« AnteriorContinua »
UN RIGHT FROM LOND.
LEPT FROM LOND
Stanwell, 14 m.; and! Stagwell Place, Sir J. Gibbons, Bart.
Over Shortwood Staines is a market town
common. on the banks of the Thames, near the western
STAINES. boundary of Middlesex An ancient stone near the church, which bears the date of 1280, marks the limit of the jurisdiction possessed by the corpora S cr river Coln, tion of London over that
and enter Buckingportion of the Thames whieh is to the westward
hamshire. of the metropolis. Popu lation of town (1851) Wraysbury (or 2430.
| 4 | Wyrardisbury) St.
! The village of Datehet is si. tunted amongst beautitul meadrw. The adınirer of Shak. kpeare will naturally associate with this place the immorti poet's matchless delinention of the amorous Falstaff, and the humorous retaliation of the " Merry Wives of Windsor.*
Windsor is an ancient borough situated on the south bank of the Thames, 16 miles east of Reading, and 22 miles distant from London by the road through Brentford, Hounslow, and Colnbrook. It possesses an ancient church, a theatre, barracks, and a good free school, and returns two members to Parliament. The town has no manufactures, and possesses in itself little to interest the stranger ; but the attractions of the adjacent castle make it the frequent resort of visitors, especially since the facility of communication afforded by the opening of the railways. Population, 1851, 9596.
Windsor Castle has been the principal seat of British royalty for nearly eight senturies. The Saxon kings had a palace at Old Windsor long previous to the Conquest. The present castle was founded by William the Conqneror, but was almost rebuilt by Edward III., with the assistance of the celebrated William of Wykeham, who was made clerk of the worke. Great alterations were niade by Sir Jeffry Wyatville during the reign of George IV. St George's Chapel is a eplendid specimen of florid Gothic architecture. It contains the stalls of the Knights of the Garter; and here the ceremony of installation takes place. At the east end of the chapel is the royal vault, where the remains of George III. and his Queen, George IV., the Princess Charlote, the Duke of Kent, the Duke of York, William IV. and his Queen, &c., are deposited. Edward IV. and his Queer., Scary VI., Henry VIII. and Jane Seymour, and Charles J., are also
interred here. The monument to the Princess Charlotte is particularly fine, and the tombs of the Beaufort family are very gorgeous. The keep or round tower in the centre of the castle is perhaps the most remarkable part of the building. Here James I. of Scotland was confined. The terrace is supposed to be the noblest walk of its kind in Europe. A fine flight of steps leads from the east terrace to the new garden, a beautiful spot, adorned with many statues, both of bronze and marble. The little park which extends round the east and north sides of the castle is about four miles in circumference. Here is the tree supposed to be“ Herne's Oak," immortalised by Shakspeare. The great park is situated on the south side of the castle, and includes the beautiful avenue of trees, nearly three miles in length, called the Long Walk. It is terminated by the colossal equestrian statue of George III., in bronze, by Westmacott. The drive through the park to Virginia Water is exceedingly striking. The interior of the Castle is remarkably magnificent. The corridor or gallery, 520 feet in length, which leads along the south and east sides of the court, and is richly adorned with bronzes, marbles, pictures, &c., excites great admiration. The state-rooms are fitted up in a very superb style, and the different apartments are adorned by a great number of paintings by the most eminent masters. These can be seen by any one possessing an order, which is easily procurable in London, at the shop of Messrs. Colnaghie, printsellers, Pall-Mall, East. Her Majesty's private apartments can only be seen during the absence of the Court from Windsor, by virtue of a special order from the Lord Chamberlain.
Half a mile from Windsor is Frogmore, the favourite residence of Her late Majesty, Queen Charlotte, and now occupied by Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent. Six miles distant is Ascot Heath, where races are annually beld in June, under the especial patronage of royalty.
Opposite to Windsor, on the north side of the Thames, is Eton, celebrated for its college, which was founded in 1440, by Henry VI., for the education of 70 scholars. Besides these, there are generally several hundreds of the sons of the nobility and gentry receiving their education there. The total number has usually amounted to about 500. The chapel is a fine old Gothic structure, containing a monument to Sir Henry Wotton, who was long provost of the college. At the west end of the ante-chapel there is a beautiful marble statue of the founder, Henry VI., in his royal robes ; and there is another statue of the founder, in bronze, in the centre of the principal court. The library contains a curious and valuable collection of books, an excellent assortment of Oriental MSS., and some beautifully illuminated missals. Eton was until lately the scene of a curious triennial pageant, called the Eton Montem, which is now abolished. Amongst other great men who were educated at Eton, may be enumerated Sir Robert Walpole, Harley Earl of Oxford, Lord Bolingbroke, Earl Camden, the famous Earl of Chatham, Outred the mathematician, Boyle the philosopher, Lord Lyttelton, Gray, Horace Walpole, West, Waller, Fox, Canning, the Marquis of Wellesley, Hallam the historian, and the Duke of Wellington. Pop. of parish (including the college) in 1851, 3796.
ON RIGHT EBOM LOND.
ON LEYT FROM LOND.
| From London.
867\the scene its supp
the scene of the Eton MonFarnham Royal.
tem till its suppression in Burnham.
cr. the Thames. Taplow.
Taplow House, and at a distance, Formosa Place, Sir G. Young, Bart; Hedsor Lodge, Lord Boston, and Dropmore. 41 m. distant is Hur
MAIDENHEAD. ley Place, an ancient man
At the Greyhound Inn in sion, in a vault below
this town, Charles I. touk which, the principal papers which produced the
leave of his family. Pop. Revolution of 1688 were
(1851) 3607. signed.
Hall Place, Sir G. E.
Wargrave. In its 757 Hare Hatch.
cr. river Loddon.
Holme Park, Robert Palmer, Esq.
From Maidenhead Bridge may be seen Clief. den, a seat of the Duke of Sutherland. The first Cliefden House was built by Villiers, Duke of Buckingham. Both it and its successor were destroyed by fire.
St. Ive's Place.
St. Lawrence, W Itham.
Bulmershe Court, J.
White Knights, a beautiful seat which belonged to the Duke of Marlborough, has now disappeared, but the American Gardens remain. Majien Erlegh, E. Golding, Esq.
Coley Park, J. B. Moncke, Esq.
7 m. dist. Strathfieldsaye, Duke of Wellington.
12 m. Bramshill Ho., Rev. Sir W.H. Cope, Bart.
653 Calcut Pa., J. Blagrave, 631
Englefield Honse, R. P. Benyon de Beauvoir, Esq.
Sulhampstead House ; and 3 miles distant, Oakfield.