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whom all power and judgment is given of the Father b. In which day, not only the apostate angels shall be judg. ed c, but likewise all persons that have lived upon earth shall
appear before the tribunal of Christ, to give an account of their thoughts, words, and deeds, and to receive according to what they have done in the body, whether good or evild.
II. The end of God's appointing this day is for the manifestation of the glory of his mercy in the eternal falvation of the elect, and of his justice in the damantion of the reprobate, who are wicked and disobedient. For then fhall the righteous go into everlasting life, and receive that fulness of joy and refreshing which shall come from the presence of the Lord ; but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into eternal torments, and be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power e. III. As Christ would have us to be certainly persuaded
that whereby he is able even to subdue ing to that he hath done, whether it all things unto himself.
be good or bad. Eccl. xii. 14. For 1. a Acts xvii. 31. Because he hath God shall bring every work into appointed a day, in the which he judgment, with every secret thing, will judge the world in righteousness, whether it be good, or whether it be by that man whom he hath ordain- evil. Rom. ii. 16. In that day when ed; whereof he hath given assur. God shall judge the secrets of men ance unto all men, in that he hath by Jesus Christ, according to my raised him from the dead.
gospel. Rom. xiv. 10. But why doit b John v. 22. For the Father thou judge thy brother ? or why dost judgeth no man; but hath commit- thou set at nought thy brother? for ted all judgment unto the Son. v. 27. we shall all stand before the judg. And hath given him authority to
ment-seat of Christ. v. 12. So then execute judgment also, because he every one of us shall give account of is the Son of man.
himself to God. Matth. xii. 36. But c i Cor. vi. 3. Know ye not thảt I say unto you, that every
idle word we shall judge angels? how much that men shall speak, they shall give more things that pertain to this life? account thereof in the day of judg. Jude 6. (See letter d, chapter fore
v. 37. For by thy words going.) 2 Pet. ii. 4. For if Gud thou shalt be justified. and by thy spared not the angels, that finned, words thou shalt be condemned. but cast them down to hell, and de- II. e(Matth. xxv. 31. to the end.) livered them into chains of darkness, Rom. ii. 5. But after thy hardness to be reserved unto judgment. and impenitent heart, treafurelt
d 2 Cor. v. 10. For we must all unto thyself wrath against the day appear before the judgment seat of of wrath, and revelation of the righi
. Christ; that every one may receive teous judgment of God; v. 6. Who the things done in his body, accord will render to every man according
that there shall be a day of judgment, both to deter all men from sin, and for the greater confolation of the godly in their adversity f: so will he have that day unknown to men, that they may shake off all carnal security, and be always watchful, because they know not at what hour the Lord will come, and may be ever prepared to say, Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly. Amen 8.
to his deeds. Rom. ix. 21. What if v. 7. And to you who are troubled, God, willing to thew his wrath, and rest with us, when the Lord Jesus to make his power known, endured shall be revealed from heaven, with with much long suffering the vessels his mighty angels. Luke xxi. 27. of wrath fitted to destruction : v. 23. And then shall they see the son of And that he might make known the man coming in a cloud with power riches of his glory on the vessels of and great glory. V. 28. And when mercy, which he had afore prepared these things begin to come to pass, unto glory? Matth xxv. 21. His then look up, and lift up your heads; lord said unto him, Well done, thou for your redemption draweth nigh. good and faithful servant; thou hast Rom. viii. 23. And not only they, but been faithful over a few things, I ourselves allo, which have the firstwill make thee ruler over many fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves things: enter thou into the joy of groan within ourselves, waiting for thy Lord. Acts. iii. 19. Repent ye the adoption, to wit, the redemption therefore, and be converted, that of our body. v. 24. For
we are saved your fins
may be blotted out, when by hope: but hope that is seen, is the times of refreshing shall come not hope : for what a man seeth, from the presence of the Lord. why doth be yet hope for ? v. 25. 2 Thess.i.7.-10.(See in the Bible.) But if we hope for that we see not,
III. f 2 Pet. iii. 1. Seeing then then do we with patience wait for it. that all these things shall be diffol- 8
Matth. xxiv. 36. 42, 43, 44. ved, what manner of persons ought (See in the Bible.) Mark xiii. 35. ye to be in all holy conversation and Watch ye therefore, (for ye know godliness? v. 14. Wherefore, be- not when the master of the house loved, seeing that ye look for such cometh; at even, or at midnight, or things, be diligent that ye may be at the cock-crowing, or in the mornfound of him in peace, without spot, ing.) v. 36. Lelt coming suddenly, and blameless. 2 Cor. 1.10. (See in he find you sleeping. v. 37. And what letter d.) v. 11. Knowing therefore I say unto you, I lay unto all, the terror of the Lord, we perfuade Watch Luke xii. 35. Let your loins men; but we are made manifest un- be girded about, and your lights to God, and I trust also, are made burning ; v. 36. And ye yourselves manifest in
consciences. 2 Thess. like unto men that wait for their , i. 5. Which is a manifest token of lord, when he will return from the the righteous judgment of God, that wedding, that when he cometh and ye may be counted worthy of the knocketh, they may open unto him kingdom of God, for which ye also immediately. Rev. xxii. 20. He fufer. v. 6. Seeing it is a righteous which testifieth these things, faith, thing with God to recompense tri- Surely I come quickly. Amen. Ebulation to them that trouble you; ven so, come. Lord Jesus.
F IN I S.
WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF
ASSEMBLY OF DIVINES
WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF
C O M M I S S I O N E R S
CHURCH OF SCOTLAND,
Part of the Covenanted Uniformity in Religion betwixt the
Churches of CHRIST in the Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland.
Α Ν D
Approved Anno 1648, by the General Assembly of the CHURCH of SCOTLAND, to be a Directory for Catechising such as have made some Proficiency in the Knowledge of the Grounds of Religion.
WITH THE PROOFS FROM THE SCRIPTURE.
ASSEMBLY at Edinburgh, July 2. 1648, Seff. 10.
Act approving the LARGER CATECHISM.
fidered the LARGER CATECHISM, agreed upon by the assembly of divines fitting at Westminster, with ashstance of commissioners from this kirk, copies thereof being printed, and sent to presbyteries, for the more exact trial thereof, and public intimation being frequently made in this assembly, That every one that had any doubts or objections upon it might put them in'; do find, upon due examination thereof, that the said CATECHISM is agreeable to the word of God, and in nothing contrary to the received doctrine, worship, discipline, and government of this kirk; a necessary part of the intended uniformity in religion, and a rich treasure for increasing knowledge among the people of God: and therefore the assembly, as they bless the Lord, that so excellent a CATECHISM is prepared; so they approve the same, as a part of uniformity; agreeing, for their part, that it be a common CATECHISM for the three kingdoms, and a directory for catechising such as have made some proficiency in the knowledge of the grounds of religion.
Τ Η Ε
Question 1. WHAT is the chief and highest end of Man?
Answer. Man's chief and highest end is to glorify God a, and fully to enjoy him for ever b.
Q. 2. How doth it appear that there is a God?
A. The very light of nature in man, and the works of God, declare plainly that there is a God c; but his word and Spirit only do sufficiently and effectually reveal him unto men for their falvation d.
Q. 3. What
1. a Rom. xi. 36. For of him, that they may be one, even as we and through him; and to him are all are one. v. 23. I in them, and thou things: to whom be glory for ever. in me, that they may be made perAmen. 1 Cor.x. 31. Whether there- feet in one, and that the world may fore ye eat or drink, or whatsoever know that thou hast sent me, and ye do, do all to the glory of God. hast loved them, as thou hast loved 6 Pfal. lxxiii.
Thou shalt me. guide me with thy counsel, and af- 2. c Rom. i. 19. Because that terwards receive me to glory. v. 25. which may be known of God, is maWhom have I in heaven but thee? nifest in them; for God hath shewed and there is none upon earth that I it unto them. v. 20. For the invidefire besides thee. V. 26. My flesh fible things of him from the creation and my heart faileth: but God is of the world are clearly seen, being the strength of my heart, and my understood by the things that are portion for ever. v.27. For lo, they made, even his eternal power and that are far from thee, shall perish: Godhead; so that they are without thou halt destroyed all them that go excufe. Psal. xix. 1. The heavens a-whoring from thee. V. 28. But it declare the glory of God : and the is good for me to draw near to God: firmament sheweth his handy-work. I have put my trust in the Lord v. 2. Day unto day uttereth speech, God, that I
declare all thy and night unto night sheweth knowworks. John xvii. 21. That they ledge. v. 3. There is no speech, all may
be one, as thou, Father, nor language, where there voice is art in me, and I in thee; that they not heard. Acts xvii. 28. For in also may
be one in us: that the him we live, and move, and have world may believe that thou hast fent
our being. v. 22. And the glory which di Cor. ii. 9. But as it is written, thou gavest me, I have given them: Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard,