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Success in the Sixth Year.
• June 29. Lord's Day. This evening a Brahmin went "We lament that several who did run well are now hin- Brother Carey, to persuade them not to accept of our
round amongst the people who were collected to hear dered. We have faint hopes of a few, and pretty strong
papers. Thus' « darkness struggles with light." Ibid hopes of one or two; but if I say more, it must be either a dull recital of our journeying to one place or another to preach the gospel, or something else relating to ourselves, Testament, and also 600 additional copies of Matthew, for
• It was deemned advisable to print 2000 copies of the New of which I ought to be the last to speak.!--[id. p. 488.
immediate distribution; to which are annexed some of the EXTRACTS FROM MR. Ward's JOURNAL, A NEW ANA- most remarkable prophecies in the Old Testament respect
These are now distributing, together with BAPTIST MISSIONARY SENT OUT IN 1799.
copies of several evangelical hymns, and a very earnest Mr. Ward admires the Captain.
and pertinent address to the natives, respecting the gospel.
It was written by Rain Boshoo, and contains a hundred Several of our friends who have been sick begin to look lines in Bengalee verse. We hear that these papers are up. This evening we had a most precious hour at prayer. read with much attention, and that apprehensions are Captain Wickes read from the 12th verse of the 334 of Ex- rising in the ininds of some of the Brahmins whereunto odus, and then joined in prayer. Our hearts were all these things may grow.'-Ibid. p. 69. warmel. We shook hand with our dear Captain, and, in • We have printed several small pieces in Bengalee, desi n, clasped him to our bosoms.'— Idid. Vol. II. p. 2. which have had a large circulation.'-Ibid. p. 77. Mr. Ward is frightened by a Privateer.
Mr. Fountain's gratitude to Herrey. June 11. Held our conference this evening. A vessel tVhen I was about eighteen or nineteen years of age, is still pursuing us, which the Captain believes to be a Hervey's Meditations fell into my hands. Till then I had Frenchman. I feel some alarm: considerable alarm. On read nothing but ny Bible and the prayer-book. This Lord, be thou our detender! the vessel seems to gain upon ushered me as it were into a new world! It expanded us. (Quarter past eleven at night.) There is no doubt of my mind, and excitei a thirst after knowledge, and this the vessel being a French privateer: when we changed our was not all ; I derived spiritual as well as intellectual adtack, she changed her. We have, since dark, changed into vantages from it. I shall bless God for this book while I our old course, so that possibly we shall lose her. Brethren Live 'ipon earth, and when I get to heaven, I will thank dear G. and B. have enzage in prayer: we have read Luther's Hervey himself.'--Bapt. Miss. Vol. II. p. 90. psalm, and our minds are pretty well coinļused. Our guns are all loaded, and tue captain seems very low. All hands
Hatred of the Natives to the Gospel. are at the guns, and the matches are lighted. I go to the end of the hip. I can just see the vessel, though it is very
Jan. 27. The inveterate hatred that the Brahmins foggy. A ball whizzes over my head, and makes me trem- every where show to the gospel, and the very name of ble. I go down, and go to prayer with our friends.' -- Ibid. Jesus, in which they are joinel by many lewd fellows of P. 3, 4,
the baser sort, requires no common degree of self-posses
sion, caution, and prudence. The seeming failure of some Mr. Ward feels a regard for the Sailors.
we hoped well of is a source of considerable anxiety and
grief.'-Ibid. p. 110. * July 12. I never felt so much for any men as for our sailors; a tenderness which could weep over then. Oh, the first book that was ever ;rinted in Bengalee; and this
Aug. 31. Lorl's Day. We have the honour of printing Jesus ! let thy blood cover some of them! A sweet prayer is the first piece in which Brahmins have been opposed, meeting. Verily God is here.'— Ibid. p. 7.
perhaps for thousands of years. All their books are filled
with accounts to establish Brahmini-in, and raise Brahmins Mr. Ward sees an American vessel, and longs to preach to the seat of God. Hence they are believed to be interior to the Sailors.
gods. All the waters of salvation in the country are supSept. 27. An American vessel is along-side, and the posed to meet in the foot of a Brahmin. It is reckoned captain is speaking to their captain through his trumpet. they have the keys of heaven and hell, and have power How pleasant to talk to a friend! I have been looking at over sickness and health, life and death. O pray that Brahthem throuzh the glass ; the sailors sit in a group, and are minism may come down !-Ibid. p. 111. making their observations upon us. I long to go and
Oct. 3. Brother Marshman having directed the children preach to them.'-Ibid. p. 11.
in the Bengalee school to write out a piece written by Bro.
ther Fountain (a kind of catechism), the schoolmaster reFeelings of the Natives upon hearing their Religion
ported yesterday that all the boys would leave the school attacked.
rather than write it; that it was designed to make them lose
caste, and make them Feringas ; that is, persons who have 1800. Feb. 25. Brother C. had some conversation with descended from those who were formerly converted by the one of the Mussulmen, who asked, upon his denying the papists, and who are to this day held in the greatest condivine mission of Mahommed, what was to become of Mus-tempt by the Hindoos. From this you may gather how sulmen and Hindoos! Brother C. expressed his fears that much contempt a converted native would meet with.'- Ibid. they would all be lost. The man seemed as if he would p. 113, 114, have torn him to pieces.'--Ibid. p. 51.
Oct. 26. Lord's Day. Bharratt told Brother Carey to• Mar, 30. The people seem quite anxious to get the day what the people talked among themselves" Formerhymns which we gave away. The Brahmins are rather un- ly," say they, here were no white people amongst us. easy. The Governor advised his Brahmins to send their Now the English have taken the country, and it is getting children to learn English. They replied, that we seemed full of whites. Now also the white man's shaster is publisha to take pains to make the natives Christians; and they were ing. Is it not going to be fulfilled which is written in our afraid that their children, being of tender age, would make shasters, that all shall be of one caste ; and will not this caste them a more easy conquest.'— Ibid. p. 158.
be the gospel ?'-Ibid. p. 115. April 27. Lord's Day. One Brahmin said, he had no • Nov. 7. He also attempted repeatedly to introduce Christ occasion for a hymn, for they were all over the country. and him crucified; but they would immediately manifest He could go into any house and read one.'-- Ibid. p. 61. the utmost dislike of the very name of him. Nay, in their
* May 9. Brother Fountain was this evening at Budda- turn they commended Creeshnoo, and invited Brother C. to barry. At the close, the Brahmins having collected a num- believe in him.'-- Ibid. p. 118. ber of boys, they set up a great shout, and followed the * Dec. 23. This forenoon Gokool came to tell us that brethren out to the village with noise and shoutings.'— Kristno and his whole family were in confinement !
tonishing news! It seems the whole neighbourhood, as May 16. Brother Carey and I went to Buddabarry this soon as it was noised abroad that these people had lost caste, evening. No sooner had we begun, than a Brahmin went was in an uproar. It is said that two thousand people were round to all the rest that were present, and endeavoured to assembled pouring their anathemas on these new converts.' pull them away.'-Bapt. Miss. Vol. II. p. 62.
-Bapt. Miss. Vol. II. p. 125. .-30. "This evening at Budda barry, a man men Jan. 1:2. The Brahmins and the young people show tioned in my journal of March 14th, insulted Brother Carey, every degree of contempt; and the name of Christ is beHe asked why we came; and sail, it we could employ the come a by-word, like the name methodist in England fornatives as carpenters, blacksmiths, &c. it would be very merly.'--- Ibid. p. 130. well; but that they did not want our holiness. In exact • Sept. 25. I then took occasion to tell them that the conformity with this sentiment, our Brahmin told Brother Brahmins only wanted their money, and cared nothing Thomas when here, that he did not want the favour of about their salvation. To this they readily assented.' God.'--Ibid. p. 63.
Ibid. p. 134. June 22. Loril's Day. A Brahmin has been several . Nov. 23. Lord's Day. Went with Brother Carey to the times to disturb the children, and to curse Jesus Christ! new pagoda, at the upper end of the town. About ten Another Brahmin counpiained to Brother Carey that, by our Brahmins attended. They behaved in the most scoffing and school and printing, we were now teaching the gospel to blasphemous manner, treating the name of Christ with the their children from their infancy.'-Ibid, p. 66,
greatest scorn; nor did they discontinue their ridicule while
Brother Carey prayed with them. No name amongst men | Difficulty which the Mission experiences from not being seems so offensive to them as that of our adorable ŘEDLEM
able to get Converts shaved. ER!'- Ibid. p. 138. • Dec. 24. “The Governor had the goodness to call on us
Several persons there seemed willing to be baptized in tae course of the day, and desired us to secure the girl, at but if they should, the village barber, forsooth, will not least within our walls, for a few days, as he was persuaded shave them! When a native loses his caste, or becomes the people round the country were so exasperated at unclean, his barber and his priest will not come near him; Kristno's embracing the gospel, that he could not answer and as they are accustomed to shave the head nearly ali for their safety. A number of the mob might come from over, and cannot well perform this business themselves, twenty miles distant in the night, and murder them all, with it becomes a serious inconvenience.'-Ibid. p. 372. out the prepetrators being discovered. He believed, that had tney obtained the girl, they would have murdered her
Hatred of the Natives. before the morning, and thought they had been doing God · Apr. 24. Lord's Day, Brother Chamberlain preached at service!' - Ibid. p. 143, 144.
home, and Ward at Calcutta : Brother Carey was amongst Jan. 30. After speaking about ten minutes, a rude fel- the brethren, and preached at night. Kristno Prisaud, Ram low be, an to be very abusive, and, with the help of a few Roteen, and others, were at Buddabatty, where they met boys, raised such a clamour that nothing could be heard. with violent opposition. They were set upon as Feringas, At length, seeing no hope of their becoming quiet, I retired as destroyers of the caste, as having eaten fowls, eggs, &c. to the other part of the town. They followed, hallooing, as they attempted to return, the mob began to beat them, and crying "Hurree boll!" (an exclamation in honour of putting their hands on the back of their necks, and pushing Veeshno.) They at last began to pelt me with stones and ihem forward; and one man, even a civil othcer, grazed dirt. One of the men, who knew the house to which Bro- the point of a spear against the body of Kristn" Prisaud. ther Carey was gone, advised me to accompany him thither, when they saw that they could not make our friends angry saying, that these people would not hear our words. Going by such treatment, they said, You salla ; you will not be with him, I met Brother C. We were not a little pleased angry, will you? They then insulted them again, threw that the devil had begun to bestir himself, inferring from cow-dung mixed in gonga water at them; talked of making hence that he suspected danger.'-lid. p. 148, 149.
them a necklace of old shoes; beat Neeloo with Ran Ro
teen's shoe, &c.; and declared that if they ever came again Feelings of an Hindoo Boy upon the eve of Conversion. they would make an end of them."-Bapt. Miss. vol. 11. p.
378, • Nov. 18. One of the boys of the school, called Benjamin, is under considerable concern ; indeed there is a general A Plan for procuring an order from Government to stir amongst our children, which affords us great encourage
shave the Converts. inent. The following are some of the expressions used in prayer by poor Benjamin :
. After concluding with prayer, Bhorud Ghose, Sookun • ** Oh Lord, the day of judgment is coming : the sun, and and Torribot Bichess, took me into the field, and told me moon, and stars will all fall down. Oh, what shall I do in that their minds were quite decided ; there was no necessity the day of judgment! Thou wilt break me to pieces. for exhorting them. There was only one thing that kepe (literal.] The Lord Jesus Christ was so good as to die for them from being baptized in the name of Jesus Christ us pour souls: Lord, keep us all this day! Oh hell! gnash- ferent thing from losing case in their village. !f they de
Losing caste in a large town like ferampore was a very dife ing, and beating, and beating! One hour weeping, another heil: I am going to hell! O Lord, give me a new heart; heads and ther beards, they could not live. li an order gnashing! We shall stay there for ever? I am going to clared themselves Christians, the barber of their village
would no longer shave them; and, without shaving their give me a new heart; and wash away all my sins! Give could be obtained from the magistrate of the district for me a new heart, that I may praise Him, that I may obey the barber to shave Christians as well as others, they would Him, that I may speak the truth, that I may never do evil things! Oh, I have many times sinned against thee, many
be immediately baptized.'-- Ibid. p. 397. times broken thy commandments, oh many times; and what shall I do in the day of judgment!" --Bapt. Miss. two Hindoos who had set up as gods, Dulol and Ram
We meet in these proceedings with the account of Vol. Il. p. 162, 163.
Dass. The missionaries conceiving is schism from Alarm of the Natives at the preaching of the Gospel.
the religion of the Hindoos to be & rery favourable
opening for them, wait upon the two deities. With From several parts of Calcutta he hears of people's at- Dulol, who seems to be a very shrewd fellow, they tention being excited by reading the papers which we have are utterly unsuccessful; and the following is an er. scattered among them. Many begin to wonder that they tract from the account of their conference with Ram never heard these things before, since the English have been
Dass: so long in the country.'- ibid. p. 2:23.
• Many of the natives have expressed their astonishment • After much altercation, I told him he might put the at seeing the converte! Hindoos sit and eat with Europe- matter out of all doubt as to himself: he had only to crime
It is what they thought would never come to pass. as a poor, repenting, suppliant sinner, and he would be The priests are much alarmed for their tottering fabric, and saved, whatever became of others. To this he gave no other rack their inventions to prop it up. They do not like the answer than a sinile of contempt. I then asked bim in what institution of the college in Calcutta, and that their sacred way the sins of these his followers would be removed; urgshasters should be explored by the unhallowed eyes of Eu- ing it as a matter of the last importance, as he knew that ropeans.'-- Ibid. p. 233.
they were all sinners, and must stand before the righteous Indeed, by the distribution of many copies of the Scrip- bar of God? After much evasion, he replied that he had tures, and of some thousands of small tracts, a spirit of in- fire in his belly, which would destroy the sins of all his quiry has been excited to a degree unknown at any former followers !'-Bapt. Miss. Vol. II. p. 401. period.'--Ibid. p. 236. "As he and Kristno walked through the street, the natives
A Brahmin Converted. cried out, “What will this joiner do ? (meaning Kristno.) Will he destroy the caste of us all? Is this Brahmin going * Dec. 11. Lori's Day. A Brahmin came from Nuddes. to be a Feringa ?” '-Ibid. p. 245.
After talking to him about the gospel, which he said he was
very willing to embrace, we sent him to Kristno's. He ate Account of success in 1802.-Tenth year of the Mission. with them without hesitation, but discovered such a thirst
for Bengalee rum, as gave them a disgust.' Wherever we have gone we have uniformiy found, that • Dec. 13. This morning the Brahmin decamped suddenso long as people did not understand the report of our ly.'-Bapt. Miss. Vol. II. p. 424. message, they appeared to listen ; but the moment they understood something of it, they either became indifferent,
Ertent of Printing. or began to ridicule. This in general has been our reception.'--Bapt Miss. Vol. II. p.
Sept. 12. We are building an addition to our printing 213.
office, where we employ seventeen printers and tive book
binders. The Brahmin from near Bootan gives some hope Hatred of the Natives
that he has received the truth in love.'-Ibid. p. 483.
• The news of Jesus Christ, and of the church at Seram«Sept. 27. This forenoon three of the people arrived from pore, seerbs to have gone much further than I expected: Ponchetalokpool, who seemed very happy to see us. They it appears to be known to a few in most villages-'-Ibid. inform us that the Brahinins had raised a great persecution against them; and when they set out on their journey bither, the mob assembled to hiss them away. After Brother
Hatred to the Gospel. Marsh an ha left that part of the country, they hung him in etfigy and some of the printed papers which he had •The caste (says Mr. W.) is the great millstone round the distributed among them. '- Ibid. p. 314.
necks of these people. Roteen wants shaving; but the
barber bere will not do it. He is run away lest he should one, after I had made a beginning, through the violent opbe compelled. He says he will not shave'Yesoo Kreest's position of the people. Coming to this
, opposition ceased;
and therefore I called it REHOBOTH; for Jehovah hath made • people ! - Ibid. p. 493.
room for us. Here I have raised a spacious bungalo.' Success greater by importunity in prayer. Ibid. p. 59. With respect to their success, there are several particu
It would perhaps be more prudent to leave the lars attending it worthy of notice. One is, that it was preceded by a spirit of importunate prayer. The brethren had tion of sending missionaries to India to the effect of all along committed their cause to God: but in the autumn these extracts, which appear to us to be quite decisive, blessing on the work of the mission. At these assemblies, cution of the scheme, the utter unfitness of the persons of 1800, they had a special weekly prayer meeting for a both as to the
danger of insurrection from the prose: Mr. Thomas, who was then present on a visit, seems to employed in it, and the complete hopelessness of the blessing; and writing to a friend in America, he speaks of attempt
while pursued under such circumstances as "the holy unction appearing on all the missionaries, espea got possession of our Eastem empire have brought
now exist. But, as the Evangelical party who have of the Lord,
being solemn, frequent, and lasting.” In con- forward a great deal of argument upon the question, Decting these things, we cannot but remember, that previ- it may be necessary to make it some sort of reply. ous to the outpouring of the Spirit in the days of Pentecost, We admit it to be the general duty of Christian the disciples - continued with one accord in prayer and people to disseminate their religion among the Pagan supplication." '--Bapt. Miss. Pref. Vol. III. p. vii. nations who are subjected to their empire. It is true What this success is, we shall see by the following they have not the aid of miracles; but it is their duty
to attempt such conversion by the earnest and abun. extract:
dant employment of the best huinan inerns in their • The whole number baptised in Bengal since the year power. We believe that we are in the possession of a 1795, is forty-eight. Over many of these we rejoice with revealed religion; that we are exclusively in possesgreat joy; for others we trenible; and over others we are sion of a revealed religion ; and that the possession compelled to weep.'-Bapt, Miss. Vol. III. p. 21, 22.
of that religion can alone confer immortality, and best Hatred to the Gospel.
confer present happiness. This religion too, teaches
us the duties of general benevolence; and, how, under April 2. This morning, several of our chief printing ser such a system, the conversion of Heathens, can be a relief, as they were compelled, in our bengalee worship, to matter of indifference, we profess not to be able to hear so many blasphemies against their gods! Brother Ca- understand. rey and I had a strong contention with them in the print
So much for the general rule :-now for the excep. ing-office, and invited them to argue the point with Petum- tions. ber, as his sermon had given them offence; but they de No man (not an Anabaptist) will, we presume, con. clined it; though we told them that they were ten, and he tend that it is our duty to preach the natives into an only one; that they were Brahmins, and he was only a insurrection, or to lay before them, so fully and em. sooder!'-Ibid. p. 36.
* The enmity against the gospel and its professors is uni- phatically, the scheme of the gospel, as to make them Tersal. One of our baptised Hindoos wanted to rent a
rise up in the dead of the night and shoot their instruc. house: after going out two or three days, and wandering tors through the head. If conversion be the greatest all the town over, he at last persuaded a woman to let him of all objects, the possession of the country to be con. have a house: but though she was herself a Feringa, yet verted is the only mean, in this instance, by which when she heard that he was a Brahmin who had become a that conversion can be accomplished; for we have no Christian, she insulted him, and drove him away: so that right to look for a miraculous conversion of the Hin. we are indeed made the offscouring of all things.'-Thid. doos; and it would be little short of a miracle, if
"I was sitting among our native brethren, at the Benga- General Oudinot was to display the same spirit as the lee school, hearing them read and explain a portion of the serious part of the Directors of the East India Com. word in turn, when an aged,
grey-headed Brahmin, well pany. Even for missionary purposes, therefore, the dressed, came in ; and standing before me, said, with joined utmost discretion is necessary; and if we wish to hands, and a supplicating tone of voice, “Sahib! I am teach the natives a better religion, we must take care come to ask an alms.". Beginning to weep, he repeated to do it in a manner which will not inspire them with these words hastily ; “I am come to ask He continued standing, with his hands in a su plicating lose our disciples altogether. : . an alms."a passion for political change, or we shall inevitably
To us it appears quite told him, that by his looks, it did not seem as if he wanted clear, from the extracts before us, that neither Hindoo any relief. At length, being pressed, he asked me to give nor Mahomedan is at all indifferent to the attacks him his son, pointing with his hand into the midst of our made upon his religion ; the arrogance and the irrita. native brethren. I asked which was his son? He pointed bility of the Mahomedan are universally acknowto a young Brahmin, named Soroop; and setting up a plain- ledged; and we put it to our readers, whether the tive cry, said, that was his son. We tried to comfort him, Brahmins seem in these extracts to show the smallest and at last prevailed upon him to come and sit de wand bon disposition to behold the encroachments upon their the young man's mother was dying with grief.' - Ibid. p. 43. religion with passiveness and unconcern. A nission.
This evening Buvoo, a brother, who is servant with us, ary who converted only a few of the refuse of society, and Soroop, went to a market in the neighbourhood, where might live for ever in peace in India, and receive his they were discovered to be Yesoo Khreestare Loke (Jesus salary from his fanatical masters for pompous predic. Christ's people). The whole market was all in a hubbub: tions of universal conversion, transmitted by the ships they clapped their hands, and threw dust at them.
of the season ; but, if he had any mark was changing a rupee for cowries, when the disturbance bezan; and in the scume, the man ran away with the rupee among the natives, it could not fail to excite much without giving the cowries.'- Ibid. p. 55.
more dangerous specimens of jealousy and discontent • Nor. 24. This day Hawnye and Ram Khunt returned than those which we have extracted from the Ana. from their village. They relate that our brother Fotick, baptist Journal. How is it in human nature that a wbo lives in the same village, was lately seized by the chief Brahmin should be indifferent to encroachinents upon Bengalee man there ; dragged from his house ; his face, his religion ? His reputation, his dignity, and, in a eyes, and ears clogged with cow-dung-his hands tied-and in this state contined several hours. They also tore to tion of the present superstitions ; and why is it to be
great measure, his wealth, depend upon the preserva. pieces all tbe papers, and the copy of the Testament, which they found in Fotick's house. A relation of these persecu- supposed that motives which are so powerful with all lors being dead, they did not molest Hawnye and Ram other human beings, are inoperative with him alone ? Khunt; but the towns-folk would not hear about the gos- If the Brahmins, however, are disposed to excite a pel : they only insulted them for becoming Christians.'— rebellion in support of their own influence, no man Ibid. p. 57. "Cetwa on the Ganges, Sept. 3, 1804:- This place is about have it in their power to effect it.
who knows anything of India, can doubt that they seventy miles from Serampore, by the Hoogley river. Here I have procured a spot of ground, perhaps about two
It is vain to say that these attempts to diffuse Chris. acres, pleasantly situated by two tanks, and a fine grove tianity do not originate from the government in India. of mango trees, at a small distance from the town. it was The omnipotence of government in the East is well with difficulty i procured a spot. I was forced to leave known to the natives. If Government does not pro
hibit, it tolerates ; if it tolerates the conversion of the empire is govemed by men who, we are very much natives, the suspicion may be easily formed that it afraid, would feel proud to lose it in such a cause. encourages that conversion. If the Brahmins do not believe ihis themselves, they may easily persuade the who still retain the fear of God, and wbo admit that reli
But I think it my duty to make a solemn appeal to all common people that such is the fact ; nor are there gion and the course of conduct which it prescribes are not wanting, besides the activity of these new missiona- 1 to be banished from the affairs of nations--now when the ries, many other circumstances to corroborate such a political sky, so long overcast, has become more lowering rumour. Under the auspices College at Fort and black than ever--whether this is a period for augmentWilliam, the Scriptures are in a course of translation ing the weight of our national sins and provocations, by into the languages of almost the whole continent of an exclusive TOLERATION of idolatry; a crime which, unless Oriental India, and we perceive, that in aid of this est denunciations of vengeance, and the most fearful in
the Bible be a forgery, has actually drawn forth the heari. object the Bible Society has voted a very magnificent fictions of Divine displeasure.'---Considerations, &c. p. 98. subscription. The three principal chaplains of our Indian settlement are (as might be expected) of princi.
Can it be credited that this is an extract from a ples exactly corresponding with the enthusiasm of pamphlet generally supposed to be written by a noble iheir employers at home ; and their zeal upon the Lord at the Board of Control, from whose official in. subject of religion has shone and burnt with the most terference the public might bave expected a correc. exemplary fury. These circumstances, if they do tive to the pious temerity of others ? not really impose upon the minds of the leading na. The other leaders of the party, indeed, make at tives, may give them a very powerful handle for mis- present great professions of toleration, and express representing the intentions of government to the lower the strongest abhorrence of using violence to the orders.
natives. This does very well for a beginning, but we We see from the massacre of Vellore, what a pow. have little conildence in such declarations. We be. erful engine attachment to religion may be rendered lieve their flugers itch to be at the stone and clay in Hindostan. The rumours might all have been false ; gods of the Hindoos; and that, in common with the but that event shows they were tremendously power- noble Controller, they attribute a great part of our sul when excited. The object, therefore, is not only national calamities to these ugly images of deilies ca not to do anything violent and unjust upon subjects of the other side of the world. We again repeat, that religion, but not to give any stronger colour to jealous upon such subjects, the best and ablest men, if once and disaffected natives for iisrepresenting your inten. tinged by fanaticism, are not to be trusted for a single tions.
moment. All these observations have tenfold force when ap
2dly, Another reason for giving up the task of con. plied to an empire which rests so entirely upon opi- version, is the want of success. In India, religion nion. If physical force could be called in to stop the extends its empire over the minutest actions of life. progress of error, we could afford to be misrepresent. It is not merely a law for moral conduct, and for ed for a season ;' but 30,000 white men, living in the occasional worship, but it dictates to a man his trade, midst of 70 million sable subjects, must be always in his dress, his food, and his whole behaviour. His the right, or at least never represented as grossly in religion also punishes a violation of its exactions, not the wrong. Attention to the prejudices of the subject by eternal and future punishments, but by present is wise in all govemments, but quite indispensable in infamy. If an Hindoo is irreligious, or, in other a government constituted as our empire in India is words, if he loses his caste, he is deserted by father, constituted ; where an uninterrupted series of dexter. mother, wife, child, and kindred, and becomes in ous conduct is not only necessary to our prosperity, him, to receive him, to eat with him, is a pollution
stantly a solitary wanderer upon the earth: to touch but to our existence.
These reasonings are entitled to a little more consi- producing a similar loss of caste ; and the state of deration, at a period when the French threaten our such a degraded man is worse than death itself. To existence in India by open force, and by every species these evils an Hindoo must expose himself before he of intrigue with the native powers. In all govem.
becomes a Christian; and this difficulty must a mis ments everything takes its tone from the head"; fana. sionary overcome before he can expect the smallest ticism has got into the government at home ; fanati. successa difficulty which, it is quite clear, they cism will lead to pro tion abroad. The civil servant themselves, after a short residence in India, consider in India will not only dare to exercise his own judg.
to be insuperable. ment in checking the indiscretions of ignorant mission.
As a proof of the tenacious manner in which the aries, but he will strive to recommend himself to his Hindoos cling to their religious prejudices, we shall holy masters in Leadenhall-street, by imitating Bro- state two or three very short anecdotes, to which any ther Cran and Brother Ringletaube, and by every person who has resided in India might produce many species of fanatical excess. Methodism at home is no parallels. unprofitable gime to play. In the East it will soon be In the year 1766, the late Lord Clive and Mr. Verelst the intallible road to promotion. This is the great employed the whole intluence of Government to restore a evil: if the management was in the hands of men who Hindoo to his caste, who had forfeited it, not by any newere as discreet and wise in their devotion as they are glect of his own, but by having been compelled, by a most in matters of temporal welfare, the desire of putting an unj ardonable act of violence, to swallow a drop of cow end to missions might be preinature and indecorous. I the case, were very anxious to comply with the visties of
broth. The Brahmins, from the peculiar circumstances of But the misfortune is, the men who wield the instrugovernment; the principal men among them met once at ment, ought not, in common sense and propriety, to Kishnagur, and once at Calcutta ; but after consultations, be trusted with it for a single instant. Upon this sub. and an examination of their most ancient records, they deject they are quite insane and ungovernable; they clared to Lord (live, that as there was no srecaient to would deliberately, piously, and conscientiously exo justify the act, they found it impossible to restore the unfispose our whole Eastern empire to destruction, for the tunate man to his caste, and he died soon after of a breien sale of converting half a dozen Brahmins, who, after
heart.'- Scott Waring's Preface, p. lvi. stuffing themselves with rum and rice, and borrowing It is the custom of the Hindoos to expose dying money from the missionaries, would run away, and people upon the banks of the Ganges. There is sorrecover the gospel and its professors with every species thing peculiarly holy in that river; and it soothes the of ridicule and abuse.
agonies of death to look upon its waters in the last Upon the whole, it appears to us hardly possible to moments. A party of English were coming down in a push the business of proselytism in India to any length boat, and perceived upon the bank a pious Hindoc, in without incurring the utmost risk of losing our em. a state of the last imbecilitv-about to be drowned by pirc. The danger is more tremendous, because it may the rising tide, after the most approved and orthodox be so sudden ; religious fears are very probable cau- manner of their religion. They had the curiosity to ses of disaffection in the troops ; the troops are land ; and as they perceived some more signs of life generally disa ffected, our Indian empire may be lost than were at first apparent, a young Englishman pour. to us as suddenly as a frigate or a fort; and that ed down his throat the greatest part of a bottle of la
vender water, which he happened to have in his pocket. / any other : and even if the religion of Brama is the The effects of such a stimulus, applied to a stomach most ancient of the two, it is still to be proved, that accustomed to nothing stronger than water, were in the Ceylonese professed that religion before they stanianeous and powerful. The Hindoo revived suffi- changed it for their present faith. In point of fact, ciently to admit of his being conveyed to the boat, was however, the boasted Christianity of the Ceylonese is carried to Calcutta, and perfectly recovered. He had proved by the testimony of the missionaries them. drunk, however, in the company of Europeans-no selves, to be little better than nominal. The follow. matter whether voluntary or involuntary--the offence ing extract from one of their own communications, was committed: he lost caste, was turned away from dated Columbo, 1805, will set this matter in its true his home, and avoided, of course, by every relation light :and friend. The poor man came before the police, making the bitterest complaints upon being restored Dutch congregation, came to see us, and we paid them a
• The elders, deacons, and some of the members of the to lite; and for three years the burden of supporting visit in return, and made a li'tle inquiry concerning the him fell upon the mistaken Samaritan who had rescued state of the church on this island, which is, in one word, him from death. During that period, scarcely a day miserable! One hundred thousand of those who are called elapsed in which the degraded 'resurgent did not ap- Christians, (because they are baptized) need not go back pear before the European, and curse him with the bit. to heathenism, for they never have been any thing else but terest curses—as the cause of all his misery and deso. heathens, worshippers of Budda: they have been induced, lation. At the end of that period he fell ill, and of for worldly reasons, to be baptized. O Lord, have mercy course was not again thwarted in his passion for dy. Miss. soc. II. 265.
on the poor inhabitants of this populous island!'--Truns. ing. The writer of this article vouches for the truth of this anecdote ; and many persons who were at Cal. What success the Syrian Christians had in making cutta at the time must have à distinct recollection of converts ; in what degree they have gained their num. the fact, which excited a great deal of conversation bers by victories over the naiive superstition, or lost and amusement, mingled with compassion.
their original nunbers by the idolatrous examples to It is this institution of castes which has preserved which for so many centuries they have been exposed, India in the same state in which it existed in the days are points wrapt up in so much obscurity, that no kind of Alexander; and which would leave it without the of interence as to the facility of converting the naslightest change in habits and manners, if we were to tives, can be drawn from them. Their present num. abandon the country to-morrow. We are astonished ber is supposed to be about 150,000. to observe the late resident in Bengal speaking of the It would be of no use to quote the example of Ja. fifteen millions of Mahomedans in India as converts pan and China, even if the progress of the faith in from the Hindoos; an opinion, in support of which he these empires had been much greater than it is. We does not offer the shadow of an arguinent, except by do not say it is difficult to convert the Japanese, or the asking, whether the Mahomedans have the Tartar Chinese ; but the Hindoos. We are noi saying it is face and if not, how they can be the descendants of difficult to convert human creatures; but difficult to the first conquerors of India ? Probably not altoge couvert human creatures with such institutions. To ther. But does this writer imagine, that the Maho- mention the example of other nations who have them medan empire could exist in Hindostan for 700 years not, is to pass over the material objection, and to an. without the intrusion of Persians, Arabians, and every swer others which are merely imaginary, and have species of Mussulman adventurers from every part of never been made. the East, which had embraced the religion of Maho. 3dly, The duty of conversion is less plain, and less med? And let them come from what quarter they imperious, when conversion exposes ihe convert to Fould, could they ally themselves to Hindoo women great present misery. An African or an Otaheite without producing in their descendants an approxima- proselyte might not perhaps be less honoured by his tion to the Hindoo features ? Dr. Robertson, who has countrymen it he became a Christian ; an Hindoo is investigated this subject with the greatest care, and instantly subjected to the most perfect degradation. looked into all the authorities, is expressly of an op- A change oi faith might increase the inmediate hap. posite opinion; and considers the Mussulman inhabi. piness of any other individual; it annihilales for ever iants ot' Hindostan to be merely the descendants of all the human comforts which an Hindoo enjoys. The Mahomedan adventurers, and not converts from the eternal happiness which you proffer him, is therefore Hindoo faith.
less attractive to him than to any other heathen, from • The armies,' (says Orme) which made the first the life of misery by which he purchases it. conquests for the heads of the respective dynasties, Nothing is more precarious than our empire in In. or for other in vaders, left behind them numbers ot' dia. Suppose we were to be driven out of it to-morrow, Mahomedans, who, seduced by a finer climate, and a and to leave behind us twenty thousand converted richer country, forgot their own.
Hindoos, it is most probable they would relapse into • The Mahomedan princes of India naturally gave a heathenism ; but their original station in society could proference to the service of men of their own religion, not be regained. The duty of making converts, there. . who, from whatever country they came, were of a fore, among such a people, as it arises from the genemore vigorous constitution ihan the stoutest of the ral duty of benevolence, is less strong than it would subjected nation. This preference has continually be in many other cases; because, situated as we are, encouraged adventurers from Tartary, Persia, and it is quite certain we shall expose them to a great deal Arabía, to seek their fortunes under a government of misery, and not quite certain we shall do them any from which they were sure of receiving greater en future good. couragement than they could expect at home. From 4thly, Conversion is no duty at all, if it merely de. these origins, time has formed in India a mighty na- stroys the old religion, without really and efiectiially tion of bear ten millions of Mahomedans. -Orme's teaching the new one. Brother Ringletaube may Indos!an, I. p. 24.
write home that he makes a Christian, when in reality Precisely similar to this is the opinion of Dr. Ro- he ought only to state that he has destroyed an hin. bertson, Note xl.-Indian Disquisition.
doo. Foolish and imperfect as the religion of an Hin. As to the religion of the Ceylonese, from which the doo is, it is at least some restraint upon the intempe. Bengal resident would infer the facility of making con- rance of human passions. It is better a Bralımin verts of the Hindoos, it is to be observed that the re. should be respected than that nobody should be re. ligion of Boudhou, in ancient times, extended from the spected. An Hindoo had better believe that a deity north of Tartary to Ceylon, from the Indus to Siam, with an hundred legs and arms, will reward and pu. and (if Foe and Boudhou are the same persons) over nish him hereafter, than that he is not to be punished China. That of the two religions of Boudhou and at all. Now, when you have destroyed the faith of an Brama, the one was the parent of the other, there Hindoo, are you quite sure that you will graft upon can be very little doubt ; but the comparative anti- his mind fresh principles of tion, and make him any quity of the two is so very disputed a point, that it is thing more than a nominal Christian ? quite unfair to state the case of the Ceylonese as an You have 30,000 Europeans in India, and sixty miil. nstance of conversion from the Hindoo religion to lions of other subjects. It proselytism were to go on as