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against the table. “Come to me, my darling, and About a mile from Edinburgh, there stands a soli- theatricals, were Sir George Ramsay of Banff and his I'll pay the table-there, give it a good blow—the tary house named Marionville, enclosed in a square lady.. Sir George had recently returned, with an naughty table, to hurt my darling!” The jury on shrubbery of no great extent, surrounded by high addition to his fortune, from Índia, and was now the gun case had received å good nursery training. walls. Whether it be that the place has become dis- settling himself down for the remainder of life in his

mal in consequence of the rise of a noxious fen in its native country. The writer of this narrative has seen LIFE-PRESERVING CAPES.

neighbourhood, or that the tale connected with it acts original letters between the two families, showing A gentleman of Edinburgh, a member of the Skat- upon the imagination, we are at a loss to decide ; but, that they lived on the most friendly terms, and entering Club, has invented what we have no doubt, if unquestionably, there is about the house an air of tained the highest esteem for each other. One writused, will save many lives, and at all events be a pre- depression and melancholy, such as could scarcely fail ten by Lady Ramsay to Mrs Macrae, from Sir George's servative from the unhappy consequences of " boat to strike the most unobservant passenger. Yet, little country-seat in Forfarshire, commences thus—“My accidents." The plan, which we have inspected at more than half a century ago, this mansion was the dear friend, I have just time to write you a few lines the shop of the Albion Cloth Company of our city, abode of a gay and fashionable family, who, amongst to say how much I long to hear from you, and to aspresents a cape for the neck and shoulders, formed of other amusements, indulged in that of private theatri sure you how sincerely. I love you.” Her ladyship Macintosh cloth, and which may be partially inflated cals, and in this line were so highly successful, that adds“ I am now enjoying rural retirement with Sir with air at pleasure, by means of a small mouth-piece admission to the Marionville theatre became a pri- | George, who is really so good and indulgent, that I hid from external observation. The cape we saw is vilege for which the highest in the land would con am as happy as the gayest scenes could make me. He outwardly a greyish serge (it may, however, be made tend. Mr Macrae, the head of this family, was a man joins me in kind compliments to you and Mr Macrae,” of any material), and hangs down all round as low as of good fortune, being the proprietor of an estate in &c. How deplorable that social affections, which conthe elbows. A tape from the inner part of the back, Dumfriesshire, and also of good connexions—the Earl tribute so much to make life pass agreeably, should to be tied round the body, keeps the cape down, in of Glencairn, whom Burns has so much celebrated, be liable to a wild upbreak from perlaps some trivial the event of immersion in water. When blown up, being his cousin, while by his mother he was nearly cause, not in itself worthy of a moment's regard, and the cape swells to about an inch in thickness, which related to Viscount Fermoy and the celebrated Sir only rendered of consequence by the sensitiveness of presents nothing unsightly; however, it need not be Boyle Roach. He had been for some years retired pride, and a deference to false and worldly maxims ! inflated till the wearer goes into a condition of danger from the Irish Carabineers, and being still in the prime The source of the quarrel between Mr Macrae and -into a boat on a sailing excursion, for instance, or of life, he was thinking of again entering the army, Sir George was of a kind almost too mean and ridicuupon unsafe ice. As a piece of dress, it may be worn when the incident which we are about to relate took lous to be spoken of. On the evening of the 7th April by ladies as well as gentlemen.

place. He was a man of gentlemanlike accomplish- 1790, the former gentleman handed a lady out of the With respect to the buoyant powers of the appa- ments and manners, of a generous and friendly dispo- Edinburgh theatre, and endeavoured to get a chair ratus, they have been the subject of a critical experi- sition, but marked by a keen and imperious sense of for her in which she might be conveyed home. Seeing ment by the Edinburgh and Leith Humane Society, the deference due to a gentleman, and a heat of tem. two men approaching through the crowd with one, which is mentioned in nearly the following terms in per which was apt to make him commit actions of he called to ask if it was disengaged, to which the the newspapers of the day :-“ The use of a large cast- which he afterwards bitterly repented. After the men replied with a distinct affirmative. As Mr Maciron tank or tun having been obligingly placed at the unfortunate affair which ended his career in Scotland, rae handed the lady forward to put her into it, a footservice of the directors by a brewer in Edinburgh, it the public, who never make nice distinctions as to the man, in a violent manner, seized hold of one of the was filled with warm water to the depth of six feet character of individuals, adopted the idea that he was poles, and insisted that it was engaged for his mistwo inches. A stout man, a sailor, five feet six inches as inhumane as rash, and he was reported to be an tress. The man seemed disordered by liquor, and it in height, and about ten to eleven stone weight, went experienced duellist. But here he was greatly misre- was afterwards distinctly made manifest that he was into the water with his clothes on, wearing the safety- presented. Mr Macrae would have shrunk from a acting without the guidance of reason. His lady had cape, and, to the satisfaction of all present, floated deliberate act of cruelty ; and the only connexion he gone home some time before, while he was out of the vertically at his ease, with his head, neck, and part of had ever had with single combat was in the way of way; he was not aware of this, and, under a confused his shoulders, above water. Wishing to ascertain endeavouring to reconcile friends who had quarrelled, sense of duty, he was now eager to obtain a chair for what degree of buoyancy he had to spare, weights an object in which he was successful on several me her, but in reality had not bespoken that upon which were given to him, which he held in his hands. Seven morable occasions. But the same man, whom all that he laid hold. Mr Macrae, annoyed at the man's perpounds sank him to the throat, and four more to the really knew him allowed to be a delightful companion tinacity at such a moment, rapped him over the lip; proving that he could have sustained another per. and kind-hearted man, was liable to be transported knuckles with a short cane, to make him give way; on son in the water. The man came out repeatedly, and beyond the bounds of reason by casual and trivial which the servant called him a scoundrel, and gave again plunged into the water, always declaring it dif- occurrences. A messenger of the law, having ar him a push on the breast. Incensed overmuch by ficult to immerse his head even for an instant. On rested the Rev. Mr Cunningham, brother of the Earl this conduct, Mr Macrae struck him smartly over the this fact, the directors of the society found that, in of Glencairn, for debt, as he was passing with a party head with his cane, on which the man cried out worse the event of ice giving way under a skater, the reac- from the drawing-room to the dining-room at Drum- than before, and moved off. Mr Macrae following tion will effectually protect him till relieved from his sheuch House, Mr Macrae threw the man over the him, repeated his blows two or three times, but only perilous situation.”

stair. He was prompted to this act by indignation at with that degree of force which he thought needful After this satisfactory testimony, nothing more the affront which he conceived his cousin as a gentle for a chastisement. In the meantime, the lady whom need be said on the subject. It is quite clear to us, man had received from a common man. But, soon Mr Macrae had handed out, got into a different chair that if people would but be persuaded to wear one of after, when it was represented to him that every other and was carried off. Some of the bystanders, seeing these safety-capes, they need be under no apprehen- means of inducing Mr Cunningham to settle his debt a gentleman beating a servant, cried shame, and showed sion whatever of immediate drowning in the case of had failed, and when he learned that the messenger a disposition to take part with the latter ; but there sudden immersion in water; and it is well known had suffered severe injury, he went to him, made were individuals present who had observed all the that, except in shipwrecks at a great distance from him a hearty apology, and agreed to pay three hun circumstances, and who felt very differently. One land, a power of buoyancy for only a few minutes dred guineas by way of compensation. He had him- gentleman afterwards gave evidence that he had been would save almost every life. The deplorable deaths self allowed a debt due to a tailor to remain too long insulted by the servant, at an earlier period of the from boat accidents on rivers, for lack of some such unpaid, and the consequence was that he received a evening, in precisely the same manner as Mr Macrae, simple means of preservation, who can either number summons for it before the Sheriff Court. With this and that the man's conduct had throughout been rude or sufficiently lament?

document in his hand, he called, in a state of great and insolent, a consequence apparently of drunkenness.

excitement, upon his law-agent, to whom he began to Learning that the servant was in the employment of HEAT OF TEMPER.

read, “ Archibald Cockburn of Cockpen, Sheriff Lady Ramsay, Mr Macrae came into town next day,

depute,” &c., till he came to a passage which declared full of anxiety to obviate any unpleasant impression IT sometimes happens that a character generally that “he, the said James Macrae, had been oft and which the incident might have made upon her mind. amiable is marred by a certain fieryness of temper, diverse times desired and required,” &c. “ The great- Meeting Sir George in the street, he expressed to him which tends to lead its possessor into painful relations est lie ever uttered!" he exclaimed. He had never his concern on the subject, when Sir George said, towards his fellow-creatures. The ordinary demean- heard a word of it before ; he would instantly go to lightly, that, the man being his lady's footman, he did

not feel any concern in the matter. Mr Macrae then our of such a person may be calculated to conciliate the time letters of horning against a very worthy went to apologise to Lady Ramsay, whom he found the greatest esteem; he may be remarkable for bene- baronet lying upon his table—that is to say, a docu- sitting for her portrait in the lodgings of the young volent acts, incapable of any show of jealous or invi- ment in which the baronet was denounced as a rebel artist Raeburn, afterwards so highly distinguished. dious feeling, and free from all the degrading vices. to the king, according to a form of the law of Scot. It has been said that he fell on his knees before the Yet, being at the same time prone to sudden and land, for failing to pay his debt. The agent

took up lady, to entreat her pardon for what he had done to violent anger, and unable when in that state to con- the grace of God," &c. &c. Macrae at once saw the sion that he had no reason to expect a quarrel between

this, and coolly began to read—“George the Third, by her servant. Certainly, he left her with the imprestrol his actions, all these good qualities will go in a application, and fell a-laughing at his own folly, say- himself and Sir George on account of what had taken great measure for nothing, or only cause his fatal ing he would go directly and give the sheriff tickets place. infirmity to be the more lamented. It is generally to had requested. It will be seen that the fault of this been wounded in the head, but not severely. The in

James Merry-this was the servant's name—had be said in favour of such persons, that their passion, unfortunate gentleman was heat of temper, not a juries which he had sustained, though nothing can as it is easily induced, so it passes quickly, and that the savage disposition ; but what fault can be more fatal justify the violence which inflicted them, were only moment it is past their usual benevolent feelings regain than heat of temper?

of such a nature as a few days of confinement would the mastery. They are even remarkable as a class for Mr Macrae was married to an accomplished lady, have healed. Such, indeed, was the express testimony the ability to show a thorough and heartwarm forgive Maria Cecilia Le Maitre, daughter of the Baroness given by his medical attendant, Mr Benjamin Bell

. ness. But these circumstances, while pleading for a

Nolken, wife of the Swedish ambassador. They occa There was, however, a strong feeling amongst his

sionally resided in Paris, with Mrs Macrae's relations, class against Macrae, who was informed, in an anogentle judgment, do not save the man of hot temper particularly with her cousin Madame de la Briche, nymous letter, that a hundred and seven men-serfrom the natural consequences of such a peculiarity. whose private theatricals in her elegant house at the vants had agreed to have some revenge upon him. It is not one of the least of these that such a man can Marais were the models of those afterwards instituted Merry himself had determined to institute legal prorarely enjoy a steady and confiding friendship. The at Marionville. It may not be unworthy of notice ceedings against Mr Macrae, for the recovery of uncertainty of his demeanour—the chance of sun that, amongst their fellow-performers at Madame de damages. À process was commenced, by the issue of shine being in one moment, for no good cause, changed Mr Macrae and his lady set up their theatre at Ma- Wounded to the quick by this procedure, and smart

la Briche's, was the celebrated Abbé Sieyes. When a summons which Mr Macrae received on the 12th. into gloom and thunder-makes it impossible for any rionville, they both took characters, he appearing to ing under the insolence of the anonymous letter, Mr one to be on perfectly cordial terms with him. Thus, advantage in such parts as that of Dionysius in the Macrae wrote next day a note to Sir George Ramsay, his own habitual feelings of social kindness are con Grecian Daughter, and she in the first line of female in which, addressing him without any term of friendly stantly exposed to disappointment and the vexation parts in genteel comedy. Sir David Kinloch and a regard, he demanded that either Merry should drop of unrequited affection, and it can rarely be that he Mr Justice were their best male associates ; and the the prosecution, or that his master should turn him gets through life without sinking more or less deeply chief female performer, after Mrs Macrae herself, was off. Sir George temperately replied, " that he had into the sordid mire of the misanthrope. Yet it is Mrs Carruthers of Dormont, a daughter of the cele- only now heard of the prosecution for the first time; comparatively well for the irascible man if no worse is made for the effects of complaisance, there seems to him ; and that he hoped that Mr. lacrae, on further

brated artist Paul Sandby. When all due deduction that the man met with no encouragement from befall him. Too often, under a moment's transient remain undoubted testimony that these performances consideration, would not think it incumbent on him impetuosity, does he commit acts at which his better involved no small amount of talent. nature shudders, and which blight all the remainder

to interfere, especially as the man was at present far

In Mr and Mrs Macrae's circle of visiting acquaint- from being well.” of life. We shall relate a case in point.

ance, and frequent spectators of the Marionville On the same evening, Mr Amory a military friend

of Mr Macrae, called upon Sir George with a second had been lost, and himself obliged to lead the life of a he stands pricking his ears at his own inhospitable note from that gentleman, once more insisting on the condemned Cain, all through the one fault of a fiery door.” man being turned off, and stating that, in the event of temper. Reader, if thou shouldst ever feel thyself To the same effect is the following “bit:"_“Young his refusal, Mr Amory was empowered to communi- hurried by such a cause towards rash words and acts, Brown inherited from his father the equivocal sum of cate his opinion of his conduct. Sir George did refuse, however trivial, think on the fate of this unhappy a thousand pounds. He had better inherited nothing; on the plea that he had yet seen no good reason for his man, pause, nd be cool. Thou little knowest what for, in the present state of society, we hold a thousand discharging the servant; and Mr Amory then said it may arise from a small ill-considered action. A rap pounds to be not merely a useless but a mischievous was his duty to convey Mr Macrae's opinion, which over a servant's knuckles led to a scene of disgusting sum : it is not a negative good, but a positive evil. was “ that Sir George's conduct had not been that of violence : four or five days after, a short imperious What is to be done with a thousand pounds ? Put it a gentleman.” Sir George then said that further letter, beginning “Sir,” brought two gentlemen to a in the funds, says Quiet, and philosophise upon thirty conversation was unnecessary; all that remained was field, where one fell in the prime of his days, and pounds a-year ! There are exquisite essays written to to agree upon a place of meeting. They met again whence the other fled to be a remorseful and miser- prove the sufficiency of thirty pounds a-year, allowthat evening at a tavern, where Mr Amory informed able exile for all the remainder of his life.

ing at least five shillings per quarter for the converSir George that it was Mr Macrae's wish that they

sion of the Jews; essays, in which the expenses of a

so O'clock, at Ward's Inn, on the borders of Musselburgh DOUGLAS JERROLD'S “CAKES AND ALE” | must be his own wilful eccentricity if

, at the end of Links.

Is a merry little book, in two volumes, with plates by the year, he either owes a shilling or has one. We The parties met there aocordingly, Mr Macrae Cruikshank --a fair specimen of the light literature happen to be honoured with the short acquaintance being attended by Captain Amory, and Sir George of our age-vivacious, superficial, somewhat extrava- of the author of some of these libretti. He had thrice Ranısay by Sir William Maxwell ; Mr Benjamin Beil

, gant, yet in the main well calculated to serve the end been shut up in the Fleet on an income of three the surgeon, being also of the party. Mr Macrae had in view, namely, to amuse the passing hour. Mr Jer- hundred per annum, and was consequently enabled brought an additional friend, a Captain Haig, to favour rold has a high London reputation as a writer of short to preach on the competence of thirty pounds a-ycar, them with his advice, but not to act formally as a pieces for the stage, and it is not therefore surprising It was during his third visit to the jail that we had second. The two parties being in different rooms, to find the present prose sketches marked by a certain some interesting talk with him. He was lamenting Sir William Maxwell came into that occupied by Mr improbability of incident and situation which is not the extravagance of the present generation; and Pacrae, and proposed that, if Mr Macrae would apo-generally tolerated out of the drama ; but, to make passing his right hand under his velvet cap, and turnlogise for the intemperate style of his letters de- up for this, he has infused some remarks and moralis. ing his pensive and eloquent eye upwards, asked us if manding the discharge of the servant, Sir George ings of a kind for which his plays had not prepared us. we had ever read his book. Of course we had. We, would grant his request, and the affair would end. The difference between the professed and real prac- however, ventured to question the correctness of its Mr Macrae answered, that he would be most happy tice of men in many domestic things may be every conclusions; in a word, we were hardy enough to to comply with this proposal, if his friends thought where observed, if we look narrowly. Most men, for express our doubts of the possibility of existing as a it proper ; but he must abide by their decision. The instance, have a theoretical and practical hour of gentleman'-for such were the author's premises-on question being put to Captain Haig, he answered, rising. Ask one when he usually gets up, and say thirty pounds a-year. 'Look at Higgingbottom,' said in a deliberate manner, “ It is altogether impossible ; he mentions seven. Take this as his theoretical hour, we; he has followed your system to a chop, and yet Sir George must in the first place turn off his ser- the hour at which he wishes to rise, thinks he should Higgingbottom is in debt. Pardon me,' quickly vant, and Mr Macrae will then apologise.” Hearing rise, and once in a twelvemonth does rise ; but be returned the author, ' I grant his obedience so far as this speech, equally marked by wrong judgment and sure that in reality he does not in general see much the chop goes, but there were three days in the year wrong feeling, Macrae, according to the testimony of the daylight world before eight. Say eight, again, that Higgingbottom would not take his chops without of Mr Bell, shed tears of anguish. The parties then is his professed or theoretical hour, it will be found pickles. Now, my system is so philosophically arwalked to the beach, and took their places in the that nine is the real one; and so on. Mr Jerrold has ranged, as not to admit even of a single onion. Depend usual manner. On the word being given, Sir George a penetrating eye for these discrepancies. Mr Pigeon upon it, my dear sir, with a wise economy, a man may took deliberate aim at Macrae, the neck of whose coat is a young man a fortnight married. Coming home always on thirty pounds a-year obtain his chop.; the was grazed by his bullet. Macrae had, if his own prematurely from Brighton, he determines to go out, ruin lies in the pickles. We were about to dispute solemn asseveration is to be believed, intended to fire leaving his young wife, the very first night-though the point, when the temperate author began to swear in the air ; but when he found Sir George aiming thus he is the same Pigeon whose landlady had given him at a boy who entered with a bottle of port. 'And at his life, he altered his resolution, and brought his for a character, as she thought, all the virtues of a where, you scoundrel,' cried the author of a treatise antagonist to the ground with a mortal wound in the household god. Pray, ma’am, inquired Charlotte's on the sufficiency of thirty pounds per year—'where, body.

busy maiden aunt, what are the habits of Mr Pigeon? you miscreant, are the olives ? What I forgot them! There was the usual consternation and unspeakable He is about to marry into our family, and you'll par- Vagabond ! to suppose I could drink port without distress. Mr Macrae went up to Sir George, and don the question--what are his habits ?' Habits !'olives! Vanish! Stop! Don't make the blunder “ told him that he was sincerely afflicted at seeing replied the landlady; "the woman's blessed who gets you made before-mind, French olives !!” These neat him in that situation." It was with difficulty, and Mr Pigeon-gruel at ten, and bed at eleven. And pieces of philosophy, slashed into Mr Jerrold's stories, only at the urgent request of Sir William Maxwell

, these moral proprieties, on the part of her future hus- speak for themselves. Alas for the illusoriness of that he could be induced to quit the field. Sir George band, were impressed upon the brain and heart of the all human professions, and the infirmity of all human lingered for two days. The event occasioned a great bride by the aunt aforesaid. "Gruel at ten, and bed resolutions ! sensation in the public mind, and a very unfavourable at eleven !' reiterated the spinster; it seems little to Passing from these matters, we are reminded of view was generally taken of Mr Macrae's conduct. speak of, child, but what a deal of happiness is en- the fine allegorical writing of the Elizabethans by It was given out, that during a considerable interval, sured by the custom! Mr Pigeon, assuring his wife such passages as the following, which relates to the while in expectation of the duel taking place, he had that he would keep aloof from all acquaintance, took anticipations of Mr Silvertop, an author on the point practised pistol-shooting in his garden at a barber's his hat. Mrs Pigeon looked at her lord with a mild of finishing a great metaphysical work :-“In another block; and he was also said to have been provided mixture of matrimonial sorrow and anger. Can the month, he would no longer creep along the streets, with a pair of pistols of a singularly apt and deadly female reader wonder at this? It was already half- accompanied by Desert, a pretty fellow, yet withal a character; the truth being, that the interval was a past nine, and Mrs Pigeon sighed as she thought of timid, blushing, stammering knave, content to slink brief one, his hand totally unskilled in shooting, and her aunt; yea, she sighed deeply at the visionary with him he waits upon, down dismal alleys, over the pistols a bad brass-mounted pair, hastily furnished happiness of-gruel at ten, and bed at eleven. barren heaths, at length, it may be, conducting his by Amory. We have Amory's testimony, that as All men,' said Susan (the servant), marking the master to a dry ditch for his bed, and to wild cresses they were pursuing their journey to another country, melancholy of her mistress — all men are alike, and water for his breakfast—a trick the varlet bath he was constantly bewailing the fate of Sir George ma'am.'

often put upon brave spirits—but, in his place, that Ramsay, remarking how unfortunate it was that he • They are, Susan,' said Mrs Pigeon. “Where's my swaggering, brow-beating, gold-laced lacquey, Success, took so obstinate a view about the servant's case. The handkerchief !

would clear the way for Silvertop, would strike off demand, he said, was one which he would have thought Mr Pigeon is thus described on his way home at an the hats of the mob, content to be so unbonneted, it necessary to comply with. He had asked Sir George early hour in the morning. “ As the man crept seeing that Success-oh! the magic of his name upon nothing but what he would have done had it been his homeward, there was culprit in his looks—in his hesi- the world, hath willed it-nor ever ask whence comes own case. This is so consonant with what appears tating pace. He had, it was true, fallen into a most hewhat's his value ? No matter for his birthplace, otherwise respecting his character, that we cannot delightful party–had been so happy, so very jolly ; his parentage ; Success has all-in-all in his name. doubt it. It is only to be lamented that he should but now, alas ? it wanted only seven-and-twenty Though he were born on the wayside, his mother a not have made the demand in terms more calculated minutes to six. What a beautiful morning !-yet gipsy, and his father a clipper of coin-for his name, to lead to compliance.

what a reproach came with the bright sun! Sam and name alone, men shall bow down and worship The death of an amiable man, under such deplorable blushed as he met the milkmaids ; artisans passing to him. Desert weeps at the early grave of the brokencircumstances, roused the most zealous vigilance on their work, made him turn his head away; the chim- hearted; Success eats ortolans with a quacksalver at the part of the law authorities ; but Mr Macrae and ney-sweepers, crying their noisome trade, struck him threescore. Men may certainly be brought to allow his second succeeded in reaching France. A summons compunctious ; yea, the very sparrows, chirping and the possible existence of unrewarded Desert, but for was issued for his trial, but he was advised not to playing in his path, gave him a twitch of the con- Success, there can be no doubt of its vitality; he is appear, and accordingly sentence of outlawry was science. Let not the reader think that Samuel Pigeon seen, known, touched ; nay, sometimes men dine with passed against him. The servant's prosecution mean- had any fear of the violence of his ill-used spouse ; no, him.” while went on, and was ultimately decided against Mr she would only weep-for she was a young wife, and How well, too, are some modern follies touched Macrae, although, on a cool perusal of the evidence on had not yet come to her nails. It was a nobler feeling upon in the following description of the visit of a both sides, we see the clearest proof of Merry having that possessed Pigeon-not base dread, but bitter great foreigner to an ancient English borough : been the first aggressor. Mr Macrae lived in France repentance. He had been beguiled into cards-had, The church bells rang in the happy day; shops were till the progress of the Revolution forced him to go to moreover, been very lucky—but what was luck at closed ; every man, woman, and child, in their best Altona. When time seemed to have a little softened nearly six in the morning ? He had held the most clothes, and with their blithest looks; fifty maidens matters against him, he took steps to ascertain if he wonderful hands at loo, and had never played but scattered roses in the path of the magnificent stranger, could safely return to his native country. It was de- when justified by both king and queen. And then he and a thousand voices rent the sky, at the first glimpse cided by counsel that he could not. They held that thought, and in the dissatisfaction of his soul almost of his right royal beard. The Spaniard alighted at his case entirely wanted the extenuating circumstance gave vent to the words—“'Tis six in the morning, the mansion-house, and though he spoke not a word which was necessary, of his having to contemplate my wife is sitting up-and, compared to domestic of English, expressed himself enraptured with his degradation if he did not challenge. He was under peace, oh! what are trumps ?'

reception. At which Tobias Aconite placed his band no such danger; so that from bis letters to Sir George Pigeon, with heavy legs, walks on; and now he upon his heart, and upon his honour declared that Ramsay he appeared to have forced on the duel purely approaches his door. He scrapes his shoes as tenderly day to be the very happiest of his whole existence. for revenge. He came to see the case in this light as though he scraped his bare feet ; he wants to cough, The Spaniard and his followers having partaken of a himself, and was obliged to make up his mind to per- but he hasn't sufficient nerve to risk the operation. slight repast of brawn, brown bread, and ale--a pubpetual self-banishment. He survived thirty years. He looks at his knocker; the lion's head ornamenting lic-spirited economical townsman calculated that each A gentleman of our acquaintance, who had known it seems to stare with new ferocity upon him. He man consumed a pound and a half of meat, a twohim in early life in Scotland, was surprised to meet touches the knocker as if it were red-hot-shakes it penny loaf, and two quarts of liquor-were conducted him one day in a Parisian coffee-house after the peace spasmodically-tap, tap, tap—and to Pigeon the sound by the mayor and other authorities to inspect the of 1814-the wreck or ghost of the handsome sprightly seems to search through a dead, deserted house-a public works and buildings of Hole-cum-Corner. Thus man he had once been. The comfort of his home, his desolate homestead. Has Charlotte gove to her moving in slow procession down Prigapple Lane, the country, and friends, the use of his talents to all these, family? Or, anticipating the completion of a threat Spaniard was shown the stocks ; at which curious in

to be made in after-life, has she already taken a lodg- stance of man's ingenuity he expressed his most in* Letter of Captain Amory, MS.

ing? Strange thoughts chill the heart of Pigeon, as tense delight. He was continually heard to murmur

as to himself, 'Great English! wonderful people ! the young bachelors, but favoured the younger son of married mon; their salary, individually, is from L.10 a truth translated by the schoolmaster of Hole-cum- the banker with a look entirely for himself.

to L.12 per annum, paid in money. Besides this Corner; who, in his childhood wrecked off Cadiz, had In this pause, a voice cried out, and it seemed as if allowance, they have each two pecks of oatmeal served three years as turnspit in the most Holy In- accompanying the glances of Mrs Limetwig-— Does weekly, nearly two quarts of milk per day, or an equiquisition. Having duly inspected the stocks, the Spa- nobody offer ??

valent in small beer or money; and frequently a quanniard was conducted two miles out of the town, to A titter, deepening into a laugh, went round the tity of potatoes during the winter half year. Next, Hempseed Common, to view an antique gibbet, one room, and Mrs Limet wig and Belinda turned to scar for their lodgment: they are provided with an outof the highly-prized, most sacred, and most vene let. Oh-ha! ha!' observed the mamma, evidently house connected with the farm-offices, which contains rable institutions of Hole-cum-Corner. Flere, again, restraining excessive laughter; that teazing bird, a few rough stools, benches, or chairs, sometimes a he exclaimed, 'Great English! wonderful people !' which William's godfather brought him-how came table, a pot for boiling water in, fuel, either of wood Returning to the town, the illustrious visiter was it here? and the servant was immediately ordered to or coal, salt, light, and a few small articles, which conducted to the cake-manufactory, where was exhi secure the intruder. But the parrot was a social par- usually belong to the ploughmen themselves, such as bited to him the whole process of cake-making; at rot, and resolved not to leave the party ; hence, after a small chest for holding meal, a wooden or tin bowl, which, as before, he declared himself sufficiently asto- many ineffectual attempts to catch it, for its leg, though and a horn spoon. The place is provided with beds, nished, and biting a cake hot from the oven, again weak, had been set by some Samaritan, the bird was consisting of common frames, ticks stuffed with chaff, exclaimed, “Great English! wonderful people ! suffered to remain.

blankets, and coarse linen sheets. Sometimes the The royal Spaniard was, after this, shown over the • It was downright cruelty to ask, but would'—thus sleeping place is not in the bothy, but in a room vast establishment of Squint and Leer, inventors and spoke the banker's younger son—would Miss Lime- adjoining the stable. The inmates cook their own makers of dolls'-eyes. Here a most gratifying sur twig sing his favourite song--the'

victuals-in plainer terms, make their own porridge prise awaited the royal guest, for he was presented, Certainly,' answered Mrs Limetwig for her daugh---make their own beds, and perform other offices for not only with the freedom of the town, in a handsome ter; and the favourite song—we forget its title and themselves. The bothy establishment is under no pearl bos, but with a document that enabled him to words, but its being very popular may account for other jurisdiction than that organised by its own inset up as dolls’-eyes maker in any part of England ; that-was executed with incomparable power. habitants, and that is as lax as may be. There is no a privilege which he declared to be the most flatter Your only unmarried daughter ? observed the privacy; and a virtuously disposed individual has ing mark of national liberality and national affection. banker's son, in a low voice, to Mrs Limet wig. no chance of escape from his comrades. A farmer, He arowed that, in the whole course of his life, he • All married, except my dear Belinda ; and it would who has had the courage to expose the system in would never look into the eyes of a doll, without break my heart, I believe, to part with her. Yes, sir,' a well-written essay on the subject, declares that thinking of the worthy people of Hole-cum-Corner.” said the mother, affected even by the probability of a

the corruption of manners is complete ; for, says The Preacher Parrot” is a happy and original separation ; ' Belinda, sir, is—is'

he, “ should any of the inmates of the bothy be idea of our author. The bird in question has been * The last lot, gentlementhe last lot! cried the par- disposed to rational enjoyment, they are most probrought up in an auction mart, where it has picked rot ; and the guests burst into uncontrolled laughter. bably exposed to the interruption of noisy ribaldry up a great number of the phrases of the place. After- Belinda, with fine presence of mind, immediately and unbecoming behaviour, which disturb all comwards transferred to various owners, it loses the favour struck the keys of the piano, as though quite uncon

posure, or all commendable social intercourse. I have of all in succession by its too apropos repetition of the scious of the interruption, and in a minute or two witnessed his evil on my own premises. I have had, auctioneers’ slang. The following is a specimen of its was in the midst of a furious battle-piece.

of late years, several single men-servants from a disadventures :-“ A very select party was congregated 'If I might aspire to the notice of Miss Limetwig,'trict of country where there are few bothies. At at the house of Mrs Limet wig, to celebrate the birth- said the banker's son to the mother, 'I hope that’

first, they read in their spare hours ; and some conday of her daughter, the youngest of four, the fair Be . Going for a song, gentlemen !' cried the parrot ; and tributed towards procuring a newspaper and periodical linda, who, at the time we write, had entered into her again its words were greeted with a shout. "It was work for themselves, besides having the use of mine. nineteenth year; and although she had no fortune-at too much ; the creature-where could it have learned The interruptions of the old bothy inmates, however, least, what is vulgarly understood by the mercenary such words ?-should be sent from the house. Such soon altered their habits. They first gave over paying young men of our day as fortune-she had the nobler was the sentence pronounced by Mrs Limetwig, and for a paper of their own, and latterly declined to read kind of wealth in great abundance-she was accom after some little difficulty carried into execution. But one, except on rare occasions, afforded to them gratis ; plished to the verge of perfection. Her pine-apples the charm of the night was broken : Mrs Limetwig and they gradually became very consistent bothý-men. painted on white satin, were equal, if not superior, to was irritated, Belinda languid, and the banker's son- | They professed to regret this, but alleged they were any in Corent Garden. And then her portraits of whether the last declaration of the bird had 'given obliged to yield to the circumstances under which they dear and particular friends--they lived and looked ! him pause,' we know not-not once, for the remainder were placed. Indeed, I am persuaded the minority It was only known to a few, but she had contributed of the evening, ventured to speak of Belinda. She would find it impossible to alter the nature of bothy some of the fancy heads, to either the Bloomsbury or died a maid, a victim to the intrusion of truth. characteristics, or even to follow the superior bent of the Bagnigge Wells Beauties, we forget which. Her What would become of the world, if truth inter- their own minds. One thoughtless or mischievous modesty withheld her name; but they who had seen fered in every marriage ?"

associate is much more likely to become a leader in a one of her faces, could easily point out the whole gal

bothy than one of an opposite character. The present lery. They had all the same sweet small mouth; in

situation of unmarried farm-servants cannot, therewhich the artist finely indicated the ethereal nature

THE BOTHY SYSTEM.

fore, in the very nature of things, conduce to any of the heroine, showing that with such a mouth it was A BOTHY is a rude barrack, or place of lodging, for other result than that which we have contemplated; impossible to eat. A mouth-if we may dare even to farm-servants, where they are kept very much on the and while they continue to be so situated, the same approach a masculine simile—almost the size of a shirt principle that a gentleman keeps his hounds-a roof elements of corruption, produced by like exciting button-hole; indeed, when any of the teeth were seen, over their head, a few of the meanest articles of fur-causes, will assuredly mingle their bitter fruits with it might almost be doubted if they were not the peari niture, and no kind of moral superintendence. In the devoted community.” button itself. And then the Dian-like purity illus- former times, it was customary for agriculturists and Speaking of the habits acquired under this vicious trated in such little lips !-they might, with difficulty, those in their employment to live under the same system, the same writer observes, that intemperance is compass a whistle, but could never be brought to per- roof, and the habitual and familiar intercourse in and not the least common. " They frequently either purpetrate a kiss. The eyes were worthy of the lips ; out of doors produced ties of friendship. The one chase whisky, and use it in their bothies on high occanice little beads, looking up in one head and down in party, at least, took an interest in the welfare of the sions, or resort in a body to the public-house, where another, as, in obedience to a wire, we see the diffe- other; and if there was homeliness of manner, there they seldom fail to indulge beyond their physical caparent orbs of different dolls. And then the flesh and was at the same time propriety of behaviour. The bilities. These debauches, especially when committed the general expression of the face--so soft, so very master found himself under the necessity of setting in their own dwellings, are followed by language the sweet, so unlike the flesh that, on this dull earth, is an example, and the servants felt that to forfeit esteem very excess of ribaldry, and by conduct resembling wooed and won and taken before a parson : no, it is was to lose their means of existence. Thus, the action that of a tribe of savages ; and as these extraordinary clear such beauties live upon honey-dew like hum and reaction of opinion kept all right. In these times, revels last throughout the greater portion of the night, ming-birds-on conserves of roses, and jessamine paste. however, all the servants of the establishment did besides all other personal sacrifices and injuries, the They are a great improvement to the ideal woman of not live under the roof of their employer. Married want of proper rest incapacitates the misguided and Wordsworth, and are

ploughmen lived in a cottage somewhere on the land, infatuated victims for the work of the succeeding day. much too good

and their families, on occasions, lent assistance in field While they were inmates of the farm-house, they For human nature's daily food.'

labour, herding cattle, or, as Burns says, “ running an could not absent themselves without discovery, far errand to a neebour toun.”

less keep a bottle for the use of themselves and friends It may be thought that we have lingered too long on A time came when all these old-world practices in the manner described. Now, they may do both. the one ability of Belinda, seeing that she has so many; were blown up. The demand for agricultural produce, They can go wherever, or do whatever, they please, but we could not for the life of us let the reader pass consequent on the French war and other circum- provided they are at their work in working hours, in ignorance of the fair hand so successfully helping stances, excited a spirit of improvement in husbandry, however indisposed or unprepared for its execution. the advancement of high British art. We have paused which has, in the space of forty years, about as effec- The temptations and opportunities to indulge in in. -many a time have we paused_before these heads, tually changed the face of Scotland as if the old temperance have not yet made many servants habitual contemplating them with the same profound sense of country had been carried away and a new one set drunkards. They exceed only occasionally, when the beautiful, that in our schoolboy days we have down in its stead. There is now scarcely such a thing urged by the contaminating system of association. lavished upon sugar-plums ; nay, it may be wrong to as a thatched farm-house of the old fashion. The But at both terms of the year many of them give full own the weakness, but, perhaps, with the self-same farm-houses are good slated buildings ; the farmer license to their depraved appetites. A great proporwish. To return to the birth-day party.

lives in a style better than a landed gentleman half tion of them expend their hard-earned means, on these We never see a young lady, surrounded by eight or a century ago, paying, at the same time, ten times occasions, most profusely and recklessly. From the ten bachelors, take off her gloves, and seat herself at the old rent; and in several quarters of the country, period of leaving their old service and entering on the piano, but we shudder, from an association of all the operations connected with the farm are exe- their new, being generally every half year, the average ideas-yes, we instantly think of the infernal machine! cuted by young unmarried men, hired for short terms, expenditure of each unmarried man-servant, on inWho knows how many men may be killed dead on and who are usually lodged in a bothy. In some dis- toxicating liquors and other evil indulgences, cannot the spot by the first crash! Belinda played divinely. tricts, the practice of employing only unmarried men be less than ten or fifteen shillings. Some of them Edgar Flímsy, the younger son of a country banker, has not yet been introduced; and in such cases, the expend one or two pounds, thus wasting nearly the looked very serious as the music proceeded. Mrs ploughmen with their families reside in cottages near half of their wages

. The poverty produced by these Limetwig observed the gravity of the young gentle- the homestead, a practice which it is a pity should short-lived seasons of revelry, is the best safeguard man, and, doubtless to divert it, desired Belinda to ever be broken up.

against their repeating acts of the same description sing. Belinda obeyed, and sang in the finest pos The reader will now understand what is meant by until the wages are again won, to be expended in a sible taste. Had she been wound up for the occa- the bothy system, which, from whatever cause, we are similar manner. This regular routine of inebriety sion like a musical snuff-box, she could not have assured 'is effecting a serious demoralisation of man- seldom gets a check until the victims are overwhelmed acquitted herself with more precision, and with less ners among the peasantry in all the places in which by debt. The money that went into the pocket of vulgar impulse : every note fell from her lips as if it has taken root. The evil

, it appears, has attracted 'mine host,' ought to have gone to pay the shoemaker it were chiselled - and then her execution ! Poor the attention of those philanthropists who take pains and tailor. Indeed, so unguarded and indiscreet are Edgar Flimsy !-his heart was dragged up and down to look below the surface of things; and the High- bothy servants in general in their expenditure, that the gamut until exhausted ; when, at the last three-land Society has, we observe, lately given a pre- they have often to purchase their necessaries on credit. minute shake of the songstress, it fell into a thou- mium to the writer of an essay on the subject. As Few are able to pay in ready money, and their wages, sand little pieces. Indeed, we would not own the readers in the south may be interested in knowing even before they are earned, are consequently almost heart that could stand that shake. There was a gene- the mechanique of a bothy, we can tell them some- all uplifted, or pledged, for a portion of both necesral burst of applause, followed for a moment by a thing of it from the account which we have just saries and indulgences; and as they are continually profound silence. Mrs Limetwig looked proudly at | alluded to. First, of the inmates : they are all un. I changing their situations, some of them omit to give a

*

parting call to their creditors. This improvident and a license is given for the sale of them, if they are not in I consider Father Mathew as the greatest benefactor dishonest conduct destroys in them every honour- jurious to the public health. The sale of hurtful nos to his countrythe most true friend to Irish men and to able feeling, and forms a barrier to the cultivation trums is prohibited by penalties. As to other nostrums, Ireland.-I am, sir, with the most earnest wish for the of habits of economy in after life.

the quack may sell, the dupe may buy-the government continued success of your great cause, yours truly, The reader can judge from these facts, why many only interfering with “the liberty of the subject".

MARIA EDGEWORTH." rural female-servants have become so depraved in

(whether that subject be quack or dupe) for the protheir habits, and inefficient in the discharge of their tection of life.--Abridged from a Puper by Dr Fosbroke

FRENCH IDEAS OF ENGLISH SPORT. duties ; and, moreover, how little they are qualified to of Chester.

After horses, greyhounds, foxes, pigeons, and bull-dogs, be wives and mothers, and what kind of promise their

we at length come to boxers—the last class of sport, offspring hold out for the future cultivators of the LINES ON REVISITING THE COUNTRY. which holds brutes in greater esteem than men; for do soil. The labourers are not the only sufferers from

(BY DRYANT, AN AMERICAN POET.]

not fancy that this classification is the effect of chance, this depth of degeneracy into which they are plunged,

and of a sense of shame or disgust. Not so; the English

I STAND upon my native hills again, and are plunging, it is to be feared, still deeper and

Broad, round, and green, that in the southern sky,

do nothing without an intention ; they never blush at deeper. Their masters' interests and comforts - are With garniture of waving grass and grain,

what they do, and are enraptured with delight at the materially involved. They are wanting in their duty

Orchards and beechen forests, basking lie;

hideous sight of two desperate boxers. Thus the last to themselves, and they cannot be dutiful to others. While deep the sunless glens are scooped between, rank allotted in the hierarchy of sport to those ignoble Many of them, being totally regardless of the interests

Where brawl o'er shallow beds the streams unseen. fights, proves only, that if they tremble when their horse of their employers, become mere eye-servants; and all

A lisping voice and glancing eyes are near,

has caught a cold, they have somewhat less feeling when the strictness with which they are watched cannot

And ever-restless steps of one, who now

they behold a man's ribs knocked in. In those combats Gathers the blossoms of her fourth bright year ;

every thing is opprobrious and repulsive-ay, every thing, ensure the efficient performance of their duty.”

There plays a gladness o'er her fair young brow,

from the teethless mouth and the brutal looks of those We must have done with this odious picture of As breaks the varied scene upon her sight,

degraded beings, to the preparations and precautions rural depravity. Having brought the subject fairly Upheaved, and spread in verdure and in light.

destined to prolong the combat. Each second brings his under public attention, we leave it to the considera For I have taught her, with delighted eye,

champion a pail of water, a large horse sponge, and a tion of those who have it in their power to carry

To gaze upon the mountains to behold,

bottle of brandy or wine. The heroes are stripped to practical remedies into effect.

With deep affection, the pure, ainple sky,

the waist, and, at first, totter, as much from fear as from
And clouds along the blue abysses rollid-
To love the song of waters, and to hear

drunkenness; but the murmurs of the spectators soon
The melody of winds with charmed ear.

warn them that they have not come to witness mere GLASS WAISTCOATS.

childish play. Vanity then prevails over fear, and the The very ingenious discovery of working glass into a

Here I have 'scaped the city's stiffing heat,

combat becomes serious. At every tooth that drops, at

Its horrid sounds, and its polluted air ; substance resembling the richest silk, is now being

And-- where the season's milder fervours beat,

every rib that breaks, at every eye that falls out, there brought into very general operation, and in various ways,

And gales, that swecp the forest borders, bear

are voices that shout “Bravo!” and hands that applaud. such as gentlemen's waistcoats and stocks, ladies' dresses, The song of bird and sound of running stream

The struggle has already lasted an hour ; the boxers are and many other articles of decoration, in the most splen

Have come awhile to wander and to dream.

exhausted ; they can scarcely stand ; their faces are did patterns. It is superior even to silk in flexibility and

Ay, fiame thy fiercest, sun ; thou canst not wake,

bruised, and covered with blood ; their bodies present softness, and the durability of it (a point, however, of no

In this pure air, the plague that walks unseen ;

but a huge sore. But they have not yet rested and consideration with the haut ton, among whom at present The maize leaf and the maple bough but take

assailed one another above fifty times, and a proper comit exclusively is), as a matter of course, vastly superior.

From thy fierce heats a deeper, glossier green ;

bat must be renewed at least sixty or seventy. Their In process of time, when the manufacture has arrived at The mountain wind, that faints not in thy ray,

seconds apply the sponge to the flowing blood, wash a more perfect state, and all its little defects remedied,

Sweeps the blue steams of pestilence away.

their eyes, noses, and ears, pour wine or brandy down and its wastings discovered, it will in all probability The mountain wind-most spiritual thing of all

their throats; and the blows resound again, until one of come within the reach of most classes of society, but at

The wide earth knows-when, in the sultry time, them, panting, exhausted, almost dead, falls down to get present its cost is its only drawback. The magnificence He stoops him from his vast cerulean hall,

up no more. And yet the crowd is often dissatisfied;

He seems the breath of a celestial climoof its appearance is quite remarkable, and when used in

often does it cry that there has been treachery or cowany considerable quantity, such as window-curtains, &c.,

As if from Heaven's wide open gates did flow

ardice-instead of one corpse it would have two. This

Health and refreslıment on the world below. it should be seen before a just appreciation of its rich

is the ugly side of sport in England, for it is not the popuness and elegance can be entertained.— Newspaper para- -Selections from American Poets.

lace only that encourage these loathsome spectacles; the graph.

most elegant men blush not to witness them, and to CONDUCT BEFORE THE KING AND QUEEN.

TEMPERANCE IN IRELAND.

speculate upon the fists of a boxer with the same cool

ness as they speculate upon a horse's legs. In this deIn the first place, you must not cough. If you find a On this subject it affords us much pleasure to give the partment of sport we shall never be on a level with the cough tickling in your throat, you must arrest it from following letter (extracted from a newspaper) by Miss English, and we can but congratulate ourselves upon it. making any sound; if you find yourself choking with the Edgeworth, dated “ Edgeworthstown, Feb. 28, 1842,” to -La Presse. forbearance, you must choke-but not cough. In the R. Allen, Esq., Secretary of the Irish Temperance Union, second place, you must not sneeze. If you have a vehe- Dublin :ment cold, you must take no notice of it: if your nose “Sir,-Your letter needs no apology. I thank you for

EDITORIAL NOTE. membranes feel a great irritation, you must hold your having thought it worth while to apply to me, and for The Editors of CHAMBERS'S EDINBURGH JOURNAL again beg to breath ; if a sneeze still insists upon making its way, you desiring to have my opinion on the Temperance Associa- intimate that they do not wish any contributions, and that they must oppose it, by keeping your teeth grinding together ; tion, along with those of the most benevolent and en will not be responsible for the safe-keeping or the return of if the violence of the repulse breaks some blood-vessel, lightened friends of humanity.

papers pressed upon them notwithstanding these repeated an. you must break the blood-vessel—but not sneeze. In I am happy to be able-by all the experience we have

nouncements. They also would respectfully submit, that it is the third place, you must not, upon any account, stir had in this neighbourhood, and by all that I have heard

too much to expect them to attend to or answer all the letters

sent to them. The greater proportion of these communications either hand or foot. If by chance a black pin runs into of evidence from different parts of the country—to con

are inquiries on subjects which the writers themselves, by a your head, you must not take it out. If the pain is very firm the accounts you have from all parts of Britain, and small share of industry, could easily settle to their own satisfacgreat, you must be sure to bear it without wincing; if it especially from Mr Clarkson—the venerable Clarkson,' tion. At all events, the Editors have such onerous duties to brings the tears into your eyes, you must not wipe them as you justly call him. I should content myself with perform to the public, in the conducting of the present and the off; if they give you a tingling by running down your saying--as once a gentleman did after hearing a speech other works on which they are engaged, that to attend to the cheeks, you must look as if nothing was the matter. If of Burke's—I say ditto to Mr Burke,'—I say ditto to

many inquiries put to them is entirely out of the question. Some the blood should gush from your head, by means of the Mr Clarkson--but that I think it may be useful to this may be inclined to think this uncourteous; a knowledge of the black pin, you must let it gush; if you are uneasy to good cause, that all should give specific individual evi- correspondents seem not to have the slightest notion that they think of making such a blurred appearance, you must be dence of what they know of their own knowledge of the are giving trouble, or that they have not established a claim uneasy, but you must say nothing about it. If, however, operation of this temperance pledge.

to be answered to the full extent of their demands. Were the agony is very great, you may privately bite the in In our village of Edgeworthstown, the whisky-selling the Editors to publish some of their letters, they would form side of your cheek, or of your lips, for a little relief; has diminished, since the pledge has been taken, within an amusing farrago of conceit, spite, and folly. The class of taking care, meanwhile, to do it so cautiously as to make the last two years, so as to leave public houses empty, persons whom a statesman described as bothering him with no apparent dent outwardly. And, with that precaution, and to oblige the landlord to lower house-rent conside

advices to tax pianos and umbrellas, are a type of these letter. if you even gnaw a piece out, it will not be minded, only rably. This we know to our pecuniary loss—I need not

writers. One sends a long, ill-spelled communication respecting

the millenium, which, he says, from a peculiar combination be sure either to swallow it, or commit it to a corner of add, to our moral satisfaction.

of certain letters of the alphabet and certain figures, is proved the inside of your mouth till they are gone-for you The appearance of the people—their quiet demeanour will take place in the present year-he is anxious to know if must not spit. I have many other directions, but no at markets and fairs-has wonderfully improved in gene his calculations are correct. A second has discovered the permore paper; I will endeavour, however, to have them ral; and to the knowledge of this family, many notorious petual motion, and could make watches go by the same power ready for you in time. Perhaps, meanwhile, you would drinkers, and some, as it was thought, confirmed drunk- that governs the motions of the planets”--the Editors are te be glad to know if I have myself had opportunity to put ards, have been completely reformed by taking the be rewarded with half the profits if they will be at the expense in practice these receipts ?–Madame D'Arblay's Diary. pledge.

of taking out a patent for the discovery. A third is a person re.

siding in England, who thinks he is somehow related to a family They have become able and willing to work, and to of distinction and wealth in the north-he requests to be furnished QUACKERY.

take care of their farms and business--are decently with a private history of the said family for two centuries back ; Quackery, like sin, is very ancient. It flourished in clothed, and healthy and happy-and now make their expenses of search will be cheerfully paid. A fourth is most ancient Rome as well as in modern Europe. Nor does it wives and children happy, instead, as before the refor anxious to discover the origin of his name, and will go the length

depend for its prosperity on the ignorance of the unedu-mation, miserable and broken-hearted. I have heard of half a guinea to be satisfied on the subject. Not a few ask a • cated classes. * The desire of wealth and health," says some of the strong expressions of delight of several of the

candid opinion on the merits of parcels of poetry (!) which they Pitt,“ seems to put all understandings on a level : the wives of the reformed dru kard

enclose for perusal. But, as above mentioned, the greater pro

One wife said to me, portion ask answers to questions of the most trifling nature. At avaricious are duped by every bubble—the lame and un- • Ma'am, I'm the happiest woman now that can be ; sure, least six persons have asked why the pages of the "Information healthy by every quack.” The faith of that singular he says he is wakened from a dream, and now he goes for the People" are not numbered, any one of whom might have compound of folly and knavery, the world, is kept up by about his business so well; and, ma'am, he can eat more, seen that the pages are numbered—the only peculiarity being that peers, judges, and bishops, by clowns, operatives, and old and he can bear the noise of the children, which he never the figures are placed at the bottom instead of the top of the page. women, who furnish certificates to the value of nostrums, could formerly.'

Perhaps a dozen persons have asked to be furnished with the and testify in favour of imposture, delusion, and villany. I have heard of many instances where the health has

address of Dr Turnbull in London, although it is expressly menEvery material substance and medicament, from the been improved, even where the total abstinence' be

tioned in the article referring to that gentleman that he lives in inert herb and common weed to simple water, having no gan late in life, and after habits of daily intemperance.

Russel Square; and surely it could not be very difficult for an properties beyond mere matter, have been at one period I have not known of any in which the health has suf- inquirer to find out all the rest himself ; some people, however,

never seem to be able to do any thing for themselves they always or another boasted up to the vain and empty nothingness fered. Very few instances of breaking the pledge have require somebody to lead them or push them on. Once for all, of a great name, as the best remedy in the world for the as yet come to our knowledge in this neighbourhood, the Editors do not know any thing more of Dr Turnbull's address inward bruises of all mankind. Indeed, each has pos but some have occurred. The culprits have been com

than that it is--Russel Square, London. London is a large city sessed in turn the same reputation, and produced the pletely shunned and disgraced, so that they are awful

in England, and may be reached by stage-coaches, railways, or same imputed benefits as a panacea for the cure of every warings to others.

steam-boats. On arrival, a good plan would be to hire a street disease under the sun; and their imaginary virtues have So long as public opinion is upheld in this manner, and

cab (contraction of cabriolet), and tell the cabman to drive to Dr

Turnbull's, Russel Square; and leave him to find out the house, been witnessed and attested by persons from the throne so continues to act, we may hope that this great power which there is little fear of his doing. It is hoped this will be to the garret. In this country the sale of quack medi- --this inestimable moral blessing to Ireland, in particu- considered sufficiently explicit. cines has kept pace with the “ march of intellect.” Forty lar, will continue; and most earnestly I hope and pray The Editors, in conclusion, have a more pleasing duty to per. years ago they yielded an annual revenue to the state that it may.

form in thanking many kind friends for their obliging hints, of about L.14,000. In 184) the amount realised was Beyond all calculations-beyond all the predictions observations, and corrections of errors, which they indulgently L.50,000. For the last half century, English governments of experience, and all the examples from the past, and

and properly ascribe to inadvertency. In all cases in which the have looked upon this vile revenue as more valuable, in all analogy, this wonderful crusade against the bad habits

errors are not imaginary but real, care is taken to correct them

in subsequent impressions. their judgment, than the health of the people, the pro- of nations--the bad habits and sensual tastes of indivisperity of the regular profession, and the improvement of duals-has succeeded and lasted for above two years. physic. They manage these things better in France." It is amazing, and proves the power of moral and re

LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by There the compositions of all nostrums are divulged, ligious influence and motive, beyond any other example w. S. ORR, Paternoster Row. compulsorily, to the Academy of Medicine; after which on record in history.

Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars.

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CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF " CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,"

“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c.

NUMBER 535.

SATURDAY, APRIL 30, 1842.

PRICE lid.

SHORT NOTES ON MATRIMONY.

certain in all cases to be attended with unhappiness ; But this is a critical subject, and not strictly under

but assuredly, in as far as it is departed from, there is our view at present; so we shall leave it with the reMATRIMONY has never been treated formally in the the less likelihood of happiness. So, also, when an mark that, in the present arrangements, there is cerJournal, but several matters connected with it have individual of a humble grade is adopted by marriage tainly a powerful call for the exercise of caution with received some attention. In an early number, in a into a comparatively refined circle, there is, upon the regard to the dispositions of the party with whom an paper entitled “ Fathers have Flinty Hearts,” we en- | whole, most risk of suffering to the inferior person. alliance is to be formed. deavoured to combat the idea that parents are in It is not good for either, but certainly worst for the Matrimony presents occasion for the exercise of general animated by views opposed to the happiness party who makes the greatest change, and whose conscientiousness towards somewhat extraordinary of their children with regard to marriage.* After position is consequently the falsest. In such a case, objects. Where any one, by marrying, has a great wards, under the title of “ Attachments,”+ it was our one may really be said to gain a loss. Unsuitable chance of injuring the happiness of the other party, aim to show that that fixing of the affections upon matches are awkward and troublesome to more than it certainly ought to be a point of conscience to one object, which the young generally consider as an the parties themselves. It is common for persons avoid taking the step. The circumstances of some act, like certain advertisements, “not to be repeated,” who have made such alliances to say that they had a men—with regard, for instance, to the nature of is in reality only the employment of a power of affec- title to please themselves ; but this is a maxim to be their profession (this is particularly the case in the tion, which, on some subsequent occasion, and under taken with some exception. A married pair are not army), or with regard to their income [this is certain favouring circumstances, may be shifted to a quite isolated in society. They are on the contrary a more general case)--are such, that there is no second object, which it will regard with as strong a associated and connected with many persons who owe reasonable prospect of happiness for their partner. feeling of preference as it ever manifested for the first.

to them, and to whom they owe, duty. It is felt by They are therefore bound to postpone coining under We afterwards said what we could to discountenance these persons that the unsuitableness of the match is this obligation until they shall be in more favourthe dangerous practice of making engagements when productive of much inconvenience to them, and must able circumstances. There is a large class of both there is any thing but the most immediate prospect needs be so, while such a thing as society exists. It men and women who are disqualified for matrimony of their being fulfilled by marriage—a practice which is therefore in some measure necessary, in marriage, by their condition as to health. Where there is leads to a vast amount of misery otherwise avoidable, to please friends, as well as one's self, if we would dis some simple disease, about which no concealment is and which every one possessing the slightest influ- charge all the obligations under which we lie as social affected, or where there is the obvious feebleness of ence over young persons, ought by all means to dis- beings. When a man or woman of some rank marries old age, the association will be fair enough, if both courage. The different but even more alarming a person of greatly inferior condition, a great and real parties are willing. But where there is a deep-seated class of dangers attending marriage between parties offence is unquestionably committed, and the conse- and fatal disease, which does not make an appearance, nearly related in blood, was the subject of another quent alienation of friends, though to be deplored, is and where the party so affected marries, or even compaper. More recently, we took into consideration only what is to be expected.

mences or encourages addresses, without a full disthe common notion as to the dependence of women Harmony of character is as needful as equality of closure of the nature of the case, the act is a fraud, upon marriage, and endeavoured to show that their condition. When fortune joins the gentle to the rude, and one of a gross and dangerous character. It may respectability and happiness might be advanced by she certainly commits one of the most wanton of all be that the erring party is young, and ignorant of the their appearing and really considering themselves as her pranks. There is a theory which probably has full extent of the evil done ; but in this case the guilt comparatively independent of matrimony; for which taken its rise in a wish to find a final cause for the is only transferred to parents or other guardians. reason we counselled parents to train up their female many inharmonious unions which are formed—that Where there is a liability to hereditary disease, it bechildren to look upon a husband as a thing which it nature delights in uniting opposites. The only counte comes a duty both to others and one's self to abstain was only well to have, if a good one should readily nance which the doctrine has is in the noted caprice from the marriage tie. It may be very true that such occur, but which it were better otherwise to want, or which makes tall men select short women, and short is only an inherited misfortune, and that it is a hardfor which, at least, no sacrifice should be made, seeing men tall women, dark men fair women, and so forth. ship for such a person to be debarred from an associathat it is quite possible to lead both an useful and a There is perhaps some principle of taste which pro tion which others enter into for the promotion of happy life unmarried.|| We would now advert to a duces these odd associations, but it is greatly to be their happiness; but these are only smaller evils which few other points connected with this subject—a deli- doubted if opposite dispositions ever lead to a feeling it is proper to submit to in order to avoid greater. cate one, we confess, seeing that every error involved of preference. All that we know of mind teaches us, By forbearing from matrimony, the evil is kept at its in it has been committed by the wisest and most es on the contrary, that souls sympathise only under the original amount; by marrying, the risk is incurred of timable of our friends, but which we shall nevertheless influence of a community of sentiment. When a widely enlarging it. A person who takes a hereditary venture on, with some hope of passing over it success gentle nature is drawn into connexion with an un disease into the marriage connexion, may be said to fully, being, on this as on all other occasions, sincerely gentle one, it is probably either through the efficacy be laying the foundation of a life of trial and misery. anxious to treat general questions with as little offence of some external circumstances, or by the working of Like all other selfish wrong acts, it is severely punto the feelings of individuals as possible.

that venerative principle which, in all love affairs, ished. An offspring probably arises, only to be It is but to reiterate the most commonplace obser- produces a blindness to the real qualities of the object. sources of anxiety and affliction to their parents, or vation, that unequal matches of all kinds are unfavour

The refined come into conjunction with the coarse, to wring their hearts by what reason may afterwards able to happiness. A match may be unequal in age, the enlightened with the ignorant, the benevolent acknowledge as a comparative mercy-premature in the personal appearance and manners of the parties, with the severe, through similar causes ; and from all death. It often happens that such a family observes in their original grado, and many other respects. In such alliances only misery can come. The wreck of a regular time in succession for beginning to pine, every respect inequality is mischievous, and generally peace produced by an inharmonious marriage, and the reaching a crisis, and then dropping into the grave. as much so for the party who seems to have the advan almost hopelessness of redress, present one of the most Imagine the feelings of a parent who sees these nevertage, as for the other. When, for instance, a female distressing views of human affairs which we ever meet theless endeared objects going on to their almost cerof thirty-five marries a man of twenty, the likelihood with. And it is difficult to reconcile with justice our tain doom, conscious that earthly aid is all in vain to of unhappiness ten or twelve years afterwards, is even condemning to perpetual misery a person who has counteract the decrees of nature. Or suppose the greater for herself than for her husband. The laws only been unfortunate in the choice of a mate. Such more agonising feelings with which the first symptoms of nature have in this case been signally violated, and pairs are forced, or all but forced, by society to re- of a hereditary mental taint are observed arising. nothing but evil can follow. The ages of married main together, not exactly because their separating The heart of the unconcerned melts with compassion pairs should be adjusted according to a sliding scale, would be an evil in itself, but because it is feared that at the mention of such distresses; yet there cannot in something like the following manner :-When the the least facilitation to divorce would produce a gene

be a doubt that the parties are only reaping the harwoman is under twenty-five, the man should not be ral disposition to dissolve the marriage tie. It has rest of the herb of bitterness which they have sowed. less than five years older; when she is between twenty- always seemed to us highly questionable if the relaxa- Nature tells that certain malignant ailments go from five and thirty-three, he ought to be eight years older; tion of the laws on this subject would be attended parents to children. Reason therefore infers that when she is between thirty-three and forty, he should with any such effect, for, first, the natural disposition persons so affected ought not to marry. This is a be fully fifteen years her senior ; and so on. It may is, not to separate, but to remain together, as is shown counsel which they are bound to obey. Do they disbe observed that departures from such a rule are not by the pertinacity with which even unhallowed unions regard the injunction, they have only themselves to

are maintained ; and, second, there is greater laxity blame for the consequences. The most sympathising * See Journal, No. 3.

† No. 40. No. 243. ş" A Chapter for the Unmarried," No. 399.

in some countries than in others, without having the bystander must see and acknowledge this truth. It 1 " Ideas respecting the Fair Sex," No. 494.

slightest observable effect in inviting to separation. is unfortunate that many have but obscuro notions of

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