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stalks tapering, convex underneath, concave above, covered by the water. Flowers three in a whorl. Flower-scales small, oval, spear-shaped, one at the base of each fruit-stalk, embracing the stem. Fruit-stalks of the barren flowers an inch long, of the fertile flowers about half an inch, and stronger. Calyx one leaf with three divisions. St. Flowers white with a purplish tinge at the claws of the petals, but so readily falling off that it
is difficult to carry them home for examination. Var. 2. Smaller. Ger. 337–J. B. iii. 790. 2—Pet. 43. 12. On the Thames' shore, opposite Lambeth palace; and before the Earl of Peterborough's house, above the horse ferry, on Westminster side. R. Syn. The o of Linnæus and ß of Haller, are surely imaginary, for the strap-shaped leaves will always be found both before and after flowering.
Woodw. ARROW-HEAD. (Welsh : Saethlys, saeth-ddeiliaidd. E.) Ditches and mare gins of slow rivers.
There is always a bulb at the lower part of the root, growing in the solid earth, beneath the mud. This bulb constitutes a considerable part of the food of the Chinese, and upon that account they cultivate it. (The North Anierican Indians also roast the roots for food. Barton. E.) Horses, goats, and swine eat the plant; cows are not fond of it.
(1) Calyx mostly five-cleft, nearly regular. LEONU'RUS. Anthers sprinkled with hard granulations :
(upper lip of the blossom shaggy. E.) GLECHO'MA. Anthers in pairs, each pair forming a cross. MENTHA. Filaments expanding, straight: Bloss. nearly re
gular. VERBE'NA. Bloss. nearly regular: upper segment of the
calyx shorter. TEU'CRIUM. Bloss. without any upper lip: upper segment
of the petal divided. A'JUGA. Bloss. upper lip shorter than the stamens, notched. GALEOB'DOLON. Bloss. upper lip entire, vaulted : lower
lip trifid : segments broad, acute : Anthers fleshy on the
back. BETONICA. Bloss. upper lip flat, ascending : Tube cylin
drical: Stam, as long as the mouth of the tube. LA'MIUM. Bloss. with a bristle-shaped tooth on each side
the lower lip, (on each side the mouth.) GALEOP'SIS. Bloss, with two teeth
Bloss. with two teeth upon the lower lip. STA'CHYS. Bloss. lateral segments of the lower lip reflexed:
Stamens after flowering expanding to the sides. NEP'ETA. Bloss. lower lip scolloped : Mouth with the edge
reflexed. BALLOʻTA. Calyr with ten scores: Bloss. upper lip vaulted. MARRU'BIUM. Calyr with ten scores: Bloss. upper lip
(2) Calyx bilabiate. SCUTELLARIA. Calyx after flowering closed with a cover,
and resembling a helmet. THY'MUS. Calyx (mouth small;) closed with soft hairs. PRUNEL'LA. Filaments forked, one of the points bearing the
anther. ORIG'ANUM. Calyces without ribs, forming an imbricated
CLINOPOʻDIUM. Involucrum many-bristled, inclosing the
calyces. MELITTIS. Cup wider than the tube of the blossom: Upper
lip of the blossom flat, entire: Anthers crossing each
(1) Calyx cloven, or two-leaved. ROBAN'CHE. Caps. one-celled : Bloss. nearly equal, quadrifid : a gland under the base of the germen.
(2) Calyx four-cleft. LATHRÆA. Caps. one-celled : Bloss. gaping: a gland be
neath the germen. BART'SIA. Caps. two-celled : (Seeds angular: E.) Bloss.
gaping EUPHRA'SIA. Caps. two-celled: Bloss. gaping : lower
anthers spinous. RHINANTHUS. Caps. two-celled : Calyr compressed: Bloss.
gaping MELAMPY'RUM. Caps. two-celled : Bloss. gaping: Seeds two, gibbous.
(3) Calyx five-cleft. LIMOSEL'LA. Caps. (semi-orbicular, E.) one (or two) celled,
many-seeded : Bloss. bell-shaped, regular. SCROPHULA'RIA. Caps. two-celled : Bloss. reversed ; the
lip with an intermediate segment within.
SIBTHORP'IA. Caps. two-celled: Bloss. wheel-shaped :
Stam. in pairs, converging. DIGITA'LIS. Caps. two-celled: Bloss. (tubular) bell-shaped,
gibbous on the under side : Stam. declining. ANTIRRHI’NUM. Caps. two-celled : Bloss. gaping, closed
by a palate, with a more or less projecting nectary be
neath. PEDICULA'RIS. Caps. two-celled : Bloss. gaping : Seeds
angular, pointed, few. LINNÆA. Berry three-celled, juiceless: Bloss. bell-shaped :
Calyx superior, double.
A'JUGA. Bloss. upper lip very small, notched, shorter than
the stamens. A. PYRAMIDA'LIS. Plant hairy, with its numerous flowers forming a
tetragonal pyramid : leaves oblong, crenate: root-leaves very large.
Fl. Dan. 185–(E. Bot. 1270. E.)—Blackw. 64. 2. (Plant four or five inches high. E.) Stem and leaves very hairy ; root
leaves oblong wedge-shaped, sessile, entire, very large; stem-leaves oval, slightly toothed or scolloped, not three-lobed, diminishing upwards, so as to give the whole plant somewhat of a pyramidal form ; in opposite alternate pairs; the upper tinged with purple. Floral-leuves longer than the flowers. Flowers from the bosom of the leaves, not more than three together, (in whorls, E.). Calyx very hairy, divided half-way down:
segments awl-shaped, nearly equal. Woodw. (PYRAMIDAL BUGLE. E.) Dr. Hope informs me that it has been found on
Ben Nevis in Lochaber, and on the Burn of Killigower, and on the Ord of Caithness. On Torn Aichaltie, a hill near Brahan Castle, Ross-shire, by Mr. Gibb.
P. May-June. E.) (A. ALPI'NA. Stem simple: leaves nearly smooth, unequally toothed,
nearly all of a size: whorls rather distant, many-flowered. E.) E. Bot. 477–Ludw. 8-Kniph. 3–J. B. iii. 432. 1—Pet. 34. 4–Riv. Mon.
76; Bugula montana. The pairs of the leaves and the whorls are rather distant, by no means
crowded into a pyramidal form as in A. pyramidalis, nor are the radical leaves (as in that species) three or four times as large as those on the stem, and very hairy; but, on the contrary, the lower leaves are but little larger than the others, and all very nearly smooth, veiny, unequally toothed. The bracteæ sometimes quite entire, sometimes toothed; the uppermost only tinged with purple; whereas in A. pyramidalis, they are all reddish. Flowers from ten to twenty in each whorl. Calyx chiefly "hairy at the teeth. Flowers pale, streaked with deeper blue. E. Bot. ALPINE BUGLE. (A. pyramidalis. Huds. A. Genevensis. With. Ed. 3. E.)
Mountains. (Mountains of Aberdeenshire. Mr. David Don. E.) Carnedd Llewelyn, Carnarvonshire. Ray. (On the flat near the summit of that mountain. Mr. Griffith. On the mountain that leads from Matlock into the town of Castleton, on the left hand side, immediately adjoining the road. Mr. Dawson Turner. It is erroneously stated in English Botany that this plant has been found in Durham by Mr. Robson; the specimen he sent to Mr. Sowerby was from his own garden. Mr. W'inch.
P. June-July. E.) A. REP'TANS. Plant smooth: stem solitary, throwing out creeping
suckers: leaves egg-shaped, scolloped. (E. Bot. 489. E.)–Curt.-Fl. Dan. 925—Sheldr. 35–Riv. Mon. 75. 1,
Bugula – Fuchs. 391–J. B. ii. 430. 2 and 3— Walc.-Kniph. 3—Trug. 311-Blackw. 64. 1-Lonic. i. 145. 2-H. Ox. xi. 5. row 3. 1-Barr. 337 and 338—Matth. 962–Dod. 135. 2-Lob. Obs. 252. 1, and Ic. i. 475. 2
Ger. Em. 631. 1-Park. 525–Ger, 506. 1. In high and dry situations it becomes somewhat hairy, the stem less distinctly
four-sided, the spike tapering upwards; the creepers short; approaching to 4. Genevensis, but has only one stem from a root whilst the latter has many. Gough. Leaves egg-shaped. Root-leaves scolloped, on leafstalks. Stem-leaves nearly entire, sessile, in opposite cross pairs; the upper purplish. Blossom blue, red, or white, in a long leafy spike, (lower lip four-cleft. Sm. Stem solitary, upright, nearly a foot high, quadran
gular, leafy, tinged with purple. E.) COMMON BUGLE. (Irish: Glassan heile. Welsh : Golchenid cyffredin ;
Glesyn y coed. E.) Moist meadows, pastures, and woods. The variety with white blossoms has been observed by the Editor in a field at Smallheath, near Birmingham. In Anglesey, by the_Rev. Hugh Davies. Abounds in the Isle of Wight. Sir J. E. Smith. E.)
P. May-July. A. CHAMÆ'PITYS. Leaves three-cleft, strap-shaped, very entire : flowers
sessile, lateral, solitary: stem spreading, branched. E. Bot. 77—Kniph. 8—Ludw. 130–Riv. Mon. 14. 1, Chamæpitys-FT. Dan. 733—H. Ox. xi. 22. row 3. 1-Dod: 46.1-Lob. Obs. 207. 2, and Ic. i, 382. 2–Ger. Em. 525. 1—Matth. 940–Ger. 421. 1-Park. 283. lFuchs. 886-J, B. iii. 295. 1 and 2–Trag. 80-Blackw. 528—Lonic. i.
159. 2. (Plant viscid. Stems hairy, purplish. E.) Leaves hairy, the lower entire,
the rest cloven deeper and deeper till the upper ones are almost divided to the base; segments strap-shaped. Flowers nearly unilateral, single, or in pairs. Calyx very hairy. Blossom (yellow; upper lip short, notched; E.) louer lip, middle segment somewhat heart-shaped, smooth, spotted with
red, the rest very hairy. Woodw. (Yellow BUGLE. E.) GROUND PINE. Teucrium Chamopitys. Linn.
Huds. Relh. Dicks. Oed. Ehrh. But the structure of the upper lip of the blossom is not like that of Teucrium, deeply divided with the stamens standing in the division, but short and slightly notched as in Ajuga. On this account it has been removed from the former genus by Haller, Schreber, and Smith.