Imatges de pÓgina

1831.) Portraits of Necromancers.-Earthern Cistern. 401

Mr. URBAN, Uppingham, Nov. 11. and dining-rooms of continental inns,

THE accompanying drawing (Pl. II. for the purpose of ablution before meals. fig. 1.) is an exact copy of an ivory Whether it was really a wine-cooler carving in my possession. The figures (which I doubt, on account of its not are not highly raised, but are executed being of a porous texture), depends on with much skill and spirit. The draw. the size and shape of the bottles of ing is of the same size as the carving, the time when, I suppose, it was which is not in any part thicker than made, the latter end of the fifteenth half a crown.

century. Of this, however, with the The portraits appear to be those of date of the invention of cocks, I trust four great characters in necromancy, soon to be informed by some of your of which the lower three are probably ingenious Correspondents. intended for Mother Shipton, Friar This vessel was once the property Bacon, and Dr. Faustus, but with the of Sir James Lowther, of Laleham, upper one I am unacquainted; nor Middlesex, from whom it came, about can I relate its history further than eighty years ago, to the grandmother that it was bought at a sale in the of Mr. James Harris, of Egham, who neighbourhood of Warminster in Wilt- wishes to dispose of it. shire, a few years since. R. H. Queen Anne, it is said, had a fishing

seat at Laleham.

W. B.



Sept. 19. I SEND you (Plate II.) drawings

THE inclosed narrative of the cele. of an ancient vessel, concerning the brated siege of Londonderry, in 1689, use and application of which I avail

was the result of the comparison of myself of your pages for elucidation. It is of baked clay, or pot-ware.

several contemporary documents, inThe front, 21 inches long and 13 high, cluding the account of the siege by

the non-conformist Mackenzie. The is covered with a bright green glaze. view which it gives of the transactions In breadth, it is 54 inches; and is divided, vertically, into two cavities, fers in some respects, I believe, from

attending that memorable event, difeach 124 inches deep, 8} long, and 34 that taken by many previous writers. wide, by a partition (fig. 2.), through

It was drawn up some years ago for pubwhich these cavities communicate by two small irregular holes, one near its lication, in a topographical work which

has since been discontinued. It may middle, and another close to its bot

therefore be found useful by some futom, where there is also a hole through

ture historian, and interesting to the the front, evidently for a spicket and fosset, or cock : but it has neither general reader, if preserved in your

repository of the history and antihandle, feet, nor suspensory ring or

quities of our country. E. W.B.J. hole. The front of this vessel (fig. 4.) is

Siege OF LONDONDERRY. moulded in bas-relief, with an escut

The courage and tbe policy, together cheon, bearing the arms of France and

with the fortitude under circumstances England quarterly, surmounted by a

of extreme distress and privation, which regal crown, and supported by a lion the defenders of this city displayed, and dragon, with the mottoes hony during the siege they underwent in 1689, soit qui mal y pense,” on a circular from the army of James II, bave, it is garter, and “ Dieu et mon Droit," probable, never been surpassed; and and the letters H. R. and E. R. (the the history of that siege, including the initials of Henry the Seventh and his occurrences immediately preceding it, Queen Elizabeth) with a rose and

constitutes an important feature in the fleur-de-lis; the whole between ara

general bistory of the island. The cir.

cumstances of the desence are most gebesque pilasters of fruit and flowers. This vessel has been denominated a

nerally known, perhaps, from a Tract

on the subject, printed in the same year, wine-cooler; but, I think, it may have

by the Rev. George Walker, Rector of been a receptacle of beer, mead, or

Donoughmore in the county of Tyrone ; wine; perhaps, a flower-pot; or, more but in order to obtain a correct view of probably, a cistern set in a wall, like them, it bas been found necessary to those vessels of metal or earthenware

compare his statements with those of which are common in the kitchens Jobn Mackenzie, a non-conforming miGent. Mag. November, 1831.

nister, who was also one of the besieged,


Narrative of the Siege of Londonderry. [Nov. and who published an account of the take the oath of allegiance to the new transactions in 1690.

Sovereigns, which had been administerIt appears that when the Earl of Tyr- ed on the arrival of Captain Hamilton, connel sent some forces into England to and be seems to bave designed from the assist James II. against the Prince of beginning to give up the town, or at Orange, he fortunately withdrew from least not to act with vigour in its deLondonderry and its neighbourbood the fence. On the 17th, King James or bis whole regiment there quartered ; and General sent to know wherber be would tbus that wbile almost every other place surrender bis charge, upon which he of importance was possessed by the Irish called a Council, the members of wbicb, papists, this city was entirely free from says Walker, were equally unacquainted iheir domination. The Lord Lieutenant, with the condition of the town, or the bowever, soon commanded an Irish re- inclination and resolution of the people. giment under Lord Antrim, to quarter It was resolved by these, that there was in Londonderry; but Col. Pbillips, who not provision for the garrison for above had been their Governor in the pre- ten days, that tbe place was usienable ceding reign, warned the citizens of its against a well appointed army, and march towards tbem; and on the 8th of therefore that the two regiments from December, 1688, the gates were closed England should not be landed, and that against the soldiery, Pbillips being re- the principal officers should withdrar appointed Governor on the following day. themselves privately to the ships, in When the news of this revolt, as it was order ibat the inhabitants might make termed, arrived at Dublin, Lord Mount- better terms by capitulation. The Counjoy and Lieut.-Col. Lundy were dis- cil also deputed an officer to receive patched with six companies to reduce proposals from James, and it was agreed the place. An address had been sent with Hamilton, bis General, tbat the into England praying for succours, and army sbould remain four miles distant it was at first unanimously resolved to from the town; on the 18th, however, resist, until an answer to it bad been the King advanced with it before the received ; as, bowever, there were scarce walls, in order to frighten the inbabiany provisions in the town, and but tants, but his men were fired upon and very few military stores, the inhabitants filed, and they were subsequently marcbcapitulated witb Lord Mountjoy, it be- ed back to St. Jobn's town, at tbe stiing agreed that only two of bis com- pulated distance. On the same day the panies, and ibose all Protestants, should ships from England left the city, in purenter the city; and that the town com- suance of the orders of Council, bearing panies should keep their arms, and do away the soldiers and provision they had duty with the others. The office of Go- brought, and the preservation of Lonvernor was assigned by bis Lordsbip to donderry from the enemy, at tbis critiCol. Lundy.

cal juncture, appears to have been mainly On the 21st of March, Capt. Hamil. owing to the activity and resolution of ton arrived from England, with arms Capt. Murray, who, being inimical to for 2000 men, and 480 barrels of powder; Lundy's designs, seized the keys of the be also brought a commission from Wil. gates, and changed the guards in the Jiam and Mary, appointing Lundy to be night.* Governor, and those sovereigns were On the 19th, the post of General and publicly proclaimed with great joy and Governor was offered by the garrison to solemnity. Several engagements en- Capt. Murray ; be, however, declined sued with the enemy's forces in the accepting it, and Major Baker was electneighbourbood. Oo ibe 15tb of April, ed, who, wishing for an " Assistant for two officers arrived from England, with tbe Stores and Provisions," was allowed two regiments under their command, to chose whom be pleased, and be acand many necessaries for the town.

It cordingly appointed Mr. Walker to this would appear

tbat the Governor did not trust. The garrison was now arranged The account of this transaction appears to have been intentionally suppressed by Walker. Col. Lundy now resigned bis office, and was permitted to disguise himself and go to the ships.

+ It is asseried by Walker, that Baker and himself were in all things jointgovernors during the siege, but it appears from Mackenzie's narrative that he was merely “complimented with the title of Governor," this being “ always understood witb reference to ibe Stores, the oversigbt whereof was (besides bis regiment) the only trust committed to him by the garrison.” Narrative of the Siege of Londonderry, p. 32. A variety of circumstances concur to evince that Walker was a man of an officious, presuming, intermeddling disposition, and that he has greatly misrepresented his concern in the defence of the city; he affirms that he assisted in several sallies, and even that in one instance he headed the party. We are in

1831.] Narrative of the Siege of Londonderry.

403 into 117 companies of 60 men each, which the enemy bad began to raise amounting in number to 7020 privates, would greatly incommode them, on the and 341 officers; and the command of 6th of May, at four in the morning, a tbe borse was given to Murray. The sally was made, in order to arrest or number of men, women, and children in stop their proceedings; the party was the city was about 50,000, of whom victorious, and as usual in this siege, more than one third lest it, upon a de. after slaughtering a great number of claration from the besiegers to receive their opponents, and taking several priand protect all that would desert; and soners of note, returned with a very 7000 died of diseases. There were eigh- small diminution of their own numbers. teen Clergymen of the Establisbment Many sallies were subsequently made within the walls, who, when they were for the purpose of destroying the enemy's not in action, had prayers and sermons works, which now rendered it impossible every day; and eight non-conforming to receive any intelligence from witbministers were equally careful of their out, and also very difficult to come at people, keeping them very obedient and the wells for water, which commodity quiet.*

was absolutely fought for many times. On the 20th of April, Lord Strabane About the end of this month, Walker came up to the walls to make proposals, was suspected of treasonable designs, but it being observed that his comrades and also of embezzling the stores, in were taking the opportunity of placing consequence of which the disposal of their cannon in a convenient position, the latter, and the government of the he was forced to withdraw by the gar- garrison, was vested in a Council of fourrison. The enemy afterwards sent seve- teen officers, of whom Baker was apral trumpets to propose terms of surren- pointed President, but tbe effective auder, but they were all rejected. On the thority of this body was mucb interruptfollowing day a sally was made, in which ed by the bustle of the siege. Some 200 of the enemy were killed, together time afterwards a disturbance arose, in with the French General Mammau, who, which Walker had nearly lost his life heading part of their cavalry, was slain for acting without autbority, in a transby Col. Murray, the leader of the Irish action opposed to the wishes of the Gohorse. Much plunder was obtained, and vernor and garrison.t. the salliers made good their retreat with On the 14th of June, part of the works trifling loss. T'wo days afterwards, the of tbe besieged were attacked by a body town, which from its situation on a of horse and foot, the van of the former gently rising bill was much exposed to consisting of gentlemen who had sworn to the enemy's fire, was so battered by four mount the rampart, wbicb in this place demi-culverins, that no persons could was only a dry bank of seven feet in safely lodge above stairs. By the fire beight ; this was done by Capt. Butler from tbe walls, in return, two friars their leader, and about thirty others; were killed in tbe camp, to the great be was taken prisoner, and but three of sorrow of tbe enemy, " who were much bis men escaped with their lives, and grieved that the blood of those holy men those with great difficulty. The enemy should be spilt by such an beretical lost 400 men, and their infantry were rabble.” On the 25th, a sally was made observed, in retreating, to take the under Colonel Murray, in which many bodies of their slain comrades upon their of the besiegers were killed, and but backs; in order to shield them from the very few of the garrison; on this day fire of the townsmen. I The bombardalso the enemy began to bombard the ment in the nigbt did great damage; town, but with little damage.

many of the sick were destroyed, and all The besieged fearing that a battery that could move flocked to tbe walls and

formed in Mackenzie's Appendix, p. 8, that Dr. Walker never once sallied during the siege, and that " as to the enemy, be was a man of peace all the time, and was guilty of sbedding no orber blood to stain bis cuat with, but that of the grape." In most other respects, the two accounts of this memorable siege are in satisfactory accordance.

* It was agreed by the Governor, “ that the Conformists should bave the Catbedral Churcb the one ball of the Lord's day, during the wbole time of the siege, and the Non-conformists the other ball; the latter entering at 12, bad two ser. mons there every (Sunday) afternoon.”-Mackenzie, p. 32. + Mackenzie, p. 36, 38.

In ibis affair, says Mackenzie, p. 36, “ our women also did good service, car. rying ammunition, match, bread and drink, to our men ; and assisted to very good purpose at the bogy-sidr, in bearing off the granadeers with stunes, who came so near to our lines."


Narrative of the Siege of Londonderry. [Nov. to those parts of the town most remote bitants ; be was succeeded by Col. Mitfrom the enemy: by the 15th of the chelburn, who had previously filled the month the garrison was reduced nearly office during Baker's illness. 1000 meu.

Gen. Hamilton now again offered conOn that day a fleet of thirty sail was ditions to the garrison, and De Rosen discovered in ibe Lougb, supposed to be declared that if bis proposals were not sent from England for the relief of the complied with, he would have all the city; but it was at first found impos- Protestants in the neighbouring counsible to communicate with it, and in try, “ of their faction," or related to order to prevent its arrival, batteries them, robbed, and driven under the walls were raised by the enemy, and a strong of the city, where they should perish if boom placed across the river, the banks not relieved by the besieged. The proof which were also lined with mus- posals were however rejected with inketeers. At length, bowever, a messen- dignation, and accordingly, on the second ger reached Londonderry, bearing ad- of July, some thousands of poor Provices from Major-Gen. Kirk, in wbich testants were driven beneath the walls ; he informed the besieged of the men, upon this the townsmen immediately arms, and provision, on board for them, erected gallows in sight of the enemy's and that he would sail up to their relief camp, and threatened to hang all their as soon as possible. Some further com- prisoners, if the people were not suffered munications were interchanged in July to return to their bomes. The prisoners by several ingenious contrivances. were permitted to write to Hamilton

About this time all the iron cannon- their General, who replied in a very unshot in the town being expended, the feeling manner, saying, that if they sufbesieged were compelled to make balls fered it could not be helped, but that of brick, cast over with lead. Towards their death should be avenged by that the end of the month, when the siege of many thousands. In two days, howbecame much closer than before, Conrad ever, the people were allowed to depart, de Rosen, Marshal-General of ihe Irish and the gallows was taken down. forces, arrived in the enemy's camp, and On the 11th, the besieged were again expressed himself with great fury to- asked whetber they would treat for the wards the besieged, threatening them surrender of the place, and after much with direful punishments and torments parleying and debate, they offered terms if they did not surrender. On the 28th, to the enemy, who bowever in their turn or on the 30th, in consequence, par- refused to accept them. On the 25th a tially, of an Irish prophecy, “ That a sally was made with the intent of obClancarty should knock at the gates of taining some of tbe enemy's catile; in Derry," Lord Clancarty possessed bim- this respect it was unsuccessful, but self, at tbe head of a regiment, of part above 300 of the enemy were killed. of the town lines, and entered some The gallant defenders of Londonderry miners in a low cellar under the ball

were now in the greatest distress for bastion, in the east.wall. His men want of provisions, and their numbers were, however, driven back to their main were reduced by the 27th of July, to less body with considerable loss. On the tban 4500.* same day Governor Baker died, greatly On the 28th, a sermon was preacbed lamented by the garrison and inha- by Mr. Walker, which, according to Mac

* The following statement from Walker's tract, of the prices of provisions in the town at this time, wbich was drawn up by a gentleman of the garrison, will show the extremity of distress to which its defenders were reduced. Horse-flesh sold for

.. (per lb.) Is. 8d. A quarter of a Dog

5 6 A Dog's Head

2 6 A Cat

4 6 A Rat

10 A Mouse

0 6 A pound of Greaves

of Tallow

of salted Hides
A quart of Horse's blood
A Horse-pudding

A handful of Sea wreck

2 of Chickweed

0 1 A quart of meal when found

1 A small flook (Aounder] taken in the river, not to be purcbased under the rate a quantity of meal.

1 4 1 I 0 0

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The Family of Annesley.

405 kenzie's statement, was of a discouraging Arthur first Earl of Anglesey. This tendency, wbile its author himself says, Richard died on the 19th November, that in it be encouraged tbeir constancy, 1701, leaving two sons, Arthur fourth by reminding them of several instances

Lord Altham, and Richard, who on of Providence they had received, * &c. his death succeeded to the title of On the 30th, at about an bour after

Altham, and on the death of his cousin sermon, some ships were observed in the

Arthur Earl of Anglesey, in April
Lough, making towards tbe city, and

1737, succeeded also to that title.
after sustaining a heavy fire from the
enemy, broke their boom, and arrived

James Annesley claimed to be the for the relief of the garrison, who had

legitimate son of Arthur fourth Lord reckoned only for two days more life,

Altham, by his wife Mary, daughter of having but nine lean borses lest, witb a John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham. pint of meal for each man. The enemy Richard Earl of Anglesey asserted that Aed in the night of the 31st, and soon he was an illegitimate child of a woman after, Major-Gen. Kirk was received named Landy. To decide this quesinto the city with great joy and acclama- tion, an ejectment was brought by tion; an address to the King and Queen

James Annesley, against Richard Lord was signed by the garrison, and Mr.

of Anglesey, in November 1743, when Walker was appointed by Kirk to bear

a verdict was obtained for the plaintiff. it to England.

This trial was published in London in The more we consider the circum

1744, and exhibits the grossest perstances of this siege, the more extraordinary do they appear ; the garrison of jury either on one side or the other. Londonderry consisted merely of poor

At the close of the trial Lord Anglepeople, who had been frightened from

sey's Counsel demanded that a writ of their bomes ; there were in the city no

error should be received, which was persons experienced in military affairs, granted. Ultimately the proceedings nor any engineers ; nor was there a were removed to the Court of Chansingle well-mounted gun in the place. çery, and before the cause was decided, Notwithstanding these and other disad- James Annesley died without leaving vantages, they successfully endured a any issue, and Lord Anglesey became siege of 105 days, from a well-appointed the undisputed possessor of the titles army of 20,000 men, of which nearly and estates of the Annesley family. one half was destroyed before the walls.

Your Correspondent must be incorMr. URBAN,

rect in stating that James Annesley

died at the age of 24. On the trial it AS there are several mistakes in

was given in evidence that he was the account given of the Annesley fa- born in 1715, and consequently must mily, by your Correspondent L. L. B.

at that time have been 28 years old. in the Gentleman's Magazine for June I should feel much obliged to your (p. 503), I am induced to send you a Correspondent if he can give me any correct account of that branch to which

account of James Annesley after the your Correspondent refers.

trial, particularly as to his marriage, Altham Annesley was the second his death, or his burial. I have reason of Arthur first Earl of Anglesey, son to believe that he died about 1748. and was created Baron Altham on the

Your Cork correspondent, A. S. is 14th of February, 1680, with remainder incorrect in his statement that the on failure of his issue to his younger

lands belonging to Lord Bantry formed brother. He died in April 1699,

the subject of the law-suit. The ejectleaving one son James-George, who

ment was brought for lands in the became the second Lord Altham, who

county of Meath ; but, had James Andying without issue, was succeeded nesley succeeded, he would certainly by his uncle the Rev. Richard Annes

have ultimately recovered the Cork ley, Dean of Exeter, and third son of

estates, as well as the others belong

A. * “ In the midst of this extremity,

ing to the Annesley family.
the spirit and courage of the men was so
great, that they were often beard to Mr. URBA

Ampton, Suffolk,

Nov. 10. discourse confidently, and witb some

TO the first of the biographical anger contend whether they should take their debentures in Ireland or in France, notes inserted in p. 495 of your June when alas! ibey could not promise them- number, the following may be added selves twelve hours' life."-Walker, p. concerning that “humble - hearted, 40.

loving, honest man,” Sir Henry Cal

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