Imatges de pàgina

Enough is shown; a cyprus', not a bosom,
Hides my heart : So let me hear you speak?,

V10. I pity you,
Oli. That's a degree to love.

Vio. No, not a grise ® ; for 'tis a vulgar proof',
That very oft we pity enemies.
Oli. Why, then, methinks, 'tis time to smile

again :
O world, how apt the poor are to be proud!
If one should be a prey, how much the better
To fall before the lion, than the wolf ?

[Clock strikes.
The clock upbraids me with the waste of time.-
Be not afraid, good youth, I will not have you :
And yet, when wit and youth is come to harvest,
Your wife is like to reap a proper man:
There lies your way, due west.

Then westward-hoe':



- a eyprus,] Is a transparent stuff. Johnson. 7 Hides my heart : So let me hear you speak.) The word hear is used in this line like “ tear, dear, swear,” &c. as a dissyllable. The editor of the second folio, to supply what he imagined to be a defect in the metre, reads—“ Hides my poor heart;" and all the subsequent editors have adopted his interpolation. Malone.

I have retained the pathetic and necessary epithet poor. The line would be barbarously dissonant without it." STEEVENS. See the Essay on Shakspeare's Versification. Boswell.

a grise;] is a step, sometimes written greese, from degres, French. Johnson. So, in Othello : “ Which, as a grise or step, may help these lovers."

Steevens, 9 — 'tis a vulgar proof,] That is, it is a common proof. The experience of every day shows that, &c. Malone.

Then wesTWARD-hoe:) This is the name of a comedy by T. Decker, 1607. He was assisted in it by Webster, and it was acted with great success by the children of Paul's, on whom Shakspeare has bestowed such notice in Hamlet, that we may be sure they were rivals to the company patronized by himself.


Grace, and good disposition 'tend your ladyship!
You'll nothing, madam, to my lord by me ?

Oli. Stay:
I pr’ythee, tell me, what thou think’st of me.

V10. That you do think, you are not what you


Oli. If I think so, I think the same of you.
Vio. Then think you right; I am not what I am.
Oli. I would, you were as I would have you be !

V10. Would it be better, madam, than I am,
I wish it might ; for now I am your fool.

Oli. O, what a deal of scorn looks beautiful In the contempt and anger of his lip ? ! A murd'rous guilt shows not itself more soon Than love that would seem hid : love's night is


Cesario, by the roses of the spring,
By maidhood, honour, truth, and every thing,
I love thee so, that, maugre all thy pride,
Nor wit, nor reason, can my passion hide.
Do not extort thy reasons from this clause,
For, that I woo, thou therefore hast no cause:
But, rather, reason thus with reason fetter:
Love sought is good, but given unsought, is better.

V10. By innocence I swear, and by my youth,
I have one heart, one bosom, and one truth,
And that no woman has * ; nor never none
Shall mistress be of it, save I alone 5.

2 (), what a deal of scorn looks BEAUTIFUL

In the contempt and anger of his lip!] So, in our author's Venus and Adonis :

“ Which bred more beauty in his angry eyes." Steevens. 3 - maugre -] i. e. in spite of. So, in David and Bethsabe, 1599:

Maugre the sons of Ammon and of Syria.” Steevens. 4 And that no woman has ;] And that heart and bosom I have never yielded to any woman. Johnson.

s - save I alone.] These three words Sir Thomas Hanmer gives to Olivia probably enough. Johnson.

And so adieu, good madam ; never more
Will I my masters tears to you deplore.

Oli. Yet come again : for thou, perhaps, may'st


That heart, which now abhors, to like his love.



A Room in OLIVIA's House.

Enter Sir Toby Belch, Sir ANDREW AGUE-CHEEK,

and FABIAN. Sir And. No, faith, I'll not stay a jot longer. Sir To. Thy reason, dear venom, give thy rea


FAB. You must needs yield your reason, sir Andrew.

Sir And. Marry, I saw your niece do more favours to the count's serving man, than ever she bestowed upon me; I saw't i' the orchard.

Sir To. Did she see thee the while o, old boy? tell me that.

Sir And. As plain as I see you now.
FAB. This was a great argument of love in her

toward you.

Sir And. 'Slight! will you make an ass o' me ?

FAB. I will prove it legitimate, sir, upon the oaths of judgment and reason.

Sir To. And they have been grand jury-men, since before Noah was a sailor.

FAB. She did show favour to the youth in your sight, only to exasperate you, to awake your dormouse valour, to put fire in your heart, and brim

6 Did she see thee the while,] Thee is wanting in the old copy. It was supplied by Mr. Rowe. MALONE.

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stone in your liver: You should then have accosted her; and with some excellent jests, fire-new from the mint, you should have banged the youth into dumbness. This was looked for at your hand, and this was baulked: the double gilt of this opportunity you let time wash off, and you are now sailed into the north of my lady's opinion ; where you will hang like an icicle on a Dutchman's beard, unless you do redeem it by some laudable attempt, either of valour, or policy.

Sir And. And't be any way, it must be with valour; for policy I hate : I had as lief be a Brownist?, as a politician.

Sir To. Why then, build me thy fortunes upon the basis of valour. Challenge me the count's youth to fight with him; hurt him in eleven places;

7 as lief be a BROWNIST.] The Brownists were so called from Mr. Robert Browne, a noted separatist in Queen Elizabeth's reign. (See Strype's Annals of Queen Elizabeth, vol. iii. p. 15, 16, &c.] In his life of Whitgift, p. 323, he informs us, that Browne, in the year 1589, “ went off from the separation, and came into the communion of the church."

This Browne was descended from an ancient and honourable family in Rutlandshire; his grandfather Francis had a charter granted him by K. Henry VIII, and confirmed by act of parliament; giving him leave“ to put on his hat in the presence of the king, or his heirs, or any lord spiritual or temporal in the land, and not to put it off, but for his own ease and pleasure.”

Neal's History of New-England, vol. i. p. 58. Grey. This was not a very extraordinary privilege. In a Booke of Presidentes, printed by Richard Tottyl, 1569, fo. 120, we meet with this form : “ A lycence for a man to keepe on his cappe.”

BOSWELL. The Brownists seem, in the time of our author, to have been the constant objects of popular satire. In the old comedy of Ram-Alley, 1611, is the following stroke at them :

of a new sect, and the good professors will, like the Brownist, frequent gravel-pits shortly, for they use woods and obscure holes already." Again, in Love and Honour, by Sir W. D'Avenant:

“ Go kiss her :-by this hand, a Brownist is
· More amorous- -," STEEVENS.

my niece shall take note of it: and assure thyself, there is no love-broker in the world can more prevail in man's commendation with woman, than report of valour.

E1B. There is no way but this, sir Andrew.

Sir And. Will either of you bear me a challenge to him ?

Sir To. Go, write it in a martial hand; be curst and brief; it is no matter how witty, so it be eloquent, and full of invention : taunt him with the licence of ink: if thou thou'st him some thrice”, it

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in a martial hand; be curst -] Martial hand, seems to be a careless scrawl, such as shewed the writer to neglect ceremony. Curst, is petulant, crabbed. A curst cur, is a dog that with little provocation snarls and bites. Johnson.

9 - taunt him with the licence of ink : if thou thou'st him some thrice,] There is no doubt, I think, but this passage is one of those in which our author intended to shew his respect for Sir Walter Raleigh, and a detestation of the virulence of his prosecutors. The words quoted, seem to me directly levelled at the Attorney-General Coke, who, in the trial of Sir Walter, attacked him with all the following indecent expressions :-“All that he did was by thy instigation, thou viper ; for I thou thee, thou traytor!” (Here, by the way, are the poet's three thou's.) are an odious man."-" Is he base? I return it into thy throat, on his behalf."-" () damnable atheist.”—“Thou art a monster; thou hast an English face, but a Spanish heart.”—“ Thou hast a Spanish heart, and thyself art a spider of hell."—“Go to. I will lay thee on thy back for the confident'st traytor that ever came at a bar," &c. Is not here all the licence of tongue, which the poet satirically prescribes to Sir Andrew's ink? And how mean an opinion Shakspeare had of these petulant invectives, is pretty evident from his close of this speech : “ Let there be gall enough in thy ink ; though thou write it with a goose-pen, no matter."—A keener lash at the attorney for a fool, than all the contumelies the attorney threw at the prisoner, as a supposed traytor! THEOBALD. The same expression occurs in Shirley's Opportunity, 1640 :

“ Does he thou me?

“ How would he domineer, an he were duke!” The resentment of our author, as Dr. Farmer observes to me, might likewise have been excited by the contemptuous manner in which Lord Coke has spoken of players, and the severity he was

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