Imatges de pÓgina

an old councillor, who must have been how. In his right hand Roland holds a very like your burgomaster, arose and long sword, intended for the sword of called attention to the fact that, although justice, and it is recorded that in early the last bear had been dead for several days malefactors were executed near the months, no particular calamity had afflicted spot where he stands. Behind him is a the canton beyond the annoyance of its figure of Eulenspiegel, or Owlglass, eviown (he would not say foolish) fears. On dently intended as a monument of a visit this basis he moved that the offers of re- paid to the town by that world-famed ward should be cancelled, and that they jester.”' should continue to do without a bear, till “I know what Eulenspiegel did at Stenwarned by some palpable sign of their im- dal,” interrupted Laurence. propriety. The motion, having the un- “So do I,” said Maximilian, grufily. questionable advantage of economy in its “But I do not,” observed Edgar, with favour, was eagerly seconded, and carried a malicious smile. " Let Laurence tell us unanimously; and from that time forward all about it.” the public purse was never drained for the “I will send you the old book recording maintenance of a bear.”

all the adventures of Eulenspiegel. Read “ These committees and sub-committees, it to-morrow at leisure, and much pleasure and movers and seconders,” observed Maxi- may it give you; but let me get through milian, "lead me to suspect, my good my story now. The Roland at Stendal, Edgar, that this Swiss legend, doubtless though he does not seem to date further antique in its origin, has received some back than the beginning of the sixteenth colouring from the narrator. It lacks the century; has occasionally been known to mediæval ring, and there is an irreverent relieve the monotony of his existence by tone about it which brings me back to the turning round, or even stepping from his point at which I started."

pedestal and taking a stroll about the “What point was that ?” simultaneously streets. inquired Laurence and Edgar.

“Who is supposed to have seen him "I stated that in this same Stendal, perform these feats ?” inquired Edgar. which we have been so largely discussing, "Several people, I believe," answered I had discovered a similitude to the Anda- Maximilian, “but they generally liked to see lasian Don Juan."

him at a distance, and did not much care “So you did," assented Laurence; “but to inspect him closely." upon my word I had forgotten all about “This seems to be a case to which the

hackneyed line-— Distance lends enchant“I also,” ejaculated Edgar; “really I ment to the view,' will apply with singular beg your pardon, my dear Maximilian. Tell force,” said Laurence. us all about it now.”

“One citizen, however," proceeded Maxi• Well,” said Maximilian, looking more milian, “ chanced on the occasion of some cheerful than for some time previously, festival to imbibe liquor sufficient to endow “you must know that in the market-place him with an amount of courage such as of Stendal is a statue of the well-known he had never previously displayed, or proknight, Roland, the Orlando of Ariosto." bably felt. This same extemporaneous

Stop a bit,” interrupted Laurence. ribald took it into his head to stalk up “Don't be too sure that the statue, because to the statue and make months at it. it is called Roland, has any reference to This the magnanimous Roland endured, Ariosto. In the cities of the Altmark, a but when the citizen went further and inRoland, that is to say, the figure of a solently pitied him, because he could not stalwart knight, is generally to be found, take a glass, the insult was too great even and all the Rolands are alike in this, that, for a man of stone to endure; so solemnly with the exception of the one at Perleberg, revolving on his feet, he turned his back on which lies to the north, they wear a mou- his assailant. The movement so terrified the stache without a beard."

citizen, that he became sober at once; and “The Roland of whom I am speaking," was never afterwards known to commit an proceeded Maximilian, in a less cheerful excess. You will be greatly surprised, howtone, “holds in his left hand a shield, ever, to hear that on the following morning adorned with the eagle of Branden- the statue stood in its proper position, burg

just as if nothing had happened." “Or Anhalt ?” suggested Laurence. "Nay, for my part," rejoined Edgar, "as

“Whichever you please," replied Maxi- I am convinced it was not the statue, milian, fretfully “Do let me get on some- but the head of the spectator that went



round, my surprise is but moderate, and I Park received a salary of twelve pounds have no doubt that my views coincide with thirteen and fourpence a year,” the keeper those of Laurence.”

of the house, the convent-garden, and the " At all events,” said Maximilian, "you woods ten pounds a year, and the lieuhave here a ribald, who wantonly insults a tenant of the chase the same sum. In stone statue, which, nevertheless, is sensi- the Board of Works account for 1582 tive enough to resent the wrong, and there is a payment for standings, made herein is the nucleus of the Andalusian both in Maribone and Hide Parks, “for story, though the drunken cit of the Alt- the queen's majestie and the noblemen of mark makes but a poor figure beside the Fraunce to see the huntinge.” From lordly libertine of Seville.”

Edward Fosset (to whom the park was " Agreed, agreed,” cried Edgar, while sold by James the First) it passed to ThoLaurence nodded assent; “ the discovery of mas Austin, Esquire. In 1710, the manor Don Juan at Stendal is clear beyond a was purchased by John Holles, Duke of doubt."

Newcastle, whose only daughter and heir “ And let me add, by way of conclusion,” married Swift's friend and patron, Edward observed Maximilian, with a condoning Harley, Earl of Oxford and Mortimer. smile, “ that thanks to kindly interruptions, The manor passed in 1734 to the second you have taken a long time to find him.” Duke of Portland, who married the only

daughter and heir of the Earl of Oxford. LAUNCHED.

In Queen Elizabeth's time, in February, 'NEATH a smiling sun and a wooing gale,

1600, the Russian Ambassador and his I set my feather-boats to sail,

retinue rode through the City of London By one, by two, by three.

to Marylebone Park (where, some years One was laden with First Love's vow, One had Fortune's flag at her prow,

before, Babbington and his fellow-conspi. One, Fame had freighted for me.

rators had taken refuge), and there hunted Never a weather sign I scanned,

for their pleasure. As my gay bark left the flowery land

It was before this that handsome Sir On a merry morn of May.

Charles Blount (afterwards Earl of DevonDown swept a squall of Doubt and Chance, And wrecked on the shoal of Circumstance,

shire) had fought the Earl of Essex My first fair venture lay.

in Marylebone Park, disarmed him and Gravely I looked to rigging and rope,

wounded him in the thigh. The quarrel of Ere, bathed in the lustre of golden hope, the two gallants had arisen on account of My next to the open bore. But fierce and treacherous rose the waves,

a chess-queen of gold, which Elizabeth had More ships than mine found fathomless graves,

given Blount on account of his having disEre the noontide storm was o'er.

tinguished himself in the tilt-yard. This To the lulling whispers of Art and Song,

favour the favoured man had tied on his I framed my last boat true and strong,

arm with a crimson ribbon, and jealous And decked her with joyous dreams. And sent her forth with a rosy smile,

Essex, perceiving this, had said, “Now, I Tingeing her silken sails the while,

perceive, every fool must have a favour.” Caught from the sunset's gleams.

In Cromwell's time the park was settled But oh, she never returned again,

on Colonel Thomas Harrison's regiment O'er the wild waste water my sad eyes strain, of dragoons for their pay, Sir John Ipsley In the sickness of hope deferred. And I think sometimes, should she get come back being ranger by authority of the Protector. With the world's slow plaudits loud on her track,

In 1809, Nash, the Regent's favourite Will the grass on my grave be stirred ?

architect, prepared plans for Regent's Park

and adjoining streets. The new enclosure CHRONICLES OF LONDON

was called the Regent's Park becanse the STREETS.

worthy Regent had expressed somewhere

to somebody some anxiety to see the neighMARYLEBONE.

bourhood improved. In the year 1541, Thomas Hobson, lord When King James sold the manor of of the manor of Marylebone, exchanged it Marylebone, he reserved the park, which, in with Henry the Eighth for certain church 1646, Charles the First assigned to certain lands, and a royal manor house was built creditors as security for a debt for arms in this reign ; probably as a sort of hunt- and ammunition supplied to him during ing-box, as the adjoining park was full of the war he waged against the parliament. deer. Both Mary and Elizabeth used the Cromwell, disregarding this assignment, box as an occasional palace. In the reign of sold the park to John Spencer, gentleman the latter queen, the keeper of “Maribone of London, for thirteen thousand two hundred and fifteen pounds six shillings and ness of the Duke of Buckingham for this eightpence, including thirteen pounds for place in the line: one hundred and twenty-four deer, and

Some dukes at Marybone bowl time away. seventeen hundred and seventy-four pounds eight shillings for timber, exclusive of The duke himself says, in one of his two thousand nine hundred and seventy- letters, noting the place alluded to to be six tons marked for the navy, hereafter Marylebone : “ After I have dined (either to be floated off against the Dutch, dis- agreeably with friends, or at worst with gracefully burnt at Chatham, or splintered better company than your country neighand smashed by Opdam's and Van Tromp's bours), I drive away to a place of air and cannon. At the Restoration, King Charles's exercise, which some constitutions are in assignment was held good, and the park, absolute need of; agitation of the body till the debt was liquidated, assigned to and diversion of the mind being a compothe original guarantees.

sition for health above all the skill of HipMarylebone Gardens stood on what is pocrates." now Beaumont- street, Devonshire - street, Pennant calls Marylebone Gardens “the and part of Devonshire-place. Pepys men place of assemblage of all the infamous tions the gardens as being pretty in 1668. sharpers of the time, to whom the Duke Gay alludes to dog-fighting at Marylebone, of Buckingham always gave a dinner at and in his Beggars' Opera describes Cap- the conclusion of the season,” always tain Macheath as a frequenter of Maryle- drinking, as Quin told Pennant, the followbone and the chocolate-houses,“ keeping ing ominous toast : too good company,"as Peachum

says, “ever “May as many of us as remain unhanged to grow rich.” In the same play the gal. next spring meet here again.”. lant captain says to one of his gang,

The duke died in 1721. In 1718, the “ There will be deep play to-night at Mary. Marylebone bowling-greens were not illubone, and, consequently, money may be minated, as usual, on the king's birthpicked up upon the road; meet me there, day, as the Kensington and Richmond Garand I'll give you the hint who is worth set- dens held their rival illuminations instead. ting.”

In 1738, a Mr. Gough enlarged the garThe carriage and principal entrance to dens, built an orchestra, and issued annual the gardens was in High-street, the back tickets, twelve shillings for the season. The opened to fields, beyond which was a ordinary admission was sixpence for the narrow winding passage between garden evening. The gardens were open from six palings, that led back into the High-street. till ten. In 1740, when the new room was In this passage were openings to various erected, the admission was increased to one small gardens, intended for the recreation shilling. In 1771, a grand martial comof cockney florists, their wives, children, position of music was performed by Mr. and Sunday smoking visitors. They were Lampe, in honour of Admiral Vernon's called the French Gardens, in conse- taking Carthagena. In 1743, the holders of quence of having been first cultivated by Marylebone Garden tickets let them out at refugees, or, as some say, because a French reduced prices for the evening. Ranelagh chapel had once stood on their site. They tickets could also be had at old Slaughter's were opened by a man named Gough, Coffee House in St. Martin’s-lane. In 1786, some time before the year 1737, and a highwaymen had grown so desperate, and shilling was demanded for admission, for intercepted so many visitors on their rewhich an equivalent was given in refresh- turn from the gardens, that the proprietor ment. Indeed, as early as 1708 there were was obliged to have a guard of soldiers to two bowling-greens at Marylebone, one near protect the company to and from London. the top of the High-street, near the manor. No person was admitted to the balls in house, another at the back of the Rose of 1748 but in full dress. In 1751, John Normandy public-house, Bowling Green Trusler, a cook, was sole proprietor, and a lane, or Bowling-street, forming its southern ten and sixpenny ticket admitted two perboundary. The first was connected with sons to the ball-room. The doors opened at the Rose Tavern, a noted gaming-house, nine o'clock. In 1753, the gardens were at one time much frequented by persons enlarged by taking in the bowling-green, of rank. Afterwards it became disreput- and lights were erected in the coach-way able, and was incorporated with Marylebone from Oxford-road, and also on the footpath Gardens.

from Cavendish-square. The fireworks that Lady Mary Wortley alludes to the fond-year are described as splendid. There was

it is very poor

a large sun at the top of a picture, a cas- Reverend Mr. Dyer, brother of the author of cade, a shower of flame, grand air-balloons, “Grongar Hill.” Mr. Fountayne, a friend and red fire. In 1756, two rooms were of Clarke, the celebrated Greek scholar, opened for dinner-parties. In 1788, the and also of Handel, was fond of giving ball-room tickets of five shillings each ad- musical parties, and the old house boasted mitted a gentleman and two ladies. Only a beautiful saloon and gallery, especially twenty-five of these tickets were issued for adapted for such amusements. the same evening. Mr. Trusler's son pro- One day, when Mr. Fountayne and Handel duced La Serva Padrona, the first burletta were walking together in the Marylebone performed in the gardens. He only re- Gardens, listening to the music, “Come, ceived the profit of the libretto books. Mr. Fountayne,” said Handel, “come, my Poor Chatterton produced a piece at Mary- friend, let us sit down and listen to this lebone.

piece. What is your opinion of it ?” “It In 1759, the gardens were opened for is not worth listening to,” replied the old breakfasts, and Miss Trusler made the gentleman, with a gesture of dislike; “it cakes. In 1760, the gardens were opened is poor stuff.” “You are right, Mr. Foun. on Sunday evening, after five o'clock, tayne—you are right,” replied Handelgratis, and visitors were accommodated

stuff. I thonght so myself with coffee, tea, and cakes. A drawing, when I finished it." The old gentleman made by Goslin, in 1700, of Marylebone began to stammer out an apology, but House, comprises the field-gate, palace, Handel checked him, saying that the music and the surrounding walls to the south- was really bad, being hastily composed, and west, including a large mansion, probably that his opinion was as correct as it was Oxford House, the receptacle of the Har- honest. leian Library. It afterwards became an Mrs. Fountayne was a vain, dashing woacademy, occupied by a Monsieur de la man, extremely fond of appearing at court, Place, a daughter of whom married the for which purpose she used to borrow Reverend Mr. Fountayne, rector of North Lady Barrington's jewels. Her passion for Tidworth, in Wiltshire, who afterwards display was so great that she kept a carcarried it on.

riage, unknown to her husband, by the fol. This house, which stood on the east side | lowing unworthy manouvre. As her husof the road on the site of Devonshire- band's scholars were mostly sons of people mews, Devonshire-street, New-road, was of wealth and rank, she professed to have pulled down in 1791. Drawings, made by many favourites, whom she used to take to Michael Angelo Rooker, show us a man- the play as a treat when they had behaved sion with two wings, a projecting porch, well, the parents gladly paying for the and an enormously deep dormer roof, sup- tickets and the carriage; but, as the tickets ported by numerous cantilevers, in the were presents from her friend, Mrs. Yates

, centre of which there is a very bold pedi- her profits on the half-year enabled her ment, a shield surrounded by foliage, with to keep a carriage; as for Mrs. Yates, she labels beneath. The garden front consists was rewarded by the numerous benefit of a flat face with a bay window at each tickets disposed of by Mrs. Fountayne. end glazed in quarrils, and the wall of the That pleasant and inveterate gossip, whole back front is crowned by five gables. Nollekens Smith, describes, when a boy, In the garden stands a bale, hearty gentle being allowed by his mother one sommer man, dressed in black, wearing a white Sunday morning, in 1774, to stand and Busby wig and a three-cornered hat. This see the young gentlemen of Mr. Foanis, possibly, the Reverend Mr. Fountayne, tayne's boarding school cross the road to as he seems to be directing a gardener how church. He says: I remember well, a to distribute some plants A third drawing summer's sun shone with full effulgence exhibits the grand tesselated staircase, the at the time, and my youthful eyes were balustrade of which consists of richly. dazzled with the various colours of the carved perforated foliage. The mansion dresses of the youths, who walked twowas entirely of brick, and was surmounted and-two, some in pea-green, others in skyby a large clock and bell tower.

blue, and several in the brightest scarlet ; This Mr. Fountayne had one son, who many of them wore gold-laced hats, while became Dean of York, and one of his the flowing locks of others, at that time daughters, who was esteemed a great allowed to remain uncut at schools, fell beauty, married Counsellor Hargrave. The over their shoulders." sister of Mr. Fountayne's wife married the Smith, who was born in Marylebone, tells a good story of a consultation of phy- to come to lunch. The three Miss Founsicians overheard by a boy at Mr. Foun- taynes, daughters of the bush wig and the tayne's school, when a young gentleman rainbow head, then enlivened the family boarder was seriously indisposed. First conversazione with music and conversation. Doctor: "You look better." Second Doctor: The eldest sister was a little curvilinear in “Yes, sir; I now eat suppers, and wear a form. Diana, the prettiest, married a Mr. double flannel jacket." And so they went Hargrave, at the Chancery bar, an unon discussing each other's comforts and raveller of the knots of the famous Theailments, till the house apothecary arrived, lusson case. It was a law of the school to when he was questioned by them as to talk in French, and the result was a Marywhat he had given. They then advised lebone patois, that even the ruddy, thickhim to repeat the doses as often as he set Yorkshire footman indulged in. When thought proper, and so the important and relations came for a boy, the visit was profound consultation ended. In Mr. always announced by this flower of the Fountayne's hall there used to be a parrot, West Riding, who, thrusting his head into so old that its feathers were only kept on the school-room, bawled out: by a flannel jacket, while in very cold

“Measter Colman venny shurshay!” weather it wore a scarlet cloth coat. Poll The immortal Marylebone Volunteers of had been so long accustomed to hear the 1797 were eight hundred in number. The general invitation to strangers who called uniform consisted of a blue jacket, turned to inquire after the boarders, that she learnt up with red, and blue pantaloons." The to relieve her mistress of that ceremony by arms were kept in the workhouse; the always uttering, as soon as any one entered parade ground was in George-street. The the door, “Do pray walk into the parlour corps of Blue Bottles, as they were called, and take a glass of wine.”

was disbanded in 1801. The facetious George Colman, junior, In 1802, on the renewed fears of invaauthor of Broad Grins, was sent to Mary- sion, a new regiment-one thousand strong lebone School in 1770, preparatory to enter- | --was organised, and called the Royal ing Westminster. He has left excellent cari. York Saint Mary-le-Bone Volunteers, in catures in the Bunbury manner of the old compliment to the Duke of York, who Doctor and Mrs. Fountayne. The quiet, resided in the parish. The uniform was a good-natured dominie, who did not over scarlet jacket trimmed with gold lace, and burden his pupils with Latin and Greek, blue pantaloons. Nearly twenty thousand wore a bush wig, while Mrs. Fountayne, a pounds had been expended on this regifaded fine woman, whose hair had become ment, which was composed chiefly of masof a rainbow colour from the injudicious ter tradesmen, and officered by gentlemen. use of infallible dyes, rejecting powder and The corps broke up in 1814, when seven pomatum, had erected a formidable mes hundred pounds—the remains of the regisuage or tenement of hair upon the ground mental fünd—were divided between the plot of her pericranium. As all illustrations parish school and Middlesex Hospital. of this kind are valuable to the recorder of There is still extant a comic song desocial history, we subjoin the old wag's scribing the achievements of this gallant description :

corps in the field. It narrates the trans“A towering toupee, pulled up all but by port of the volunteers in four horse cars to the roots, and strained over a cushion on Hounslow, and the luckless misadventure the top of her head, formed the centre of of the captain, who was shot in the leg by the building; tiers of curls served for the one of his own Light Bobs. wings, a hanging chignon behind defended The church of Tyburn in the reign of her occiput like a buttress, and the whole King John was an appanage of the priory fabric was kept tight and weather-proof of St. Laurence, at Blakemore, in Essex. as with nails and iron cramps, by a quan- In 1525, this priory was suppressed by tity of long single and double black pins." Wolsey, in order to endow his college at

At a certain hour every day the old Ipswich. On the cardinal's fall it passed lady with the rainbow head threw over her to the king, and finally came into the attire a thin white linen wrapper, reaching hands of the Fossett family. In 1821, the from her throat to her ankles, mounted her government gave the Duke of Portland, self on a high stool near the fireplace, and for the presentation, land near Welbeck of presided over the boys' dinners, which took the value of forty thousand pounds. In place in the old hall of the mansion. On the year 1511, the minister of Marylebone batter-padding days the boys' friends used received a salary of only thirteen shillings

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