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315 from my friends be such frigid philosophy as may conduct us indifferent and unmoved over any ground which has been dignified by wisdom, bravery, or virtue. That man is little to be envied, whose patriotism would not gain force upon the plain of Marathon, or whose piety would not grow warmer among the ruins of lona.
The cogitations of my mind were in unison with the sentiments and sympathies of the great Moralist, when I last visited the birth-place of our late departed literary townsman Roscoe. I could not resist its impulse. The
spot to me was classic ground, assoMr. URBAN, Liverpool, Sept. 14. ciated as it is with traits of intellec
“TO abstract the mind from all tual superiority and genius. I took local emotions,” observes Dr. John- the accompanying sketch of the house, son, “would be impossible if it were in order that you might give it a place endeavoured, and would be foolish if amongst those of the numerous liteit were possible. Whatever withdraws rary luminaries that embellish the us from the power of our senses,- pages of your venerable and invaluwhatever makes the past, the distant, able Miscellany; and as it will ere or the future predominate over the long be swept away by the hand of present, advances us in the dignity of Improvement, I hope you will consithinking beings. Far from me and der it entitled to your sympathy.
At the æra of Mr. Roscoe's birth, a porch and gable ends; which give 1752, Liverpool was a mere village in it an air of antiquity when contrasted comparison to its present extent, and with the superb edifices that surround this house was then considered as be- it, one of which, the Wellington ing situated in the country. At this Rooms, is a chaste and beautiful spetime it occupies nearly a central situ- cimen of Grecian architecture, from ation, and retains its original charac- the designs of the late Mr. Edmund ter; and is the only specimen of do- Aiken of London. mestic architecture in the town with The house is at present occupied as
316 The late Mr. Roscoe.-Character of Liverpool.
(Oct. a tavern, to which there is attached to be redeemed, and no doubt it will, an extensive bowling green. The spot an earnest of which is the subscriphas now become sacred to local ho- tion already raised of about one thounour, as a monument of intellectual sand pounds. value, celebrated by the pen of our These intellectual memorials, dedi. native Bard in his elegant poem of cated to valour, patriotism, and geMount Pleasant, the exordium of nius, are evidences that our townswhich is allusive to the morning of men cannot be ranked with those his life being spent here :
whom Goldsmith thus characterizes : “Freed from the cares that daily throng “Dull as their lakes that slumber in the nay breast,
storm;" Again beneath my native shades I rest. These shades, where lightly fled my youth
nor yet to them can the expressive
lines of the talented and unfortunate Ere Fancy bow'd to Reason's boasted sway.”
Camoens, on the apathy and indifferWith the above poem was publish
ence of his countrymen to all that
gives a charm to life, be applied : ed an Ode which Mr. Roscoe delivered before a Society established in Liver.
“Alas ! on Tago's hapless shores alone pool in 1773, for the encouragement
The Muse is slighted, and her charms unof Painting, Sculpture, &c. His sub
For this no Virgil here attunes the lyre, sequent works are nearly all enume- No Homer here awakes the hero's fire. rated in the memoir which appeared Unheard, in vain their native Poet sings, in your number for August. In 1817 Aud cold neglect weighs down the Muse's was published a Discourse he delivered wings.” on the opening of the Liverpool Royal These sarcasms on two great comInstitution, on the origin and vicissi- mercial communities, appertain not tude of Literature, Science, and Arts. to Liverpool. Here, in the midst of In 1824 he edited a new edition of the commercial pursuits, the elegant acworks of Pope, to which he prefixed a complishments of literature, science, life of the author. The last work he and art, want not their votaries, whose was occupied in publishing was a bo- leisure hours, after the close of those tanical one, on a portion of the “ Class spent in wearisome solicitude amidst Monandria."
the important avocations of life, are One of the most popular of his passed under their captivating influminor productions is a poem on Burns, prefixed to Dr. Currie's Life and Works For the honour of my native place, of that Poet. He has left several mis- I hope all will now lose sight of the cellaneous works, which with his Life degenerate and malign spirit of politi. are in preparation for the press by cal party feeling, and unite to honour one of his talented sons.
not only the talents and genius of our May I be allowed to apply to our departed townsman, but themselves ; townsmen the expressive language of and, aroused by a spirit of genero’s Mr. Roscoe, when speaking of the emulation and noble bearing, raise a Florentines, " Earnest in the acquisi- monument worthy of the town and tion of wealth, indefatigable in im- of Roscoe.
W. J. Roberts. proving their manufactures and extending their commerce, (our towns. Mr. URBAN,
Oct. 6. men) seem not, however, to lose sight I THANK your Correspondent Mr. of the true dignity of man, or of the W. H. Lloyd (p. 200), for his ingeproper objects of his regard ;” which nious conjectures relative to the deriis evidenced by the monuments erect- vation of the word Seneschal. ed in their admiration of valour and The definition in the note appended patriotism to Nelson, and of their to my little tract on the Coronation of loyalty and attachment to their Sove- Richard the Second, was (as you have reign, in that to George the Third, rightly indicated) taken from Jacob's and in two others, not yet completed, Law Dictionary. My MS. had been to their late representatives in the Se- put aside for several years, and when nate, Canning and Huskisson, me- sent to the press I was absent from mentoes of their appreciation of the home, and had no opportunity for regreat political talents of those eminent vision. Jacob's definition seems inmen; and lastly, one in embryo to our deed very loose and inaccurate, as a great literary townsman, a pledge yet reference to any Dictionary of the
1831.] Seneschal.-Royal Vestments. --Sacred Oil.
317 German language must show. Dr. maniple which commonly appears on Brady, however, has given, in his ancient figures of priests and bishops Preface to the Norman History,* one dependant from the left arm, and which which is worthy of much attention. was a sort of rich towel to wipe away
He says it comes from the Teutonic any defilement from the sacramental or Saxon Sehen,t or Theon, videre, and cup; while this was given to the King Scale, servus, or minister. So that a with other sacred vestments, it was Seneschal may be simply defined a not perhaps allowed to occupy its seeing officer, a supervisor or overseer proper place, in order to show that he of the household. This appears to me was not charged with the actual adthe most plausible solution with which ministration of the Sacraments. I have met. That in the Glossaire de When I said that the oil of the la Langue Romane, article “ Sené- Sainte Ampoulle was employed in chal,” adds merely one more speci- consecrating the Kings of France, I men to the ingenious art of etymolo- might have noted a remarkable excepgical torture.
tion to the practice. Henry IVth of I beg to take this opportunity of France was not crowned at Rheims, adding something to my note on the but at Chartres, in consequence of the Tunica and Dalmatica. In saying former city being in possession of the that the Royal Dalmatica was a rich adverse political party. The Bishop and graceful triangular upper gar- of Chartres on this occasion published ment thrown over the shoulders of a long Latin epistle to prove that it our ancient Kings, my definition was not absolutely necessary the King agrees with that of Mr. Taylor and should be crowned at Rheims, and other respectable authorities. I be- cited various exceptions referring to lieve, however, that the super-tunic, French Kings of the early race. not the mantle, is properly the Dal- Heaven - sent oil
however, matic. The Royal vestments were thought indispensable in the absence designedly imitative of the attire of of that of the Sainte Ampoulle of Clovis, the Bishops of the ancient Church, for Henry's inunction, and accordingly the kingly office being thus exhibited that said to be transmitted by an anin close alliance with the authority of gel from heaven to anoint the bruises the Church, which in a spiritual sense of St. Martin, and kept in the Abbey it certainly is, as God in his Provi- of Marmoustier, founded by that dence is the source of all order and holy man, was employed, and a temporal power. The ceremonial of testimonial verifying it formally pubthe Coronation of Henry IV. of France lished. The proofs of its authendetails, in a very distinct form, the ticity were drawn from the legendary Royal ecclesiastical vestments, which biography of St. Martin by Sulpitius were handed to the King after he had Severus, Fortunatus Bishop of Poic. been stripped to his shirt for the tiers, and a passage of a sermon of anointing. They are enumerated as Albinus or Alcuinus, preceptor of the tunic representing the Sub-dea- Charlemagne, descanting on the micon's habit, the dalmatic (being the racles of Martin, in which he says super - tunic) the Deacon's, and the
falling down stairs, he broke Royal mantle the same as the chasuble
every bone in his skin, but in the or priest's cope. It strikes me that
course of a single night was rendered the armil s or narrow stole thrown perfectly whole and sound by an anround the neck of the King, which gel!”. So much for superstitious “vain has so much puzzled antiquaries, || be- traditions” and “ cunningly devised ing used in a manner so inappropriate fables,” which were fabricated for to its name, is nothing more than the temporal purposes by the pretended
votaries of religion, and which might * Complete History of England, vol. I,
well be made, as they were, the sub
ject of apostolic caution to the Chris+ Sehen, to see or behold, ig modern
tian Church. Scarcely, however, do German. Schale is Saxon for a minister or
we know which to admire most, the 1 Glory of Regality, p. 79.
rogues who fabricated these tales, or § Armilla ab arinis, i.e. brachiis.-Aius
the fools who believed them. worth.
Such extravagant fictions only tend Il Ceremonial de France, par N. Gode- to bring into ridicule customs solemn froy, p. 658.
and decent in themselves; for the
318 On Royal Coronations.--St. Saviour's Church. [Oct. inunction of Christian Kings is cer- &c. all which is circumstantially de. tainly a very proper and impressive tailed, and for which purpose laced mode of admitting them into their sa- apertures were made in the shirt at cred office, and was substituted from the places enumerated. I cannot, the earliest times of Christianity in therefore, conceive that at the Corothe place of barbarous secular rites. nation of Richard III. the uniform As Kings are admitted to their power practice in this respect was departed in order to govern according to the from, and an expedient so ridicuprinciples of justice laid down in the lously indelicate adopted, as would Word of God, from the sacred writings appear from the account cited, if it is most appropriately drawn a prece- could be literally received. A.J.K. dent for their inauguration : “And Zadok the priest took an horn out of Mr. URBAN,
Oct. 17. the Tabernacle, and anointed Solo- IN your last Magazine you did me mon, and they blew the trumpet, and the honour to insert a letter on the all the people said, God save King So. projected destruction of St. Saviour's lomon."' *
Church. Since I wrote, the work of Some solemn and impressive cere- demolition has been suspended; but, monies are highly proper and expe- I add with regret, only suspended to dient to be used in admitting an indi- be resumed at, I fear, a very short pevidual to kingly power, and they must
riod. As I mentioned in my last comhave ill-constructed heads, or worse, munication, the parishioners have detraitorous hearts, who attempt to un
termined on the destruction of the Jermine by ridicule, or by specious nave, it having been suggested by false reasonings, those institutions some parochial economist, that it which are identified with our ancient would be a saving to the parish to monarchy, our venerable and well- build a new Church, instead of repairbalanced Constitution. No splendid ing the old one. Now, after expendquackery can sanctify speculative and ing a large sum of money on the redangerous innovation, and “ pairs already executed, it seems the handed Justice has ever returned the very height of absurdity to think of poisoned chalice (in God's good time) deserting the choir and transepts ento the lips of its advocates."
tirely, and to erect a new church, by In the account of the Coronation of which a large portion of the entire Richard III. page 231, of your last building will be rendered useless.— number, much stress is laid upon the The roof which has been removed passage,
“that the King and Queen from the nave, was not ancient; it put off their robes, and stood all naked had been constructed most probably from the middle upwards, while the in the beginning of the last century; Bishop anointed both the King and and instead of the lofty acute angle of Queen.” A ceremony so indecorous, the ancient roof, was reduced to a even in the fifteenth century, must very low pitch, and covered with slate. most certainly not be literally under- I am not sufficiently acquainted with stood. Neither the text nor the illu- building practically, to say whether minations of ancient MSS. authorize the roof was or was not badly consuch a conclusion ; the stripping all structed; but I am strongly inclined to naked means a divesting of the Royal think that it failed from the badness personages of their upper garments to of its construction, and not from its the camisole or shirt; and in proof of age, and most certainly not from the this, I cite the same MS. account of decay of the walls. Within this roof the Coronation of Henry VI. which I was a handsome groined ceiling of have referred to in a note appended to wood, with numerous bosses, which “ the Account of the Coronation of Ri- has been destroyed with the outer chard the Second:”—“Then the Kynge roof, leaving the nave open to the sky, wente to the high autere ward, and long a melancholy picture of desolation. time there lyenge
The aisles with their stone vaults are the Archbishoppes tooke him up, and still perfect ; they require no rebuildstreiped him oute of his clothes into his ing, and show, in common with most sherie.” This was for the anointing ancient buildings, the older parts reon his breast, back, shoulders, elbows, maining firm, whilst the modern are
crumbling to decay. The massive and * i Kings, chap. i. verse 39.
noble pillars the work of the twelfth + See Glory of Regalicy, p. 83.
nerfect except one ;
1831.] Appeal on behalf of St. Saviour's Church.
319 the walls exhibit no signs of decay; possible to do so ? Every man converthey appear to be adequate to the sup- sant with building must know that a port of a new roof, and strong enough church commensurate with the poputo outlast any flimsy modern church lation of a parish like St. Saviour's, which may be erected on their site. cannot be built for any thing like that Unless every feeling of veneration for sum; perhaps the real amount would the ancient building is unhappily ex- be double. And will any one say tinct in the parish,-unless a love of that the nave will need an equal or a novelty, and a restless spirit of al- greater sum to restore it? I should teration alone directs the Vestry,– require the testimony of high authoand unless that body have sacrificed rity, before I would yield my assent common sense, and common under- to such a proposition. standing, on the Altar of Innovation, Among the most offensive circum-I shall still expect to see the old stances attendant on the destruction building rising majestic in something of an ancient church, is the disrespectlike its original beauty : but, if deaf ful mode in which the dead are treatto reason, and blind to experience, ed. Illustrious individuals who have the Vestry come to the decision that slept for ages in their tombs, are turnit will be less expensive to build a ed unceremoniously out of their restnew church, than to repair the roof of ing places, and moved about the an old one, every lover of antiquities church like articles of lumber. To will have cause to regret the ignorance instance Bishop Andrews, who reposed and wilfulness which led to the de- in the centre of an ancient chapel, struction of one of the finest monastic taken down to make way for the enchurches in existence. I could dilate croachment of the London Bridge apon the splendour of the old works,- proaches : the Bishop's remains, with the four unrivalled arches which sup- his tomb, were then moved to the port the tower, the beautiful choir, Lady Chapel ; and when that ill-fated which Salisbury itself does not sur- structure is destroyed, as I fear it pass, and that choir restored by Mr. soon will be, his bones and tomb Gwilt in a manner which causes every will be removed into some other antiquary to exult, and to close his part of the church. In like manner eyes on the few, very few, faults the ashes of the poet Gower, which which are to be only detected by a had reposed for four centuries in an critical eye. The transepts too, which elegant tomb* in the north aisle of the modern improvement had reduced to nave, are now removed with the tomb a skeleton, having also been restored, to the south transept, where the moadd much to the grandeur of the church, nument will stand with the feet toalthough the antiquary cannot but re- wards the south : and to make way gret some fantastic attempts at im- for this alteration, another monument provement, as well as the flimsy and which had been previously removed modern character of much of these lat. from the south aisle of the choir to ter works; and the more so when in the transept, is taken down, and now the interior he turns from the choir lies in fragments in the ruined nave. restored in stone, without whitewash In addition to these circumstances, or plaster, to the compo ornaments of the manner in which the congregation the transept, appearing as clean and have been accommodated for some trim as if “washed every morning years, appears to be an evil which rewith soap and water,” as an excellent quires diocesan interference. The puldivine of our Church has observed of pit was first moved from the northanother modern restoration. Still, east angle of the transept to the cenhowever much these things may of- tre of the choir; it is now placed in fend the antiquary, he will even ex- front of the organ, the clergyman cuse the plasterer, when he sees that, looking towards the altar, the readingnotwithstanding his works, much of desk being on the opposite side, in the original remains for his gratifica- uniformity with the modern arrangetion ; but to witness the entire destruc- ment; in this church the whole were tion of the nave, and a carpenter's formerly grouped together, and affixed Gothic erection, something above a to the north-eastern pier of the tower. meeting-house, arise in its place, is The pews and seats, some old and beyond calm reflection. The proposed new church, it is said, is to be built
* See the engraving of this monument for 11,000l. or some such sum. Is it in our vol. c. i. 401.