Imatges de pàgina
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Area 881 square miles, or 563,946 statute acres.
Population in 1851 – Males, 232,411; Females, 242,602 ;

total, 475,013. Increase per cent in 50 years, 130.
Houses-inhabited, 96,731; uninhabited, 4596. To a
square mile-539 persons; 110 houses. Acres—to a
person, 1.2 ; to an inhabited house, 5.8. Average num-
ber of persons to each inhabited house, 4.9. Greatest
length, 514 miles ; greatest breadth, 36 miles. There are
235,000 acres of meadow and pasture land; and 60,000

are covered with artificial grass. WA JARWICKSHIRE is situated nearly in the centre of

England. It is bounded on the north by Staffordshire and Leicestershire ; on the east by Northamptonshire; on the south by Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire; and on the west by Worcestershire. In outline it is irregular, approaching to an oval. From the absence of steep and precipitous ground, this county is well adapted throughout for agricultural purposes. The soil, as usual in the midland districts, presents great variety. The climate is mild and healthy, and vegetation early. The highest points in the county are at Corley, in Hemlingford Hundred, and in the neighbourhood of Packington. Ancient writers divide the county into two parts, denominated the Feldon, or plain country, and the Arden, or woodland, the river Avon separating them; but the growth of population and industry bas long ago abolished the distinction. The principal rivers are the Avon, Leam, and Tame. The smaller streams are the Anker, Arrow, Alne, Swift, and Stour.

At the time of the invasion of Julius Cæsar, two tribes occupied this county, the Cornavii, or Carnabii, and the Wigantes, or Wiccii. The former, besides their possessions in this county, were masters of all Staffordshire and Cheshire and portions of Shropshire, Flintshire, and Leicestershire.

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The territories of the Wiccii were more to the southward, including, Worcestershire and the north of Gloucestershire. These tribes were partially subdued by Ostorius Scapula, the second Roman governor of Britain, about the year 50. Their conquest was afterwards completed by Suetonius Paulinus. When Ostorius visited the Arden of Warwickshire, he appears to have constructed entrenched camps and forts along the banks of the rivers Severn and Avon; but as to the number and position of these, great diversity of opinion exists among antiquarians. His great Ardenian station was Tripontium (Lilborn, Northamptonshire, on the borders of this county); and as Warwick is nearly in the centre of the line of forts, some writers make it the Præsidium of the Romans. There can be no doubt, however, that Alcester, on the south-western boundary of the county, was a Roman station ; many relics, such as urns, bricks, and coins, sufficiently testifying to the fact. When Severus divided the Roman territories in Britain into two provinces, Warwickshire was included in Britannia Secunda. In the heptarchy this county formed part of the powerful kingdom of Mercia ; several of the kings frequently holding their court at Tamworth, on its northern extremity. When the Danes invaded England, they committed great ravages here, plundering and burning most of the principal towns. In the wars of the Roses, Warwickshire shed some of its best blood for both factions. The town of Warwick, and a considerable part of the county, at the instigation of the Earl of Warwick, declared for the house of York; while Coventry, on the other hand, was equally zealous in its devotion to the house of Lancaster. In the war between Charles I. and the Parliament, Warwickshire sided with the Parliament; and it was at Edgehill, within its bounds, that the first great but indecisive battle was fought, A.D. 1642. Since that date, tho general history of the county presents no facts calling for special mention.

The county takes its name from the town of Warwick. In Saxon annals it is written Weringscyre. It contains interesting remains of the several nations under whose sway the country has been in succession. Three of the Roman roads pass through it, viz., the Watling Street, the Ikenild Street, and the Foss Way. Watling Street divides Warwickshire from Leicestershire; and very distinct and interesting remains of it are to be seen at Mancester, and e sewhere. Ikenild Street, which traverses the kingdom from Southampton to Tynemouth, may be seen to advantage in the neighbourhood of Sutton Coldfield. The Foss Way may be traced,

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