Imatges de pÓgina


It arose out of the proposition ged and altered from time to time, as of residence abroad, to which the may be fitting to the occasion.” What Queen could not agree, after the must be understood as the fair incharges which had been made against tendment of these words? Did they her, and the green bag which had not, upon every principle of ordinary been thrown upon the table, without construction, signify, that as George the concession of something which might succeed to Anne, or Caroline might secure her motives from all to Charlotte, the names of the latter misconstruction. From all that he should be substituted for the former? himself knew-from all that he under. He took his ground upon this simple stood by comniunication with others and obvious interpretation. It was

from the known sense of a great only by over-strained and far-fetched part, if not a majority of that House constructions, that any other meanand from the undoubted sense of a ing could be elicited. The including majorityout of doors, he was warranted of the Queen under the general term in stating, that the surrender of that of the Royal Family, might perhaps point by the Crown, would ensure be defended in point of religion, but success to the object of his honour- not of justice or constitutional proable friend. Success would then be priety. Could it indeed be maincertain, and without the shadow of tained, that the erasure of her Madishonour on the Queen. (Hear, hear.) jesty's name from the prayers of the

- This once conceded, all difficulties church cast no stigma, and implied would be done away. For himself, he no suspicion ? If Queen after Queen could solemnly assure the House, that had been prayed for—if her present he was as convinced as he was of his Majesty, whilst Princess of Wales own existence that this was the only and until the demise of the crown, remaining obstacle. Let the word had herself been prayed for, could Liturgy be but once amicably pro- such an omission be passed over as a nounced, and every impediment trifling or unimportant matter ? But would be removed. He did not wish it seemed that the name of George to make this a party question, or the First had been inserted singly, throw any peculiar blame on minis. and this was stated by way of shewters. He believed that deep regreting that her Majesty would sustain had been expressed for the omission no dishonour by a similar circumof her Majesty's name in the church stance. Were he not, however, averse service; and by how much the more to tread on the ashes of a departed the act ought not to have been done, Queen, he could shew that this referso much the easier would it be to un. ence contained the greatest possible do it. He did not wish to fatigue the aggravation of the injury. Then it House by a discussion of right, or to had been urged that the Duke of lead it through a labyrinth of legal York had been prayed for by name; and theological lore.' The Liturgy but a Duke of York, as heir-presumphad been established by authority of tive, had no title; and the rule reParliament, after having been framed specting him, when heir-apparent, and prepared by the convocation. It was by no means so inflexible as with was only to the due legal authority regard to a Queen-Consort. that a certain power of alteration was Queen was not only the consort of a given, in cases relating to the Royal King, but the first subject of his Family. It was enacted that the realm. She was subject only to the names of the Royal Family be chans monarch ; she had high and peculiar privileges-he had almost said pre- anxious to protect the unsullied horogatives. The King's, indeed, were nour of the crown of these realms ? not imparted to her, but they shelter- On no account whatever, happen ed, covered, and protected her. In what might, would he cast the slightother respects she enjoyed privileges est shade on that pure and spotless above all other women. There was diadem. He conceived that the connothing of which the law was more stitution could not recognize the King careful, than to guard the honour of in his individual capacity, and that all the Queen Consort, and of the line the public acts of the crown must be which was continued through her. the acts of ministers. Were they to A stigma in this quarter might, in open their ears to every rumour, or other circumstances, have caused a to every vague notion that the King's disputed succession. But he was told dignity might be insulted, and lose that her Majesty ought to waive this sight altogether of the Queen's situapoint, because an accommodation was tion? It appeared to him to be an desirable. His question, in answer to easy mode of extricating themselves that observation, was, why should from the difficulty, to carry up an not his Majesty, or rather his Majes-humble address to the foot of the ty's ministers, waive this point ? throne, representing the sentiments (Hear.) They were the authors of the which they could not avoid enteract: her Majesty was the only suffer- taining on this painful subject. There er by it; she had obeyed the law, was no reason why ministers should and there was no charge against her hesitate to give sound advice on this arising out of the transaction. The important subject. Let them not fear concession must be degrading to her; lest their Sovereign should discounit could not be degrading to the other tenance them for it. He was too just side. On the part of her Majesty, it and patriotic not to know that it must was to surrender all; on the part of have been extorted from them by the ministers, it was to surrender nothing. commanding voice of Parliament. If she acquiesced, she must be de. Even if it should lead to a dismissal graded every Sunday in the eyes of from their places, let them not dread every Christian congregation through- that by manfully discharging their out the land. The importance early duty, or yielding to expediency, or attached to this point was shewn by complying with the wishes of that expressions of the Princess Sophia, House, they would ultimately lose when she was asked, in the reign of them. (Hear, hear.) He should like Queen Anne, to come over and reside to see the man who would step forin Britain. She had then evidently ward to succeed them in such a case. considered the being prayed for as Where could be found the rash and equivalent to residence, and as secu- presumptuous factionists, the headring her title to the crown. He would strong and audacious politicians, who not listen for an instant to the argu- would venture to step into places ment, that the crown would lower it- from which others had been removed self by the concession. Ministers only for discharging an honest, a conhad advised the act; let them now scientious, and an important duty? He advise its revocation. The disgrace, trusted they were now near the end when removed from the Queen, could of those painful preliminary discusnot attach to the Sovereign; if he sions. Let the House look to the thought it could, he should be the case. They were going on, day aflast man to advise it. Who was not ter day, and something else was going on, day after day, out of doors- to take it on the broadest grounds of (hear)-much irritation, great disap- ministerial and personal responsibilipointment, and a constant factious ty. Her Majesty's right to the title meddling with, and perversion of, the of Queen, had been from the first case, for the purpose of keeping up unequivocally acknowledged; he had that irritation. He would not say named her in Parliament under that that this had taken place: he would title. Whatever propositions were say that it was going on every day made to her Majesty when abroad, and every hour. It was time that were laid before her in the character such a state of things should end; of Queen. Her Majesty had not been and he believed it was the general called on to surrender any of her leopinion, he hoped, a strong one, that gal rights, as Queen, but to forbear these discussions should also termi- from the exercise of certain rights, nate. Mr Brougham regretted that which ministers were induced to reon this subject he should differ from commend, that, for the sake of

peace, any of his political friends. He owed she should give up. It was necessary here an imperious duty to the coun- for his argument, on this subject, that try, and one more sacred still to his he should state so much of the law, illustrious client. If he were capable with respect to the liturgy, as goof being biassed, on such an occasion, verned his own judgment, and that by party spirit, or the love of popu- of his Majesty's ministers, in the adlarity, he would think himself the vice they had given. In the first meanest of traitors to the mistress place, he denied that the Act of Parhe served. He would never give her liament was peremptory on this quesMajesty any other advice than that tion. The words of the statute, which which appeared to him most condu- set forth, " that it would be proper cive to her own honour, and the tran- for the lawful authorities to alter quillity of the country.

the prayer with respect to the King, Lord Castlereagh declared, that he Queen, and Royal Progeny," did not felt considerable difficulty in rising to impose on the Council the necessity address the House, after the powerful of inserting the names of all the perimpression which had been made by sons that came within those words. the extraordinary talent and ingenui. From the period of passing the act of ty of the honourable gentleman who uniformity down to the present day, had just sat down. Without losing a discretion had been exercised by any advantage of his legal character, the King in Council, to include or he had availed himself of his situa- exclude the names of individuals of tion as a senator, to excite the strong- the Royal Family. It was a fallacy est feelings in the assembly. He him- to say that her Majesty was not now self had not intended to speak till a prayed for. This could not be conlater period; but he felt called upon tended, unless it could be proved that to answer, without delay, some ob- her Majesty was not a member of the servations of the learned gentleman. Royal Family. Although he would He entirely agreed with him as to not disguise that there were consithe harmony with which the confer- derations, on which the discretion of ences had been conducted, though in his Majesty, to include or exclude his speech he had thrown out some names, had been exercised in this ininsinuations too much in the spirit of stance, yet he protested against the an advocate. With regard to the conclusion that the manner in which question of the Liturgy, he was ready the discretion had been exercised was

a conclusive stigma upon her Majes. for the illustrious individual by name ty. There was no principle of selec- -not to call for the prayers of the tion; the power was arbitrary. Names country for her as one of the Royal were included in the Liturgy or ex- Family; but to present the individual cluded according to circumstances, for the prayers of the country, when and as the King was advised by his perhaps it might soon afterwards beCouncil to make the introduction or come a duty to bring down informaexclusion. As to the mode of exer- tion to Parliament which might give cising this discretion, the Council did a character to her of a different sort. not generally make the necessary al- He had no hesitation in saying, that, teration, but referred it to the arch- while influenced by the considerabishop, who carried the representations which he had mentioned, he tion made to him to the closet, and would, as an honest man, and as a mia altered the Liturgy accordingly, with nister of the Crown, have sacrificed his the approbation of the Sovereign. existence rather than have given a difThis discretion had been exercised, ferent advice, and without any examinot only in more distant connexions, nation into the truth of the informabut even in some as near as the pre- tion. The Queen's counsel had never sent. The Queen of George I. had till now appeared to attach any imnot been prayed for by name. It was portance to this point. They had taa true, there had been documents in the ken no notice of it in the negociations Consistory Court at Hanover which prior to the Queen's arrival, in which justified this exclusion. But the case the complaint only related to the want shewed the same exercise of discre- of respect from the King's servants tion which was acted upon in this abroad. Lastly, at the opening of case, and in this case, too that discre- the conferences, this point had never tion was exercised


distinct con- been mentioned; but it had been de siderations. Prince George of Den- clared, that her Majesty's honour and mark had not been prayed for by name, dignity being satisfied, every other although he was the consort of the question was secondary, and might Queen. This was a case which jus. be left to arbitration. If it had been tified to the full extent the discretion brought forward, it would have terDow exercised.

minated the negociations at once. It This step had by no means been was hard that this cardinal and essentaken in contemplation of proceed- tial point should have been kept back, ings before Parliament. Every effort and that ministers should thus have had been exhausted to avert that ca- been entrapped into a negociation. lamity, which only the arrival of the His Majesty's ministers could not as Queen in the country could render in- honest men, or in common sense, act evitable. Information had been gi- otherwise than they had done till an ven, which attributed to her Majesty inquiry took place. There had been charges of the gravest nature. The no difficulty in point of law. If the question was, under the inevitable law had required the introduction of fact of ministers possessing such in the name into the Liturgy, it would formation, what course they had to have been a great relief from the most adopt. Under the prospect of proceed- embarrassing question which ever any ings which nothing could prevent but government felt.

If the Queen now that the Queen should not come to complied with the wishes of Parliathis country, could he have advised ment, it would be fair to view her to call for the prayers of the country conduet, not as a shrinking from in

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quiry, or a withdrawing of the pledge adjustment, and concluded, after all she gave in coming to this country; his lamentations, by proposing that but as proceeding from a spirit of ac- the party which had previously been commodation, and a desire to save acknowledged to be the injured party the Parliament and the country from should submit to still further injuries, an inquiry most difficult and most and that the persons who inflicted perilous in itself, and most alarming those injuries, and who, he did not in its consequences. Ministers had hesitate to say, were his Majesty's shewn every disposition to conciliate, ministers, (hear,) should be empowershort of calling upon the King to re- ed to ask her Majesty, in the name of tract his deliberate opinion ; but if Parliament, to give a permanent acthe system of tergiversation, which quiescence to a scheme, which, suphad recently been adopted, were to posing it to give her a partial and be continued ; if, when one point was temporary relief, was certain, at the conceded, another point was in con- same time, to entail upon her a persequence of such concession to be manent and indelible disgrace. He more strongly insisted upon the House had long meditated a motion upon might bid adieu to all hopes of any the subject of the Liturgy, and had satisfactory negociation. " Ministers only been withheld by representahad been willing to give up every tions from the Treasury Bench, on thing, except their own honour, to the extreme delicacy of the subject ; relieve her Majesty ; they had not but all motive for reserve was now refused her any point which it was The Queen, it was said, suswithin their power to grant; and tained no injury, because she was whatever might be the result of the prayed for under the words of " all present deliberations, he, for one, did the Royal Family;" but the King not feel inclined to recede a single was also so prayed for ; and for the inch from the counsels which he had same reason his name should have given to the Crown upon this very been omitted. The honourable modelicate and important subject. ver, he thought, was the last man to

Lord Archibald Hamilton began have treated this as a mere matter of with expressing his high esteem for court etiquette ; yet, if he thought the honourable member who had otherwise, he was guilty of inconsisbrought forward the present motion; tency in asking the Queen to give but could not think it had been at up her right. He trusted the House all framed in the spirit of concilia- would rather sanction the principle tion. His honourable friend came to of undoing what had been unjustly the House, and he could assure his done, than of persevering in acts of honourable friend, that, in the re- similar injustice. He had received marks which he was going to make, letters from different gentlemen, in he had no intention to disparage his different parts of the country, and many great and eminent virtues; but even from some clergymen, stating his honourable friend came to the that the order in council was entirely House lamenting the unfortunate dif- ineffective, and adding, that in many ferences which existed between the parts of the kingdom her Majesty two most illustrious personages in the was publicly prayed for, even by country-lamenting the extent to

His Majesty's ministers had which they had been carried-lament- sent it down to Scotland, where they ing the improbability which appear. had no authority to send it-where ed of bringing them to any amicable there was no regular form of church

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