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BY RAILWAY (EAST LANCASHIRE), 274 Miles.
ON RIGHT FROM MANC.
ON LEFT FRON MASC.
Trafford Park, Sir H. River Irwell, and beFrom Manchester, by
De Trafford, Bart. yond, Broughton Hall, &
Clifton ; and beyond. Von ther ott, Heaton Park &
Bolton Railway, to ley Bail, Earl of Ellesmert Hall, Earl of Wi n. 23 Clifton Junction (p. 258). 41 Railway to Boltoa. Irwell House.
cr. Manchester, Prestwich.
Bolton, and Bury Canal, Outwood Lodge; 13
and riv. Irwell. m. beyond, Polefield. Stand Hall, 17 mile. 214 Ringley Road St. 61 Ringley, 1 mile.
My cr. riv. Irwell. 201
Radcliffe Bridge St. 71 To Bolton, 5 miles. Radcliffe.
Air sworth, 3 miles Unsworth Lodge.
Am cr. riv. Irwell, To Rochdale, 6] miles. 171
10 Near Bury, Chamber
To Bolton, 51 miles Follow course of river Irllall. Here the great
Elton. well, which the line freSir Robt. Peel was born,
quently crosses. and a monument to his memory has been erect- 151 Summerseat St. ed near Bury.
121 Nuttall Hall.
Holcomc. 2 miles beyond Rams. 131
131 bottom Station is a branch line to Rawten. Leave valley of Irwell stall and Bacup, which
1 m. before reaching follows the valley of the Irwell,
101 Helmshore St. 171 Carter Place.
HASLINGDEN (p. 339). 181 To Blackburn, by road 7 Baxenden St.
201 8 miles. Accrington nouse, Col. 51 ACCRINGTON St. 22 J. Peel.
The inhabitants of AccringRailway to Burnley,
ton are chiefly engaged in and thence, by Colne cotton-spinning and calicoand Skipton, to Leeds. printing. Pop. 1851, 7481.
Church St. 231 Oswaldtwistle. Dunken Halgh, H.
cr. Leeds and LiverPetre, Esq. Clayton Hall.
pool Canal. Rishton.
BLACKBURN (see p. 839). 274
BURY is a considerable manufacturing town, situated on an eminence between the rivers Irwell and Roch. Although its present importance is of modern origin, it is a place of considerable antiquity, and was a Saxon town, as its name implies. The woollen manufacture, which is of ancient date, having been rried on here by the emigrant Flemings, is still prosecuted, though not as tensive a scale, of late years, as the cotton manufacture. There are also in d near the town several extensive establishments for bleaching, calico-print18, iron founding, and machine making. The canal fram Bury to Manchesis
snd Bolton, as well as railway communication, conduces materially to its trading prosperity. Bury possesses a small model barrack, a free school, public subscription library, a news-room, a botanical institution, a medical library, a dispensary, and a mechanic's institution, several churches and chapels, besides meetinghouses, and charitable institutions. One M.P. Pop. 1861, 31,262.
On the heath near Bury, Lord Strange, afterwards Earl of Derby, mustered 20,000 men in favour of the Royal cause in 1642.
HASLINGDEN is a flourishing manufacturing town. The chapel contains a font of the time of Henry VII., as well as several monuments. The Haslingden canal communicates with Bury, Manchester, Liverpool, and Leeds. Pop. 1851, 6154.
On an eminence near the town is a tower erected by Messrs William and Charles Grant (“the Cheeryble Brothers” of Dickens), and one of whom (1852) still survives, who were the first manufacturers of the district, as a kind of public thanksgiving for the public prosperity they have reaped. From a lofty height, on the opposite side of the valley of the Irwell, where stands the Bury monument to Sir R. Peel, a fine and most extensive view of Lancashire may be obtained.
BLACKBURN, eight miles distant from Haslingden by the turnpike road, is famous for its manufacture of calicoes. It has many churches and chapels, an academy for the education of dissenting ministers, several meeting houses and a grammar school. James Hargreaves, inventor of the spinning jenny, was a native of this place Two M.P. Pop. 185., 46,536.
About ten miles from Blackburn is the Jesuits' College of Stonyhurst.* The road leads through Ribblesdale, one of the finest and most extensive vales in England. To the left is Ribchester, a celebrated Roman station, and to the north-east, the Castle of Clitheroe, on a bold and abrupt eminence. Stonyhurst stands on a fine situation, and has a noble and commanding aspect. It was built in the reign of Elizabeth, by Sir Richard Sherburne, whose daughter carried the estate by marriage into the family of the Welds of Lulworth Castle, Dorsetshire, by whom it was disposed of to the founders of the college. This institution was established in 1794, and is conducted in a very efficient manner. About 180 boys, principally sons of the Roman Catholic nobility and gentry, receive their education in it. Charles Waterton and the Right Hon. Richard Lalor Sheil were educated here. Besides the class rooms and other accommodations necessary for the purpose of tuition, it contains a museum, in which, among other interesting objects, are the private seals of James II. and of Fenelon, and the cap, beads, seal, and reliquary of Sir Thomas More ; a number of transatlantic curiosities presented by C. Waterton, Esq. of Walton Hall; a good collection of minerals and shells, bronze casts of the Cæsars, and plaster casts of the apostles, and a quaint old jewel chest which belonged to Queen Christina of Sweden. The library contains some highly illuminated MSS. In the philosophical apparatus-room there is a
• The distance is only about seven miles by the footpath in a direct line, out the carriage road is very circuitous,
fine painting, by Annibal Caracci, of the descent from the Cross. The recreation hall, a magnificent gallery, 90 feet by 20, is embellished with a great number of paintings, and hung with tapestry. The refectory was the baronial hall of the Sherburnes. The gardens are laid out in the old style, and contain some lofty well-trimmed walls of yew. Here is to be seen the identical Roman altar which Camden saw at Ribchester in 1603, one of the finest remains of classical antiquity in the country. A handsome church has lately been erected at Stonyhurst, at an expense of above L.10,000. At Mitton church, in the vicinity, there are some fine monuments of the Sherburnes. Stonyhurst is equidistant from Clithe roe, Whalley, and Ribchester.
A road leads from Blackburn to Clitheroe, 104 miles, passing by WHALLEY, which is seven miles from Blackburn in a N. N. E. direction, and 4 miles from Accrington. Whalley is a parish, township, and village in the hundred of Blackburn and the honour of Clitheroe. It is the largest parish in the county, and one of the largest in the kingdom, containing 47 townships, and has an area of 180 square miles. The church is a venerable pile, containing some curiously carved stalls, &c. It was originally founded A. D. 628, and rebuilt 1100. Whalley Abbey, founded for monks of the Cistercian order, was an establishment of remarkable magnificence. The last abbot was executed in the reign of Henry VIII., for his share in the insurrection, designated" the Pilgrimage of Grace. * The remains of the abbey are still sufficient to show the splendour of its architecture. The abbot house has been renovated and turned into a modern residence. Near Whalley are Read Hall, and Clerk Hill; and four miles beyond, at Great Mitton, Bashall; near which, on the river Ribble, is Waddow Hall, a fine mansion, romantically situated near the banks of the river.
CLITHEROE is situated on an eminence on the east bank of the Ribble. Here are the ruins of an ancient castle, erected by the Lacys, who came over with the Conqueror. The male line of this family became extinct in 1193, and the honour of Clitheroe passed afterwards into the possession of the famous John of Gaunt, and when his son became Henry IV. it was vested in the crown, remaining se till the time of Charles II. It is now the property of the Buccleuch family, During the commonwealth, Clitheroe castle was dismantled by order of the Par. liament, and is now greatly dilapidated. Its stones contributed to build a modern mansion, which stands within its precincts. Clitheroe has an excellent grammar school, and several churches and chapels. In the vicinity of the town are extensive cotton printing works. Two miles distant is Pendle hill, 1803 feet above the level of the sea. One M.P. Pop. 1851, 11,479.
One mile before Clitheroe is Standen Hall, J. Aspinall, Esq. ; and beyond, near Chatburn, Downham Hall, (W. Assheton, Esq.) and Greenbank. At Clitheroe is Clitheroe Castle, and 3} miles distant, in a north-west direction, is Browsholme (E. Parker, Esq.), a curious building, erected in the time of Henry VII. containing, among other interesting antiquities, the original silver seal of the commonwealth.
ON RIGHT YROM MA
N LEIT PROY MAXC.
From Victoria Station,
Manchester, to Miles
581 Platting Junction St. Harpurhey. Line to Ashton and
Blackley. Huddersfield (see p.314.)
Alkrington Hall, and Rochdale Canal.
beyond, Heaton Park, Branch to Oldham, 2 m.
(Earl of Wilton.) Chadderton Park, 534 Middleton Junction St. 51 Middleton, 1 mile.
The town of Middleton has Rochdale is situated in
within the last half century a beautiful valley on the risen from a small village to
Hopwood Hall, R. G. river Roch. It has ex a place of considerable ex.
Hopwood, Esq. tensive woollen manufac tent, owing to the cotton tories, and cotton spinn
manufacture, which is here ing and weaving are also
carried on in all its branches. carried on to a large ex
The printing and bleaching! tent. One M.P. Pop. works are on a large scale. 1851, 29,195.
Pop. 1851, 5740. The manor of Rochdale
ASMA cr. Rochdale was long in the posses
canal twice. sion of the Byron family, and was sold by the poet, Lord Byron, to James Dearden, Esq., whose son now holds these princely 51 Blue Pits Junction St. | 841,,
Branch to Heywood, domains.
°714 miles ; near it Heywood Hall
Castleton Hall; 1 mile
beyond, Roch Bank. Belfield.
ROCHDALE ST. 10 Castle Mere. Clegg Hall.
cr. river Beal. Wardleworth.
Branch line to Burn404 Todmorden Junction St. 181 lleyba
Enter Yorkshire, and
three short tunnels, to
cr. river Calder and Rochdale Canal. Hebden Bridge St.
On the high moorlands through wbich this part of 367 che line passes are nume
River Calder and Canal