Imatges de pÓgina


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

commence the kingdom of God upon earth, of power. He returns, humbled, whence he the kingdom of love and justice, in which came. Gaul is covered with men and with names all nations will thenceforth unite in machines of war. All is finished with the brotherhood.”

Man of the Sea.” Lactantius, sometimes styled the “Chris- (The following is said to designate the tian Cicero," delivers a prophecy (De vitâ Bourbon line and rule, including the reign Beatâ, lib. 7), so singularly applicable to of Louis Philippe.) the First Napoleon as to be worth disin- “Behold, again returns the ancient blood terring

of the Cap! Great peace throughout Celtic After foretelling civil discords, ruinous Gaul. The white flower is greatly in wars, vast standing armies, &c., he pro- honour, but the sons of Brutus view it

angrily, and God is offended because the “But then shall there rise up a most holy day is much profaned. Nevertheless, puissant military chieftain, of obscure birth, He will await a return to Him during who will have acceded to him a fellowship eighteen times twelve moons." with the other sovereigns of the earth. (The period we have mentioned lasted

* This man shall harass the world with eighteen years.) an insupportable despotism. He will con- A great conspiracy against the white found and commix all things spiritual and flower moves in the dark, and the old blood temporal. He will be for ever restlessly of the Caps abandons the great city.” revolving new schemes, in order to affix (The following was, long before the fall the imperial crown over all, in his own of the Second Empire, imagined to apply name and possession. He will change to Louis Napoleon and his times.) former laws, and sanction a code of his “ Woe to Celtic Gaul! The cock will

He will pillage and lay waste, will efface the white flower, and a powerful one change names and titles, and establish the will call himself the monarch of the people. seat of empire."

But the opinions of the men of Celtic Gaul That very singular work, the Previsions are in collision, and confusion is in all of Orval, revealed by God to a Solitary, minds. The king of the people will be made its appearance in 1544, and was sup- found very weak. Many of the wicked posed to have been penned by Philip Oli- will be against him. But he was ill-seated, varius, a monk of Orval-Trèves. We will and lo! God hurls him down. Great God! select from the predictions those which may What a noise of arms ! A year is not be supposed to apply to more recent times completed, and, behold! many warriors in France, especially the First Empire. are coming!

“ It is done! The mountain of the Lord

hath cried in its affliction unto God. He “At that time a young man shall come is no longer deaf. What fire accompanies from beyond sea into Celtic Gaul, and his arrows! Ten times six moons, and yet show himself great in counsel. But the again six times ten moons, have fed his mighty, to whom he causes fear, will send wrath. Woe to the great city! Behold him to the land of captivity. Victory will the kings armed by the Lord! Already attend him back. He will overpower the has fire levelled thee with the earth. Yet sons of Brutus, and take the name of em- the faithful shall not perish. The place of peror. Many mighty kings will fear, for crime is purified by fire. Gaul, dismemthe eagle will carry

off many crowns and bered as it were, is about to reunite. God sceptres.

loves peace. Come, young prince, quit the “Men on foot and horse, bearing blood- isle of exile. Listen! from the lion to stained eagles, will run with him through- the white flower.” out Europe, which will be filled with con- (If, in the fulness of time, that is, after sternation and carnage.

ten years, the time indicated by the hundred “But all is over. The mighty one is and twenty moons, Henry of Bourbon, the blinded for his crimes. He leaves his great last bud of the white flower, should be city with an army so vast that none ever recalled to France, the last “prevision” was comparable to it. But no warrior can will be singular enough. A great ruler is withstand the power of the Almighty, and finally foretold for that distracted nation.) lo! the third part, and again the third part, “A sole shepherd will appear in Celtic of his army has perished by the cold of Gaul. The man made powerful by God God! The mighty that have been humbled will be firmly seated. So sage and prudent take courage, and combine against the man will be the offspring of the Cap, that God



[ocr errors]


will be thought to be with him. Three A gentleman, well known in New York, kings and princes abandon heresy, and open mentioned to the writer that he chanced, their eyes to the true faith of the Lord. in 1812, to find himself the travelling com. At that time, two-thirds of a great people panion of the celebrated general, then on a of the sea shall return to the true faith. tour of the States. Much interesting dis

“The white flower becomes obscured, course had naturally passed from Mr. D.'s during” (a period equal to fifteen years), memory, but one remark of Moreau, as " then it shall disappear, to be seen no taking the form of a prophecy, made a more. Many cities perish by fire. Israel more than usually profound impression. returns entirely to Christ the Lord. The “ Will the States flourish as a republic?" third part of Gaul will be without faith. asked the younger politician. The same among other nations. There is

“ Not

permanently,” replied Moreau, ema general falling off, and the end of time phatically. “As a growing country, yes ;

' has begun. After a number, not complete, but when it has reached a population of of moons, God will combat by His two from fifty to one hundred millions, a change just ones. But all is over. The mighty becomes inevitable. This vast increase God has placed before my comprehension must comprise that which we, with scant a wall of fire. I can see no more.

politeness, term canaille. This canaille is · May He be evermore blessed. Amen.” the rude but only material of which stand

Towards the close of the last century ing armies are formed. The material on some attention was called to a series of pre- hand, the need of using it is not so long dictions, the precise authorship of which was a step as it may appear. Questions arise never disclosed. It was generally believed, among yourselves. Foreign relations behowever, to have proceeded from a priest come complicated. Your augmented imof the Jesuists, resident at Bordeaux, who portance justifies a change of attitude todied there between 1780 and 1790, and wards powerful neighbours. A standing was consequently known under the desig- army is decreed. This, in turn, creates : nation of

ambitious leaders. Death, thenceforth, to

the true republican principle! Monarchy, THE JESUIT PRIEST'S PROPIECY.

the mere embodiment of a power to which * Then shall come disturbances in France. the national will already inclines, is the inA name hateful to the country shall be evitable result.” placed upon the throne. It will be done “ And within what period can one preby strangers. But two parties will first dict so vast a population to be assembled be formed in France, and there will be a in these States ?” war of extermination. The weaker shall “ Within fifty years,” said Moreau. prevail. Blood will flow in the great towns, Ten years have passed since the period but the wicked will not prevail, and there named.' But then the speaker omitted from shall perish of them a vast multitude. They his prophetic scheme the “annexation," will have thought utterly to destroy the which supplies better employment for a Church, but for this they will not have profuse population than war. time, for the fearful crisis shall be of short As for Montesquieu, his terse prediction, duration. During this convulsion, which “La France se perdra par ses gens de shall not affect France alone, Paris shall be guerre,” may, during the past year, have so utterly destroyed, that when fathers shall recurred with some significance to the walk with their children, and the children reader's mind. shall ask, “Why is that desolate spot?' they shall answer, ‘My children, there

LOST EXPLORERS. once stood

great city, which God destroyed for its crimes.'

THE LONG-LOST. After this fearful convulsion, all will Many as are the points of interest prereturn to order, and the counter-revolution sented by the journeys noticed in the former shall be made. Then shall the triumph of article, where the truth concerning the trathe Church be such that nothing like it vellers soon became known, much more shall be ever seen again, for it will be the impressive, so far as concerns the effect of last triumph of the Church on earth.” narratives upon the reader (though not

Let us conclude with the previsions of necessarily so in regard to the trials and two gentlemen, who, though not "among sufferings under which the explorers sank). , the prophets,” are entitled to respectful are those eventful journeys in which the attention, Moreau and Montesquieu. | fate of the travellers remains unknown



[ocr errors]

throughout a long series of years. The of almost everything, he made his way painful curiosity felt during the interval is as best he could, found reason to believe an addition to the pain felt when the truth that the great river has its mouth at a is really known. One prolonged anxiety, part of the west coast, far south of the neither removed nor intensified by any Gambia and Senegal, and returned safely receipt of authentic information, is that in 1797. One fact impressed on his mind which is associated with really lost ex- was, that the negro tribes were much less plorers, those whose fate remains for ever cruel to him than such of the natives as unknown. But of this last class the in- were of Moorish descent. stances are very few; the missing, if they Strengthened by a few years of quiet do not reach us alive, can at any rate be life at home, Mungo Park started off again generally traced to some one place and in the spring of 1805, with the hope of some one date where and when death tracing the great river down to its outlet, ensued. It is this, above any other thing, wherever that might be. With about fifty that gives Englishmen hopes of Living companions he sailed up the Gambia, as stone; until they know that he is dead they far as a town called Kayee, along a route will believe that he still lives.

not till then known to him or to


EuroAmong the most famous of our travellers pean. The hot season and the insalubrity was Mungo Park, on account of the novelty of the climate told so severely on the and importance of the journeys which he explorers, that by the end of August threemade, and of the personal characteristics fourths of them had either died or had of the traveller himself. One of the geo- abandoned the enterprise. Park reached graphical mysteries of past times was the the great river, however, and succeeded in existence of a great city, Timbuctoo, on the obtaining leave from the King of Bambarra banks of a great river, the Niger. The to fit up a canoe as a vessel suitable for English thought the known river Gambia sailing down the river; this vessel he named might possibly be the outlet of the Niger, His Majesty's ship Joliba. A narrative while the French selected the known river from his pen, brought to Europe by one Senegal; and traders belonging to both of his companions, described all the procountries made many voyages up these two ceedings down to November the 17th ; the rivers, to test the rival theories, but they fatal sequel of the story came to light by met with no Timbuctoo, no Niger. Whether degrees, and from other quarters. He the Niger is the upper part of the Nile, or had only five Europeans now with him ; flows to some outlet on the west coast of but the last words ever received from Africa, or loses itself in some great marsh or him betokened his undaunted resolution: lake in the centre of the continent, remained 'Though I were myself half dead, I would an unsolved problem. Mungo Park was em- still persevere; and if I could not succeed ployed to solve it. He had been an assist in the object of my journey, I would at last ant-surgeon on board an East Indiaman, die on the Niger." His words were fuland was now fitted out for his new enter- filled. It was not until five years afterprise at the cost of the African Association. wards, in 1810, that the truth was known He started in 1795, remained a few months in England. The little party reached near the mouth of the Gambia, and pene- Timbuctoo, and sailed in safety some way trated into the interior in 1796. Robbed | beyond it, down the river. Here, however, of most of the commodities he had taken a present, which was sent to propitiate with him, imprisoned by a chieftain on the a king or powerful chief in Housa, or borders of the great Desert of Sahara, and Houssa, was appropriated by an inferior treated with much cruelty, he at length leader; and the enraged king sent an army reached Sego, the capital of Bambarra, to destroy the vessel and its hapless naviwhere he saw the

Joliba, a river as broad as gators. One Isaaco, a Mandingo priest the Thames at Westminster Bridge. He and merchant, who had accompanied Park at once concluded it to be the Niger, of in his former journey, and who was now which he was in search; he hit on the the means of collecting facts relating to truth, but did not know at what part of the final tragedy, reported that “there is, the African coast its waters reached the before Houssa, a rock, extending across the

What he underwent in his venture- river, with only one opening in it, in the some journey, on and by the side of this form of a door, for the water to pass river, can only be appreciated by a peru- through. The king's men took possession sal of his narrative, one of the best books of the top of this rock, until Park came up of travel in the English language; stripped to it and attempted to pass. The natives


[ocr errors]



attacked him and his friends with lances, again heard of. The intention announced
pikes, arrows, and other missiles. Park was to visit the Friendly Islands, New
defended himself vigorously for a long Guinea, and Van Diemen's Land. No
time; but at last, after throwing every- news of the expedition having reached
thing in the canoe overboard, being over- France, Admiral D’Entrecasteaux was de-
powered by numbers, and seeing no chance spatched on a voyage of search, 1792-93:
of getting the canoe past, he took hold of fruitlessly. Years rolled on, and the
one of the white men and jumped into the terious fate of La Pérouse and his com-
river; Martyn did the same; and the whole panions excited much interest, and became
were drowned in their attempt to escape the theme of poets, stories, and laments.
by swimming. One black remained in the Long afterwards, Captain Dillon, in
canoe, the other two being killed ; and he command of an East Indiaman, called
cried for mercy. The canoe fell into the at Tucopia, one of the New Hebrides
hands of the natives. Amadi Fatouma (a Islands, in 1826. He found a silver sword.
guide, who was not present at this final hilt, and other articles of French make,
scene), on being freed from his irons, three and learned from the natives that two
months afterwards, ascertained these facts ships had been wrecked at Mallicolo,
from the native who had survived the another island in the group, nearly forty

years before, leaving numerous fragments Leichhardt-shall we ever know where on the beach. Taking up this as a clue, and when he died ? Friedrich Wilhelm the French government sent out M. Ludwig Leichhardt was a Prussian, who Dumont d'Urville in the following year, to went to Australia just about thirty years make researches. At Mallicolo he found ago, and rambled about in search of natural several articles of European manufacture, history specimens. In 1844-45 he made a in the possession of the natives; who, after venturesome journey from the east coast to some reluctance, and under the temptation the north coast of that country, under the of a gift of a piece of red cloth, pointed patronage of Governor Sir Thomas Mitchell. out a spot where anchors, canvas, and shipHe went where no European had ever sheathing lay near the dry land, at a depth before been, and did his work well; but, of about twenty feet in the sea. The traduring three thousand miles of travel, he dition among the natives was that, on a suffered terrible privations. So far from certain dark and stormy night, the ships being tired out, however, he started off struck; that one speedily sunk, and only again, in the very next year, on a much thirty of the crew were saved ; that the more daring expedition—to cross the whole other went to pieces, but without entailbreadth of Australia from east to west, ing the loss of her crew; that the striking as near to the actual centre as he survivors used up the shattered timbers could. The last that was heard of him was to build a schooner, which work occupied in April, 1848. How far he penetrated, them seven moons or months; that they when and how he died, perhaps we shall sailed away, and were never more seen. never know ; for all his companions seem Therefore, whether the hapless commander to have perished with him. Once now lost his life at Mallicolo, or in some other and then, the Australian newspapers give part of the vast Pacific, we shall probably bits of rumour about relics of poor Leich- never know. hardt; but they fail of verification when Nothing can more clearly show the diftested. The belief is that he perished far ference between intense cold and intense in the interior of the vast continent, at heat, especially when the latter is accomsome point which no other white man has panied by damp vapours, on the human ever visited.

frame, than the small sacrifice of life among Whether La Pérouse was entrapped and the explorers of the icy regions, compared murdered by South Sea aborigines, or with that which has marked the course of whether he and his men found a watery African travel. During the fifty or sixty grave by shipwreck, is not certainly known. years of voyaging, boating, sledging, and In În 1787, with the good ships Bussole and foot-wandering that have been experienced Astrolabe, M. De la Pérouse (or Peyrouse) by Parry, the two Rosses, Richardson, left France on a voyage of discovery to Back, Hood, Franklin, Lyon, Crozier, Fitzthe South Seas. He refitted at Sydney, in James, Kellett, Moore, Richardson, Rae, 1788, at the very time when Governor Collinson, M'Clure, Penny, Austin, M'ClinPhillip was establishing our first colony in tock, Sherard Osborn, Inglefield, Belcher, those regions. The two ships started, but Kane, and others, the loss of life has really not a single man of eithev crew was ever been very small, notwithstanding the

[merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

almost incredible hardships undergone. of the Mackenzie River. Fourth, Sir Ships and boats have been abandoned in James Ross went to search in the creeks great number; but the commanders and and nooks near Lancaster Sound. No crews have, by some means or other, con- tidings of Franklin having been met with trived to reach home in safety, with only a by any of these explorers, redoubled efforts few exceptions. The great loss is that of were made in 1850. No less than eight Sir John Franklin, with the whole of his expeditions were sent out. Captains Colofficers and men. He had already known linson and M'Clure, to Behring's Straits ; what privation is, in an earlier journey. In Sir John Ross, to Wellington Channel; 1820, and two following years, he and his Captains Penny and Stewart, to Lancaster party went from the Hudson's Bay Com- Sound; other vessels, under Captains pany's territories to the icy regions and Austin, Ommaney, M'Clintock, Osborn, back again, in boat and on foot, a distance and Forsyth, in various directions. The of more than five thousand miles. During Americans lent a kindly aid, by sending out the last days of their return journey they an expedition under Lieutenant de Haven. fed upon the few wretched bits of scanty Another year came, and 1851 witnessed a lichen which they could grub up from the new series of expeditions. Rae started ground; and on one particnlar day they on an overland journey, to reach the icy ate the remains of their old shoes, and regions by way of the Esquimaux country; whatever scraps of leather they had, to Kennedy went to Regent's Inlet, Inglefield strengthen their stomachs for the fatigues to Baffin's Bay, Belcher to Wellington of the journey." Still they did return. Channel, Pullen to Beechey Island, Osborn That which is known as the Franklin to Wellington Channel, Kellett and M'ClinExpedition, so many features of which are tock to Melville Island. All these brave involved in mystery, and the interest in men were encouraged to add to the prewhich has by no means died out, was ter viously acquired stock of knowledge conin date by a quarter of a century. Twenty- cerning the geography and hydrography of seven years ago, that is in 1845, Sir John those desolate regions, but were at the same Franklin, Captain Crozier, and Captain time told that their chief duty was to search Fitz-James, with crews of a hundred and for Franklin. The year 1853 was marked thirty men, set sail in the Erebus and by the starting of other expeditions, under Terror, each ship provided with a small Trollope and Kennedy, to Behring's Straits, steam-engine and propeller for occasional Inglefield to Wellington Channel, and Kane use, and with every necessary and com- to Smith's Sound. After these, at various fort that forethought and liberality could intervals, other searching parties set forth ; suggest. In July of the same year the Mr. Anderson went from the Hudson's Bay ships were seen moored to an iceberg in territories to the Esquimaux regions; CapBaffin's Bay, the opening scene of most of tain M'Clintock explored in and around the Arctic expeditions; but, so far as is King William's Island; other navigators known, no white man ever again saw the have pursued the search from time to time; explorers alive. The ships were stored for while Mr. Hall, an American, has made five years; still it occasioned surprise that repeated journeys to Esquimaux regions

news reached England from them where he thought information might be throughout 1846 and 1847.

picked up The Admiralty, rendered anxious by this What, then, is the sum total of our ominous silence, resolved to send out present knowledge of the gallant old Sir searching-parties. Never has been known John's fate? We say old, for he was an

? , a more remarkable and determined series elderly man when he started, with a conof voyages and journeys than those which stitution much weakened by maladies are collectively known, and deservedly and fatigues in earlier life. Some of the known, as the Search for Franklin. First, searches made in 1850-51 brought to light in 1848, was sent out the Plover, under scraps of paper, empty meat-tins, sheds in Captain Maguire, to go as far as he could which smiths and carpenters had evidently in the direction supposed to have been worked, the graves of three sailors of the taken by Franklin. Second, in the winter Erebus and Terror, and other relics, suffiof the same year, Captains Kellett and cient to show that Franklin had passed the Moore were sent to Behring's Straits, to winter of 1845-46 in Wellington Channel. explore from that region north-eastward. The next information obtained was more Third, in 1849, Sir John Richardson and important, and far more tragical. Doctor Doctor Rae started off to examine the Rae, one of the most skilful and intrepid shores of the Arctic Sea, near the mouth of the Hudson's Bay Company's officers,


[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinua »