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from you.

To have them bound again.

Enter the Abbess. Off.

Away, they'll kill us.

Abb. Be quiet, people ; Wherefore throng you (Ereunt Oil. Adr. and Luc.

hither? Ant. S. I see, these witches are afraid of swords.

Adr. To fetch my poor distracted husband hence; Dro. S. She, that would be your wise, now ran Let us come in, that we may bind him fast,

And bear him home for his recovery, Ant. S. Come to the Centaur ; fetch our stuff

Ang. I knew, he was not in his perfect wits. from thence:

Mer. I am sorry now, that I did draw on him. I long, that we were safe and sound aboard.

Abb. How long hath this possession held the Dro. s. Faith, stay here this night, they will

man? surely do us no harm; you saw, they speak us fair, Adr. This week he hath been heavy, sour, sad, give us gold : methinks, they are such a gentle And much, much difierent from the man he was; nation, that, but for the mountain of mad flesh that But, till this afternoon, his passion claiins marriage of me, I could find in my heart to Ne'er brake into estremity of rage. stay here still, and turn witch.

Abb. Hath he not lost much wealth by wreck at Ant. $. I will not stay to-night for all the town:

sea ? Therefore away, to get our stuff aboard. [Ere. Bury'd some dear friend ? Hath not else his eye

Stray'd his affection in unlawful love?

A sin, prevailing much in youthful men,

Who give their eyes the liberty of gazing.
ACT V.

Which of these sorrows is he subject to?

Adr. To none of these, except it be the last : SCENE 1.-The same. Enter Merchant and Namely, some love, that drew him oft from home. Angelo.

Abb. You should for that have reprehended him.

Allr. Why, so I did. Ang. I am sorry, sir, that I have hinder'd you;

Abb.

Ay, but not rough enough. But, I protest, he had the chain of me,

Ar. As roughly, as my modesty would let me. Though most dishonestly he doth deny it.

Abb. llaply, in private. Mer. How is the man esteem'd here in the city ?

Alr.

And in assemblies too. Ang. Of very reverend reputation, sir,

3bb. Ay, but not enough. of credit infinite, highly belor'd,

Adr. It was the copya of our conference:
Second to none that lives here in the city;

In bed, he slept noi for my urging it:
His word might bear my wealth at any time.
Mer. Speak softly: yonder, as I think, he walks. Alone, it was the subject of my theme;

At board, he led not for my urging it :
Enter Antipholus and Dromio of Syracuse.

In company, I often glanced it';

Still did I tell him it was vile and bad. Ang. 'Tis so; and that self chain about his neck, The venom clamours of a jealous woman

Abb. And thereof came it, that the man was mad: Which he forswore, most monstrously, to have. Good sir, draw near to me, I'll speak to him.

Poison more deadly than a mad dog's tooth. Signior Antipholus, I wonder much

It seems his sleeps were hindered by thy railing; That you would put me to this shame and trouble ; Thou sav'st his meat was sauc'd with thy upbraid

And thereof comes it that his head is light,
And not without some scandal to yourself,
With circumstance, and oaths, so to deny

ings: This chain, which now you wear so openly:

Unquiet meals make ill digestions, Besides the charge, the shame, imprisonment,

Thereof the raging fire of lever bred; You have done wrong to this my honest friend;

And whal's a sever but a fit of madness? Who, but for staying on our controversy,

Thou say'st, his sports were hinder'd by thy brawls: Had hoisted sail, and put to sea to-day :

Sweet recreation barr'd, what doth ensue, This chain you had of me, can you deny it?

But moody and dull melancholy, Ant. s. I think, I had ; I never did deny it.

(Kinsman to grim and comfortleas despair ;) Mer. Yes, that you did, sir; and forswore it too. And, at her heels, a huge infectious troop Ant. S. Who heard me to deny it, or forswear it? Of pale distemperatures, and foes to life? Mer. These ears of mine, thou knowest, did In food, in sport, and life-preserving rest, hear thee:

To be disturb’d, would mad or man, or beast; Fie on thee, wretch! 'tis pity, that thou liv'st

The consequence is then, thy jealous fits To walk where any honest men resort.

Have scared thy husband from the use of wits. Ant. S. Thou art a villain, to impeach me thus:

Luc. She never reprehended him but mildly, I'll prove mine honour, and mine honesty,

When he demeaned himself rough, rude," and Against thee presently, if thou dar’st stand.

wildly:

Why bear you these rebukes, and answer not? Mer. I dare, and do defy thee for a villain.

[They draw.

Adr. She did betray me to my own reproof.

Good people, enter, and lay hold on him. Enler Adriana, Luciana, Courtezan, and others.

Abb. No, not a creature enters in my house.

Adr. Then, let your servants bring my husband Adr. Hold, hurt him not, for God's sake; he is forth. mad:

Abb. Neither; he took this place for sanctuary, Some get within him, take his sword away: And it shall privilege hiin from your hands, Bind Dromio too, and bear them to my house. Till I have brought him to his wits again, Dro. S. Run, master, run; for God's sake, take Or lose my labour in assaying it. a house.3

Adr. I will attend my husband, be his nurse, This is some priory ;-In, or we are spoil'd. Diet his sickness, for it is my office,

(Exeunt Ant. and Dro. io the priory. And will have no attorney but mysell; gage.

(2) t. e, Olose, grapple with him. (3) é. é. Go into a houses (4) Theme.

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fire ;

And therefore let me have him home with me. Duke. Long since, thy husband serv'd me in Abb. Be patient; for I will not let him stir,

my wars ; Till I have us'd the approved means I have,

And I to thee engag'd a prince's word,
With wholesome syrups, drugs, and holy prayers, When thou didst make him master of thy bed,
To make of him a formal man again :/

To do him all the grace and good I could.-
It is a branch and parcel of mine oath,

Go, some of you, knock at the abbey-gate,
A charitable duty of my order;

And bid the lady' abbess come to me;
Therefore depart, and leave him here with me. I will determine this, before I stir.
Adr. I will not hence and leave my husband

Enler a Servant.
And ill doth it beseem your holiness,

Serv. O mistress, mistress, shift and save yourself! To separate the husband and the wife.

My master and his man are both broken loose, Ahb. Be quict and depart, thou shalt not have Beaten the maids a-row,' and bound the doctor, him.

[Exit Abbess. Whose beard they have singed off with brands of
Luc. Complain unto the duke of this indignity.
Adr. Come, go; I will fall prostrate at his feet, and ever as it blazed, they threw on him
And never rise until my tears and prayers Great pails of puddled mire to quench the hair ;
Have won his grace to come in person hither, My master preaches patience to him, while
And take perforce my husband from the abbess. His man with scissars nicks him like a fool :

Mer. By this, I think, the dial points at five: And, sure, unless you send some present help,
Anon, I am sure, the duke himself in person Between them they will kill the conjurer.
Comes this way to the melancholy vale,

Adr. Peace, fool, thy master and his man are The place of death and sorry execution,

here; Behind the ditches of the abbey here.

And that is false thou dost report to us. Ang. Upon what cause?

Serv. Mistress, upon iny life, I tell you true; Mer. To see a reverend Syracusan merchant, I have not breath'd almost, since I did see it. Who put unluckily into this bay

He cries for you, and vows, if he can take you, Against the laws and statutes of this town, To scorch your face, and to disfigure you: Beheaded publicly for his offence.

(Cry within. Ang. See, where they come; we will behold his Hark, hark, I hear him, mistress; fly, be gone. death.

Duke. Come, stand by me, fear nothing: Guard Luc. Kneel to the duke, before he pass

the abbey. with halberds. Enter Duke attended; Ægeon bare-headed; with that he is borne about invisible :

Adr. Ah me, it is my husband! Witness you, the Headsinan and other officers.

Even now we hous'd him in the abbey here; Duke. Yet once again proclaim it publicly,

And now he's there, past thought of human reason. If any friend will pay the sum for him,

Enter Antipholus and Dromio of Ephesus. He shall not die, so much we tender him. Adr. Justice, most sacred duke, against the Ant. E. Justice, most gracious duke, oh, grant abbess!

me justice! Duke. She is a virtuous and a reverend lady; Even for the service that long since I did thee, It cannot be, that she haih done thee wrong. When I bestrid thee in the wars, and took Jur. May it please your grace, Antipholus, my Deep scars to save thy life; even for the blood husband,-

That then I lost for thee, now grant me justice. Whom I made lord of me and all I had,

Æge. Unless the fear of death doth make me dote, At your important' letters,—this ill day

I see my son Antipholus and Dromio. A most outrageous fit of madness took him ; Ant. E. Justice, sweet prince, against that That desperately he hurried through the street

woman there. (With him his bondman, all as mad as he,) She whom thou gav'st to me to be my wife ; Doing displeasure to the citizens

That hath abused and dishonour'd ine, By rushing in their houses, bearing thence Even in the strength and height of injury! Rings, jewels, any thing his rage did like. Beyond imagination is the wrong, Once did I get him bound, and sent him home, That she this day hath shameless thrown on me. Whilst to take orders for the wrongs I went,

Duhe. Discover how, and thou shalt find me just. That here and there his fury had committed. Ant. E. This day, great duke, she shut the doors Anon, I woto not by what strong escape,

upon me, H broke from those that had the guard of him ; While she with harlots feasted in my house. And, with his mad attendant and himself,

Duke. A grievous fault : Say, woman, didst Each one with ireful passion, with drawn swords, thou so? Met us again, and, madly bent on us,

Adr. No, my good lord ;-myself, he, and my Chas'd us away; till raising of more aid,

sister, We came again to bind them: then they fled To-day did dine together: So befall my soul, Into this abbey, whither we pursued them; As this is false, he burdens me withal ! And here the abbess shuts the gates on us,

Luc. Ne'er may I look on day, nor sleep on night, And will not suffer us to fetch him out,

But she tells to your highness simple truth! Nor send him forth, that we may bear him hence. Ang. O perjur'd woman! They are both forTherefore, most gracious duke, with thy command,

sworn, Let him be brought forth, and borne hence for In this the madman justly chargeth them. help.

Ant. E. My liege, I am advised what I say; (1) i. e. To bring him back to his senses.

(8) i. e. Cuts his hair close. (2) Part. (3) Sad. (4) Importunate. (9) Harlot was a term of reproach applied to (6) i. e. To take measures. (6) Know. cheats among men as well as to wantons among (7) i. e. Successively, one after another. women.

Neither disturb’d with the effect of wine,

Duke. Why, this is strange:-Go call the abbess Nor heady-rash, provok'd with raging ire,

hither ; Albeit, my wrongs might make one wiser'mad. I think you are all mated,' or stark mad. This woman lock'd me out this day from dinner:

(Erit an attendant. That goldsmith there, were he not pack'd with her, Æge. Most mighty duke, vouchsafe me speak Could witness it, for he was with me then;

a word; Who parted with me to go fetch a chain, Haply I see a friend will save my life, Promising to ring it to the Porcupine,

And pay the sum that will deliver me. Where Balthazar and I did dine together.

Duke. Speak freely, Syracusan, what thou wilt. Our dinner done, and he not coming thither, Æge. Is not your name, sir, cali'd Antipholus ? I went to seek him: in the street I met him ; And is not that your bondman Dromio ? And in his company, that gentleman.

Dro. E. Within this hour I was his bondman, sir, There did this perjur'd goldsmith swear me But he, I thank him, gnaw'd in two my cords; down,

Now am I Dromio, and his man, unbound. That I this day of him receiv'd the chain,

Æge. I am sure, you both of you remember me. Which, God he knows, I saw not: for the which, Dro. E. Ourselves we do remember, sir, by you; He did arrest me with an officer.

For lately we were bound as you are now. I did obey; and sent my peasant home

You are not Pinch's patient, are you, sir ? For certain ducats: he with none return'd.

Æge. Why look you strange on me? you know Then fairly I bespoke the officer,

me well. To go in person with me to my house.

Ant. E. I never saw you in my life, till now. By the way we met

Æge. Oh! grief hath chang’d me, since you My wife, her sister, and a rabble more

saw me last; of vile confederates ; along with them

And careful hours, with Time's deformed hand, They brought one Pinch; à hungry lean-fac'd vil- Have written strange defeature's2 in my face : lain,

But tell me yet, dost thou not know my voice ? A mere anatomy, a mountebank,

Ant. E. Neither. A thread-bare juggler, and a fortune-teller ;

JEge.

Dromio, nor thou ?
A needy, hollow-ey'd, sharp-looking wretch, Dro. E. No, trust me, sir, nor I.
A living dead man: this pernicious slave,

Ege.

I am sure, thou dost. Forsooth, took on him as a conjuror;

Dro. E. Ay, sir ? but I am sure, I do not; and And, gazing in mine eyes, feeling my pulse, whatsoever a man denies, you are now bound to And with no face, as 'twere, outlacing me, believe him. Cries out, I was possess'd: then all together

Æge. Not know my voice! 0, time's extremity! They fell upon me, bound me, bore me thence; Hast thou so crack'd and splitted my poor tongue, And in a dark and dankish vault at home In seven short years, that here my only son There left me and my man, both bound together; Knows not my feeble key of untun'd cares? Till, gnawing with my teeth my bonds in sunder, Though now this grained: face of mine be hid I gain'd my freedom, and immediately

In sap-consuming winter's drizzled snow,
Ran hither to your grace; whom I beseech And all the conduits of my blood froze up;
To give me ample satisfaction

Yet hath my night of life some memory,
For these deep shames and great indignities. My wasting lamp some fading glimmer left,
Ang. My lord, in truth, thus far I witness with My dull deaf ears a little use to hear :
him;

All these old witnesses (I cannot err,)
That he dined not at home, but was lock'd out. Tell me, thou art my son Antipholus.

Duke. But had he such a chain of thee, or no ? Ant. E. I never saw my father in my life. Ang. He had, my lord ; and when he ran in here, Æge. But seven years since, in Syracusa, boy, These people saw the chain about his neck. Thou know'st, we parted : but, perhaps, my son, Mer. Besides, I will be sworn, these ears of Thou sham'st to acknowledge me in misery. mine

Ant. E. The duke, and all that know me in the Heard you confess you had the chain of him,

city, After you first forswore it on the mart,

Can witness with me that it is not so ; And, thereupon, I drew my sword on you;

I ne'er saw Syracusa in my life. And then, you fled into this abbey here,

Duke. I tell thee, Syracusan, twenty years
From whence, I think, you are come by miracle. Have I been patron to Antipholus.

Ant. E. I never came within these abbey walls, During which time he ne'er saw Syracusa :
Nor ever didst thou draw thy sword on me : I see, thy age and dangers make thee dote.
I never saw the chain, so help me heaven!
And this is false, you burden me withal.

Enter the Abbess, with Antipholus Syracusan, and Duke. Why, what an intricate impeach is this!

Dromio Syracusan. I think, you all have drank of Circe's cup.

Abb. Most mighty duke, behold a man much If here you hous'd him, here he would have been; wrong'd. (All gather lo see him. If he were mad, he would not plead so coldly :- Adr. I see two husbands, or mine eyes deceive me. You say, he dined at home; the goldsmith here Duke. One of these men is Genius to the other;, Denies that saving :-Sirrah, what say you? And so of these: Which is the natural man, Dro. E. Sir, he dined with her there, at the And which the spirit ? Who deciphers them ? Porcupine.

Dro. S. I, sir, am Dromio; command him away. Cour. He did ; and from my finger snatch'd Dro. E. I, sir, am Dromio; pray, let me stay. that ring.

Ant. S. Ægeon, art thou not? or else his ghost? Ant. E. 'Tis true, mv liege, this ring I had of her. Dro. S. O, my old master! who hath bound him Duke. Saw'st thou him enter at the abbey here?

here? Cour. As sure, my liege, as I do see your grace. Abb. Whoever bound him, I will loose his bonds (1) Confounded. (2) Alteration of features.

(3) Furrowed, lined.

And gain a husband by his liberty :

And all that are assembled in this place, Speak, old Ægeon, if thou be'st the man That by this sympathized one day's error That had'st a wife once call’d Æmilia,

Have suffer'd wrong, go, keep us company, That bore thee at a burden two fair sons :

And we shall make full satisfaction. O, if thou be'st the same Ægeon, speak,

Twenty-five years have I but gone in travail And speak unto the same Æmilia !

of you, my sons; nor, till this present hour,
Æge. If I dream not, thou art Æmilia ; My heavy burdens are deliver'd :-
If thou art she, tell me, where is that son The duke, my husband, and my children both,
That floated with thee on the fatal rast?

And you the calendars of their nativity,
Abb. By men of Epidamnum, he, and I, Go to a gossip's feast, and go with me;
And the t'win Dromio, all were taken up; After so long gries, such nativity!
But, by and by rude fishermen of Corinth

Duke. With all my heart, I'll gossip at this feast. By force took Dromio and my son from them,

(Exeunt Duke, Abbess, geon, Courtezan, And me they left with those of Epidamnum;

Merchant, Angelo, and attendants. What then became of them, I cannot tell :

Dro. S. Master, shall I leich your stuff from I, to this fortune that you see me in.

shipboard ? Duke. Why, here begins his morning story right;' Ani. E. Dromio, what stuff of mine hast thou These two Antipholus's, these two so like,

embark'd ? And these two Dromio's, one in semblance, Dro. S. Your goods, that lay at host, sir, in the Besides her urging of her wreck at sea,

Centaur. These are the parents to these children,

Ant. S. He speaks to me; I am your master, Which accidentally are met together.

Dromio:
Antipholus, thou cam'st from Corinth first. Come, go with us : we'll look to that anon :

Ant. S. No, sir, not I; I came from Syracuse. Embrace thy brother there, rejoice with him.
Duke. Stay, stand apart! I know not which is (Exeunt Antipholus S. and E. Adr. and Luc.
which.

Dro. S. There is a fat friend at your master's Ant. E. I came from Corinth, my most gracious house, lord.

That kitchen’d me for you to-day at dinner ; Dro. E. And I with him.

She now shall be my sister, not my wife. Ant. E. Brought to this town with that most Dro. E. Methinks, you are my glass, and not famous warrior

my brother:'
Duke Menaphon, your most renowned uncle. I see by you, I am a sweet-faced youth.
Adr. Which of you two did dine with me to day? Will you walk in to see their gossiping ?
Ant. S. I, gentle mistress.

Dró. S. Not I, sir ; you are my elder.
Adr.

And are not you my husband ? Dro. E. That's a question : how shall we try it? Ant. E. No, I say nay to that.

Dro. S. We will draw cuts for the senior: till Ant. S. And so do I, yet did she call me so;

then, lead thou first. And this fair gentlewoman, her sister here, Dro. E. Nay, then thus : Did call me brother:- What I told you then, We came into the world, like brother and brother ; I hope, I shall have leisure to make good; And now let's go hand in hand, not one before If this be not a dream, I see, and hear.

another.

(Exeunt. Ang. That is the chain, sir, which you had of me. Ant. s. I think it be, sir; I deny it not. Ant. E. And you, sir, for this chain arrested me. Ang. I think I did, sir; I deny it not.

On a careful revision of the foregoing scenes, 1 Adr. I sent you money, sir, to be your bail, do not hesitate to pronounce them the composition By Dromio ; but I think he brought it not. of two very unequal writers. Shakspeare had unDro. E. No, none by me.

doubtedly a share in them; but that the entire play Ant. S. This purse of ducats I receiv'd from you, was no work of his, is an opinion which (as Bene And Dromio my man did bring them me: dict says) 'fire cannot melt out of me; I will die in I see, we still did meet each other's man,

it at the stake.' Thus, as we are informed by Aulus And I was ta'en for him, and he for me,

Gellius, Lib. III. Cap. 3. some plays were absoAnd thereupon these Errors are arose.

lutely ascribed to Plautus, which in truth had only Ant. E. These ducats pawn l for my father here. been (retractatæ et expolitæ) retouched and polishDuke. It shall not need, thy father hath his life. ed by him. Cour. Sir, I must have that diamond from you. In this comedy we find more intricacy of plot Ant. E. There, take it; and much thanks for than distinction of character; and our attention is my good cheer.

less forcibly engaged, because we can guess in great Abb. Renowned duke, vouchsafe to take the pains measure how the denouement will be brought To go with us into the abbey here,

about. Yet the subject appears to have been And hear at large discoursed all our fortunes :- reluctantly dismissed, even in this last and unne

cessary scene; where the same mistakes are con(!) The morning story is what Ægeon tells the tinued, till the power of affording entertainment duke in the first scene of this play.

lis entirely lost.

STEEVENS.

MACBETH.

PERSONS REPRESENTED.

Duncan, king of Scotland.

An English Doctor. A Scolch Doctor. Malcolm,

A Soldier. A Porter. An old Man. his sons. Donalbain, Macbeth, Banquo, generals of the king's army.

Lady Macbeth.

Lady Macduff. Macduff,

Genllevoman attending on lady Macbeth.
Lenox,

Hecale, and three Witches.
Rosse,
Menteth,
noblemen of Scotland.

Lords, Gentlemen, Officers, Soldiers, Murderers, Angus,

Altendants, and Messengers.
Calhness,
Fleance, son lo Banquo.

The Ghost of Banquo, and several other Appari

tions. Siward,' earl of Northumberland, general of the

English forces. Young Siward, his son.

Scene, in the end of the fourth act, lies in Eng, Seyton, an officer attending on Macbeth.

land; through the rest of the play, in Scotland, Son lo Macduff.

and, chiefly, at Macbeth's castlé.

1

ACT I.

Do swarm upon him,) from the western isles SCENE I.-An open place. Thunder and Light. And fortune, on his damned quarrel smiling,

Or Kernes and Gallowylasses is supplied ;* ning. Enter three Witches.

Show'd like a rebel's whore : But all's too weak: 1 Wilch.

For brave Macbeth (well he deserves that name,) WHEN shall we three meet again

Disdaining fortune, with his brandish'd steel,

Which smok'd with bloody execution, In thunder, lightning, or in rain ?

Like valour's minion, 2 Witch. When the hurlyburly's' done, Carv'd out his passage, till he fac'd the slave; When the battle's lost and won.

And ne'er shook hands, nor bade farewell to him, 3 Witch. That will be ere set of sun.

Till be unseam'd him from the nave to the chaps, i Witch. Where the place ?

And fix'd his head upon our battlements. 2 Witch.

Upon the heath. Dun, 0, valiant cousin! worthy gentleman! 3 Wilch. There to meet with Macbeth.

Sold. As whence the sun 'gins his reflexion I Wilch. I come, Graymalkin!

Shipwrecking storms and diresul thunders break; All. Paddock calls:-Anon.

So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd to come Fair is foul, and foul is fair :

Discomfort sivells. Mark, king of Scotland, mark: Hover through the fog and filthy air.

No sooner justice had, with valour armid,

[Witches vanish. Compell’d ihese skipping Kernes to trust their heels: SCENE II.-A Camp near Fores. Alarum with. With furbish'd arms, and new supplies of men,

But the Norweyan lord, surveying vantage, in. Enter King Duncan, Malcolm, Donalbain, Lenox, with attendants, meeting a bleeding Sol Began a fresh assault.

. dier.

Dismay'd not this

Our captains, Macbeth and Banquo ? Dun. What bloody man is that? He can report,

Sold. As seemeth by his plight, of the revolt

As sparrows, eagles; or the hare, the lion.
The newest state.

If I say sooth, I must report they were
Mal.
This is the sergeant,

As cannons overcharg'd with double cracks;
Who, like a good and hardy soldier, fought

So they 'Gainst my captivity :

-Hail, brave friend! Doubly redoubled strokes upon the foe:
Say to the king the knowledge of the broil, Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds,
As thou didst leave it.

Or memorize another Golgotha,
Sold.
Doubtfully it stood;

I cannot tell :
As two spent swimmers, that do cling together,

But I am faint, my gashes cry for help. And choke their art. The merciless Macdonwald

Dun. So well thy words become thee, as the (Worthy to be a rebel ; for, to that,

wounds; The multiplying villanies of nature

They smack of honour both:-Go, get him suro geons.

(Exit Soldier, attended (1) Tumult.

(2) i. e. Supplied with light and heavy-armed (5) Truth. troops.

(6) Make another Golgotha as memorable as the (3) Cause.

(4) The opposite to comfort. Arst.

Yes;

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