Imatges de pÓgina

To this Figure may be referr'd that eloquent Infinuation, whereby the Orator, after he has us'd all his Arguments to perfuade his Hearers, as it were, once more sets them at Liberty, and leaves them to their own Election; it being the Nature of Man to stick more stedfastly to what is not violently impos'd, but is our own free and deliberate Choice. If it feem evil unto you to serve the Lord, chufe you this' Day whom you will ferve * When the great Joshua had, under God, in the most astonishing Manner conquer'd the People of Canaan, and conducted the Ifraelites into their Land; he exhorts them to a steady Adherence to the Worship of the true God, who had so visibly appear'd for them, and made them so gloriously triumph over their Enemies. In the Conclusion of his Speech, well knowing the Advantage and, Merits of his Cause, and that he

Tillotson on Joshua xxiv. 15. Serm. 27. p. 308.


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might safely appeal to their own Con-
science and Experience for the Truth
of what he had said, he seems to
leave them to their own Liberty and
Choice. As if that brave Man had
said, My Friends and Countrymen !
if I should inlarge on a Matter so plain,
it might seem a Distrust upon both
your Understanding and Ingenuity.
I leave all to you, not in the least
suspecting that you can resist such
Arguments, as cannot fail to work
upon any one, who has either Reason
or Gratitude.

We have an Ironical Concesion in
Cato's Speech about the Punishment
of the Traitors in Catiline's Conspi-
racy, which is cutting and satirical:
“ Let them then, since the Genius of
“ the Age is so careless and corrupt,
* be liberal out of the Fortunes of
" our Allies; let them be compaffi-
« onate to the Thieves of the Trea-
“ sury: But let them not dispose of
our Blood, and while they spare a

a few

COL: [rui

“ few profligate Villains, go to de

stroy all good Men.”

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f. 11. REPETITION is a Figure which gracefully and emphatically repeats either the same Word, or the Jame Sense in different Words. Care is to be taken, that we run not into insipid Tautologies, nor affect a trifling Sound and Chime of insignificant Words. All Turns and Repetitions are so, that do not contribute to the Strength and Lustre of the Discourse, or at least one of them. The Nature and Design of this Figure is to make deep Impressions on those we address. It expresses Anger and Indignation, full Assurance of what we affirm, and vehement Concern for what we have espous'd.

The most charming Repetitions are those, whereby the principal Words in a Sentence, either the same in Sound, or Signification, are repeated with such Advantage and Improvenient, as raises a new Thought, or

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gives a musical Cadence and Harmony to the Period. These in Englip are call’d fine Turns, and are either upon the Words only, or the Thought, or both. A dextrous Turn upon Words is pretty; the Turn upon the Thought fubftantial; but the Consummation and Crown of all is, when both the Sound of the Words is grateful, and their Meaning comprehensive; when both the Reason and the Ear are entertain'd with a noble Thought vigorously express’d, and beautifully finish’d. That in Mr. Prior's Henry and Emma is a very agreeable Turn:

Are there not Poisons, Racks, and Flames,

[and Swords That Emme thus must die by Henry's Words Yet what could Swords, or Poison, Racks,

[or Flame, But mangle and disjoint this brittle Frame? More fatal Henry's Words : They murder

[Emma's Fame *

** Prior's Poems, p. 192.



Strong and vehement Pafons will. not admit Turns upon Words ; not ought they to have place in Heroic Poems or in grave Exhortations, and folemn Discourses of Morality. To this Figure, which has a great Variety, and many Branches, may be referred the using of many Words , of the fame Signification to express one important Thing. When a Man is full of his Subject, and eager tocommunicate his Thoughts with Vigour, he is not satisfy'd with one Ex-pression, tho” never so strong; but uses all the significant Variety he can recollect. So Tully for Milo*; The: Affaflin was baffled, Force repelled. by Force, or rather Boldness overcome by Bravery. If Reason prescribes this to the Learned, and Ne. cessity to Barbarians, Custom to Nations, and Nature itself to brute. Beasts, always to beat off all manner

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* Select Orat. in usum Del. Lond. 1706.-P. 3.16. 5. 7.

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