« AnteriorContinua »
temporary accommodation of vessels entering or leaving ; one at Rownham for large ships, the other below the iron bridge at Bedminster, for vessels under 500 tons. There are several capacious graving-docks, and ship-building is carried on to some extent; the Great Western and Great Britain steam-ships, with the Severn, the Avoli, and others of inferior dimensions having been built in the port. The tide in the Avon sets with great rapidity, especially between the high precipitous rocks of Clifton and Leigh, which scem rent asunder to admit its passage. In Kingroad its rise at springs is between 48 and 49 feet, at neaps above 23 feet: at the gates of the floating harbour it rises from 30 to 33 feet. Previously to the completion, in 1849, of the new lock or entrance to the floating harbour at Cumberland basin, Rownham, vessels occasionally loaded and unloailed in Kingroad, at the mouth of the river, by means of lighters. But the entrance to the basin is now of dimensions sufficient to admit steamers and other ships of the largest class. The port and other dues, which it was formerly imperative to levy on all vessels frequenting the port, whether they entered the new harbour or not, may now be remitted at the discretion of the town council, to those that do not avail themselves of the latter,
Bristol early possessed, and continues to enjoy, a large share of the trade with the West Indies. Among her foreign imports the most important are colonial products, tea, tobacco, timber, grain of all sorts, flour, wine, brandy, tällow, fruits, wool, hemp, dye stuffs, oil, saltpetre, hides, &c. The exports consist principally of the produce of the various manufactures of the city, comprising refined sugar, brasa and copper articles, spirits, glass, earthenware, &c., with salt, coals, and culm, the produce of the neighbourhood ; and, cotton, linen, and wollen goods. Bristol carries on an extensive and growing trade with Ireland, from which she imports, corn butter, bacon, potatoes, cattle, horses, sheep, pigs, sainion, &c. She sends in return, tea, raw and refined sugar, cheese, wrought iron, tin plates, copper, glass, woollens, leather, &c. The imports, coast wise, consist mostly of iron, tin, coal, salt, agricultural produce, and foreign produce, brought from other ports under bond. The exports are chiefly foreign and colonial produce (especially groceries, spirits, and wines), and the various manufactures of the city. A steam communication for the conveyance of goods and passengers to Ireland was established in 1826, and has led to a great increase of the trade with that part of the empire. Bristol had the honour of being the first port in the empire to establish a regular communication by steam with the U. States. The first voyage by the Great Western steam-ship was performed in 1838.
The decline in the comparative importance of Bristol, as a trading emporium, has been chietiy mani. fested by contrasting her progress with that of Liverpool. The average customs duties of Bristol for the seven years ending with 1757, amounted to 155,184. ; those of Liverpool for the same perioul, to 51,1367. In 1784, the customs of Bristol had risen to 334.9091., a great increase; but those of Liverpool had advanced, in the saine year, to 648.6841. ; and in 1816, while the customs duties of the fonner amounted to 919,1491., those of the latter amounted to 3,622,0571. One of the chief causes that hare been cotomenly assigned for this comparative slowness of progress is the excess of local taxation; the town and harbour dues having been much heavier than those of any other of the larger ports.
There can, however, be no doubt, that too much stress has been laid upon this circumstance in arcounting for the slower progress of the trade of this port. The real causes of the rapid rise of Liverpool, Glasgow, and some other sea-port towns is to be found, not in the lowness of their port charges, er in any peculiar advantages they individually enjoy, but in their having become the ports of the great manufacturing districts. The extraordinary growth of Liverpool is a consequence of the still more extraordinary growth of the cotton manufacture. Her rise has been dependent upon, and consequent to, the rise of Manchester. Bolton, Blackburn, &c. Still, however, it is not to be denied that the trade of Bristol was seriously injured by the high charges that were formerly imposed on the shipping frequenting her port. But that grievance, after having been mitigated by various reductions effected since 1835, has at length been wholly obviated ; and the charges on shipping in the Avon are now remarkable for their muderation. This important reform took place in 1848, under the local act 11 & 12 Vict.c. 43 (30 June, 1819), which transferred the property of the docks from the former dock company to the citizens, and ve ted their management in the common council of the city. In consequence of this change, and of the reduction of the rates by which it has been followed, ships that formerly paid 28. and 3s. per ton of dock dues now pay ls, per dó. ; while those that paid Is. now pay 6d.; and those that paid sd, and 6d. now pay 4d. (See foriner rates in last edit. of this work.) All articles not enumerated in the annexed tables are exempted from dock and town duties. And it is of importance to observe that all former charges on ships and goods outwards have been wholly abolished ; so that, as regards exports, Bristol is now an absolutely free po Deck RATES AND DOES ON SHTEPISO ENTERINO TIX PORT For every vessel from Carlit, Nexport, or any oy BKINTOL, THOSE LEAVING THE SAME BEINO YKER OY ALL other port to the eastward of the Hols, one thini Pont CHARGES.
part of the lading of which shall consist of coul,
kcroft, iron, tin, un plates, gram, copper, bricks, Dock Dues.
stone, coal, tar, slate, bark, timber, or wood, as
follows: For every vessel trading from Africa, llonduras, £ s. d. If such vessel shall not exceed 75 tons burthen, Surinam, and other ports in South America, the
for each Foyage U.States of America, the East and West Indies,
If such vessel shall exceed 75 tons burthen, for all the ports within the Straits of Gibraltar, the
each voyage Southen Whale Fishery, the British Colonies,
N. 8. There are no dork rates or other port charges pay. Portugal, Prusia, Russia, Spain, without the Straits, and Sweden. per ton
0 1 0
able on vessels leasing the port of Bristol. And a vettate
unce paid the dock dues on entering the port my remain for For every ves el trading from Flanders, France, without the Straits, liermany, Guernse Holland,
an indetinite period in the floating harbour without any further Jersey, Norway, Poland, and Zealand, per trim
charge. For every sense trading froin Ireland, the Tale of Man, Scotland, or as a coaster, not in tud ng pas
Anchorage and Moorage chargeade only on Veels coming from sel, from Cardift, Newport, and other ports to the
Ports to the westrard of the Holmu. eastward of the Holms, per ton
Anchorage For every vessel from Caruitr, Newport, or any other
port to the eastward of the Holm (not being vessels one third part of the lading of which stali
All conting ryksels, from porta to the westward consist of coal, rroft, iron, tin, lin plates, grain,
of the time, not exceeding 40 tons burther, comer, bricks, stone, coal, tar, alate, bark, uunlar,
Aach Voyage or ww) follows:
Ditto, at and above 40 tons, ditto If such welchall be under 40 tons buruien, for 076
Anchorage Moonsge If such vessel shall be 40 tons burthen, and under
75 fons, for each voyage
All other vessels, not being coasters,
0 If such lese shall be 100 tons buriben or upwards,
above 50 and under 100 tons for each voyage
0 0 6
above 100 tons
Mayor', Thues payable only by Vessels omrin foron Places west-
Account of the Number of coasting Vesses and their Tonnage, l'essels of more than Three Times #Win in Space of Twive
distinguishing thone empieged between G. Britain and Ire Calendar Mondhs.
land, from other ('oasters which have entered inwards at royage.
Bristol during the following years, ending 3th January. O tons and under 100 tons, each vessel
10 0 Years. G. Britain and 10
Total 15 0
30 0 250 and upwards
Ships. Tas Ships. Tons. Quay Warden's Fecs.
1836 Vessels above 60 tons
girti 3,76392,512 5 0 1537 1,279 271) 598
334,971 Bant, traw, or barge
IS19 593 Whether from eastward or westward of Holms.
204,861 5,079 29.),633
1940 42) 76,211 1.107 215,499, 1.36293,53 The docks and quays in Bristol are not enllowed. The ware ISA1 323 houses, whether tonded or etherwise, are all private property;
X4,293 : 4,47 229,62 3,350 315,615 1x42 152
231,16 3,114 310,876 they are for the most part close to the quays, and are all easy
1943 403 79,4 of access.
431,943 5,036 131,507
8,975 3,356 2x1,5175,521) 1377,195 The following is an Account of the various Port and other 1815 547
35,5116,776 4711,79 Charges ahich would be incurred by a show of St. Tuns
103,933.131 290,246,112 391,317 bringing a Cargo to Bristol, the Dock Duis being taken at
5,81% 311.0226,354 395,73 the highest Rate.
3.117 5,451 34,72 6,25 *4),129 € . d. £. d.
92,2.58 6,263 321,5116,6744211,144.9 Pilotage from Lundy to Kingroad
180 43% 95,156 6.176 | 33.3,393 6,614 | 128,749 from Kingroad to baxin . -15 0 Assistant pilot 10., yawl 30. .0 13 0
Declared Value of the Esports of British and Irish Proluce 5 men at 38. 9d. each
0 18 9
and Manufactures from, with the Customs Ides at the Port Haven master
0 3 0
of Bristol, during each of the following lears, ending 5th Jan,
9 3 9 Steam-tug from Kingroad to basin, 5d. per ton 10
• 2 5 0
... Deck duela. jer ton
25 0 0
1,177,687 3 7 (From the nearer parts only 6d. per ton)
26.013 19 4 Warner
1,117.912 90 0 10 0
454,67 1 5
1,114,512 40 15.9 334,724 12 10
1,19,074 13 5 59 9
1,059, 115 00
1,07,15 0 0 The charge for labour discharging is from 38. to 38. 6d. per 1812
366.448 6 0
1,016,00 0 0 day, that for cooperage depends co the condition of the carjo.
9.255 0 0 'The charge for landing and weighing is id for sugar a.d
IRM, 128 12 0
096.750 0 0 most other kind of goods when the chicrane ar ud.
17,145 0 Ounards. No port charges except lights and pilotage,
1,553 19 6 which are the same as innar.de
919,/ 1900 1817 161,59 48
911,314 0 0 Produce of the Dock Dues on Tonnage and Goods at Bristol,
1,004,739 0 0 during each of the following Years, ending the 30th of April
117,044 17 10 1,036,733 00
PILOTAR. Years. Tonnage Rates. Rates on Goods. Totals.
To etery lierneed pilot who marigater a ship or messel from Luuly
Island, or wealward thereos, tó King road.
For his pilotage of such vessel, if under 100 tons reg. 197 14,26 16 8 6,879 10 11 21.7015 7 7
3 3 0 1833 13,32% 10 8 7,917 98 23,216
If I tons and under 200
4 4 0 18.39 11,006 17 8 7,140 2 10 22,717 06
0 IN10 17,99 7 2 94 2,635 16 6 If 300 tons and upwards
6 0 15.015 19 0
7 9 26,!13 6 9 194% 15,57 18 8 6,242 11 11
From Come to Kingroad.
42,1) 10 7 1843 16,491 17 0
6 2,122 11 6
2 2 0 1811 17,905 13 9 7,5'14 12 9 25,600 66 If 100) cons and under 200)
2 16 0 1815 1,57 3 2 7.631 16 10 2,181 0 0
3 10 0 5 10 %,214
If 300 tons and upwards 1847 19,768 7 0 9,015 15 10
From Winehead to Kinroad.
1 1 0 1849 19.145 6 6 9,553 19 * 2,699 5 8 If 16) tons and under 200
1 8 0 If ) 300
. 1 15 0 • The dock dues in the last 6 months of the year ending
If 300 and upwards 30 April 1849 were at the reduced rates.
From the Hulme to Kingroad.
. 0 0 0 Account of the Number of ships and their Tonnage, distin 1f 10) tons and under 2010 gushing between British and Foreir, which have entered 11 2111)
0 17 6 in art. at Bristol, (exclusive of coolers) during each of If 300 and upwards
1 the following years, ending the 5th January.
Every pilot who unicors or carnes a ship or vissel under
100 tons reg., frim ant kif the river A ron, and noor her Years. British.
in Cumber and or Hathurnt Basin, or who urmoors or curries such a whip or vexel from either of those bisins, and mor her
in, or pilori edi with her down the said river, shall be entitled Shipe. Това. Ships. Tons.
Ships. Tons. to the following pilotge:1836 218 54,70 315 58.981
£ 8. d.
0 4 0 1834 351 71,060 33 5,997 350 76,457
If 40 tons and under 00
0 5 0 14.39 325 63,397
0 7 6 1440 396 79,551 116 12,42 512 92,433
0 10 0 1841 129
78 13.779 5116 1814 329 66,259 51 8,1.55 380)
Every pilot who unmoors or carries a ship from Porta! ead, 1913 336 63,227
Kingrail, Hungroad, or Broad Pill, and mort her in Cum. 31.5 25
berlind or Bathurst Basin, and who unmoors or carries i ves. 1815 346 72,532 56 9,352 402
sel from either of the basins, and mors her in Port head, 1915 360 82.37 14,234 429
Hung'oal, Breast Mill, or Kingroad, or any other of och 1817 331 89,205
places, or priceeds with her on her voyage, shall be entitled to 96,618 46 7.928 451 101,516 the following pilotage: 18 19 423 108,750 118 15,530
0 10 0 If 16 tops and under 400
- 0 15 0 Vessels belonging to Bristol, 5 January 18.54), Sailing sesise Is If 200
1 0 0 286 of the burden of 37,212 tons, Steain vessels 27, of the bur If 301) anel upwards
1 5 0 den of 3,528 tons.
See further, Art. BRISTOL, P. 1003.
V. Hull Docks, SHIPPING, ETC. There are three considerable docks in Hull; occupying, inclusive of their wharfs, quays, &c., an area of above 28 acres. The first of these docks was constructed in 1775, and the last in 1829. And an act was passed in the session of 1843 for constructing a new dock to the east of the town. The old harbour, in the bed of the river Hull, which passes through the centre of the town, affords considerable accommodation for shipping; it is in contemplation to throw gates across its mouth, which will make it equivalent to another dock. Hull is the next port in the empire, after Bristol, or perhaps
Liverpool; for, although the customs duty collected in Hull be inferior to that of Bristol, it having amounted, in 1850, to only 383,5201. gross, she has a much greater amount of foreign trade and of shipping. Indeed the exports from Hull are inferior only to those from Liverpool and London. In 1850 they amounted to 10,366,610!. In 1850, there belonged to the port 258 ships of 50 tons and upwards, having an ag. gregate burden of 55,354 tons, with 195 vessels of less than 50 tons; making a total of 453 ships and 62,472 tons, exclusive of 34 steamers, of the burden of 7,143 tons.
The commerce of Hull depends principally on her advantageous situation. She is the principal emporium of the extensive and fertile counties on the æstuary of the Humber, and of those traversed by the numerous and important rivers, including the Trent, Don, Ouse, &c. that have their embouchure in it. The natural facilities for internal communication thus enjoyed by Hull have been greatly extended by artificial means. She is now united, partly by rivers and partly by canals and railways, with Sheffield, Leeds, Manchester, Liverpool, &c.; 80 that she has become not merely the principal port for the W. Riding of Yorkshire, but also for a considerable portion of the trade carried on between Lancashire and the northern parts of the Continent. The great articles of export are cotton stuffs and twist, woollen goods, iron and hardware, earthenware, &c. The principal articles of import are wool, bones, timber, hemp and lax, corn, and serds, madder, bark, turpentine, skins, &c. The rise of Goole has not been nearly so injurious to the trade of Hull as might have been supposed ; and her superior facilities for trade and navigation will always ensure for her a decided superiority over the other ports on the Humber and its affluents. Hull used to be very largely engaged in the N. whale fishery; but here, as every where else, that branch of industry had dwindled to alınost nothing, only 2 vessels having left the port for the ishery in 1842. But it has again increased, 12 ships having been engaged in it in 1870. A regular intercourse is kept up, by steam packets, between Hull and London, and Hull and several of the Continental ports.
Jettage Anchorage. In thut.
s. d. ... British vessels under 45 tons hurden
10 40 and not 45
1 50 . 1 6 2 0 16 50 100 - 16
2 6 100 150 - 20
3 6 3 6 150
200 . 2 0
5 0 5 0
6 0 6 0 300 and upwards •
2 6 6 0 6 6 Freemen are exempt from anchorage, but freemen, as well as non-freemen, pay jetlage. The charge for jettage is not made unless with goods landei at or taken in at Hull, or within the harbour.
British ships pay no hostage, and nothing for ballast.
Hwyage. --- British vessels under 20 tons, %. ; 20 tons and under 30, 28. 6d.; and 6d. additional for every 10 tons. Fue un vessels under 65 tons, 11.; 65 tons and under 1.31. 116; 135 tons and under 170, 178.; 170 tons and under 180, 11.; and 1s. additional for every 10 tons.
Ballast. -- Sand, 13. 4d. per ton; but vessel, by going a mile or two up the river, may get chalk fur rather less, which is more valuable when discharged.
Depth of Water. - The access to the docks are either fron the river Humber, or fron the river Hull. The lock from the Humber in the Humber dock is capable of mone, at springtides, vessels drawing 264 feet; and at neap tales, from 18 to 20 feet. The lock from the old harbour into the olide is always 6 feet short of the water at the other lock: this depths depend much on the state of the winds and other natural
HARBOUR AND Docx Dues.
upon Hull and any port to the N. of Yarmouth, in Nor-
upon Hull and any port utween the '., Foreland and
Shetland, on the east side of England, except as ahove 0 3 Vessels trading between the port of King ton-upon-Hull
and any other port in Great Batain not before described 0 6 Ve selstraling between the port of Kingston-upon-Huil and an port in the Baluc Seas, and all other porus
abose the Sound Vessels tradin between the port of Kingston upon-Hull
and any port in Denmark, Sweden, or Norway lelow Elinore, or any port in Germany, ilolland, Flanders, France to the eastward of Ushant, Ireland, the Islands of Guernsey and Jersey
.0 10 Vessels trading between the port of Kingston-upon-Iull
and any island or port of Europe to the westward of Ushani, without the Straits of Gibraltar
1 Vessels trading between the port of Kingston upon-Hull and every post in the W. Indies, N. or . America, Africa, Greenland, or any place to the E. of the North Cape of Norway, all places within the Straits of Gibraltar, and all Islands and places in the ocean to the S. of Cape St. Vincent, not herein-before mentioned - 1 9 Versels corning to or going with merchandise) from any of the above named jorts, pay double the rates, tonnage, or duties, above mentioned, unless the said
vessels belong to British owners, Vessels sailing coast wise or otherwise, and coming into
the said haven in ballast to be laid up (coasting duty included)
. 06 The same rate of charges is made on vessels using the old harbour or roads.
The above rates are re ted in the Dock Company, and are paid at the time of such vessel's entry inwards of clearance or discharge outwards; or, in case any veisel hall not enter as aforesaid, then at any time before such vessel shall proceed from the fort, at the Custom-house, so as no vessel shall be subject or liable to the payment of the rates or duties more than once for the same voyage, both out and home, notwithstanding such vesse may go out and return with a cargo.
Vessels forced into the port by the enemy, or by receiving damage at sea, or otherwise, and shall discharge in order to repair such Jarage, and reload the goods so discharged, are exempted from the above rates and duties, unless they make une if the dock or basin.
Vesels which come and go co netwise from any port in Great Britain, to or from any place up the rivers I rent or Ouse, within the limits of the purt of Hull, to or from any other p! ce up the said ristrs Trent or Oue, or from any other river which falls into the al rivers, or which shall trade between any such port in Great Britain and any kuch place as aforesaid within or up the said rivers, are also exempted from the above hatus and duties, unless they come into or go out of the said
nr dock, of any part of the harbour ailed Hall haven; or that the basis or dock, or Quays within the harbour; or shall unload or put on shore, or loador take on board, any goods, Wre, or merchandise, or any part of the cargo of any vessel, within any part of the river Humber.
N.D.-All ships coming to the port have to pay dock dues whether they make use of the docks or not, Goods inwards pay nu cock dug unless landed upon quays or wharts belonging to the Company. Goods outwarda pay no dock dues.
Duro PAYABLE TO TRE CORPORATION OF HULL
On Vessels indering innards and out marde. Anchorage: -- Alien Fessels under 100 tons hurden, 18. 64.; 100 and under 200 tons, 28.; 200 and upwards, 36.
Jettage - Under 100 tons, 13a. 60.; if loads out more, 3..6d.; 100 and under 200 tons, 178.; if loads out more, 58.; 200 tons and upwarda, 17.; ifind out more, in
Hostage. - Por each rund sterling of the freight inwards, 21.; and among the officers, per shit, 38.
Ballas. - For euch ton taken outwards, 24.
d. The distance at sen w bere Hawke Roads or Grimsby the North Ness of Dim.
26 lington bears west Whisebo Roads south-west to the north- The port of Kingstonward of Kiinsea North upon-Hull
Kilnsea North Clit Reads
10 Vessel at the entrance White booth Roads
20 of the River llumbat, The port of Kingston to the eastward of the upon-Hull
3 6 point where the Spur High Lighthouse bears northeast The Spum High Light Hawke Roads or Grimsby house bearing north.
10 east. Whitebooth Roads
20 The part of Kingstonupon Hull
36 The Hawke Roads, the Whitebooth Roads
bugy of the Purcome The port of Kigston-
1 RAIRS AND PORT CHARGKA.
Torage. The steam boats are the property of private parties. Towage as may be agreed on,
per 180 0 6
. 7 0
30 to 30 -
B. itens -
paling, or outside slabs
boom, 4 to 6 inches
each 0 2
6 to S do.
per last 06
per ton 08 Turpentine (14. per barrel, or).
per hhd. 01
perqr. 0 6
per 120 1 0 1 Exetnpt, if the sole property of freemen in British Ships
6,80? lasts 7,021 lasts 6,373 lasts
Spruce beer 165 harrels 1,17% barrels 393 barrels
764 lasts 343 lasts 366 Lasts
62,00 11,924 44,685 Turpentine 16,474 barrels 20,102 barrels 16,65% barrels
1,95 tons 730 tons 72.5 tons
2, 97 bales, i 2,1 bales
775 bales and 50 bags and 13 lag
466,563 ibs. 591,2017 ds. 403,357 lbs.
73 bales and ) 20 bales and 9 bales
half a ton 20 tons
5,108 lbs. 6 ba
and 3 cases
2,069 cwts. Wood, timber, fir,
Foreign 12,908 pieces 10,497 pieces 6,989 pieces
8,287 Deals, forrign 505,7 cts. 510,2 cts. 269,5 cts.
716 - Battens, foreign 227,0 189,1
1,353 tons 1,274 tons 747 tons Masts, foreign 877 No. 209 No. 541 No.
182 cwts. Colonial
Staves, foreign 132,8 114,8
- 201,000 qrs. 126,410 grs. (193,352 qrs. Wainscot logs 1,302 logs 1,100 loges 1,516 logs
An Account of the Greenland and Davis's Straits Whale Fishery, carried on from Hull, from 1772 to 1842, both inclusive ; specifying the Number of Ships sent out, the Number lost, the Number that returued clean or without any Cargo, and the Imports of Oil and Bone.
23 1810 34
13 1812 49 349
1814 58 232
7 1815 58 311
15 1816 55 261
13 1817 58 270
21 1818 64 269
15 1819 65 379
29 1820 62 604
36 1821 61 945
43 1822 40 1,085
56 1823 1,042
47 1824 36 853
45 1825 36 832
42 1826 32 545
17 1827 30 900
45 1828 30 845
41 1829 33 710
1831 32 1,678
77 1832 30 1,741
87 1833 27 2,159
100 1834 27
110 1835 23
1 beset in
100 1836 15 ice, return
ed next year
1837 12 4,817
200 1858 6 5,174 250
VI. DUNDEE Docks, SHIPPING, &c. Dundee, on the N. side of the Frith of Tay, lat. 56° 28' N., long. 20 57' 30" W., 9 miles W. from Buttonness Point (on which there are two first-class light-houses, with fixed lights), has increased with extraordinary rapidity since the termination of the late war, and is now become the principal seat of the British linen manufacture, and has a very extensive trade. Down to 1815, the harbour was on a humble scale, and adapted only to a very limited commerce. Only one small pier existed. But in the year referred to, an act was obtained for separating the harbour from the other branches of the burgh revenue, for constructing an entirely new harbour, on a scale commensurate with the growing importance of the place, and for investing the management in a board of commissioners. Additional acts were obtained in 1830 and 1836 ; and the result of the measures thus set on foot has been, that Dundee can already boast of the completion of two wet docks, King William's, of 61, Earl Grey's, of 54, and of a tide harbour, of 4 acres, connected with them. The breadth of the lock of the former, to which is attached a splendid graving dock, is 40 feet; and that of the latter, which is fitted to admit steamers, 55 feet. A crane, reaching 28 feet from the face of the quay wall on which it is placed, and capable of raising 30 tons, is erected at this dock, so that every facility is afforded for taking out and putting in the boilers, &c. of the largest steam vessels. There is also a Morton slip attached to the tide harbour, on which three vessels may be placed at once. The vessels are hauled up by a steamengine of 16 horse power : a ship of 800 tons may be placed on the slip; one of the Dundee steamers, the Perth, weighing, without her boilers, 596 tons, was lately repaired on it.
A wet dock of 14 acres is now being constructed, the lock of which will be 60 feet. The harbour plan also embraces another wet dock of 91 acres, and the tide harbour between these docks will be of the extent of 11 acres. The quays are wide and spacious, affording berthage for above 65 vessels ; and there are extensive and convenient carpenters' and other yards for ship building. The accommodation for the building and repairing of vessels is not surpassed in any port of the kingdom.
These splendid works had cost, in May, 1851, no less than 792,9961. 1s. 6 d., of which 589,245). 195. 6 d. had been expended on the works, and 203,7501. 2s. paid as interest of money borrowed. The amount of shore dues and rents collected up to May, 1851, was 582,821). 168., and the sum borrowed 210,5141. 58. 6d. The sum allowed to be borrowed on the credit of the harbour is 230,0001. The revenue of the harbour from Martinmas, 1764, to 15th of July, 1815, when it was put under a parliamentary commission, was only 38,6961. 38. 4 d., and during this period the sum expended in maintaining it was 9,4681. 10s. 9d. The shore dues in 1765 yielded 126l. ;