Imatges de pÓgina


In the Stanzas of Three Verses, or Triplets, the Verses of each Stanza rhyme to one another; and are either Heroick; as,

Nothing, thou Elder Brother een to shade.!
Thou hadft a Being e'er the World was made.

And, (well-fix’d) art alone of ending not afraid. Roch. Or else chey consist of 8 Syllables ; as these of Waller, of a fair Lady playing with a Snake.

Strange that such Horrour and such Grace
Should dwell together in one place,

A Fury's Arm, an Angel's Face.
Nor do the Verses of these Stanzas always contain a like
Number of Syllables ; for the First and Third may have Ten,
the Second but Eight ; as,
Men without

Love have oft fo cunning grown,
That something like it. they have sewn,
But none who had it, i'er seemid to have none.
Love's of a strangely open, fimple Kind,

Can no Arts or Disguises find, But thinks none sees it, 'cause it self is blind. Cowl. In the Stanzas of Four Verses the Rhyme may be intermix'd in Two different Manners; for either che ift and 3d Verse may shyme to each other, and by consequence the ad and 4th, and this is callid Alternate Rhyme; or the įst and 4th may rhyme, and by consequence the 2d and 3d.

But there are some Poems in Stanzas of Four Verses, where the Rhymes follow one another, and the Verse differ in Number of Syllables only; as in Cowley's Hymn to the Light, which begins thus,

Firft-born of Chaos! who fo fair didft come

From the old Negro's dárksom Womb :

Which, when it saw the lovely Child, The melancholy Mass put on kind Looks and smild. But these Stanzas are generally in Alternate Rhyme, and the Várfes'confift either of 10 Syllables; as,

She ne'er Saw Courts, but Courts could have undone

With untaught Looks and an unpraktis'd Heart :
Her Nets the most prepar'd could never shun;
For Nature spread them in the Scorn of Art.


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Or of 8; as,

Had Echo with so sweet a Grace,

Narcissus loud Complaints return'd :
Not for Reflexion of his face,

But of his voice the Boy had burn'd.




Or of jo and 8, that is to say, the rst and 3d of 10 ; the ad and 4th of 8; as,

Love from Time's Wings has ftol'n the Feathers Sure,

He has, and put them to bris owon :
For Hours of late as long as Days enduré,
And very Minutes Hours are grown.


Or of 8 and 6 in the like Manner; as,

Then ask not Bodies doom'd to dyė,

To what Abode they go:
Since Knowledge is but Sorrow's Spy,

'Tes better not to know,


Or of 7 ; as,

Not the silver Doves that fly,

Toak'd in Cytherea's Car;
Nor the Wings that life so high,

And convey ber Son fo far;

Are so lovely sweet and fair,
Or do more enr.oble Love

Are fo choicely match'd a pair,
Or with more Consert do move.

Wall. Note, Thar it is absolutely neceflary that both the Construction and Sense should end with the Stanza, and not fall into the Beginning of the following one, as it does in the latt Ex. ample, which is a Fault wholly to be avoided.


Of the Stanzas of Six Verses.


HE Stanzas of Six Verses, are generally only one of the

before-mention'd Quadrans or Stanzas of four Verfes, with Two Verses at the End that rhyme to one another ; as,

A rural Judge dispos'd of Beauty's Prize,

A limple Shepherd was prefer'd to Jove ;
Down to the Mountains from the partial Skies

Came Juno, Pallas, and the Quecn of Love,
To plead for that which was so juftly giv'n,

To the bright Carlisle of the Courts of Heavin. Where the 4 first Verses are only a Quadran, and confift of 10 Syllables each in Alternate Rhyme.


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The following Stanza in like manner is compos'd of a Quadran, whose Verses consist of 8 Syllables; and to which z Verses that rhyme to one another are added at the End; as,

Hope waits upon the flowry Prime,

And Summer, tho it be less gay,
Yet is not look'd on as a Time

Of Declination and Decay ;
For with a ful Hand that does bring
All that was promis'd by the Spring.

Wall. Sometimes the Quadran ends the Stanza, and the two Lines of the same Rhyme begin it ; as,

Here's to thee Dick, this whining Love despise :
Pledge me, my Friend, and drink till thou be's wife.

It sparkles brighter far than she ;
'Tis pure and right without Deceit,
And such no Woman e'er can be ;
No, they are all fophifticate.

Cowt Or as in there, where the first and last Verses of the Stanza consist of 10 Syllables;

When Chance of cruel Bus'ness parts us two,

What do our Souls, I wonder, do?
While Sleep does our dull Bodies tie,
Met binks at home they should not stay,

Content with Dreams, but boldly fly

Abroad, and meet each other half the Way. Cowl. Or as in the following Stanza, where the 4th and sth Verses. rhyme to each other, and the 3d and oth;

While what I write I do not see,
I dare thus eu'n to you write Poetry:
Ahfoolish Muse! that doft so high aspirez

And know' ft her Judgment well,
How much it does thy Pow'r excell;
Yet darft be read by thy just Doom the Fire. Cowl.

(Written in Juice of Lemon. But in some of these Stanzas the Rhymes follow one another; as,

Take Heed, take Heed, thou lovely Maid,

Nor be by glitt'ring Ills betray'd:
Thy self for Money ! oh! let no Man kriom

The Price of Beauty fall’n fo low.

What Dangers ought'st thou not to dread
When Love that's blind is by blind Fortune led ?. Cowl.

Lastly, Laftly, some of these Stanzas are compos'd of 2 Triplets; as,

The Lightning, which tall Oaks oppose in vain,

To strike sometimes does not disdain
The bumble Furzes of the Plain.
Ske being so high, and I so low,

Her Podo'r by this does greater shove,
vvho at such Distance gives so sure a Blow. Cowl


of the Stanzas of 8 Verses.

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Have already said, that the Italians compose their Heroick

Poems in Stanzas of 8 Verses, where the Rhyme is difpos'd as follows; the ift, 3d, and sth Verses rhyme to one another, and the ad 4th, and 6th; the Two last always rhyme to each other. Now our Translators of their Heroick Poems have observ'd the fame Stanza and Disposition of Rhyme; of which take the following Example from Fairfax's Translation of Taffo's Goffredo, Cent. 1. Stan. 3d.

Thither thou know'st the VV/orld is best inclin'd

VVbere turing Parnass most his Beams imparts ;
And Truth convey'd in Verse of gentlejt kind,

To read sometimes, will move the dulleft Hearts;
So me, if Children young diseas'd we find,

Anoint with Sweets the Vessel's foremost Parts,
To make them taste the Potions Sharp we give;

They drink deceiv'd, and so deceiv'd they live. But our Poets seldom imploy this Stanza in Compositions of their own; where the following Stanzas of 8 Verses are most frequent. Some others

may with Safety tell
The mod'rate Flames which in them dwell;
And either find some Med'cine there,
Or cur, themselves eu'n by Despair :
My Love's so great, that it might prove

Dang rous to tell her that I love.
So tender is my VVound, it cannot bear
Any Salute, thor of the kindeft Air.

Cowl. Where the Rhymes follow one another, and the 6 first Verses confift of $ Syllables each, the 2 laft of 10.


We have another fort of Stanza of 8 Verses, where the 4th rhymes to the ift, the 3d to the 2d, and the 4 laft are Two Couplets; and where the ift, 4th, 6th and 8th, are of to Syllables each, the 4 others but of 8; as,

I've often wisb’d to love : What shall I do?

fill the cruel Boy does Spare;

And I a double Task must bear,
First to wote him, and then a Mistress too.

Come at last, and strike for same,
If thou art any thing besides a Name;'

I'll think thee else no God to be,

But Poets, rather, Gods, who first created thee. Cowl. Another, when the 2 first and 2 laft Verses consist of 10 Syllables each, and rhyme to one another, the 4 other but of 8 in Alternate Rhyme.

Tho' you be abfest hence, I needs must say,
The Trees as beauteous are, and Flow'rs as gay,

As ever they were wont to be :
Nay the Birds rural Mufick too
Is as melodiores and free,

As if they sung to pleasure you.
I saw a Rose-bud ope this Morn; ril swear

The blufhing Morning open'd not more fair. Cowl. Another, where the 4 first Verses are Two Couplets, the 4 last in Alternate Rhyme; as in Cowley's Ode of a Lady shas made Posies for Rings.

I little thought the Time would ever be,
That I should VVit in dwarfish Polies fee.

As all VVords in few Letters live,
Thou to few VVords all Sense doft give.
'Twas Nature taught you this rare Art,
In such a little much to shew ;

VVbo all the Good she did impart
To VVomankind, epitomis'd in you.


Of the Stanzas of 10 and, of 12 Verses.

HE Stanzas of ro and 12 Verses are seldom employ'd in

our Poetry, it being very difficult to confine our selves to a certain Disposition of Rhyme, and Measure of Verse, for



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