being the bill to repeal the 1st and No matter what may be the nature of the corre
2d sections of an act to limit the terms of office of cerspondence-whether official or not-whether formal or
tain officers therein named, was taken up; and the bill informal-Congress has the right to any and all informa
was considered as in Committee of the Whole, and retion whatever which may be in the possession of the ported without amendment, after some remarks from other branch of the Government. No Senator here could
Mr. CALHOUN and Mr. CUTHBERT. have failed to have been acquainted with the fact that the
Mr. WRIGHT asked for the yeas and nays on the contents of a most important despatch or document has question of the engrossment of the bill, and they were been discussed, and a most important overture canvassed
ordered accordingly. in the different newspapers—in private and political cir- the bill for a third reading, and decided as follows:
The question was then taken on the engrossment of cles—by individuals: every body, in fact, knows what has taken place, except the Congress of the United
Yeas—Messrs. Benton, Black, Calhoun, Clay, ClayStates. The papers friendly to the administration--in ton, Crittenden, Ewing, Goldsborough, Kent, King of deed, the whole circle of the American press--are in Georgia, Leigh, McKean, Mangum, Moore, Naudain, possession of the contents of a paper which this body
Prentiss, Preston, Robbins, Southard Swift, Tomlinson, has not been yet allowed to see; and I have one journal,
Tyler, Webster, White-24. a Southern administration journal, before me, which
Nais--Messrs. Brown, Buchanan, Cuthbert, Grundy, states a new and important fact in reference to it. I have
Hendricks, Hill, Hubbard, King of Alabama, Knight, said that our situation with France grows every day
Linn, Morris, Niles, Robinson, Ruggles, Shepley, Tallmore embarrassing--the aspect of our relations with her madge, Wall, Wright-18. more and more dark and threatening. I could not, there.
The Senate then adjourned. fore, longer delay in making the following motion. I should have done so before, but for a prevalent rumor
TUESDAY, JANUARY 12. that the President would soon make a communication to
SUFFERERS BY FIRE IN NEW YORK. Congress, which would do away the necessity of the res- On motion of Mr. WEBSTER, the Senate proceeded olutions which I now submit, by laying before Congress to consider the bill for the relief of the sufferers by the the information which is the object of my motion. He l fire in the city of New York.
Jan. 12, 1836.]
The United States and France, &c. - Surplus Revenue, &c.
Mr. WEBSTER stated the character of the bill, of for the purpose of indicating a mode in which those dilliwhich the following is a copy:
culties might be removed.
“Resolved, also, (under the restriction above mentioned,) A BILL for the relief of the sufferers by the fire in the
in the event of any such overture having been made, city of New York.
That the President be requested to inform the Senate Be it enacted, &c., That the collector of the port what answer was given to it; and if the original or a of New York be, and he is hereby, authorized, as he copy of any such despatch were received, that he be may deem best calculated to secure the interests of further requested to communicate a copy of it to the the United States, to cause to be extended (with the Senate." assent of the securities thereon) to all persons who have Mr. LEIGH moved to amend the resolutions by adding suffered loss of property by ihe conflagration at that the following: place, on the sixteenth day of December last, by the Resolved, also, (under the restriction before mentioned,) burning of their buildings or merchandise, the time of that the President be requested to communicate to the payment of all bonds heretofore given by them for Senate a copy of the note of M. Serurier, mentioned in duties, to periods not exceeding three, four, and five his message of the 25th February, 1835, and not then years, in equal instalments, from and after the day of communicated, for reasons stated in the report of the payment specified in the bonds; or to allow the said Secretary of State to the President, of the same date. bonds to be cancelled, upon giving to said collector new The amendment was adopted, and the resolutions, as bonds, with one or more sureties, to the satisfaction of amended, were agreed to. the said collector, for the sums of the former bonds, re
SURPLUS REVENUE, BANK STOCK, AND NAspectively, payable in equal instalments, in three, four,
TIONAL DEFENCE. and five years from and after the day of payment specified in the bonds to be taken and cancelled as aforesaid; The following resolution, submitted yesterday by Mr. and the said collector is bereby authorized and directed Benton, was taken up for consideration: to give up, or cancel, all such bonds, upon the receipt “Resolved, That the surplus revenue of the United of others described in this section; which last-mentioned States, and the dividends of stock receivable from the bonds shall be proceeded with, in all respects, like other Bank of the United States, ought to be set apart, and bonds which are taken by collectors for duties due to applied to the general defence and permanent security the United States, and shall have the same force and of the country. That the President be requested to validity: Provided, That those who are within the pro
cause the Senate to be informed-vision of this section, but who may have paid their bonds
“1. The probable amount that would be necessary subsequent to the late fire, shall also be entitled to the for fortifying the lake, maritime, and gulf frontier of benefit of this section, and that the said bonds shall be the United States, and such points of the land frontier renewed from the day when the same were paid, and as may require permanent fortifications. said payments refunded. And provided, also, That the “2. The probable amount that would be necessary benefits of this section shall not be extended to any per- to construct an adequate number of armories and arseson whose loss shall not be proved, to the satisfaction of nals in the United States, and to supply the States with the collector, to have exceeded the sum of one thousand field artillery, especially brass field pieces, for their midollars.
litia, and with side arms and pistols for their cavalry. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the collector
“3. The probable amount that would be necessary of the port of New York is hereby authorized and di- to supply the United States with the ordnance, arms, rected to extend the payment, in the manner prescri- and munitions of war, which a proper regard to selfbed in the first section of this act, of all other bonds given defence would require to be always on hand. for duties at the port of New York, prior to the late fire,
“4. The probable amount that would be necessary and not provided for in the first section, as aforesaid, to place the naval defences of the United States (inclufor six, nine, and twelve months from and after the day ding the increase of the navy, navy yards, dock yards, of payment specified in the bonds: Provided, however, and steam or foating batteries) upon the footing of That nothing contained in this act shall extend to bonds strength and respectability which is due to the security which bad fallen due before the seventeenth day of De
and to the welfare of the Union." cember last.
The resolution having been read, Mr. CLAY made some objection to the bill in its pres
Mr. BENTON rose and said that the objects contement shape, but wished it to lie for examination; which plated by it were of a general and permanent nature, was assented to; and, after a few words from Mr. CALand required attention, without regard to existing cirHOUN, Mr. WRIGHT, and Mr. WEBSTER, was for cumstances. To place itself in a state of defence was the present laid on the table.
the duty of all countries which desired to preserve their
independence or to live with bonor. The United States THE UNITED STATES AND FRANCE, &c.
were not in a state of defence, and it was their duty to The resolutions offered yesterday by Mr. Clay, calling attend to that object. The present time was the proper on the Executive for information concerning our rela
time. The public debt was paid, a large surplus revetions with France, having been taken up, as follows: nue was accumulating, and the country was every way
"Resolved, That the President be requested to com- prosperous. Projects were devised to distribute these municate to the Senate (if it be not in his opinion incom- surpluses among the States; but he was in favor of setpatible with the public interest) whether, since the ter- ting them apart, and dedicating them to the defence of mination of the last Congress, any overture, formal or the Union. Formerly, and by a law as old as the repubinformal, official or unofficial, has been made by the lic, these surpluses were all set apart, and constituted French Government to the Executive of the United a separate fund, called the sinking fund, and inviolably States, to accommodate the difficulties between the two applied to the sacred purpose of extinguishing the naGovernments respecting the execution of the convention tional debt. By this means the debt has been paid. He of the 4th day of July, 1831; and, particularly, whether was for reviving and continuing this policy, with a a despatch from the Duc de Broglie, the French Minis- change of object, from the debt to the defences of the ter of Foreign Affairs, to the French chargé de af. Union, and would wish to see all the surplus revenue faires at Washington, was read, and the original or a take that direction, until the country was as secure from copy of it furnished by him to the Secretary of State, I receiving, as it is ayerse from offering, offence. It
Surplus Revenue, &c.
[Jan. 12, 1836.
would require all the surpluses, and many years of ex- tude of our officers to honor her flag and gratify her ertion, to accomplish the object.
feeling: Mr. B. repeated, his motion was for objects of a gen
“Brest, April 4, 1835. eral and permanent character, and he felt it to be his “ I have the honor to inform you that the brig d'Assas duty to make it, without regard to impending events sailed from New York on the 11th of March last, at the or to extrinsic circumstances. But there were events same time with the American packet slip Albany, in and circumstances which should give emphasis to his which M. Serurier and his family are returning to France, motion, and stimulate its immediate adoption. A French and arrived in the roads of Brest on the 14th of this feet of sixty vessels of war, to be followed by sixty month, after a passage of twenty-four days. I remained more, now in commission, approaches our coast; and in the United States until the 11th of March, as the approaches it for the avowed purpose of observing our chargé d'affaires of France, at whose disposition your conduct in relation to France. It is styled in the French excellency placed me, did not wish to despatch me back papers a squadron of observation; and we are sufficiently until the rising of Congress, which took place on the acquainted with the military vocabulary of France to 4th of that month. During my stay at New York, I know what that phrase means. In the days of the great found among the richest and best educated persons the Emperor, we were accustomed to see the armies which greatest affection and sympathy for France; this they demolished empires at a blow wear that pacific title up expressed to us by every possible attention and every to the moment that the blow was ready to be struck. delicate kindness which their hospitable dispositions These grand armies assembled on the frontiers of em- could suggest. Half an hour after my leaving the East pires, gave emphasis to negotiation, and crushed what river, an American schooner of war, knowing the time resisted. A squadron of observation, then, is a squad. at which I was to depart, got under sail; she crossed ron of intimidation first, and of attack eventually; and my way about a league from the place of anchorage, nothing could be more palpable than that such was the and when about two cables' length from us, she hoisted character of the squadron in question. It leaves the the French flag on her mizzen mast, and fired seven guns, French coast cotemporaneously with the departure of which were immediately returned; she kept the tri-color our diplomatic agent, and the assembling of our Congress; fag flying as long as we were in sight. i then saw the it arrives upon our coast at the very moment that we American frigate Constitution, towed by two steamboats, shall bave to vote upon French affairs; and it takes a on her way to New York; as soon as I crossed her, I saposition upon our Southern border-that border, above luted her commodore with thirteen guns, which he imall others, on which we are, at this time, peculiarly sen
mediately returned, gun for gun.”. sitive to hostile approach.
Mr. B., resuming, said this was the report made to the What have we done, continued Mr. B., to draw this French Government by a French oflicer, after the rise squadron upon us? We have done no wrong to France;
of the last session of Congress, and after the departure we are making no preparations against her; and not
of M. Serurier; and how was it received in the Chameven ordinary preparations for general and permanent ber of Deputics, to which it was communicated? le security. We have treaties, and are executing them, (Mr. B:) would show one example of the manner in even the treaty that she does not execute! We bave
which it was received, and for that purpose would read been executing that treaty for five years, and may say
a paragraph from the speech of the deputy M. de that we have paid France as much under it as we have Rance. in vain demanded from her, as the first instalment of
“Gentlemen, we should put on one side of the trithe indemnity; not, in fact, by taking money out of our bune the twenty-five millions, on the other the sword of treasury and delivering to her, but, what is better for France. When the Americans see this good long sword, her, namely, leaving her own money in her own hands, this very long sword, gentlemen, (for it struck down in the shape of diminished duties upon her wines, as every thing from Lisbon to Moscow,) they will perhaps provided for in this same treaty, which we execute, and
recollect what it did for the independence of their coun. which she does not. In this way France has gained one try; they will, perhaps, too, reflect upon what it could or two millions of dollars from us, besides the encour- do to support and avenge the honor and dignity of agement to her wine trade. On the article of silks she France, when outraged by an ungrateful people. (Cries is also caining money from us in the same way, not by of, well said!] Believe me, gentlemen, they would treaty, but by law. Our discriminating duties in favor sooner touch your money than dare to touch your sword; of silks from this side the Cape of Good Hope, operate and for your twenty-five millions they will bring you almost entirely in her favor. Our great supplies of silks back the satisfactory receipt, which it is your duty to are from France, England, and China. In ten years, exact. (Great approbation from the extremities.”] and under the operation of this discriminating duty, Another deputy, M. Fleury de Chabaulon, allowed our imports of French silks have risen from iwo mil-bimself to discourse thus: lions of dollars per annum to six millions and a half; " The insult of President Jackson comes from him. from England, they have risen from a quarter of a mile self only. This is more evident, from the refusal of the Jion to three quarters; from China, they have sunk from American Congress to concur with him in it. The three millions and a quarter to one million, and a quar: French Chamber, by interfering, would render the af. ter.
This discriminating duty has left between one and fair more serious, and make its arrangement more diffi. two millions of dollars in the pockets of Frenchmen,
cult, and even dangerous. Let us put the case to ourbesides the encouragement to the silk manufacture and selves. Suppose the United States had taken part with tradle. Why, then, has she sent this squadron, to
General Jackson, we should have had to demand satisobserve us first, and to strike us eventually? She knows
faction not from him, but from the United States; and our pacific disposition towards her, not only from our instead of now talking about negotiation, we should own words and actions, but from the official report of have had to make appropriations tor a war, and to inher own officers; from the very officer sent out last trust to our beroes of Navarino and Algiers the task of spring, in a brig, to carry back' the recalled minister. teaching the Americans that France knows the way to Here is his report, made to the Minister of Marine, and Washington as well as England.” communicated to the Chamber of Deputies in the month This was the language of the deputies, and it was of April last. Listen to it, and see how fully it estab. thus received with applauses, and that six weeks after lishes, not only our pacific dispositions towards France, the rise of our Congress, which had shown itself pacific, bul the affection of our citizens for her, and the solici. / and two weeks after the report of the captain of the brig