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448 (April 6, 1872.)
ALL THE YEAR ROUND.
(Conducted by white in plumage, conceited pouters, puffed crawl in life of Chelonius, has many ad.
The sober iron-clad does not
“his heart upon his sleeve for daws fander, softly, cooing doves, and swift wear divide the honours of the live poultry kicked, or trampled on by an unappreciablue-rocks, chosen victims of the gun, to peck at,” not he; but when insulted, shops with the stately Shanghai, the tive world, votes himself incompris," draws fashionable Brahmapootra, and the game in his horns, and retires into himself, there little Bantam. Casting a wistful glance to wait till called for. I love the unobtruat a fine lop-eared rabbit—a choice variety sive tortoise right well, mainly, I believe, -our old friend Reynard shows his cun- on account of his family resemblance to ning vizard. Poor fellow! I warrant he the luscious diamond-backed terrapin, dewould rather be leading a field of well- fined by the Transatlantic showman as mounted gentlemen, riding "on a lot o' amphibberous animile-can't live on land, money,” a merry dance over the grass and dies in the water.” counties, than be sitting here, with dry Many a time and oft have I met that inpads and mangy-looking brush.
teresting creature, and never have I espeParrots grey, parrots green, cunning rienced the slightest difficulty in putting parakeets, gorgeous lories, and swinging, myself outside of him. Admirable as crested cockatoos, split the air with their my hard-shell friend is in soup, the highest screams, shrieking the praises of Pretty and most apoplectic authorities agree in Poll, and demanding, with such pertina- declaring that the terrapin “prefers ” to cious repetition, to be informed of the time be eaten stewed. of day, that one cannot shake off the im- Like Sir Richard Strachan, “burning to pression that they must have important be at 'em,” blear-eyed ferrets blink viciously appointments to keep, and, perhaps, heavy at noisy, conceited ducks; game-cocks settlements to make with the monkeys trumpet their shrill note of defiance; hedgegrinning and chattering opposite them. hogs suggest a few pointed remarks. But
Loquacious magpies add to the din, but it is getting late, the shops are shutting do not interrupt the profound cogitations up, the last haggler for a cheap ox-head of the solemn, glossy-coated raven, who, is carrying off his prize in triumph, so we unheeding the chatter of the thoughtless, will emerge into the open street, turn onr volatile creatures around him, wraps him- backs upon the “tall bully" of Fish-street- !! self in his meditations, and ponders on hill, and wending our way homewards, grave and solemn subjects far above the look forward hopefully to the next marketcomprehension of the vulgar crowd. Long- day. billed curlews pine for a “sniff of the briny," and look curiously at plump, bappy little dormice, sleek, comfortable
BRITISH AMAZONS. little beasts; funny little guinea pigs nibble at their greenmeat, making a mighty fuss AMAZONIAN dames, be it said rejoicingly, over a humble cabbage-leaf, while beneath are not common products of British soil; them crawls creature of lower organism still it has now and again given birth to
the humble tortoise — whom a time- women as ready with the sword as their honoured fable has immortalised as the sisters with the more natural weapons of type of the slow, steady, meritorious plod- the sex. Boadicea led the Iceni against der—the winner of the most celebrated the legions of Suetonius, with a courage stern wager on record. What a source deserving better fortune. Athelfleda, the ! of comfort has that well-worn fable been warlike daughter of Alfred, directed the to the dull mediocrities of all succeed. slaughter of the Danes in the streets of ing ages! It was well enough, no doubt, Derby. Our early English queens were in its day, when sailors were afraid of familiar enough with thetented field and the losing sight of land; when the lumber- clang of battle; but the Mauds, Eleanors, ing war-chariot was quoted as a type of Isabellas, and Philippas, were alien born. fearful velocity, and the sounding javelin Had the Armada succeeded in landing its imagined to be a terrible weapon ; but the armed freight, the Prince of Parma would "form" of Chelonius is hardly good have had to try conclusions with an antagyenough for these latter days: it requires nist more than worthy of his steel, in the pace as well as bottom to bring folks into greatest of the Tudor sovereigns. When the front rank in the year of grace 1872. Elizabeth, marshalling her enthusiastic For all this, the modest walk, or rather | troops at Tilbury, declared she would be
their general rather than dishonour should their veins could play the soldier well, befal her realm, telling them, “I am come chronicler Hall testifies. Recording the amongst you at this time, not for my own battle near Naworth Castle, in 1570, berecreation or sport, but being resolved, in tween Lords Hunsdon and Dacres, he
says, the midst and heat of battle, to live and “ There were amongst the rebels many die amongst you all; to lay down for my desperate women that gave the adventure God, for my kingdom, and for my people, of their lives, and fought right stoutly.” my honour and blood even to the dust;" One such plebeian virago has a triple depend upon it, not a man who heard her chance of escaping oblivion, her name spirit-kindling words, or saw her
being enshrined in the verse of Ben JonMost bravely mounted on a stately steed, son, Beaumont and Fletcher, and Butler, With truncheon in her hand,
to say nothing of her having a ballad all doubted, if the occasion came, that his to herself. English Moll, as Butler calls queen's actions would justify her proud her, distinguished herself in the attempt speech, and prove she had, as she boasted, to recover Ghent from the Prince of Parma, the heart of a king, and of a king of in 1584: England too!
When captains courageous, whom Death did not daunt, For centuries after the Conquest, En- Did march to the siege of the city of Gaunt, glishmen were never happy unless they And the foremost in battle was Mary Ambree.
They mustered their soldiers by two and by three, had some fighting on hand. If they were, for a wonder, at peace with France and Armed with sword and target, and encased Scotland, they contrived to find something in mail, this Amazon is said to have placed to fight about among themselves-to-day herself at the head of a thousand and the crown, to-morrow the charter. Belli. three men, and sustained an unequal comcose barons were never at a loss for rebellion bat with three thousand Spaniards for when every question was settled by force of seven hours, displaying wonderful skill arms, and the hardest hitter had the best and strength, and when forced to draw off of the argument; and while they marched her men, retiring into a castle, from which to help their party or their king, their she defied the enemy, and challenged any strongholds were left in charge of their three Spaniards to try their prowess wives. This necessitated the assumption, against her single arm. Summoned to at least, of a martial spirit on the part of surrender, she spurned the offer with conthe lady of the castle, since, if her lord's tempt, telling the Spanish commander, friends got the worst of the bout, the No knight, sir, of England, or captain you see, victors were pretty sure to call upon her
But a poor simple lass called Mary Ambree. at their earliest convenience; and when she came out of the war unscathed, and put to the touch, many a lady of high de- returned to England, but of her ultimate gree showed herself proficient in the art of fate the balladist, who sang so heartily of self-defence. The Northampton Dudleys her valour, is silent. owe their curious crest-a helmeted female, Our next specimen of the British Amawith bare bosom and dishevelled hair-to zon is a modern one. Hannah Snell, an Amazon pro tem., Agnes Hotot. The the youngest daughter of a Worcester father of this plucky and stalwart girl, hosier, came of a martial-minded stock; having a dispute with a neighbour as to each of her three brothers shouldered a the ownership of a certain piece of land, musket in the king's service, and all her agreed to settle the matter by ordeal four sisters chose soldiers or sailors for of battle. When the day came, Hotot their husbands. Hannah was born upon lay ill and incapable, fretting and fuming St. George's Day, 1723, and even as a in his bed at the thought of losing his child preferred playing at soldiers to land without striking a blow for it. Miss any more feminine game. When sevenAgnes, determined that neither father nor teen, she lost father and mother, and by foe should be disappointed, donned a suit consequence, her home, finding a new one of armour, mounted her sire's horse, ap- with a married sister in London. Three peared at the rendezvous, and acted her years later, she was married by a Fleet part so ably, that she unhorsed her adver- parson to a Dutch seaman, who, after illsary, and made him sue for mercy, where- treating her and half starving her for upon she made herself known to the seven months, suddenly disappeared. One mortified gentleman, and rode home in would have thought Hannah would have triumph.
rejoiced at getting rid of her ill-condiThat women with no gentle blood in tioned mate; but she determined to go in
quest of the truant, borrowed a suit of her her recovery she was sent on board the brother-in-law's clothes, and thus disguised, Tartar, pink, and served as a common found her way to Coventry. Here she en- sailor, until turned over, in the same listed in Captain Miller's company of capacity, to the Eltham, man-of-war. The Guise's regiment, and began her cam- smoothness of her face and chin earned her paigning with a twenty-two days' march the sobriquet of Miss Molly Gray, but when to Carlisle. Unluckily for her prospects, her new shipmates found her ready to join our heroine made a mortal enemy of one in any fun afoot, they rechristened her of the sergeants, by thwarting him in some Hearty Jemmy. While on shore at Lisbon, dishonourable scheme, and he soon con- she learned by the merest accident that her trived to revenge her interference by ac- faithless husband had been executed for cusing her of neglect of duty, and getting the murder of a gentleman at Genoa. The her sentenced to receive six hundred lashes. Eltham was paid off in 1750, and Hannah These, or rather four hundred of them, resumed her petticoats. Her story was were duly administered, if we may trust talked about, and the manager of the her biographer, although it is hard to Royalty Theatre, in Wellclose-square, inunderstand how such a punishment could duced her to appear there in several naval be inflicted without her sex being disco- and military characters. The Duke of vered. Disgusted with this harsh treat- Cumberland obtained her a pension of ment, Hannah left the regiment without twenty pounds, and changing her vocation troubling the authorities for a formal once more, she took a public house at discharge, and after wandering about for Wapping, attracting customers thereto a month, found herself in Portsmouth, by a sign representing a sailor and a with empty pockets. In this predicament, marine, with the legend, The Widow in she could think of nothing better than ac- Masquerade, or the Feinale Warrior. The cepting his majesty's bounty again, and venture proved successful, and unmindful of ere many hours elapsed, Hannah was her first failure, Hannah married a carpenter transformed into a marine, and doing duty named Eyles, and had a son born to lier, on board the sloop Swallow, attached to to whom a lady of fashion stood godmother, Boscawen's fleet, bound for the East and carried out a godmother's duty by Indies.
paying for his education. Brave Hannah's James Gray, as she called herself, be- career came to a peaceful but sad end; in came popular on board the sloop on 1789 she became insane, and was removed account of her readiness to help her mess- to Bethlehem Hospital, where she died on mates in washing and mending their the 8th of February, 1792, at the age of clothes. After a futile attempt on Mau- sixty-nine. ritius, the fleet made for Fort St. David's, Christian Kavanagh was the daughter of on the coast of Coromandel, and the ma- an Irish maltster, who, soon after the battle rines disembarked to strengthen the army of the Boyne, went to the bad in his busibesieging Aracopong. Gray was engaged ness, and was glad to have her taken off in several skirmishes, and witnessed the his hands by an aunt, the hostess of a blowing up of the enemy's magazine, Dublin inn. In course of time Christian which brought the siege to an end. occupied her aunt's place, and married her Marching on Pondicherry, the troops were waiter, Richard Welsh. Two children obliged to ford a river running breast came, and for four years her life jogged on high, in the face of the French batteries, comfortably and quietly enough. One day and our female warrior was the first Welsh went to pay the brewer, and never “ man” to cross. She took her share in came back; for twelvemonths his wife picket duty, worked hard at trench- heard nothing of him ; then came a letter making, and when the trenches were made relating how he had been inveigled on sat in them for seven successive nights board a vessel taking recruits to Flanders, mid-deep in water; she received six shots how he had spent his money, and in despein one leg, and five in the other, and then ration enlisted. Mrs. Welsh was not long was hit in the groin. Not caring to ask deciding what to do. She placed her chil. the aid of the regimental surgeon, Hannah dren with some relatives, donned male secured the services and secrecy of a black attire, and followed her husband's erwoman, with whose help she extracted the ample. ball and cured the wound. Sickne next
Taking kindly to drill, Christian Welsh struck her down, and obliged her to go was quickly despatched to Holland, fought into the hospital for three months. Upon her first fight at Landen, received her
first wound, and was invalided for a couple to become a widow again, before St. Venant; of months. This bad beginning did not | but she followed the fortunes of the army damp her ardour; on the contrary, she till the war came to an end, and her occugrew so attached to a military life that she pation with it. forgot the purpose for which she embraced Taking the advice of the Duke of Argyll, it, and never troubled herself to make any Christian Jones petitioned Queen Anne, inquiries about her Richard. The following setting forth that she had served her summer, while foraging, she was taken country as a soldier for twelve years, had prisoner, but was soon exchanged and back received several wounds, and lost two with her regiment. While quartered at husbands in her majesty's service. The Gorcum, Christian had the impudence to petition, presented in person, was most make love to a burgher's daughter, actually graciously received. Perceiving that the fighting a duel with a rival, and wounding petitioner would soon give her another him dangerously. This rival was a sergeant, subject, the queen ordered fifty pounds to and but for the intercession of the girl's be given her to defray expenses, promising father the victorious Amazon would have that if the child proved a boy, he should paid dearly for her triumph; as it was, she receive a commission as soon as he was was dismissed the regiment. She immedi- born. Great was Christian's chagrin when ately entered Lord John Hayes's dragoons, she became the mother of a girl. However, serving with them at the capture of Namur. the queen did not forget her. A pension At the peace of Ryswick the regiment was of a shilling a day was bestowed on her, disbanded, and the she-dragoon returned and she again changed her name by marto England, but never went home—her rying one Davis, a soldier, of course, mind was thoroughly unsexed, and she settling down at Chelsea and laying the hated the idea of confessing her woman- gentry and military under contribution hood.
whenever she needed any extra comforts. Upon the breaking out of the war of the While engaged in nursing her husband, Spanish succession, Christian went back to Christian caught cold; this brought on her old regiment, and did a man's part in serious illness, and ended her adventurous most of the engagements of Marlborough's life on the 7th of July, 1739. This extracampaign of 1702-3. At the battle of Dona- ordinary woman was interred with military vert, in 1704, a ball penetrated her hip. The honours in the burying-ground of the doctors failed to extract the bullet, but Soldiers' Hospital. nearly discovered her secret. At the battle of In 1761, a woman enlisted under the Hochstadt, she was one of a party detached name of Paul Daniel, in the hope of being to guard the prisoners; while performing sent to Germany, where her husband was this duty she came across her husband, serving in the army, but was detected by whom she had not seen for twelve years, a keen-eyed sergeant. In 1813, a farmer's and discovered that he had consoled himself daughter, hailing from Denbighshire, took by taking a Dutch woman as her successor. his majesty's shilling, and entered the The irate dame, making herself known to Fifty-third Regiment, in order to be near the astonished man, gave him a bit of her her lover. She had, however, made a mind, but relieved his fears by declaring slight mistake, and when she found her she had no intention of claiming her rights, sweetheart had joined the Forty-third, the but would be a brother to him so long as damsel's martial desires evaporated, and he did not betray her confidence. This she obtained her discharge. curious bargain was faithfully kept, until a Amazons have not been unknown to the shell fractured Christian's skull at Ramil. naval service. One Ann Mills served as lies, and the surgeon who trepanned her a seaman on board the Maidstone frigate, found out the long hidden truth, and his and distinguished herself by her personal patient was of course dismissed the service. prowess in an action with a French ship. The officers saw her remarried to Welsh, In 1761, Hannah Whitney, while disportand subscribed a handsome sum by way of ing herself in male attire, was seized by a dowry. No longer allowed to fight, the press-gang, and sent, with other victims, to stout-bearted matron turned cook and Plymouth prison. Indignant at this treatsutler; the officers did not look very closely ment, the fair captive declared she was not into her doings, and she, consequently, what she seemed to be, at the same time turned the change to profitable account. Her letting the authorities know their harshhusband was killed at Taisnieres. Eleven ness had lost them the services of a marine weeks afterwards she married a grenadier, of five years' experience. The fact that a
woman fought and died on board one of “Joan, when we were talking about Nelson's ships, came to light in a curious ghosts the other night, at the rectory, you way. In 1807, a young woman, calling only said something about it in joke. What herself Rebecca Ann Johnston, was brought do you think seriously?" before the lord mayor, having been found, Seriously, my dear, I think there is no in a sad condition, in the streets. She was necessity to make up one's mind, as we dressed as a sailor, and said she came from are not at all likely to be troubled with Whitby, having deserted from a collier, such visitations." after serving four out of the seven years' “ If you saw a ghost, what would you apprenticeship to which she had been think? what would
do ?” bound by her step-father, who had likewise “Have you seen a ghost ?” I asked, to bound her mother to the sea, on which she bring matters to a point. met her death at the bombardment of She looked up at me earnestly. Copenhagen. The last female warrior of “ Joan, I declare to you solemnly that I whom we have anything to say, can believe I have: not once, nor twice, but scarcely be called a British Amazon, un- many, many times. My life has been less her having served under the British made wretched; my nights-oh! how can flag entitles her to the designation. All I have such nights, and keep my life and we know about her is contained in the reason ?” following paragraph from the Annual Re- She was trembling violently. I felt that gister of 1815 Amongst the crew of it must all be told now; stroking down the Queen Charlotte, one hundred and ten her hair, I said, as quietly as possible : gans, recently paid off, it is now discovered “Tell me all about it, child, as distinctly was a female African, who had served as as you can; it will be all right, depend seaman in the royal navy for upwards of upon it.” eleven years, several of which she has I will—I will tell you all. Hold me been rated able on the books of the above closer, Joan-how I love your dear old ship, by the name of William Brown; and steady hand. You will hold mine when I has served as the captain of the foretop, am dying, won't you, Joany ? You will highly to the satisfaction of the officers. take care of me to the last ?" She is a smart figure, about five feet four “Go on, my dear; you are not going to inches in height, possessed of considerable die just yet.' strength and great activity ; her features I don't know-sometimes I feel as if I are rather handsome for a black, and she could not bear much more of this; but I appears to be about twenty-six years of don't want to die, it is horrible to think age. Her share of prize-money is said to of drifting out into the cold shadow-world, be considerable, respecting which she has where - where they are—where she is. been several times within the last few days Oh ! Joan, listen to the wind.” at Somerset-place. In her manners she “Never mind the wind, my child," said exhibits all the traits of a British tar, and I, "and as to death-though it is life takes her grog with her late shipmates you should be thinking about-what is with the greatest gaiety. She says she is death but going to our mother, to your a married woman, and went to sea in con- father—to the Great, Good Father of us sequence of a quarrel with her husband, all ?” who, it is said, has entered a caveat against “But the valley of the shadow of death, her receiving her prize-money. She de- the king of terrors! Those words have clares her intention of again entering the meaning, Joan. Well, I am telling you service as a volunteer."
nothing; be patient, and I will. You remember the day we examined the cabinet,
and saw her picture ? the day Mrs. BraceLELGARDE'S INHERITANCE. bridge told us that sad story?"
“Yes; and how you waked me up at an
unearthly hour the next morning.” LELGARDE had forced me into an arm- “You asked me if I had slept badly. chair, and flung herself down on a footstool Now, Joan, I am going to tell you the at my feet, turning so that she could speak history of that night, solemnly and truly.” without my seeing her face. These pre- “Go on, little woman, I am listening to parations almost frightened me.
What you." was she going to say ? Her beginning “I fell asleep-and how long I slept I took me by surprise.
do not know-I can hardly say I awoke:
IN TWELVE CHAPTERS. CHAPTER VII.