Imatges de pÓgina

Local AntiquitiesKellington.

13 the eastern window, is composed of know. The scripture account of the eight trefoil arches, sustained on deluge has lately been very strongly pillars; in the four central ones are confirmed and verified by many recent the usual inscriptions. The pulpit and discoveries, not very different in their reading-desk are alike in design, but nature from such as these. We in the differ in height; they are situated on present day certainly enjoy a very either side of the centre aisle, and are strong and diffusive light on many octagonal in plan, and not remarkable subjects ; but without some knowledge for elegance of form.

of antiquities, we in vain attempt to The font is octagonal; it consists of illuminate remote periods. “ The rays a pedestal sustaining a basin, with a of the sun are abundantly sufficient to quatrefoil on each side the pannelling, guide our steps on the surface of the after the Tudor fashion. On the south earth : but he who investigates the side of the altar is a marble monument subterraneous cavern must have reto the memory of Mary, wife of Ben- course to the assistance of the lamp.” jamin-Godfrey Windus, Esq. who died Impressed with the great utility of Jan. 23, 1830.

such investigations, I venture to offer In addition to the principal entrance you a short and imperfect account of the doors in the flanks of the building an extensive, beautiful, and well-culticommunicate with small porches, ex

vated district in the West Riding of cept at the south-east angle, where the county of York. I have met with there is a vestry.

no authentic record of it whatever. It The Chapel is calculated to accom- is scarcely mentioned by Camden ; modate 415 persons in pews and 386 which may be accounted for, perhaps, in free seats, making a total of 801.

as it furnishes no remarkabed memo. The first stone was laid in May, 1828 ; randa of the “olden time.” and it was consecrated on the 26th Kellington is a small neat village siMay, 1830. The contract amounted tuated upon a rising ground in the to 48931. 118. 6d.

E.I.C. Wapentake of Osgoldcross, within the

honour of Pontefract, from which it

lies in nearly an eastern direction, Mr. URBAN, Kellington, May 9.

equi-distant from it and Snaith, its disTHE shafts of ridicule have never tance being about seven miles from been more frequently directed, or per- each. The derivation of its name haps more undeservedly, against any seems to be involved in considerable literary pursuit, than the study of an- obscurity.

Permit me, tiquities. To spend so much time, to venture a conjecture. Keeling, and exhaust so much learning and in- we are told by Cotgrave, is a small genuity in the developement of an al- kind of fish, particularly of that most illegible inscription, to be found species of which stock-fish is made. only on some lately dug-up stone or Ton, from the Saxon, it is well known, marble ; to attempt, by the derivation signifies a village or town situated of the names of places, in some mea- upon a hill; hence, perhaps, its etysure, to discover the manners and cus- mology, Keelington, or Kellington. toms of their former inhabitants, The former appearance of this district, whomsoever they might be, is by many before the late inclosures, and the considered as the height of human banking out of the rivers Aire and folly. Yet what advantages have not Calder, which are here united, may, occasionally been derived from anti- perhaps, in some measure, tend to quarian researches? Advantages which confirm this hypothesis. The country would have been utterly inaccessible about being naturally low and level, by any other way. The materials to was, prior to the recent improvements, which all human records must neces- frequently irrigated by the river to a sarily be trusted are of a perishable considerable extent. The tide also nature, and must soon decay by the along the Humber still flows at a very corrosive hand of time. Ancient coins, short distance from this place. In congems, medals, and monumental in

sequence, then, of those frequent inscriptions, still, however, remain. To undations, and the uninclosed state of what extent, history, local, as well as the place, the whole adjoining country on a more enlarged scale, of kingdoms presented one continued scene of aland nations, is indebted to such elu- most innumerable pools of stagnant cidations, every one must necessarily water, of various forms and dimen


Topography of Kellington, Yorkshire.

[July, sions, abounding with an unlimited this a more probable derivation than crowd of fishes of almost every species. Wheatley; as I do not find that this In short, this place seems formerly to place is more remarkable for prohave been, what some parts of Lin- ducing that most useful grain, wheat, colnshire and the fens of Cambridge. than the adjoining soil on each side. shire now are, almost tenanted by the What may be implied by the appellafinny race. In these latter places, we tion Eggbro', or, as it is usually writare told that, even at present, fishes ten at full, Eggborough, seems very unare taken in such abundance that they certain. The word egg is frequently are not unfrequently used as a manure used for any sperm or offspring, and for the soil. In the memory of several borough, in the old English, is someof the inhabitants now living, the times applied to a particular kind of Dutch frequently came up the Humber descent in landed property, by which to purchase eels (lampreys) as baits for it descends to the owner's youngest fishing with, in their níore extended son; or in case of a default in issue, marshes or dykes.

to his youngest brother. Whether The parish, which is of considerable any such custom prevailed here, I am extent, is now generally fertile, and unable to say. Knottingley, a very well cultivated. It is divided into four large village, adjoins this parish, and quarters, or hamlets : Kellington, in- is situated also in a low level ley or cluding Roal ; Beal or Beaghall, in- plain. May not this have had its name cluding Kellingley; Whitley; and Egg- from the place where nets were usually bro'. These are severally regulated made (Knotting) for the purpose of by their own vestries and laws, with- enclosing the finny sojourners in the out interfering in any respect with vicinity? Some writers derive its name each other, as if they were distinct from Knout or Canute; but upon what parishes. Roal, Rowle, or perhaps an- foundation I am ignorant. ciently Roan, is situated nearest the In a former number of your Magariver, and close upon a deep pool zine I ventured to offer your readers a called the old Eu or Eau (water). few remarks on the antiquity and proRoan, it is well known, is the old word bable descent of the church, till the for the eggs of fishes, which are used presentation and perpetual advowson as a snare to entrap several kinds. were finally vested in the master and Hence, perhaps, the name of this divi- fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge sion. Beaghall, or, as it is more com- (see vol. xcv. i. p. 213). Nothing surmonly called Beal, was formerly much vives to indicate the date of its founcelebrated for its precocity in fruit of dation with any certainty. It is an old, various descriptions, together with elegant, and neat fabric, consisting early potatoes, cucumbers, &c. To beal of two aisles, dividing the nave into is to ripen. Beal, also, in the old two unequal portions, by means of five Gothic, is used to denote any excres- columns joined at the top in the cence or protuberance of any kind. pointed style of architecture. The Hall, or Halls originally signified a nave is separated from the chancel by place where laws were promulged, a semicircular arch. The chancel is public meetings held, &c. and hence apparently a double one, and seems to it came also to be applied to any mar- have been built at different periods. ket in general. The first part in Kelling. The southern side is more properly ley must, most probably, be applied in deemed the chancel, as it is kept in the same manner as in Kellington ; and repair by the college. It is separated ley is well known to imply any portion from the other adjoining part by two of flat or level ground, not generally in arches, continued and similar to those a state of cultivation. This division of by which the nave is divided. The the parish was, it would secm, an- interior roof of the church, as well as ciently in this state, and occasionally that of the northern part of the east inundated by the river, and abounded end, is very curious. It is of massy with temporary lakes and pools, well wooden arches, and embellished with peopled with their concomitant piscine many a hideous carved head. Near inhabitants. Whit is used to denote the altar are to be seen niches for the any point ; ley the same as before. At purpose of containing holy water. this place is the junction of three The whole is covered with lead, except neighbouring parishes, viz. Kellington, the southern side of the chancel. A Womersley, and Snaith. I should think very small portion, indeed, of painted


1831.) Topography of Kellington, Yorkshire. glass remains in one of the southern lead has been used, may perhaps windows.

strengthen this supposition. Where At the eastern extremity of the the stone was originally placed is enchurch, which is somewhat higher tirely unknown. than the chancel, on the outside, is a The traditionary account of this small elevation for the purpose of con- curious antiquarian relic is as follows. taining one single bell, which it is In former times the districts adjoining presumed was made use of to warn this place, from its marshy situation, the people when the Host was elevated, and abounding much with low wood at the celebration of high mass. Many and shrubs, afforded a retreat for repsuch small. steeples yet remain in tiles of several kinds, among which several churches, where a small bell is was reared a serpent of enormous placed to inform the congregation, by size, which proved very destructive to its tinkling noise, when the service is the flocks of sheep which depastured about to begin.

in its vicinity. This, however, was at In the year 1716, a gallery or loft length subdued, though with the loss was erected, in order to accommodate of his own life, as well as that of his the singers, as well as to afford more faithful dog, by a shepherd of the name space for the enlarged population. The of Armroyd. The stone is supposed church, a little, perhaps, before that to be intended to commemorate this period, seems to have been new pewed, occurrence; the cross upon it being in a great measure from the materials imagined to represent a crook or dagwhich had composed the former ones, ger, by which this fierce and terrible as some of them are much carved and invader of his fleecy care was at last ornamented. The chancel part was extirpated. Armroyd close, a parcel also divided into two parts by a slight of ground situated at the point boundwooden partition about this time, one ing the four divisions of the parish, of which is at present appropriated as and where it may well be supposed a vestry room. The remotest date was placed a cross, is reported to have found upon any of them is 1693. been given to the descendants of the

In the square turret at the western courageous Armroyd for his signal serend, which is somewhat low and vices; and the rectorial tythes of which massy, are placed three very musical were bequeathed by them to the Vicar bells, with the following dates and in- of Kellington, while the landed proscriptions; on the small bell, “God perty itself is vested in the Trustees save the Church, our Queen, and for the Free-school at Tadcaster. Realme. Amen, 1600.” On the large Such are the fabulous and visionary bell, this, " Soli Deo gloria, pax Ho- traditions respecting this remaining minibus." 1638.

memorial of former times. Such situaIn the churchyard, which for the tions, however, as this seem anciently place is rather unusually large, lies an to have been, were by no means ill old stone in a horizontal position, adapted to rear a progeny of such deupon which very legibly appears, in structive reptiles as that here dethe middle a cross, on the right side scribed. Nevertheless, upon the whole, of which is a recumbent figure of a I would rather abide by my former man with clasped hands, at his feet a conjecture, in your vol. xcv. i. p. 214, dog, at his head something which can- that this ancient stone is, somehow or not easily be decyphered, and on the other, connected with the order of the left what seems to be a serpent; on Knights Templars to whom this place each side of the top of the cross are formerly belonged. May not Arm (a also what appear to be two embossed projection into) and royd (a cross) circles. At the upper end of this lid have been intended to signify such a or cover may also be seen, on another sacred emblem, placed there for the detached perpendicular stone, a simi- purpose of defining those boundaries ? lar cross; no inscription whatever can Monumental inscriptions to be found be discovered on either. This I con- here, are neither important nor remote jecture was the cover of a coffin. It in point of time. I shall copy some perhaps may be objected that the of the most remarkable. breadth of the stone is not sufficiently Within the chancel, upon a horilarge for that purpose. But may it zontal stone nearly defaced, is found not have been let into the coffin ? this inscription : Marks of holes still remaining, where “ Here lieth the body of M. Thomas

this :

Dr. Johnson's Scotch Pudding.

[July, Style of Kellington, being 60 (it is sup- sent, in an excellent state of cultivaposed) years of age, exchanging life for tion; turnips, barley, and maslin (a better the day of April, 1620.”

mixture of wheat and rye), together Inside the altar rails, on a descen- with a few woads, are its chief prodant of the same family :

duce. It is much celebrated also for “ Here lieth the body of Thomas Style,

a very superior breed of sheep, as well son of M. Leonard Style, of Ouston, who

as of short-horned cattle. Notwithdied the 4th day of November, 1648."

standing its low and apparently unIn the same situation also occurs

healthy situation, it still may chal

lenge a comparison, for the general “ Here lieth the body of Marge wife of district, of equal extent and popula

longevity of its inhabitants, with any John Welburne of Hull, and daughter to

tion, in the United Kingdom. M. Thomas Style, 1666."

Yours, &c.

OMICRON. On the southern side of the nave suspended against the wall is an escutcheon, containing, under a coat of

Lansdoun Terrace,

Mr. URBAN, arms, (on the dexter side, Argent, on a

July 10. bend, Sable, three horse-shoes; the MR. WILSON CROKER's late sinister side of the shield sable and edition of Boswell's Life of Dr. Johngilt, divided by a wavy line. The crest, son, having excited some attention, on a helmet, a horse-shoe supported the following anecdote, connected with by two hands,) this inscription : the great Lexicographer's tour in Scot

“ Elizabeth, the wife of John Farrer, land, may, perhaps, be useful to the esq. departed this life the 2nd day of March editor in a future edition. It is possi1686,"

ble that the little incident here narOn the floor of the vestry room, on

rated may have materially tended to a plain flat stone this Latin inscription prejudice the mind of that “ literary

giant” against our Scottish neighappears :


P.A. NUTTALL. “ Lacte Evangelii qui Christi pavit ovile, In cælis manna divina pascitur altis. Qui duxit vitam el dulci concordia amoris

DR. JOHNSON'S SCOTCH PUDDING. Pace quiete æterna fruitur jam pacis amator.

When learned Sam, of giant fame, Vitæ traduxit cum tempora longa salubris

To Scotland's Isles a tourist came,
Insignis pietate animi et candore sacrati.

With Boswell his attendant friend,
Pelidæ similis, quem mors sævo aspira telo
Non penetret pedis occidit ni vulnere tristi. The Highland manners to amend,

One day they stopt to dine and rest,“Obiit Gulielmus Wood hujus ecclesiæ

A village ion received the guests. pastor decimo septimo die Maii, anno Re

Now Boz. being somewhat of a glutton, demptionis bumanæ millesimo septingen

Gave orders for a leg of mutton ; tesimo quinto, ætatis suæ septuagesimo oc

And Sam, because all day he'd coil'd,

Would have, besides, a pudding boil'd. “ Ne doleas, Lector, docuit cælestia vi.

These orders quick the hostess cook,

And soon began the joint to cook. Cælestes moriens gaudet adire domos."

Both cold and damp the day had been, Two neat mural marble slabs have

No genial fire the guests had seen. recently been erected, upon which are Some little time in chat being spent, inscribed

The Doctor to the kitchen went, “ Sacred to the memory of Joseph James

To look arouod, and dry his clothes, Swaby, esquire, son of Honble Joseph James To smell the joint, and warm his nose. Swaby, late of the parish of St. Elizabeth A brawoy lad the meat was basting, in the island of Jamaica, a gentleman whose

And all che while the gravy tasting ; many virtues and affability of manners will A greasy cap begrimed his head, render his memory long regretted. He died That multipedes like pepper shed. Oct. the 3", 1821, in the 32d year of his At every scratch a hecatomb

Of frying victims met their doom. Within the altar rails, on the north

Soon was the mutton duly cooked, side of the Chancel :

And on the table charming looked.

Friend Bozzy viewed it with delight, “ H.S.E. Johannes Wallas, natus Bra

And keenly plied his appetite ; canbrugii in agro Cumbriensi, March 23,

But while he gorged his hungry maw, 1738 ; obiit Nov. 24, 1819. Requiescat in Poor Sam felt sick at what he saw, pace."

And made excuse that butchers' meat The whole of this parish is at pre- That day he did not wish to eat;




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