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manufactories. Lowestoft has lately been much frequented as a bathing place, for which its sands are well adapted. The town is greatly indebted to Sir S: M. Peto, Bart., of Somerleyton Hall, who purchased the harbour in 1844, and originated a company for the improvement of the port and town, the deepening of Lake Lothing, &c. He carried also the branch railway from Reedham to Lowestoft, thus placing the latter in a very advantageous commercial position. Pop. 1851, 6580.

GREAT YARMOUTH, a considerable seaport town and a place of great antiquity. The old town is situated on the eastern bank of the Yare, and is connected with the new town, called Little Yarmouth, by means of a bridge. The old town had walls, and consists of four parallel steeets, and of about 150 narrow cross lanes, called rows. The best dwelling-houses are situated along the quay, which is considered the finest in the kingdom, having in the centre a noble promenade, planted on each side with trees. The principal buildings are the old church, erected in 1123, and recently restored, several chapels, banks, a town-hall, theatre, assembly-room, bathing-house, &c. There are several charitable institutions, the principal of which is the Seamen's Hospital, and extensive barracks, containing a large armoury. There is an extensive manufactory for crapes and other silk goods. Ship-building, and the various trades connected with it, are carried on to some extent. The rivers Yare, Waveney, and Bure, which unite in Breydon Water, contiguous to the town, secure to Yarmouth an extensive inland trade. The exportation of grain and malt is considerable ; but the principal business of this port consists of the herring and mackerel fisheries. An extensive timber trade with the Baltic is also carried on, and Yarmouth Roads have long been the principal rendezvous for the collier trade. Customs Revenue, 1850, £38,372:11:11. It is one of the termini of the Eastern Counties Railway, and thus holds communication with all important parts of the kingdom. Two M.P. Pop. 1851, 30,879. Near Yarmouth is a beautiful fluted column, 140 feet high, in memory of Lord Nelson.

SOUTHEND (Essex) is situated on an acclivity at the mouth of the Thames opposite to Sheerness. It has of late years risen into some importance as a bathing-place. Here is an assembly-room, a theatre, library, meeting-house, baths, bathing machines, &c. Near this place a stone marks the termination of the jurisdiction of the corporation of London over the Thames. Steam vessels sail thither regularly during summer.

On the Naze, a projecting piece of land, on the east coast of Essex, 18 miles from Colchester, is the village of Walton, of late in some repate se a bathing place.

COLCHESTER, 71; Müles.

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Ardleigh Park; and to Great Bromley Hall and Bromley Lodge, 4 miles.

Manningtree was anciently called Sciddinchon. It is a railway station, and carries on a considerable trade in malt, corn, coals, deals, iron, and fish.

Mistley Hall.

MANNINGTREE.

Mistley Thorn.

Bradfield.

Wix Abbey.

Ramsey Street

HABICE, a railway statica situated on tongue of land opposite the mouth of the Stour and the Orwell, bass

spacions harbour, capable or 604

containing more than 100 m
of the line. It was a place et
importance daring the .
sus almost the only means of
communication with the
north of Europe. The chief
employments are ship-build-
ing and other kindred trades
Here is & dockyan,
furnished with storchones
&c., a church, town hall and
gaol, custom bouse, de lo
summer it is much frequested
AS « bathing-placeLand.
guard fort, defending the
harbour, was ereeted to
James L. 3M.P. Pop. 1551
4451

4 miles across the Orwel

Felixstove, Sir. S. Findset, 1711 Bart

Ramsey Hall.

Ramsey

Dover Court.

HARWIC!I.

CLXXIX. LONDON TO SOUTHEND, THROUGH BARKING, RAINHAM, STAN.

FORD LE HOPE, AND HADLEIGH, 39: Miles.

[graphic]

BARKING WAS formen celebrated for its sunset said to have been the Convent for women in Een land. The church contais several brasses asd other monuments. Barking a its neighbourhood opp London with vast quantities of vegetables 1 m. dist. Eastbury House, a carico antique building, tradities

ally associated with the 131 powder plot, as the ples

where the conspirator bed their meetins Pop Barking, 1851, 4934

At Purdeet are large gol 16 vernment powder magazine gi! Near Wisnington is Bel

House, Sir T. B. Lennard,

18 mile from Stibord I Belmont Castle

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CLXXX. LONDON TO SOUTHEND THROUGH ROMFORD, BRENTWOOD,

BILLERICAY, AND RAYLEIGH, 414 Miles.

ON RIGHT FROM LOND.

1 From
South'd.

N LEFT FROM LOND.

London.

| From

411

BILLERICAY is situ From Whitechapel Ch. ated on an eminence commanding fine views 231 to BRENTWOOD (p. 470.)) Rayleigh was formerly of the Thames and the

Ja town of some import

Shenfield. coast of Kent. Here is

ance. It has an old a church said to have

BILLERICAY. 231 church, and some traces been founded in the time

of an old castle. 5 m. of Edward III. The

Rayleigh.

distant is Rochford, near tower may be of that

which is Rochford Hall, age, but the body of the 541 Hadleigh Common. 361

where Anne Boleyne was chapel is comparatively modern. Pop. 1284.

SOUTHEND (p. 479.)

| 412/ born in 1507.Boleyne wag

CLXXXI. LONDON TO BEDFORD, BY RAILWAY, 63 Miles.

ON RIGHT FROM LOND.

From
Bedford.

From
London.

ON LEFT FROM LOND.

From London by
North Western Railway,

to
161) Bletchley Junction St. 464| Leave main line of
(p. 202.)

London and North Wes15 Fenny Stratford St. 48

tern Railway.

te
Fenny Stratford_stands on the
line of the Roman Watling Street,

and is probably the site of the Little Brickhill, and

Ancient Magiovintum. Dr Wiis,

the antiquarian, died here in beyond, Great Brickhill,

1760, and was buried in the chapel P. 'D. Duncombe, Esq.

Bow Brickhill.
Pop. 1851, 1142,

cr. river Ouzel.
Enter Bedfordshire.

Wavendon Hall, Sir

H. A. Hoare, Bart. Woburn Abbey, Duke 12 Woburn Sands St.

Husboru Crawley. of Bedford.

Hulcote, 2 miles, and Segenhoe Park.

Ridgmount St. 153 Hulcote House.

Y

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CLXXXII. PETERBOROUGH TO STAMFORD, MELTON-MOWBRAY, AD

LEICESTER, BY RAILWAY, 53 Miles.

ON RIGHT FROM PETERB.

From
Leicest.

From
Peterb.

ON LEIT TROX ZIRE

From
53 PETERBOROUGH

Thorpe Hali
Paston.

(see p. 420), to

Milton Park, ET 50 Walton St.

3 william. Werrington.

Marbola.
Glinton, 14 miles.
Etton.
461 Helpstone St.

Bainton.

Walcot Hall, 1 Stamford is situated 43 Uffington St. 10

Uffington House

of Lindsey. on the line of the Roman Ermine Street. Two

Along banks of river miles to the north-west,

Welland. at the village of Great

Burghley House) Castertou, Roman anti- 401 STAMFORD St. (see p. 888.) 124 quis of Ereter (see quities have been found.

388). Acr. river Welland, Tinwell.

and enter Rutlandshire. Normanton Pa., 2 m.,

Ketton St. 167! Lord Aveland; 3 m. far: 347 Luffenham St. ther, Exton Hall (Earl of

187

S. Laffenham.

361

Pilton
Gainsborough).
Lyndon.
301 Manton and Uppingham 224

Manton Lodge
St.

Uppingham, 34 Egleton. 1 mile distant Burley

18 cr. river Gwash. (see p. 565). Park, Mr. Finch. 264 OAKHAM St. (see p. 565.) | 264

Barleythorpe.
Through Vale of Catmoss.

Langham.
Melton-Mowbray and
Oakham canal. 231 Ashwell St. 297
Teigh.

211) Whissendine St. 814
Edmondthorpe Hall,
li miles.

cr. canal.

Wing.

RIGHT TROX PETERB.

From
Leicest.

From

Peterb.

ON LEFT FROM PETERB.

187 Saxby St.

341

Stapleford Hall, Earl

of Harborough. Freeby.

Along valley of river Brentingby.

Burton Lazars; beWreak, which the line yond, Little Dalby Hall, Thorpe Arnold; 5 m. itant, Goadby Hall. crosses several times.

3 miles. Sysonby Lodge, Earl 15 MELTON-MOWBRAY St. 38 Bessborough, 2 miles.

(see p. 362). Sysonby.

127 Kirby St. 404
111
Frisby St. 41

Frisby.
Ashfordby.

Rotherby. Hoby.

Brookesby Hall. 91 Brookesby St. 434 Thrussington.

8 Rearsby St. 45 Ratcliffeon Wreak.

Queniborough, 1 mile. 4 Syston Junction St. 481) Barkby Hall,'w. PoWanlip Hall, Sir G. J. Join Midland Railway.

chin, Esq., 1 mile. almer, Bart. Thurmaston. Birstall House. LEICESTER (p. 854).

Humberstone.

53 Belgrave.

CLXXXIII. LONDON TO WARE AND HERTFORD, BY RAILWAY, 26 Miles.

[graphic]

ON RIGHT FROM LOND.

From Bishopsgate St.

to Leave main line of 7 Broxbourne Junction St. 19 Hoddesdon, a small Worthern and Eastern

(as in p. 450). market town, 17 miles tailway.

20%

from London, and 4 miles The Rye House, the

to the south-east of Hertcene of the pretended

cr. New River. ford. Pop. 1861, 1864. onspiracy of 1683, is in and follow its course. The present day the fre

(See p. 381). uent resort of the Loo

Haileybury College, 2 con angler, who finds 57 Rye House St.

miles, belonging to the cood sport in the Lea and

East India Company. he New River, both in

Amwell, a pretty vil. Es immediate vicinity.

lage (see p.887). A votive 4

urn, surrounded by a

St. Margaret's St. Faseney Park.

22 thicketofevergreens, was

erected here in 1800, to The Priory and Poles.

14 WARE St. 247 the memory of Sir Hugh Ware Park.

(see p. 387).

Myddleton, by whose

patriotic exertions the Hertford, the countyi

waters of New River own of Herts, is situated

were originally conveyed on the south bank of the

to the metropolis. -iver Lea. A castle was

Balls Park, Marquis of erected here in the tenth

HERTFORD.
26 Townshend;

Brickencentury, of which a few

donbury, and beyor remains still exist. But

Panshanger (Earl the present castle was!

per).

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