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to deal, for she said, half querulously, half “ I-I almost fear I do," said Mrs. fiercely:

Bendixen, still bending forward in her "How dare you speak to me in this chair, and gazing at the pale, grave face way! How dare you come into my pre- and neat figure before her. sence! I know what the world is, and “ It matters little to me whether you do what sort of lives men lead, and I dare say or do not,” said Madge, with a slight curl you have been accustomed to call yourself of her lip, “ the fact remains, and can be Mrs. Vane, and imagine you have a kind proved at any moment. Now listen to me! of right to do so; but of course there must When you tried to persuade yourself that be an end of that now. What do you look my assertion was a lie, and that I was at me for in that way? Do you mean to what you said you pretended to think say that you don't understand me?” that I had come here for money. What do

“I mean to say,” said Madge, who had you think, now, is the motive of my visit ?” lapsed into stone again, and sat with her I-cannot tell,” stammered Mrs. Bensteady, cold, pitiless gaze on the other wo dixen, “ unless it is revenge. You seem a man's face, “I mean to say you are talking dreadfully determined woman.” in riddles, and that if you want me to com- “Do I?” said Madge, as the faint prehend you, you must speak more plainly." glimmer of a contemptuous smile passed

Then I tell you," said Mrs. Bendixen, across her face. “I do not think that I am in a loud and shrill tone, which she mode- dreadfully determined; I am perfectly sure rated, when she recollected the proximity that I have no desire for revenge. Revenge of the hall, where the servants were still on whom? On you ? You have been pasengaged" then I tell you that I dare say sive in this matter ; your part has been Fou may have called yourself Mrs. Vane, merely that of the dupe ! On Philip Vane? because you were Mr.-Mr. Vane's mis- One cannot be revenged on the dead, and tress; that he gave you money, and perhaps Philip Vane is as dead to me as if I had kept a house for you, and-and was fond seen him in his shroud." of you! I know such things go on, but,” I

Oh, don't talk in that dreadful manner,”' she added, the colour rising in her cheeks, cried Mrs. Bendixen, with a moan, then and her eyes flashing, “there must be an covering her face with her hands, she end to all that! You have doubtless come added, “Oh, what do you want? why did here to ask for money ?

shall

you come here ?" have it. I will take care of that, but you “ To save you from a worse fate even must not see Mr. Vane again, nor talk of than that which has befallen me. Not yourself as his wife. You must not repeat that I care for you one straw; you are that wicked lie!"

nothing to me, as he is nothing to me, She paused and leaned forward eagerly and, so far as I am concerned, you might to see the effect which her words had both of you have gone on your way uncreated. There was anxiety in her eyes, in checked and unwarned, but I do not choose the manner with which from time to time to see this crime committed where I have she moistened her lips, in the irrepressible the power of stopping it, and if it be fluttering motion of the hands which lay stopped, Philip Vane will have his vanity in her lap before her. By her words she to thank, and nothing else. That vanity had tried to impress on her visitor her own is overweening;

it led him to make public conviction of the truth of her statement; his conquest. He announced in the newsbut her look and her involuntary action papers that he was engaged to be married had the opposite effect.

to
you,

and thus I heard of it." What I have said," said Madge, still "I don't see what there was to induce holding her with her eyes, “is no lie, but Mr. Vane to put it in the newspapers !” God's truth! The lies which have been moaned Mrs. Bendixen. told you in this matter have come from "Don't you ?” said Madge. “I do.

” him, not from me! I am Philip Vane’s Your name, your position, and your atlawful wife! Of that fact I can give you tractions are well known in the world to proofs—but there is no need of that,” she wbich Philip Vane now belongs, and the said, changing her tone, “ I see you know fact of having secured them would tell unit now, as you listen to me. Look at me! doubtedly in his favour. He meant to If you really have such a knowledge of the marry you as he had previously married me, world as you profess, you will recognise at for the sake of living upon you. But his once that I am not of the stuff of which last marriage would have proved infinitely mistresses are made-I am Philip Vane's more successful than his first. You were wife! Do you believe me?”

something to win; your beauty is self

If so, you

you

evident, your wealth and position generally from me; do not, I implore you, dissipate acknowledged. When he married me, I that dream! You speak of yourself as one was a poor actress in a country theatre, to whom the pleasures of life are at an end, with sufficient good looks to win his eye, but in your time you have enjoyed that and a sufficient salary to keep him in greatest joy of all. Why then grudge it to tolerable comfort. They must have been me?" poor enough, my appearance and my earn- “You are talking at random,” said ings, for when he had once possessed bim- Madge, coldly, " and I am unable to follow self of both they had not enough attraction you. What influence can I have over to induce him to acknowledge me as his your future beyond pointing out to you wife, and so soon as he saw his way to the impossibility of the course you propose effectually ridding himself, he deserted to yourself to pursue ? What would you me: the ladder had served its purpose, he wish me to do ?” could afford to kick it down."

"To go away, anywhere, in any country, "I am sure you judge Mr. Vane most to hide yourself, and never to come near me unjustly,” said Mrs. Bendixen, raising her again. The good luck which has attended face from her hands. “He is the most me throughout my lifetime has prevented generous of men. His affection for me is your seeing Mr. Vane to-day. The dreadquite disinterested, and it is too, too cruel ful secret which you have just uttered is to speak of him in this way."

known to us alone. It must never go “When you have known him as long as further, nay, more than that, he must never I have known him, I will ask you for your know that I am aware of its existence, verdict on his character," said Madge, never be reminded of it himself. I will quietly ; " not that I expect that even then buy it of you at what price you like. You would

say
of him what I

say,
for

you have only to name the sum and it is yours. would not have the cause.”

“Supposing I were to do as you ask, “You allow that,” cried Mrs. Bendixen; how would your position be improved ? " that shows that he was not entirely to You, with the gratified desires, and the unblame.”

checked wishes of which you have boasted, " It shows simply that you from your have purchased Philip Vane's love, or what plenty can give him all he longs for, wealth, is equivalent to it, and now wish to purease, luxury, the position in the eyes both chase my silence! Suppose I agree, how of men and women to which he has aspired; is your position improved ? The world will while I from my poverty could only fend believe you to be Philip Vane's wife, but off hunger and cold, could only bar the you will know yourself door against the wolf, could only find the Do

you

think I care what the world platform whence he should spring into com- thinks of me or what I think of myself ?” petence, leaving me behind him. He de- cried Mrs. Bendixen. “I tell you I love serted me because I could do so little, he this man, and that I will not have him will hold to you since you can do so much.” taken from me. Have

you no understand“And he shall hold to me,” cried Mrs. ing, have you no compassion ?” Bendixen, springing to her feet; "your last I have no patience to listen to ravings words have thoroughly determined me. which would be wearisome from a love-sick See here, woman. I believe all you say. girl, but which are contemptible in a woman. There is something in your voice, in your I did not seek to be Philip Vane's judge, manner, which prevents my disbelieving but fate seems to have appointed me to be it, ich as I wish to do so. But I tell executioner. I have given you due you I love Philip Vane, love him with a warning, and I absolve myself if you choose fervour which you, with your pale puny to share his fate. Now let me pass. I will passion, cannot for an instant imagine. leave this place." He has become essential to my life, and I And she rose and dropped her veil, and have never yet known what it was to have drew her mantle round her. one aspiration checked, one wish thwarted. “Stay!” said Mrs. Bendixen. “Yon I have been married before, you know that. must not leave in this manner. You have The man who took me from a boarding- said that you care no longer for Philip school to be his wife gave me all that I then Vane; that you regard him as dead to you; thought the world contained, power, riches, and yet you will not leave him to me! admiration. But it was not until after his Ah, spare him, I implore you! I have death, it was not until I met Mr. Vane, that looked forward so eagerly to the time I knew the happiness of loving and being when I should be his wife. I have loved. Ah, do not take that happiness reckoned so upon giving to him a love

which no one hitherto has been able to dreams, I suppose, of some sunny paradise, evoke, that if he is torn from me I shall go where you and he could live and love for mad. Oh, see me at your feet and spare ever. He would weary of you in a month, me!”

and when he found that you had been As she uttered these words she dropped warned in time of the impending danger, from her chair on to her knees, and lifted and had neglected to inform him of it, he her hands in supplication. The large tears would kill you

!" welled into her upturned eyes, and her “He might,” said Mrs. Bendixen, "he hair, which had become unfastened, hung might kill me then; at least I should have about her pale face.

known his love." "It is a pretty picture," said Madge, “ And with that charming sentiment we dreamily, looking down on the woman at will close the discussion,” said Madge, her feet, “and devotion such as this is cer- slightly shrugging her shoulders. “ Hear tainly thrown away on its object. Come, my last words, for we shall never meet madam !” she cried, rouse yourself, and again. The man for whom you are sacrilet us put an end to this scene. You ask ficing yourself is treacherous and base, me to let your marriage with my husband mean and cowardly. He has not even the take place without opposition; even if I one redeeming virtue of independence, but would, I am powerless to do so. The so soon as he gets the opportunity, will secret is not mine alone, but is in the keep- live on you as he lived on me, and as he ing of those who have a greater regard for abandoned me he will, should it so suit his my position than I have myself, and who purpose, abandon you. I was young and are determined that it shall not be thus inexperienced when I became his victim, wantonly outraged.”

you are a matured woman of the world, "You are implacable, then ?" said Mrs. and have, besides, my example before you, Bendixen, rising and throwing back her and I warn you to profit by it. If you fall hair.

it will be with your eyes open, and in de“I am merely indifferent,” said Madge, fiance of the hands spread forth to hold coldly. As indifferent to your fate as to you back. But you will fall, for you are his. I came here to warn him of the conse- a woman and infatuated !" quences of the act which he contemplated, She turned the handle of the door as she and I found you in his place. In those uttered these last words, and let herself consequences you are equally interested, out. Mrs. Bendixen made a faint effort and my warning has been given to you. to detain her, but Madge drew her clinging My duty is done. Let me pass !” dress more closely round her, and, with

“One moment yet,” cried Mrs. Bendixen. the faintest inclination of her head, passed “Will the fact that you have given this by. The hall was empty now, as, she could warning to me content you ? Will you see through the open door, was the diningswear that

you

will seek no further oppor- room. On the croquet-lawn a few players tunity of letting him know your intentions were idly knocking about the balls, and towards him ?"

under the verandah, immediately outside the “ I see your meaning now," said Madge, hall-door, some gentlemen were seated in looking straight at her with cold unspar- lounging-chairs, smoking and drinking. ing eyes.

“Your passion for this man has One or two of them raised their hats as so demented you, that you will hurry on she passed by, and each of them honoured this marriage, which will be no marriage, her with a hearty stare. and accept yourself the position which you Madge passed steadily on, outwardly imputed to me at the commencement of calm and grave, inwardly perturbed and our interview. Is not that so ?”

excited. “I do not deny it,” said Mrs. Bendixen, “It is over,” she said to herself. "I excitedly. "I have set my mind upon it, have discharged my duty, satisfied the and I will carry it through. I should promptings of my conscience, and obeyed glory in

the bidding of Mr. Drage. What has been Yon are mad!” interrupted Madge gained by so doing is another matter; little "Do you not see that if you were married enough, I should imagine.

That woman, to Philip Vane, and that marriage were ignorant, unschooled, and impulsive, is proved illegal, he would be a convicted madly in love, and will allow nothing to felon? Or even suppose he evaded the come between her and her object. Strange law, his position would be lost, his power that I should have seen her, and that he and prestige, all that makes life pleasant called away suddenly, she said he was, to him, gone for ever! You have romantic I called away by telegram on important

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business. By telegram! that must have by a prisoner in the Fleet. It suggested an been the message, a copy of which Rose imitation and an imitator. When Sir John forwarded to me, and which I have here." Pettus was incarcerated in that same prison

She drew the paper from her pocket, in 1683, he translated from the German a opened it, and held it out before her. The work on metals and metallurgy, and gave addresses, both of sender and receiver, were it the fanciful title of Fleta Minor. plain and legible, but the rest of the text During the sixteenth century, when there was in cipher, a hopeless mass of letters, was a plentiful crop of distinguished prijumbled together, and broken up into short soners and imprisonments in most European impossible words.

countries, books written by the captives were "I feel certain that there is something rather numerous. Maggi, an Italian scholar, of importance herein,” said Madge. “I mathematician, and military archæologist, cannot tell why, but I ain certain of it. If rendered himself famous by his defence of I could only find a key to this cipher! I Famagusta against the Turks, during which. must, and I will."

he invented ingenious machines which de-
stroyed their works; but when the Turks.

afterwards succeeded in capturing the city, BOOKS WRITTEN IN PRISON. they took revenge on him by carrying him

off in chains to slavery. Working hard as This title suggests a somewhat remark. a slave during the day, he bravely conable

group of literary productions. There quered despondency at night by writing are many “prison books," compositions De Tintinnabulis, a treatise on bells. Our wrought out by the brains of luckless per- own Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, a sons shut away from the usages and faci- gallant and chivalrous soldier, but a little lities of every-day life, and seeking some wild withal, got himself into prison on more mode of occupying the mind that may avert than one occasion for satirical hints at permelancholy madness. Isaac D’Israeli col- sons in power, and infractions of the civic lected many examples of books written rules of government in London. While in while the authors were in prison ; Mr. the Fleet Prison he wrote some of the Langford has since given fuller details of sweetest songs and sonnets in the language. some of the men who wrote them; while When afterwards imprisoned in Windsor other instances are only waiting for bookish Castle, for daring (as was alleged) to people to ferret them out.

aspire to the hand of the Princess Mary, The great Boethius was a shining light he wrote his Prisoned in Windsor Castle, among these writers. He was a Roman which contains a charming reminiscence of philosopher, in the days when the once days when he played at that same castle great Roman Empire had begun to fall to with a king's son for his companion, ending pieces, and was rapidly going into extinc- with two lines which have often been tion. He was learned among the learned quoted for their deep meaning: at Rome and at Athens; he was thrice With remembrance of their greater grief, consul under Theodoric the Goth; but his

To banish the less I find the chief relief. rigorous impartiality as a judge raised him A widely different man was Father up enemies among the intriguers at court, Thomas, member of the Order of Hermits who falsely accused him of maintaining a of Saint Augustine. He was imprisoned by treasonable correspondence with the By- the Moors in Africa, and wrote in Portu. zantine or Greek government at Constanti- guese on the Sufferings of Our Lord Jesus nople. He was cast into prison, and there Christ. He had no books, and could write kept until an executioner did his fell work. only for a short time in the middle of each While in captivity, Boethius wrote a day, by a gleam of light that entered his. work which afterwards became renowned dungeon through an air-hole. A different throughout Europe, the Consolations of a man, again, was George Buchanan, poet Philosopher. It is a noble, lofty-minded and historian, who seems to have been production, which was some four centuries always at war with monks, and getting or so later translated into English by Alfred into trouble for abusing them. He was the Great.

imprisoned in Portugal, about the middle One of the examples is singular, because of the century, for one of these attacks, we know the name of the book, although and while in captivity wrote his Paraignorant of the name of the man. This phrase on the Psalms of David. On the is Fleta. It consists of a treatise or com- other hand, there was the Jesuit missionary, mentary on law, supposed to have been Robert Southwell, who, during about ten written during the days of the Plantagenets / years of Elizabeth's reign, was imprisoned

over and over again. During the last im- there was George Withers, farmer, lawyer, prisonment which preceded his execution, poet, satirist, and soldier in turn. He he wrote his Saint Peter's Complaint, and wrote Abuses Stript and Whipt, a satire other impassioned religious poems.

which earned for him an imprisonment; Knowing what we do of the state of and in later years, after having fought for England during the reigns of James the and with the Puritans, he was subjected to First and Charles the First, we shall not be a still longer imprisonment by the Royalists. surprised at finding that most of the men He complained bitterly afterwards of his who wrote hooks in English prisons during treatment in prison. “I was shut up from the first half of the seventeenth century the society of mankind, and, as one anwere incarcerated either on religious or poli- worthy the compassion vouchsafed to thieves tical grounds. There was James Howell, and murderers, was neither permitted the a writer and politician, who had a long im- use of my pen, the access or sight of my prisonment, during which he wrote Familiar acquaintances, the allowance usually afLetters and other works, by the proceeds forded to other close prisoners, nor means of which he supported himself. There to send for necessaries befitting my prewas Richard Lovelace, the cavalier and sent condition; by which means I was for poet. He was first a Charter-house boy, many days compelled to feed on nothing then an Oxford collegian, then a courtier, but the coarsest bread, and sometimes then a colonel in the service of Charles locked up for twenty-four hours together, the First. He spent all his patrimony without so much as a drop of water to cool in support of the Stuarts, and formed a my tongue; and being at the same time in regiment at his own expense. Commit- one of the grossest extremities of dumess ting the unpardonable offence of present that ever was inflicted upon anybody, the ing a petition to the House of Commons help both of physician and apothecary was praying for the restoration of the king's denied me.” Nevertheless, in his Sheprights, he was committed to prison at the herd's Hunting, written during one of his Westminster Gatehouse, where he wrote captivities, there are some of the finest his Althea. This is the poem that contains lines known on the consolation which the famous lines :

poetry afforded him in time of trouble. Stone walls do not a prison make,

There was John Selden, too, the learned Nor irop bars a cage;

jurist, antiquary, and historian, who got Minds innocent and quiet take

into trouble with Charles the First for That for an hermitage ; If I have freedom in my love,

writing against the divine rights and preAnd in my soul am free,

rogatives of kings; he had frequent and Angels alone, that soar above, Enjoy such liberty !

stern reason for knowing what the inside

of a prison was like, and wrote one of his Again, some few years afterwards, he erudite histories while incarcerated. was imprisoned, and during his incarcera- But the two most celebrated men who tion wrote a collection of sonnets and come into the list of writers of books in songs, including the beautiful Address to prison in the first half of the seventeenth Lucasta, which contains the often-quoted century are Raleigh and Cervantes. The lines:

gallant Sir Walter, after serving when I could not love thee, dear, so much, Lor'd I not honour more.

young as a gentleman-volunteer, went with

Sir Humphry Gilbert to America, returned Poor Lovelace! Wood describes him as and was knighted, raised a volunteer squabeing “accounted the most amiable and dron against the Spanish Armada, and bebeautiful person that eyes ever beheld;" but came a courtier. Something he did or said his imprisonments and loss of fortune made gave offence at court, and he resided abroad the closing years of his life years of penury. for some years. When Elizabeth died, and

There was Thomas Lydiat, a learned James the First succeeded to the throne, clergyman and historian, who was thrown Raleigh returned to England; but he was into the King's Bench as a means of arrested, and found guilty of treason by a curing him of his loyalty to Charles the packed jury. Twelve years of his life were First, and who, while there, wrote his An- passed continuously in prison; and here he notations on the Persian Chronicle. There wrote his History of the World, a marvellous was Sir William Davenant, who, similarly work to execute under such circumstances. offensive to the parliament on account of In order really to begin at the beginning, his loyalty to the king, was thrown into he begins with the Creation, and gravely Carisbrook Castle, where he wrote some of discusses the opinions expressed by the his plays and poems. On the other hand, learned, as to whether Paradise was as high

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