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led by Ralph Jocelyn, a brave draper, made liam of Orange made him the first Duke a gallant defence, drove off the filibusters, of Leeds. This Sir Edward Osborne, the and chased them to Blackwall. In 1481, antiquaries tell us, lived at his father-inanother house on the bridge fell down, law's house in Philpot-lane, and was buried drowning five of its inhabitants.
at St. Dennis, in Fenchurch-street. The The reign of Henry the Sixth brought Duke of Leeds still preserves, at Kiveton more terrible trophies to London Bridge, Castle, in Yorkshire, a fine portrait of for in 1496, Flamock, a lawyer, and Joseph, Osborne's right-worshipful master, clad in a farrier, of Bodmin, leaders of a great black furred gown, scarlet doublet and Cornish insurrection, contributed their sleeves, gold chain, and velvet bonnet. So, heads to this decorative object. But in many cases, the heraldic tree of our Henry the Seventh was not half such a noblest peers has been grafted on the mer. mower off of heads as that enormous chant's ink-stained deal desk. Turk, his son, Henry the Eighth, who, In Queen Mary's reign there was again what with the wives he grew tired of, and fighting on London Bridge. In the year wbat with the disbelievers in his ecclesias- 1554, when rash Sir Thomas Wyat led tical supremacy, kept the headsman's axe his four thousand Kentish men to London very fairly busy. First came the prior and to stop the impending Spanish marriage, several unfortunate Charterhouse monks, the rebel found the drawbridge cut away
, and then the good old Bishop of Roches the gates of London Bridge barred, and ter, John Fisher. The parboiled head of guns planted ready to receive him. Wyat the brave old man who would not bow and his men dug a trench at the bridge the knee to Rimmon, was kept, so that foot, and laid two guns. The night before Queen Anne Boleyn might enjoy the grate Wyat retreated to Kingston to cross the ful sight. The face, for a fortnight, re- Thames there, seven of his arquebusiers mained so ruddy and life-like, and such fired at a boat from the Tower and killed a crowds collected to see the miracle, that waterman on board. The next morning the the king, in a rage, at last ordered the lieutenant of the Tower turning seven canhead to be thrown down into the river. non on the steeples of St. Olave and St. Mary The next month came the head of a far Overies, the people of Southwark begged greater and wiser man, Sir Thomas More. Wyat to withdraw, which he generously did. This sacred relic More's daughter, Margaret In Elizabeth's reign the bridge was reRoper, bribed a man to remove, and drop stored with great splendour. The City bnilt into a boat in which she sat, and the head a new gate and tower three stories high was, long after, buried with her, under a at the Southwark end: a huge pile full of chapel adjoining St. Dunstan's, Canterbury. square Tudor windows, with a covered way
The year 1536, following these atrocious below. About the same time was also cruelties, was the date of one of the most reared that wonder of London, Nonesuch interesting and one of the most authentic House, a huge wooden pile four stories legends connected with old London Bridge. high, with cupolas and turrets at each In this year the nursemaid of Sir William corner, brought from Holland, and erected Hewet, a rich cloth-worker living on the with wooden pegs instead of nails. It bridge, playing with her master's little stood over the seventh and eighth arches, daughter out of one of the projecting win on the north side of the drawbridge. dows, let the child fall into the river. Its There were carved wooden galleries outinstant death seemed certain, when Edward side the long lines of transom-casements, Osborne, a brave apprentice of Sir Wil- and the panels between were richly carved liam's, leaped in and saved it. In due time and gilt. In the same reign Peter Moris, a the child so rescued grew into a blooming Dutchman, established a waterworks on the woman, and the belle of the bridge was north end of London Bridge, and, long be. courted by many great courtiers, foremost fore this, corn mills had been erected at the among whom was the Earl of Shrewsbury. south end of the same over-taxed structure. But her father generously replied to all the The contemporaries of great Queen Bess saw amorous band,“ No, Osborne saved her, on the Traitor's Gate, among sheaves of and Osborne shall have her.” So Osborne hangman's trophies, the head of the Irish bore away the belle, and with her a large Earl of Desmond and eleven standards dowry, and in course of years Osborne plucked from the Spanish Armada. In the became lord mayor, and was knighted by next reign, after the Gunpowder Plot, Queen Elizabeth. The great grandson of Father Garnet's head was added to the the brave apprentice was raised to the horrible collection on the bridge. peerage by Charles the Second, and Wil- In 1632, forty-two houses on the north
side of the bridge were destroyed by a fire the work by removing one hundred and occasioned by a careless servant setting a eighty-two houses. The earlier bridges tub of hot ashes under a staircase, and the had been still further eastward, facing St. Great Fire of 1666 destroyed several houses Botolph's. During the excavations coins on the same side of the bridge. There were discovered of Augustus, Vespasian, are several old proverbs about London and later Roman emperors, besides NuremBridge still extant. Two of these—“If berg tokens and tradesmen’s tokens. There London Bridge had fewer eyes it would see were also dredged up brass rings, buckles, better,” and “London Bridge was made iron keys, silver spoons, a gilt dagger, an for wise men to go over, and fools to go iron spear-head, some carved stones, a under"-point to the danger of the old bronze lamp, with a head of Bacchus, and passage past the starlings. The old bridge a silver effigy of Harpocrates, the God of had now become terribly ruinous. Pennant Silence. This figure having attached to it describes the street as being dark, narrow, a large gold ring, and a chain of pure gold, and dangerous; the houses overhung the is supposed to have been a priest's amulet to road in such a terrific manner as almost to be worn at religious ceremonies. The bridge hide the arches. Arches of timber crossed cost five hundred and six thousand pounds. the street to keep the houses from falling The first stone was laid in June, 1825, by on each other. * Nothing but use,” says the Right Honourable John Garratt, Lord that agreeable writer, “could preserve the Mayor, the Duke of York being present. repose of the inmates, who soon grew deaf Among the celebrated persons who have to the noise of the falling waters, the resided on London Bridge may be menclamour of watermen, or the frequent tioned, among the most eminent, Hans shrieks of drowning wretches.". Most of Holbein, the great painter of Henry the the bridge houses were tenanted by pin or Eighth’s court; Peter Monamy, the marine needle makers, and economical ladies were painter, apprenticed to a sign-painter on the wont to drive from the St. James's end of bridge—he died in 1749; Jack Laguerre, the town to make cheap purchases. the humourist, singer, player, and scene
After being widened in the reigns of painter, son of the Laguerre satirised by James the Second and William, the chapel Pope; and Crispin Tucker, a waggish bookand all the houses on the bridge were re- seller and author, who was intimate with moved in 1757. During these repairs Pope and Swift, and who lived under the three pots of money of Elizabeth's time southern gate, in a rickety bow-windowed were found in the ruins. In 1758, a shop, where Hogarth, when young, and entemporary wooden bridge, built over the graving for old John Bowles, of the Black Thames while the repairs of the old bridge Horse, Cornhill, had once resided. were going on, was destroyed by fire, it One anecdote of the old bridge must not was supposed by some footman in passing be forgotten. Mr. Baldwin, haberdasher, dropping his link among the woodwork. living in the house over the chapel, was Messrs. Taylor and Dance, the repairers, ordered, when an old man of seventy-one, chopped the old bridge in two, and built a to go to Chislehurst for change of air. But new centre arch; but the join was so the invalid found he could not sleep in the insecure, that few persons would venture country for want of the roar and rush of over it. The celebrated Smeaton was called the tide under the old ruinous arches. In in, in 1761, and he advised the Corpo- 1798 the chapel was turned into a paper ration to buy back the stone of the old City warehouse. Within legal memory, says
the gates, pulled down and sold the year be- Morning Advertiser of that date, service fore, to strengthen the shaky starlings. has been performed there every Sabbath This was done, but proved a mere make- and saint's day.” shift, and in 1768 the starlings again became loose, and an incessant wail of fresh
A GIRL'S STORY. complaints perpetually arose. The repairs Yes, truly all my dream is o'er, and I have lived the were calculated at two thousand five hun- fairest part dred pounds yearly, and it was rather un
Of this world's life, yet evermore there bideth something
in my heart, feelingly computed that fifty watermen, That like a restless child doth cry, unsoothed by any bargemen, or seamen, valued at twenty lullaby. thousand pounds, were annually drowned so lonely were the years I'd spent, since long ago she in passing the dangerous bridge. In 1823, went from me, the City, in sheer desperation, resolved on My mother; ah! how different my life had been, a new bridge, one hundred feet westward Untaught, uncared for, and so young, alas ! what of the old, and in 1824 Mr. Rennie began wonder that I clung
To him? 'Twas just when passing spring and rosy But, wbat help? Who would care two.
summer from the south, Beside the hedgerows blossoming kissed one another pence about a hesitating augury ? Avs mouth to mouth,
man can say he “ thinks."
It seems to be Just in those perfect Eden hours, I saw him first among accepted, as best, to adopt a bold, sonorous
ring in these pronouncements, calculated And then, in woodlands scarce half-lit by the white at once to confound the sceptical, and awe
radiance of the moon, We met; and 'neath some tree would sit, where, shaded into silence those more curious persons who from the glowing noon,
would pry into the sources of the seer's We held sweet talk, or kept at will a musing silence, foreknowledge. sweeter still.
That not a few of these plungers into Or he, with low voice, oftentimes would read from some immortal book
futurity have brought up pearls, is undeQuaint, tender fancies, poet rhymes. The silver ripple niable. In a former article* we have
of the brook, The soft low breeze, the songs of birds made fitting and now, commencing with the remark
already given some specimens of these, music for the words. Oh, heart, it was no dream! E'en now 'tis present, and that no political inference whatever is in. I see and hear
tended to be suggested in the examples The gold light flickering through the bough above my that may be given, we propose to place
head, his voice so clear; Upon my lips I feel his kiss, upon my hand the touch before the reader certain other examples of of his.
authentic prophecies, which, in the whirli Oh summer time of happiness! Oh words so beautiful gig of time, have to all appearance reached and new!
their realisation, against all rational probaOh fond and lingering caress! how could I deem you bility, viewed from the prophet's time, that
all untrue ? Oh dear, dear love, it seems so strange, so pitiful, that such would be the case. you could change.
We will have nothing to say, at present, Forgive him! do you bid me? Nay, but there is to the too prolific seers—men who had a
nothing to forgive; I love him still, did not I say? I needs must love him sort of flux of prophecy, and who, like Nos. while I live.
tradamus, whose vaticinations embraced This dear, sad memory, I think, will haunt me even to two thousand years, foresaw a confused
the brink of yonder land. But then no more! Oh quiet homo, children of the future were born sound and
assemblage of things, among which some the weariest Lay down their burdens at thy door, and find in thee fair. The seer, in large practice, resembles
the fashionable physician, who, if he has Thank God no cloud of carth shall dim the beauty of our life with Him!
more patients than his brethren, undoubtedly loses more. We will begin with
the bards of small but distinct utterance, SEERS AND OVER-SEERS. confident that what success has actually
attended their foreshadowings will be a The wholesome custom of, so to speak, sufficient excuse for reproducing the little checking man's current account with time, they as certainly did say. by summarising, at the close of every year, Germany is by no means deficient in the events that period has brought forth, seers. We will not dwell much upon presents other advantages beyond those of Joseph von Görres, whose death-bed prorefreshing the general memory, or aiding phecy, in January, 1848, was declared and the after historian. Affording the oppor- believed to have embodied the then undetunity of comparing what has actually hap- clared revolution in Poland, describing pened with what was confidently foretold, Hungary as one vast field of carnage, preit imposes a healthful check upon man's figuring the insurrection in Posen, the de arrogant judgment, and reminds him upon vastations committed by the Prussians in how minute a pivot the whole cycle of events suppressing it, and finally the downfall of may turn. If it be wise to call no man happy European monarchies. The last portion till he is dead, it is scarcely less prudent to was considered as realised by the events in be certain of nothing till it has come to Paris, following in the same year. pass. For, unless the eye of human pre- To the warning of events so near fulfil. science were microscopic, as well as far- ment, it is impossible to accord the dignity seeing, the whole prophetic structure must, of prophecy, and we record it only in defeof necessity, be at heart unsound, and, at rence to the remarkable sensation created all events, of no higher value than the tes- by it in Germany at the time. timony of a discreet witness, who swears Jaspers, otherwise the “Westphalian "to the best of bis judgment and belief.” Shepherd,” testified in 1830.
It is the common failing of our unaccredited seers to be rather too positive. * See ALL THE YEAR Round, New Series, rol. iv. p. 139.
Jaspers was a simple cottager, a respect- Vaticination appears to have been traable and religious man, thoughtful, as are ditional in Margaretta's family, an ancestor many of his calling, and not given to un- of hers, who flourished as far back as 1452, considered speech, or, indeed, any–if he having united with the study of mathecould help it-nevertheless, a short time matics, of which he was professor at Tubefore his death, which occurred in the beringen, that of astrology. To that fanciful same year, 1830, he publicly announced as source must be ascribed his
trepid predictions, as also their almost “A great road will be carried through invariable collapse ! Monsieur Stoffler cerour country, from west to east, through tainly caused the great sensation of his day the forests of Bodelschwing. On this, by announcing, in set terms, a most fearful carriages will run without horses, and deluge, to come off in 1524. cause a dreadful noise."
All Germany began to tremble as the It need hardly be mentioned that, at this time drew near. Ships were building in period, no railway had been laid down, all directions. Towns, far in the interior, even in England. The prophet was right, began to bristle with unfamiliar masts. however, the rail from Cologne to Minden Rafts, of tremendous size and improved running right through the very district sea-going qualities, were hastily put toindicated.
gether. The maritime service became Invited to foretell his country's political singularly popular, and received an imfuture, Jaspers, for a long time, maintained pulse which was sensibly felt, long after an obstinate silence. At last he opened the necessity had passed away. For nohis lips ; only, however, to declare that thing of the sort occurred. "On n'en fût Frederick William the Fourth would be pas affligé," wrote a grateful historian. the last King of Prussia.
Monsieur Stoffler admitted that he had May it not be said that the events of the overlooked a little point in his calculation, past year have confirmed this prophecy, which vitiated the whole. the kingly title being merged in the im- His last prophecy was destined to come perial?
true, or nearly so. He had predicted his Jaspers' third and last prophecy was : own death by a "fall.” · Being one day,
The German Empire shall choose a in February, 1531, engaged in a warm peasant for ruler. He shall govern Ger- philosophical dispute, he started up to tako many for a year and a day.”
down a volume that supported his views. If this have reference to events already Unfortunately the shelf came with it, and past, a coincidence may be found in the striking Stoffer on the head inflicted an regency of the Archduke John. He had injury that resulted in his death. married a Styrian peasant, and adopted the The predictions of Margaretta Stoffell costume and manners of the class, but, were of a different character. The work notwithstanding, exercised the functions of in which they were embodied, exactly as regent during the period specified. delivered, at Christmas, 1847, was prepared
In regard to the assumption of the im- by Doctor Edward Brann, physician of perial title, perhaps foreshadowed in Jas- the Royal Imperial Austrian Court of pers' second prophecy, it is a singular fact Justice. It was entitled Nine Years of that one Pottgiesser, who died, long since, the Future, the whole being destined to in Dortmund—having enjoyed some repute fulfilment between 1847 and 1856. It was as a seer—drew up a genealogical tree of translated by M. Elias Schneider. the royal house, and, on arriving at the The publication was suppressed in present monarch, simply wrote, “ Er ver- Austria, but the book had a brisk sale in schwindt.” (He disappears.)
Switzerland, and an American gentleman A certain gentleman, affectionately known of note informs us that many copies were as the “Youth of Elsen,” uttered many prog- in circulation at Pottsville and other cities, nostications touching the fate of nations previous to the breaking out of the French and communities, many of which, corrobo- Revolution of 1848. rated in substance by a subsequent seer, It was subsequently published in PhilaHermann Kappelmann, justified the pro- delphia, by L. A. Wollenweber, who, on phet's assertions.
being applied to for information as to But of the seers of the Fatherland, none dates, replied that he received a copy of stood forth so prominently as Margaretta the pamphlet from Germany in February, Stoffell, or Stoffler, whose declarations, 1848. reduced to writing, obtained at once a There is, consequently, evidence enough wide publicity.
to show that the prediction was, without
question, uttered at a period when the commerce, will receive an irresistible shock. thrones of Europe appeared most stable, Her great possessions in America and Asia and when not the most distant growl of will declare independence. Her fleets will revolution had made itself heard.
be annihilated in a great sea-fight. After No importance was, however, attached many vicissitudes she will again become to it at the time. The pamphlet shortly tranquil
, but will not any longer be more died out of sight, as unworthy of notice, powerful than other nations. Royalty will until the events that rapidly followed be abolished, but” (this is satisfactory, as revived the recollection.
evincing the firm hold maintained by the
descendants of our gracious sovereign on PROPHECY OF MARGARETTA STOFFELL.
the loyalty of England) “much later than “ The year (1847) is past, a year which in the other states of Europe." produced many a tear, and in which many (The next prediction is distinct enough, a tear was also wiped away, and many an and well worth remembrance.) unbelieving heart directed to Him who A great revolution will occur in Italy. turneth the heart as the rivers of earth. A storm will pass over the land, before
“But repent, for the night cometh. Soon which the Austrians will disappear like the cholera will rage throughout Europe chaff. The different states of Italy will with fury unexampled as yet.
unite in one great nation, and Rome will “A great revolution will break out in again become its capital. France. The king” (Louis Philippe) “and “ The Christian religion will have to his family will be compelled to leave their strive with atheism. Men will pronounce country, and a war will commence against it a worn-out thing, and faith in a divine the noble and the wealthy. Many Saviour will decay. “But a new defender capitalists will leave France, where an shall appear, and the worldly power of the attempt will be made to destroy the power Pope be destroyed for ever.” of money by abolishing usury. The Jews (The consolidation of the new German shall also suffer much at tħis time, and Empire is scarcely so complete as Prince the wealthiest among them will become a von Bismarck no doubt believes. It is victim of the enraged multitude. There true there is no precise date mentioned, will arise a governing power of the work. but) ing class, but, after a short continuance, will Germany will be the scene of the most disappear in the midst of war with foreign fearful events. A destructive war will powers.
rage from one end of the land to the other. “Then a conservative party will reach Remote eastern nations shall be invited by the summit of power, in France, under a German monarch to assist him, but west whose direction she will again slowly re- and south shall rise against these barbarous cover, but only after bloody confusion. allies, and, on the banks of a great river
, “From thenceforth there shall be no the eastern hordes shall be put to the sword. kings in France. But a certain prince A great German city-mighty as Babylon shall attempt to erect for himself a throne. –shall be burned to the ground, and sown He shall, however, atone for his foolish with salt. None shall live there more. undertaking, and will lose his life thereby. “Poland shall rise, and the Vistula leave
· Spain and Portugal will be rent with upon its blood-stained banks corpses enough bloody civil wars. Then a man gifted with to fatten all the ravens of the world for one intellectual powers, rarely united in one hundred years ! person, shall come upon the arena of life “The kings of Denmark, Sweden, and and give to these distracted people the Norway will resign their crowns volonboon of peace. Spain and Portugal shall tarily, and these lands, forming a Scandilose their names, and, united as the navian republic, will materially promote Pyrenean Republic, become great and the overthrow of the Russian Empire, powerful by land and sea.”
against which west and south once more (It is not without some patriotic qualms combine. Thousands upon thousands shall that we attend Mademoiselle Stoffell in her advance towards the assembly of the eastern investigations as to the future of our own hordes. Upon a plain, from whose centre cherished land. But, courage! Forewarned, the eye sees no limit
, there shall be a battle forearmed !)
of eight days, wherein the eastern armies “In Great Britain the distress of the shall at length be defeated and destroyed. working classes will increase continually. "It will be the greatest battle ever fought Great Britain, the world mistress of by man, and also the last. For now will