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301. to 50l.; in the other parts of Ireland from 601. to felt ut hearing Mr. Perceval call on the then ministry 801. per annum. The best paid Catholic bishops receive for measures of vigour in Ireland. If I lived at Hamp. about 400l. per annum; the others from 3001. to 3501. / stead upon stewed meats and claret; if I walked io My plan is very simple ; I would have 300 Catholic church every Sunday before eleven young gentlemen parishes at 1001. per ann., 300 at 2001. per ann., and of my own begelting, with their faces washed, and 400 at 3001. per ann. ; this, for the whole thousand their hair pleasingly combed; if the Almighty had parishes, would amount to 190,0001. To the prelacy blessed me with every earthly comfort,--how awfully
would allot 20,0001. in unequal proportions, from would I pause before I sent forth the flame and the 10001. 10 5001. ; and I would appropriate 40,0001 more sword over the cabins of the poor, brave, generous, for the support of Catholic schools, and the repairs of open-hearted peasants of Ireland !. How easy it is to Catholic churches; the whole amount of which sums shed human blood-how easy it is to persuade our. is 250,0001., about the expense of three days of one of selves that it is our duty to do somand that the deci. our genuine, good, English, just and necessary wars. sion las cost us a severe struggle-how much, in all The clergy should all receive their salaries at the Bank ages, have wounds and shrieks and tears been the of Ireland, and I would place the whole patronage in cheap and vulgar resources of the rulers of mankind the hands of the crown. Now, I appeal to any human -how difficult and how noble it is to goveru in kind. being, except Spencer Perceval, Esq., of the parish of ness, and to found an empire upon the everlasting ba. Hampstead, what the disaffection of a clergy would sis of justice and affection !—But what do men call amount to, gaping after this graduated bounty of the vigour? To let loose hussars and to bring up artille. crown, and whether Ignatius Loyola himselt, if he ry, to govern with lighted matches, and to cut, and were a living blockhead instead of a dead saint, could push, and prime-I call this, not vigour, but the sloth withstand the temptation of bouncing t'rom 1001. a of cruelty and ignorance. The vigour I love consists year in Sligo, to 3001. in Tipperary? This is the mis. in finding out wherein subjects are aggrieved, in reerable sum of money for which the merchants, and | lieving them, in studying the temper and genius of a land-owners, and nobility of England are exposing people, in consulting their prejudices, in selecting themselves io the tremendous peril of losing Ireland. proper persons to lead and manage them, in the laboThe sinecure places of the Roses and the Percevals, rious, watchful, and difficult task of increasing public and the dear and near relations, put up to auction ai happiness by allaying each particular discontent. In thirty years' purchase, would almost amount to the this way Hoche pacitied La Vendée--and in this way
only will Ireland ever be subdued. But this, in the I admit that nothing can be more reasonable than eyes of Mr. Perceval, is imbecility and meanness; to expect that a Catholic priest should starve to death, houses are not broken open-women are not insulted genteelly and pleasantly, for the good of the Protestani -the people seem all to be happy; they are not rode religion ; but is it equally reasonable to expect that he over by horses, and cut by whips. Do you call this should do so for the Protestant pews, and Protestaut vigour?-Is this governinent? brick and mortar ! On an Irish Sabbath, the bell of a neat parish church often summons to church only the parson and an occasionally conforming clerk; while, two hundred yards off, a thousand Catholics are hud.
LETTER X. AND LAST. dled together in a miserable hovel, and peited by all the storms of heaven. Can any thing be inore distressing which will be produced by giving salaries to the
You must observe that all I have said of the effects than to see a venerable man pouring forth sublime truths in tattered breeches, and depending for his food Catholic clergy only proceeds upon the supposition upon the little offal he gets from his parishioners? I that the emancipation of the laitý is effected-with. venerate a human being who starves for his principles, out that, I am sure there is not a clergyman in Ireland let them be what they may; but starving for any thing could not do so, without an entire loss of credit among
who would receive a shilling from government; he is not at all to the taste of the honourable flagellants; the members of his own persuasion. strict principles, and good pay, is the motto of Mr. Perceval; the one he keeps in great measure for the clergy in collecting tithes, is, I believe, strictly true.
What you say of the moderation of the Irish Protestant faults ot' his enemies, the other for himself.
There are parishes in Connaught in which a Protes. Instead of collecting what the law enables them to tant was never settled, nor even seen ; in that pro- than two-thirds; and † entirely agree with you, that
collect, I believe they seldom or ever collect more vince, in Munster, and in parts of Leinster, the entire
the abolition of agistment tithe in Ireland by a vote of peasantry for sixty miles are Catholics; in these tracts, the churches are frequently shut for want of the Irish House of Commons, and without any remune. a congregation, or opened to an assemblage of from six ration to the church, was a most scandalous and jaco. to twenty persons. ‘Of what Protestants there are in binical measure. I do not blame the Irish clergy; but Ireland, the greatest part are gathered together in 1 submit to your common sense, if it is possible to ex. Ulster, or they live in towns. In the country of the plain to an Irish peasant upon what principle of just. other three provinces the Catholics see no other re- in his little garden to a clergyman in whose religion
ice, or common sense, he is to pay every tenth potato ligion but their own, and are at the least as fifteen nobody believes for twenty miles around him, and who to one Protestant. cese of Leghlin, there are four thousand Catholics rent to his landlord; but the same thing, done in the are sixty to one; in the parish of St. Mullins, dio has nothing to preach to but bare walls. It is true, if
the tithes are bought up, the cottager must pay more and one Protestant ; in the town of Grasgenamana, in the county of Kilkenny, there are between four shape of rent, is less odious than when it is done in and five hundred Catholic houses, and three Protes.
the shape of tithe ; I do not want to take a shilling out tant houses. In the parish of Allen, county Kildare; of things, and to change their pames. I cannot see
of the pockets of the clergy, but to leave the substance there is no Protestant, though it is very populous. In the slightest reason why the Irish labourer is to be re. is one hundred to one. In the whole county of Kilken- lieved from the real onus, or from any thing else but ny, by actual enumeration, it is seventeen to one; in tenths of the produce of the land, which is all that be.
the name of tithe. At present, he rents only nine. the diocese of Kilmacduagh, province of Connaught, fit. longs to the owner ; this he has at the market price ; ty-two to one, by ditto. These I give you as a few if the land-owner purchase the other tenth of the specimens of the present state of Ireland :--and yet church, of course he has a right to make a correspondthere are men imprudent and ignorant enough to con.
ent advance upon his tenant. tend that such evils require no remedy, and that mild family man who dwelleth in Hampstead, can find none offices to the Catholics and to grant salaries to their
I very much doubt, it you were to lay open all civil but the cautery and the knife,
clergy, in the manner I have stated, if the Catholic -omne per ignem
laity would give themselves much trouble about the Excoquitur vitium.
advance of their church; for they would pay the same I cannot describe the horror and disgust which I tithes under one system that they do under another
If you were to bring the Catholics into the daylight of 1 in human affairs, now is his time for getting rid of the the world, to the high situations of the army, the na- multiplication table, and passing a vote of censure vy, and the bar, numbers of them would come over to upou the pretensions of the hypothenuse. Such is the the established church, and do as other people do ;- history of English parties at this moment; you cannot instead of that you set a mark of infamy upon them, seriously suppose that the people care for such men as rouse every passion of our nature in tavour of their Lord Hawkesbury, Mr. Canning, and Mr. Perceral, ereed, and then wonder that men are blind to the fol. on their own account; you cannot really believe them lies of the Catholic religion. There are hardly any to be so degraded as to look to their safety from instances of old and rich families among the Protest. man who proposes to subdue Europe by keeping it ant dissenters; when a man keeps a coach, and lives without Jesuil's bark. The people, at present, have in good company, he comes to church, and gets asham. one passion, and but oneed of the meeting-house; if this is not the case with the father, it is almost always the case with the son.
A Jove principium, Jovis omnia plena. These things would never be so, if the dissenters were They care no more for the ministers I have mentioned, in practice as much excluded from all the concerns of than they do for those sturdy royalists who, for 601. civil lite, as the Catholics are. It a rich young Cath. per annum, stand behind his majesty's carriage, olic were in Parliament, he would belong to White's arrayed in scarlet and in gold. If the present minisand to Brookes's, would keep race-horses, would walk ters opposed the court instead of flattering it, they up and down Pall Mall, be exonerated of his ready would not command lwenty votes. money and his constitution, become as totally devoid Do not imagine, by these observations, that I am ot' morality, honesty, knowledge, and civility, as Pro not loyal; without joining in the common cant of the testant loungers in Pall Mall, and return home with a best of kings, I respect the king most sincerely as a supreme contempt for Father O'Leary and Father 0. gooil mar. His religion is better than the religion of Callagha!). I am astonished at the madness of the Mr. Perceval, his old morality very superior to the Catholic clergy, in not perceiving that Catholic eman- old morality of Mr. Canning, and I am quite certain cipation is Catholic infidelity; that to entangle their he has a safer understanding than both of them put people in the intrigues of a Protestant Parliament, and together. Loyalty, within the bounds of reason and a Protestant court, is to insure the loss of every man moderation, is one of the great instruments of English of fashion and consequence in their community. The happiness; but the love of the king may easily be. true receipt for preserving their religion is Mr. Perce come more strong than the love of the kingdom, and val's receipt for destroying it ; it is to deprive every we may lose sight of the public welfare in our exag. rich Catholic of all the objects of secular ambition, to i gerated admiration of him who is appointed to reign separate him from the Protestant, and to shut hiin up only for its promotion and support. I detest Jacobin. in his castle, with priests and relics.
ism; and it I am doomed to be a slave at all, I would We are told, in answer to all our arguments, that rather be the slave of a king than a cobbler. God this is not a tit period,—that a period of universal war save the king, you say, warms your heart like the is not the proper time for dangerous innovations in the sound of a trumpet. I cannot make use of so violent constitution ; this is as much as to say, that the worst a metaphor; but I am delighted to hear it, when it is time for making friends is the period when you have the cry of genuine affection ; I am delighted to hear made many eneinics; that it is the greatest of all er. it, when they hail not only the individual man, but the rors to stop when you are breathless, and to lie down outward and living sigu of all English blessings. when you are fatigued Of one thing I am quite cer These are noble feelings, and the heart of every good tain: if the safety of Europe is once completely restor man must go with them; but God save the king, in ed, the Catholics may forever bid adieu to the slightest these times, too often means God save my pension probability of effecting their object. Such men as and my place, God give my sisters an allowance out hang about a court not only are deaf to the suggestions of the privy purse-make me clerk of the irons, let ot' mere justice, but they despise justice; they detest me survey the meltings, let me live upon the fruits of the word right; the only word which rouses them is other men's industry, und fatten upon the plunder of peril ; where they can oppress with impunity, they op. the public. press for ever, and call it loyalty and wisdom.
What is it possible to say to such a man as the gen. I am so far from conceiving the legitimate strength tleman of Hampstead, who really believes it feasible of the crown would be diminished by these abolitions to convert the four million Irish Catholics to the Proof civil incapacities in consequence of religious opi- testant religion, and considers this as the best remedy nions, that my only objection to the increase of reli. for the disturbed state of Ireland ? It is not possible gious freedom is, that it would operate as a diminution to answer such a man with arguments ; we must come of political freedom; the power of the crown is so out against him with beads, and a cowl, and push him overbearing at this period, ihat almost the only steady into an hermitage. It is really such trash, that it is opposers otiis fatal influence are men disgusted by an abuse of the privilege of reasoning to reply to it. religious intolerance. Our establishments are so en. Such a project is well worthy the statesman who ormous, and so utterly disproportioned to our popula. would bring the French to reason by keeping them tion, that every second or third man you meet in so. without rhubarb, and exhibit to mankind the awful ciety gains soinething from the public; my brother spectacle of a nation deprived of neutral salts. This the commissioner-my nephew the police justice- is not the dream of a wild apothecary indulging in his purveyor of small beer to the army in Ireland—clerk own opium; this is not the distempered fancy of a of the mouth-yeoman to the left hand-these are the pounder of drugs, delirious from smallness of profits ; obstacles which common sense and justice have now but it is the scber, deliberatc, and systematic scheme to overcome. Add to this, that the king, old and in. of a man to whom the public safety is entrusted, and firm, excites a principle of very amiable generosity in whose appointment is considered by many as a mas« his tarour; that he has led a good, moral, and reli- terpiece of political sagacity. What a sublime gious life, equally removed from profligacy and metho thought, that no purge can now be taken between the distical hypocrisy; that he has been a good husband, Weser and the Garonne; that the bustling, pestle is a good father, and a good master; that he dresses still, the canorous mortar mute, and the bowels of plain, loves hunting and farming, hates the French, inankind locked up for fourteen degrees of latitude! and is, in all opinions and habits, qnite English : When, I should be curious to know, were all the these feelings are heightened by the present situation powers of crudity and Ratulence fully explained to his of the world, and the yet unexploded clamour of majesty's ministers? At what period was this great Jacobinism. In short, from the various sources of in- plan of conquest and constipation fully developed? terest, personal regard, and national taste, such a În whose mind was the idea of destroying the price, tempest of loyalty has set in upon the people, that and the plasters of France first engendered? Without the 47th proposition in Euclid 'might now be voted castor oil they might, for some months, to be sure: down with as much ease as any proposition in politics; have carried on a lingering war; but can they do and, therefore, it Lord Hawkesbury hates the abstract without bark? Will the people live under a govern. truths of science as much as he hates concrete truth 'ment where antimonial powders cannot be procured
Will they bear the loss of mercury? There's the the saints and chosen of God;' and then the decree rub? Depend upon it, the absence of the materia adds. public offices and honours, high or low', great or medica will soon bring them to their senses, and the small, shall be given to nalural born Hungarians who decry of Bourbon and bolus burst forth from the Baltic serve well of their country, and possess the other qualifito the Mediterranean.
cations, let their religion be what it may.' Such was a You ask me for any precedent in our history where line of policy pursued in a diet consisting of four hunthe oath of supremacy has been dispensed with. It dred members, in a state whose form of government was dispensed with to the Catholics of Canada, in 1774. approaches nearer to our own than any other, having They are only required to take a simple oath of alle a Roman Catholic establishment of gieat wealth and giance. The same, I believe, was the case in Corsica. power, and under the influence of one of the most bigoThe reason of such exemption was obvious; you could ied Catholic courts of Europe. This measure has now not possibly have retained either of these countries the experience of eighteen years in its favour; it has without it. And what did it signify, whether you undergone a trial of fourteen years of revolution, such retained them or not? In cases where you might as the world never witnessed, and more than equal to have been foolish without peril, you were wise; a century less convulsed. What have been its effects ? when nonsense and bigotry ihreaten you with de. When the French advanced like a torrent within a few struction, it is impossible to bring you back to the days' march of Vienna, the Hungarians rose in a mass; alphabet of justice and cominon sense ; il men are to they formed what they called the sacred insurrection, be fool, I would rather they were fools in little mat. to defend their sovereign, their rights and liberties, ters that in great ; dulness turned up with temerity, is now common to all; and the apprehension of their apa livery all the worse for the facings; and the most proach dictated to the reluctant Bonaparte the imme. tremendous of all things is the magnanimity of a diate signature of the treaty of Leoben : the Romish dunce.
hierarchy of Hungary exists in all its former splendour It is not by any means necessary, as you contend, to and opulence; never has the siightest attempt been repeal the Test Act if you give relief to the Catholic; made io diminish it; and those revolutionary princi. what the_Catholics ask for is to be put on a footing ples, to which so large a portion of civilized Europe with the Protestant dissenters, which would be done has been sacrificed, have here failed in making the by repealing that part of the law which compels them smallest successful inroad. to take the oath of supremacy and to make the decla The whole history of this proceeding of the Hun. tion against transubstantiation; they would then come garian diet is so extraordinary, and such an admirable into Parliament as all other dissenters are allowed to comment upon the Protestantism of Mr. Spencer Per. do, and the penal laws to which they were exposed for ceval, that I must compel you to read a few short taking office would be suspended every year, as they extracts from the law itself:— The Protestants of have been for this
half century past towards Protesi- both confessions shall, in religious matters, depend ant dissenters. Perhaps, after all, this is the best upon their own spiritual superiors alone. The Promethod,—to continue the persecuting law, and to sus. testants may likewise sustain their trivial and gram. pend it every year,-a method which, while it effect- mar schools. The church dues which the Protestants ually destroys the persecution itself, leares to the have hitherto paid to the Catholic parish priests, great mass of mankind the exquisite gratification of schoolmasters, or other such officers, either in money, supposing that they are enjoying some advantage from productions, or labour, shall in future entirely cease, which a particular class of iheir fellow creatures are and after three months from the publishing of this excluded. We manage the Corporation and Test Acts law, be no more any where demanded. In the building at present much in the same manner as if we were to or repairing of churches, parsonage-houses and persuade parish boys, who had been in the habit of schools, the Protestants are not obliged to assist the beating an ass, to spare the animal, and beat the skin Catholics with labour, nor the Catholics the Protestof an ass stuffed with straw ; this would preserve the ants. The pious foundations and donations of the semblance of tormenting without the reality, and keep Protestants which already exist, or which in future boy and beast in good humour.
may be made for their churches, ministers, schools, How can you imagine that a provision for the Catho. and students, hospitals, orphan-houses, and poor, can. lic clergy affects the fifth article of the Union? Sure. not be taken froin them under any pretexi, nor yet ly I am preserving the Protestant church in Ireland, the care of them; but rather the unimpeded 'adminis. if I put it in a beiter condition than that in which it tration of them shall be entrusted to those from now is. A tithe proctor in Ireland collects his tithes among them to whom it belongs, and those founda. with a blunderbuss, and carries his tenth hay-cock by tions which may have been taken from them under storm, sword in hand; to give him equal value in the last government, shall be returned to them without more pacific shape, cannot, I should imagine, be con- delay; all affairs of the marriage of Protestants are sidered as injurious to the church of Ireland; and what leit io their own consistories; all landlords and masright has that church to complain, if Parliament, ters of tamilies, under the penalty of public prosecu. chooses to fix upon the empire the burthen of support- tion, are ordered not to prevent their subjects and ing a double ecclesiastical establishment? Are the servants, whether they be Catholic or Protestant, from revenues of the Irish Protestant clergy in the slightest the observance of the festivals and ceremonies of their degree injured by such a provision ? On the contrary, religion, &c. &c. &c.—By what strange chances are is it possible to confer a more serious benefit upon that mankind influenced ! A little Catholic barrister of cburch, than by quieting and contenting those who are Vienna might have raised the cry of no Protestantism, at work for its destruction?
and Hungary would have panted for the arrival of' á It is impossible to think of the affairs of Ireland with. French army as much as Ireland does at this mo. out being forcibly struck with the parallel of Hungary. ment; arms would have been searched for; Lutheran Of her seven millions of inhabitants, one-half were Pro- und Calvinist houses entered in the dead of the night ; testants, Calvinists, and Lutherans, many of the Greek and the strength of Austria exhausted in guarding a Church, and many Jews; such was the state of their country from which, under the present liberal system, religious dissensions, that Mahomet bad often been she may expect, in a moment of danger the most called in to the aid of Calvin, and the cresent often powerful aid; and let it be remembered, that this glittered on the walls of Buda and of Presburg. At memorable example of political wisdom took place at last in 1791, during the most violent crisis of disturb. a period when many great monarchies were yet un. ance, a diet was called, and by a great majority of conquered in Europe ; in a country where the two voicés a decree was passed, which secured io all the religious parties were equal in number; and where it contending sects the fullest and freest exercise of reli. is impossible to suppose indifference in the party gious worship and education ; ordained (let it be heard which relinquished its exclusive privileges. Under in Hampstead) that churches and chapels should be all these circumstances, the measure was carried in erected for all on the most perfectly equal terms, that the Hungarian diet by a majority of 280 to 120. In a the Protestants of both confessions should depend upon few weeks we shall see every concession
denied to the their spiritual superiors alone, liberated them from Catholics by a much larger majority of Protestants, at sweariug by the usual oath, "ibe holy Virgin Mary,' a moment when every other power is subjugated but
ourselves, and in a country where the oppressed are very necessary that a chancellor should be of the re. four times as numerous as their oppressors. So much ligion of the Church of England, how many chancel for the wisdom of our ancestors-so much for the lors you have had within the last century who have nineteenth century—so much for the superiority of the been bred up in the Presbyterian religion ?-And English over all other nations of the continent.
again, how many you have had who notoriously have Are you not sensible, let me ask you, of the absurdi. been without any religion at all? ty of trusting the lowest Catholics with offices corres Why are you to suppose that eligibility and election pondent to their situation in life, and ot denying such are the same thing, and that all the cabinet will be privilege to the higher? A Catholic may serve in the Catholics, whenever all the cabinet may be Catholics? militia, but a Catholic cannot come into Parliameat; You have a right, you say, to suppose an extreme in the latter case you suspect combination, and in the case, and to argue upon it--so have I: and I will supformer case you suspect no combination ; you deliber. pose that the hundred Irish members will one day ately arın ten or twenty thousand of the lowest of the come down in a body, and pass a law compelling the Catholic people ;—and the moment you come to a king to reside in Dublin. " I will suppose that the class of men whose education, honour, and talents, Scotch members, by a similar stratagein, will lay Eng. seem to render all mischiet' less probable, then you see land under a large contribution of meal and sulphur; the danger of employing a Catholic, and cling to your no measure is without objection, it you sweep the investigating tests and disabling laws. If you tell me whole horizon for danger; it is not suiticient to tell you have enough of members of Parliament, and not me of what may happen, but you must show me a ra. enough of militia, without the Catholics, I beg leave tional probability that it wiil happen: after all, I to reinind you, that by employing the physical force might, contrary to my real opinion, admit all your of any seci, at the same time when you leave them in dangers to exist ; it is enough for me to contend that a state of utter disaffection, you are not adding all other dangers 'taken together are not equal to the strength to your armies, but weakness and ruin :—it danger of losing Ireland from disaffection and inva. you want the vigour of their common people, you must sion. not disgrace their nobility, and insult their priest. I am astonished to see you, and many good and hood.
well-uneaning clergymen beside you, painting the Cath. I thought that the terror of the pope had been con. olics in such detestable colours; two-thirds, at least, fined to the limits of the nursery, and merely employ of Europe are Catholics,-they are Christians, though ed as a means to induce young master to enter into his mistaken Christians; how can I possibly admit that small clothes with greater speed, and to eat his break- any sect of Christians, and above all, that the oldest fast with greater attention to decorum. For these and most numerous sect of Christians, are incapable of purposes, the name of the pope is admirable ; but why tulfilling the duties and relations of life; though I do push it beyond? Why not leave to Lord Hawkesbu. diller from them in many particulars, God forbid I ry all farther enumeration of the pope's powers? For sholud give such a handle to infidelity, and subscribe a whole century, you have been exposed to the enmity to such blasphemy against our common religion ! of France, and your succession was disputed in two Do you think mankind never change their opinions rebellions; what could the pope do at the period when without formally expressing and confessing that there was a serious struggle, whether England should change? When you quote the decisions of ancient be Protestant or Catholic, and when the issue was Catholic councils, are you prepared to defend all the completely doubtful ? Could the pope induce the Irish decrees of English convocations and universities since to rise in 1715? Could he induce them to rise in 1745 ? the reign of Queen Elizabeth? I could soon make you You had no Catholic enemy when half this island was sick of your uncondid industry against the Catholics, iu grins; and what did the pope attempt in the last re. and bring you to allow that it is better to forget bellion in Ireland? But if he had as much power over times past, and to judge and be judged by present the minds of the Irish as Mr. Wilberforce has over opinions and present practice. the mind of a young Methodist, converted the preced I must beg to be excused from explaining and re. ing quarter, is this a reason why we are to disgust ruting all the mistakes about the Catholics made by men, who inay be acted upon in such a manner by a my Lord Redesdale ; and I must do that nobleman the foreign power? or is it not an additional reason why justice lo say, that he has been treated with great dis. we should raise up every barrier of affection and kind. respect. Could any thing be more indecent than to ness against the inischiet' of foreign influence? But make it a morning lounge in Dublin to call upon his the true answer is, the mischiet does not exist. Gng lordship, and to cram him with Arabian-night stories and Magog have produced as much influence upon hu- about the Catholics? Is this proper behaviour to the man affairs, as the pope has done for this half century representative of majesty, the child of Themis, and past; and by spoiling him of his possessions, and de: the keeper of the conscience in West Britain ?-Whograding him in ihe eyes of all Europe, Bonaparte has ever reads the letters of the Catholic bishops, in the not taken quite the proper method of increasing his appendix to Sir John Hippesly's very sensible book, influence.
will see to what an excess this practice must hare been But why not a Catholic king, as well as a Catholic carried with the pleasing and Protestant nobleman member of Parliament, or of the cabinet ?-Because it whose name I have mentioned, and from thence I wish is probable that the one would be mischievous, and you to receive your answer about excommunication, the other not. A Catholic king might struggle against and all the trash which is talked against the Cathothe Protestantism of the count and if the struggle lies. was not successful, it would at least be dangerous ; A sort of notion has, by some means or another, but the efforts of any other Catholic would be quite in. crept into the world, that diflerence of religion would significant, and his hope of success so small, that it is render men unfit to perform together the offices of quite improbable the effort would ever be made ; iny common and civil life; that Brother Wood and Broargument is, that in so Protestant a country as Great ther Grose could not travel together the same circuit Britain, the character of her Parliaments and her cab. if they differed in creed, nor Cockell and Mingay be inet could not be changed by the few Catholics who engaged in the same cause if Cockell was a Catholic would ever find their way to the one or the other, and Mingay a Muggletonian. It is supposed that HusBut the power of the crown is immeasurably greater kisson and Sir Harry Englefield would squabble behind than the power which the Catholics could obtain from the speaker's chair about the Council of Lateran, and any other species of authority in the state; and it many a turnpike bill miscarry by the sarcastical con. does not follow, because the lesser degree of power is troversies of Mr. Hawkins Brown and Sir John Thock. innocent, that the greater should be so 100. As for morton upon the real presence. I wish I could see the stress you lay upon the danger ot'a Catholic chan. some of these symptoms of earnestness upon the subjec: cellor, I have noi the least hesitation in saying, that of religion; but it really seems to me, that in the prehis appointment would not do a ten-lhousandth part sent state of society, men no more thiuk about inquir. of the mischief to the English church that inight be ing concerning each other's faith than they do con. done by a methodistical chancellor of the true Clap. cerning the colour of each other's skins. There may bam breed ; and I request to know, iť it is really so have been times in England when the quarter sessions
would have been disturbed by the theological polem-, dimity at home, hy equalizing rights and privileges, ics; but now, after a Catholic justice had once been what is the ignorant, arrogant, and wicked system seen on the bench, and it had been clearly ascertain. which has been pursued ? Such a career of madness ed that he spoke English, had no tail, only a single and of Tolly was, I believe, never run in so short a row of' teeth, and that he loved port-wine, –after all period. The vigour of the ministry is like the vigour the scandalous and infamous reports of his physical of a grave digger,-the tomb becomes more ready and confirmation had been clearly proved to be false, more wide for every effort which they make. There
- he would be reckoned a jolly fellow, and very supe. is nothing which it is worth while eitlier to take or to rior in flavour to a sly Presbyterian. Nothing, in tacı, retain, and a constant train of ruinous expeditions has can be more uncandid and unphilosophical* than to say been kept up. Every Englishman felt proud of the that a man has a tail, because you cannot agree with integrity of his country; the character of the country him upon religious subjects; it appears to be Judi. is lost for ever. It is or the utmost consequence to a crous, but I ain convinced it has done infinite mischief commercial people at war with the greatest part of to the Catholics, and made a very serious impression Europe, that there should be a tree entry of neutrals upon the minds of many gentlemen of large landed into the enemy's ports; the neutrals who carried our property.
manufactures we have not only excluded, but we have lú talking of the impossibility of Catholics and Pro. compelled them to declare war against us. It was testants living together under the same government, our ir terest to make a good peace, or convince our do you forget the cantons of Switzerland? You inighi own people that it could not be obtained; we have have see. There a Protestant congregation going into not made a peace, and we have convinced the peojle a church which had just been quitted by a Catholic of nothing but of the arrogance of the foreign secre. congrigation; and will venture to say that the Swiss tary; and all this has taken place in the short space Calno.ics were more bigoted to their religion than of a year, because a King's Bench barrister and a any people in the whole world. Did the kings of writer or' epigrams, turned into ministers of state, Prússia ever refuse to employ a Catholic ? Would were determined to show country gentlemen that the Frederick the Great have rejecied an able inan on this late administration had no vigour. In the mean time account? We hive seen Prince Czartorinski, a Cath. commerce stands still, marutactures perish, Ireland olic sectretary of state in Russia ; in former times, is more and more irritated, ludia is threatened. fresh a Greek patriarch and an apostolic vicar acted toge- taves are accumulated upon the wretched people, the ther in the most pertect harmony in Venice ; and we war is carried on without it being possible io conceive have seen the Emperor of Germany in modern times any one single object which a rational being can pro. entrusting the care of his person and the command of pose to himself by its continuation ; and in the midst his guard to a Protestant prince, Ferdinand of Wir of this unparalleled insanity, we are told that the con. temberg. But what are all these ihings to Mr. Perce. linent is to be reconquered by the want of thubarb val? He has looked at human nature from the top of and plumbs.* A better spirit than exists in the Eng. Hanıpstead Hill, and has not a thought beyond the lish people never existed in any people in the world ; liule sphere of his own vision. “The snail,' say the it has been misdirected, and squandered upon party Hindoos, ó sees nothing but its own shell, and thinks purposes in the most degrading and scandalous man. it the grandest palace in the universe.'
ner; they have been led to believe that they were I now take a final leave of this subject of Ireland ; benefiting the coinmerce of England by destroying the the only difficulty in discussing it is a want of re. commerce of America, that they were defending their sistance, a want of something difficult to unravel, and sovereign by perpetuating the bigoted oppression of something dark to illumine; to agitate such a ques. their fellow.subject; their rulers and their guides have tion is to beat the air with a club, and cut down gnats told them that ihey would equal the vigour of France with a scimitar; it is a prostitution of industry, and a by equalling her atrocity ; and they have gone un waste of strength. If a man says I have a good place, wasting thai opulence, patience, and courage, which, and I do not choose io lose it, this mode of arguing if husbanded by prudent and moderate counsels, might upon the Catholic question I can well understand; but have proved the salvation of mankind. The same that any human being w th an understanding two de policy of turning the good qualities of Englishmen to grees elevated above that of an Anabaptist preacher, iheir own destruction, which made Mr. Pitt omniposhould conscientiously contend for the expediency and tent, continues his power to those who resemble him propriety of leaving the Irish Catholics in their pre. only in his vices; advantage is taken of the loyalty of seni staie, and of subjecting us to such tremendous Englishmen, to make them meanly submissive; their peril in the present condition of the world, it is utter. piety is turned into persecution, their courage into ly out of my power to conceive. Such a measure as useless and obstinate contention ; they are slundered the Catholic question is entirely beyond the com. because they are ready to pay, and soothed into mon game of politics; it is a measure in which all asinine stupidity because they are full of virtuous pulies ought io acquiesce, in order to preserve the patience. It England must perish at last, so let it be ; place where and the stake for which they play. Ifihat event is in the hands of God; we must dry up Ireland is gone, where are jobs ? where are rever. our tears and subunit. But that England should perish sions ? where is my brother, Lord Arden? where are swindling and stealing; that it should perish waging iny dear and near relations? The gaine is up, and war against lazar.houses and hospitals ; that it should the speaker of the House of Commons will be sent as perish persecuting with monastic bigotry; that it a present to the menagerie at Paris. We talk of wait. should calmly give itselt up to be ruined by the fiashy ing from particular considerations, as it centuries of arrogance of one man, and the narrow fanaticism of joy and prosperity were before us ; in the next len another ; these events are within the power of human years our late must be decided; we shall know, long beings, and I did not think that the magnanimity before that period, whether we can bear up against ot Englishmen would ever stoop to such degradations. the miseries by which we are threatened, or not; and yet, in the very midst of our crisis, we are enjoined to
Lougum vale: abstain from the most certain means of increasing our
PETER PLYMLEY. strength, and advised lo wait for the remedy till the disease is removed by death or health. And now, in. * Even Allen Park (accustomed as he has always been to stead of the plain and manly policy of increasing una bo doligliard by all administrations) says it is too bad; and
llall and Morris are said to have actually bluched in one of * Vide Lord Bacon, Locke, and Descartes.