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Long. You swore to that, Biron, and to the rest.
Biron. By yea and nay, Sir, then I swore in jest. What is the end of study? let me know? King. Why, that to know, which else we should
not know. Biron. Things hid and barr'd (you mean) from
Biron. Come on then, I will swear to study fo,
When I to feast exprelly am forbid ? ;
When mistresses from common sense are hid :
King. These be the stops, that hinder study quite ; And train our Intellects to vain delight.
Biron. Why,alldelights are vain; but that most vain, Which, with pain purchas'd, doth inherit pain; As, painfully to pore upon a book,
To seek the light of truth; while truth the while Doth fallly blind the eye-fight of his look:
Light, seeing light, doth light of light beguile; • The copies all have, Wsen ie. when I am enjoin'd beforeI t falt expresly am forbid.) But hand tó faft. THEOBALD. if Biron itudied where to get a
- wbile truth the while good Dinner, at a time when he Doth fallly blind —-.] Fallly was forbid to fast, how was This is here, and in many other places, ftudying to know what he was the same as distonestly or treacherforbid to know? Common Sense, ously. The whole sense of this and the whole Tenour of the gingling declamation is only this, Context, requires us to read feast, that a man by too close pudo or to make a Change in the last may read himself blind, which Word of the Verse.
might have been told with less When I to falt exprefly am føre- oblcurity in fewer words. Vol. II. I
So, ere you find where light in darkness lies,
By fixing it upon a fairer eye;
And give him light, that it was blinded by.
That will not be deep search'd with fawcy looks ; Shall have continual plodders ever won,
Save base authority from other's books. These earthly godfathers of heaven's lights,
That give a name to every fixed star, Have no more profit of their shining nights,
Than those that walk and wot not what they are. s Too much to know, is to know nought: bur fame; And every godfather can give a name.'
4 Who dazzling so, that eye ludes to Adam's Fall, which came fall be his heed,
from the inordinate passion of And give him light, that it was knowing too much. The other
blinded by. This is an- way is to read, and point it thus, other pafiage unnecessarily ob- Too much to know, is to know scure: the meaning is, that when nought: but FEIGN, i.e. ta he dazzles, that is, has his eye feign. As much as to say, the made weak, by fixing his eye upon affecting to know too much is the a fairer eye, that fairer eye shall way to know nothing. The sense, be his beed, his direction or lode in both these readings, is equally ftar, (see Midsummer Niglit's good: But with this difference; Dream) and give him light that If we read the first way, the folwas blinded by it.
lowing line is impertinent; and Too much to know, is to know to save the correction, we must
nought but FAME; judge it fpurious. If we read it And every Godfather can give a the second way, then the follow
name.] The first line in ing line compleats the sense. this reading is absurd and imper- Consequently the correction of tinent. There are two ways of feign is to be preferred. To krstv setting it right. The first is to too much (says the speaker) is is read it thus,
know nothing; it is only feigning Too much to know, is to know to know what we do not : giving
nought but SHAME ; names for things without knoto This makes a fine sense, and al- ing their natures; which is false
King. How well he's read, to reason against reading!
That bites the first-born infants of the spring.
boast, Before the birds have any cause to sing? Why should I joy in an abortive birth ??
kacurledge: And this was the pe- 6 Proceeded well, to pop all culiar defect of the Peripatetic good proceeding.) To proceed is Philofophy then in vogue. These an academical term, meaning, to philosophers, the poet, with the 'take a degree, as he proceeded bahighest humour and good tense, chelor in physick. The sense is, calls the Godfathers of Nature, be bas taken his degrees on the ari who could only give things a of hindering the degrees of others. arme, but had no manner of ac- * Why Jbould I joy in an abortquaintance with their essences.
ive Birth ? WARBURTON.
At Christmas I no more defire a That there are two ways of
Rose, Jetting a passage right gives rea- Than with a Snow in May's newson to suspect that there may be fangled Shows : a third way better than either. But like of each Thing, that in The first of these emendations Season grows.) As the makes a fine sense, but will not greatest part of this Scene (both unite with the next line; the other what precedes and follows) is makes a fense less fine, and yec ftrictly in Rhimes, either fuccef will not rhyme to the correspon- five, alternate, or triple; I am dent word' I cannot fee why persuaded, the Copyilts have the passage may not stand with made a dip here. For by makout difturbance. The consequence, ing a Triplet of the three lait fays Biron, of too much knoveledge, Lines quoted, Birth in the Close is not any real solution of doubts, of the first Line is quite destitute but mere empty reputation. of any Rhyme to it. Besides, I 2
At Christmas I no more desire a rose,
King. Well, fit you out-Go home, Biron : Adieu!
Than for that angel knowledge you can fay; Yet confident l'll keep what I have swore,
And 'bide the penance of each three years' day. Give me the paper, let me read the same; And to the strict'it decrees I'll write my name. hing. Ilow well this yielding rescues thee from
fhame! Piron. Item. That no woman Mall come within a mile of my Court.
[reading Hath this been proclaimed ? ,
Long. Four days ago.
Biron. Let's see the penalty. On pain of losing her tongue :
(reading Who devis'd this penalty ?
Long. Marry, that did I. ·
what a displeasing Identity of the Close of the 3d Line, which Sound recurs in the Middle and restores the alternate Measure, I Close of this Verse ?
was very easy for a negligen Than wish a Snow in May's Transcriber to be deceived by the
new.fengled Shows : Rhime immediately preceding! Again; new fangled Shorus seems fo mittake the concluding Wor to have very little Propriety. in the sequent Line, and corrut The Flowers are not new fangled; it into one that would chime with but the earth is new.fangled by the other.
THEO BALI the Profution and Variety of the 8 A dangerous Law again Flowers, that spring on its Bo.' Gentility!) I have ventured Som in May, I have therefore prefix the Name of Biron to the ventured to substitute, Earth, in
Item, [reading.] If any man be seen to talk with a winan within the term of three Years, he mall endure such publick shame as the rest of the Court can poffibly devile.
This article, my liege, yourself must break;
For, well you know, here comes in embassy The French King's daughter with yourself to speak,
A maid of grace and compleat majesty, About Surrender up of Aquitain
To her decrepit, fick, and bed-rid father :
Or vainly comes th' admired Princess hither.
King. We must, of force, dispense with this decree, She must lye here on mere necessity. Biron. Necessity will make us all forsworn,
Three thousand times within this three years fpace: For every man with his affects is born : Noi by might master'd, but by special grace '.
If lise, it being evident, for two tility, here, it does not signify Realons, that it, by fome Acci- that Rank of People called, Gen... dint or other, flipt out of the try; but what the French expreís printed Books. In the first place, by, gentilefje, i. e. clegantia ur. Lingueville confeffes, he had de- banitas. And then the Meaning vis'o the Penalty : and why he is this. Such a law for banishing mould immediately arraign it as Women from the Court, is dana dangerous Law, seems to be gerous, or injurious, to Politevery inconsistent. In the next ness, Urbanity, and the more re. place, it is much more natural fined Pleasures of Life. For Men for Biron to make this Refexion, without Women would turn bruwho is cavilling at every thing; tal, and savage, in their Natures and then for him to pursue his and Behaviour. THEOBALD. reading over the remaining Ar- 9 Not by might mater'd, but by icles. — As to the Word Gen- Special grace.] Biron amidit