Imatges de pÓgina

The Methodists have hitherto been accused of dis- difficulty, under the influence of this nonsense, ite senting from the Church of England. This, as far as converting these simple creatures into active and Telates to mere subscription to articles, is not true; mysterious fools, and making them your slaves for but they differ in their choice of the articles upon lite? It is not possible to raise up any dangerous which they dilate and expand, and to which they enthusiasm, by telling men to be just, and good, and appear to give a preference, from the stress which charitable; but keep this part of Christianity out of they place upon them. There is nothing heretical in sight, and talk long and enthusiastically before ignosaying, that God sometimes intervenes with his special rant people, of the mysteries of our religion, and you providence, but these people differ from the Establish- will not fail to attract a crowd of followers: verily ed Church, in the degree in which they insist upon the Tabernaele loveth not that which is simple, in. this doctrine. In the hands of a man of sense and telligible, and leadeth to good sound practice. education, it is a safe doctrine ; in the management of Having' endeavoured to point out ihe spirit which the Methodists, we have seen how ridiculous and de- pervades these people, we shall say a few words upon grading it becomes. In the same manner, a clergy- ihe causes, the effects, and the cure of this calamity, man of the Church of England would not do his duty, The fanaticism so prevalent in the present day, is one if he did not insist upon the necessity of faith, as well of those evils trom which society is never wkolly exas of good works; but as he believes that it is much empt ; but which bursts out at different periods, with more easy to give credit to doctrines than to live well, peculiar violence, and sometimes overwhelms every he labours most in those points where human nature ihing in its course. The last eruption toek place is the most liable to prove defective. Because he does about a century and a half ago, and destroyed both so, he is accused of giving np the articles of his faith, Church and Throne with its tremendous force. Though by men who have their partialities also in doctrine; irresistible, it was short ; enthusiasm spent its force ; būt parties, not founded upon the same sound discre. the usual reaction took place ; and England was de tion, and knowledge of human nature.

luged with ribaldry and indecency, because it had 5. The Methodisis are always desirous of making been worried with fanatical restrictions. By degrees, men more religious than it is possible, from the con- however, it was found out that orthodoxy and loyalty stitution of human nature, to make them. If they might bé secured by other methods than liceni ous could succeed as much as they wish to succeed, there conduct and immodest conversation. The public would at once be an end of delving and spinning, and inorals improved ; and there appeared as much good of every exertion of human industry. Men must eat, sense and moderation upon the subject of religion es and drink, and work; and if you wish to fix upon them ever can be expected from mankind in large masses. high and elevated notions, as the ordinary furniture of Still, however, the mischief which the Puritans had their minds, you do these two things; you drive men done was not forgotten ; a general suspicion prevailed of warm temperaments mad, and you introduce in the of the dangers of religious enthusiasm ; and the farest of the world, a low and shocking familiarity with natical preacher wanted his accustomed power among words and images, which every real friend to religion a people recently recovered from a religious war, and would wish to keep sacred. The friends of the dear guarded by songs, proverbs, popular stories, and the Redeemer, who are in the habit of visiting the Isle of general tide of humour and opinion, against all excesses Thanet-(as in the extract we have quoted)—Is it of' tbat natore. About the middle of the last century, possible that this mixture of the most awful, with the however, the character of the genuine fanatic was a inost famikar images, so common among Methodists good deal forgotten, and the memory of the civil wars now, and with the enthusiasts in the time of Crom- wom away; the field was clear for extravagance in well, must not, in the end, divest religion of all the piety; and causes, which must always produce an deep and solein impressions which it is calculated to immense infuence upon the mind of man, were left to produce? In a man of common imagination (as we their own unimpeded operations. Religion is so Doble have before observed,) the terrer, and the feeling and powerful a consideration—it is so buoyent and so which it first excited, must necessarily be soon sepa. insubmergible—that it may be made, by fanatics, rated: but, where the fervour of impression is long to carry with it any degree of error and of perpreserved, piety ends in Bedlam. Accordingly, there ilous absurdity. In this instance Messrs. Whitis not a mad-house in England, where a considerable field and Wesley happened to begin. They were part of the patients have not been driven to insanity men of considerable talents ; they observed the comby the extravagance of these people. We cannot mon decorums of life; they did not run naked into the enter such piaces without seeing a number of honest streets, or pretend to the prophetical character ; and artisans, covered with blankets, and calling them. therefore they were not committed to Newgate. selres angels and apostles, who, if they had remained They preached with great energy to weak people ; contented with the instruction of men of learning and who first stared-then listened-then believed-ihen education, would have been sound masters of their felt the inward feeling of grace, and became as foolish own trade, sober Christians, and useful members of as their teachers could possibly wish them to be ; in society.

short, folly ran its ancient course, and buman nature 6. It is impossible not to observe how directly all evinced itself to be what it has always been under sithe doctrine of the Methodists is calculated to gain milar cireumstaaces. The great and jermanent cause, power among the poor and ignorant. To say, that therefore, of the increase of Methodism, is the cause the Deity governs this world by general rules, and which has given birth to fanaticism in all ages the that we must wait for another and a final scene of facility of mingling human errors with the fundamental existence, before vice meets with its merited punish- truths of religion. The formerly imperfect res'dence mnent, and virtue with its merited reward; to preach of the clergy may, perhaps, in some trifting degree, this up daily, would not add a single votary to the Mave aided this source of Methodism. But unless a Tabemacle, nor sell a Number of the Methodistical man of education, and a gentleman, could stoop to 3D igazine : but to publish an account of a man who was such disingenuous aris as the Methodist preachers, cured of scrofula by a single sermon-of Providence unless he hears heavenly music all of a sudden, and destroying the innkeeper at Garstang for appointing enjoys sweet erperiences, it is quite impossible that te a cock.fight near the Tabernacle; this promptness of can contend against such artists as these. More acjudgment and immediate execution is so much like tive than they are at present the clergy might perhaps Erman justice, and so much better adapted to vulgar be: bat the calmness and moderation of an Estublishcapacities, that the system is at once adinitted as soon ment can never possibly be match for sectarion ac. as any one can be found who is impudent or ignorant tivity. If the common people are ennuild with the enough to teach it; and, being once admitted, it pro- fine acting of Mrs. Siddons, they go to Sadler's Weils. cuces too strong an effect upon the passions to be The subject is too serious for ludicrous comparisons : casily relinquished. The case is the same with the but the Tabernacle really is to the Church, what Sadd'octrine of inward impulse, or, as they term it, ex- ler's Wells is to the Drama. There popularity is perience. If you preach up to ploughmen and artisans, gained by vaulting and tumbling-by low arts which that every singular feeling which comes across them the regular clergy are not too idle to have recourse is a visitation of the Divine Spirit, can there be any 10, but too dignified ; their institutions are chaste and

severe, they endeavour to do that which upon the clear, if they were done, they would do much good. wkole, and for a great number of years, will be found Whatever happens, we are for common sense and or. to be the most admirable and tho most useful: it is I thodoxy: Insolence, servile politics, and the spirit of no part oi' their plan to descend to small artifices for persecution, we condemn and attack, whenever we ob. the sake of present popularity and effect. The re- serve them; but to the learning, the moderation, and ligion of the common people, under the government of the rational piety of the Establishment, we most ear. the Church, may remain as it is forever ; enthusiasm nestly wish à decided victory over the ronsense, the must be progressive, or it will expire.

melancholy, and the madness of the Tabernacle.* It is probable that the dreadful scenes which have God send that our wishes be not in vain. lately been acted in the world, and the dangers to which we are exposed, have increased the numbers of the Methodists. To what degree will Method. ism extend in this country? This question is not INDIAN MISSIONS. (EDINBURGH REVIEW, 1808.) easy to answer. 'That it has rapidly increased within these few years, we have no manner of Considerations on the Policy of communicating the Knowdoubt ; and we coniess we cannot see what is like ledge of Christianity to the Natives in India. By a late Rely to impede its progress. The party which it has

sident in Bengal. London. Hatchardi, 1807. formed in the Legislature ; and the artful neutral. An Address to the Chairman of the East India Company, ocity with which they give respectability to their small casioned by Mr. T'wining's Lctter to that Gentleman. By

the Rev. John Owen. London, Hatchard. number, the talents of some of this party, and the un. impeached excellence of their characters, all make it A Letter to the Chairinan of the East India Company on the probable that fanaticism will increase rather than Danger of interfering in the religious Opinions of the Nadiminish. The Methodists have made an alarming


way. inroad into the Church, and they are attacking the army and navy. The principality of Wales, and the Vindication of the Hindoos. By a Bengal Officer. London.

Lasi India Company, they have already acquired.
All mines and subterraneous places belong to them ;

Letter to John Scott Waring. London. Hatchard. they creep into hospitals and small schools, and so Cunningham's Christianity in India. London. Hatchard. work their way upwards. It is the custom of the reli. Answer to Major Scott Waring. Extracted from the Chris gious neutrals to beg all the little livings, particularly

tian Observer. in the north of England, from the minister for the Observations on the Present State of the East India Company time being ; and from these fixed points they make in. By Major Scott Waring. Ridgeway. London. cursions upon the happiness and common sense of the vicinage. We most sincerely deprecate such an the European barracks, at Vellore, containing then four

Ar two o'clock in the morning, July the 10th, 1806, event ; but it will excite in us no manner of surprise, complete companies of the 69th regiment, were sur. if a period arrives when the sober and orthodox part rounded by two battalions of Sepoys in the Company's of the English clergy are completely deserted by the service, who poured in an heavy fire of musketry, at middling and lower classes of the community. do not prophesy any such event; but we contend that every door and window, upon the soldiers : at the it is not impossible, hardly improbable. If such, in main-guard, and the sick in the hospital, were pui to

same time the European sentries, the soldiers at the future, should be the situation of this country, it is im- death; the officers' houses were ransacked, and every possible to say what political animosities may not be ingrafted upon this marked and dangerous division of body found in them murdered. Upon the arrival of mankind into the godly and ungodly: At all events, Sepoys were immediately attacked ; 600 cut down

the 19th Light Dragoons under Colonel Gillespie, the we are quite sure that happiness will be destroyed, reason degraded, sound religion banished from the upon the spot; and 200 taken froin their hiding places, world; and that when fanaticism becomes too foolish and shot. There perished, of the four European com and too prurient to be endured (as is at last sure to be panies, about 164, besides officers; and many British the case), it will be succeeded by a long period of the officers of the native troops were murdered by the in.

surgents. grossest immorality and debauchery. We are not sure that this evil admits of any cure, Nundydroog; and, in one day, 450 Mahomedan Se

Subsequent to this explosion, there was a mutiny at hope that the government of this country will never poys were disarmed, and turned out of the fort, on

It appeared, be guilty of such indiscretion as to tamper with the the ground of an intended massacre. Toleration Act, or to attempt to put down these follics also, from the information of the commanding officer by the intervention of the law. If experience has affection had manifested itself at Bangalore, and other

at Tritchinopoly, that, at that period, a spirit of dis. taught us anything, it is the absurdity of controlling men's notions of eternity by acts of Parliament. places; and seemed to gain ground in every direction. Something may perhaps be done, in the way of ridi-l on the 3rd of December, 1806, the government of cule, towards turning the popular opinion. it may be Madras issued the following proclamation :as well to extend the privileges of the dissenters to the members of the Church of England; for as the law now stands, any man who dissents from the • The Right Hon. the Governor in Council, having obEstablished Church may open a place of worship where served that, in some late instances, an extraordinary de. he pleases. No orthodox clergyman can do so with gree of agitation has prevailed among several corps of the out the consent of the parson of the parish, who al. ular endeavour to ascertain the motives which may have ways refuses, because he does not choose to have his led to conduct so different from that which formerly distinmonopoly disturbed ; and refuses in parishes where guished the native army: From this inquiry, it has appearthere are not accommodations for one half of the per.ed that many persons of evil intention have endeavoured, sons who wish to frequent the Church of England, for malicious purposes, to impress upon the native troops á and in instances where he knows that the chapels whef Wat it is the wish of the British government to confrom which he excludes the established worship, will vert them by forcible means to Christianity; and his Lordbe immediately occupied by sectaries. It may be as cious reports have been believed by many of the native well to encourage in the early education of the clergy, troops. a better and more animated method of preaching; and "The Right Hon, the Governor in Council, therefore, it may be necessary hereafter, if the evil gets to a deems it proper, in this public manner, to repeat to the nagreat height, to relax the articles of the English church, and to admit a greater variety of Christians within the

There is one circumstance to which we have neglected pale. The greatest and best of all remedies is per- to advert in the proper place, the dreadful pillage of the haps the education of the poor; we are astonished, earnings of the poor which is made by the Methodists. A that the Established Church of England is not awake gazines for 1807, 5f a poor man with a family, earning only to this mean of arresting the progress of Methodism. twenty-eight shillings a week, who has made two donation's Of course none of these things will be done ; nor is it l of ten guineas each to the missionary fund!




nu tive troops bis assurance, that the same respect which has The Scriptures, translated into the Tamulic language, been invariably shown by the British government for their which is vernacular in the southern parts of the pen. religion and for their customs, will be always continued ; I insula, have, for more than half a century, been print. and that no interruption will be given to any native, wheth-ed at 'the Tranquebar press, for the use of Danish er Hindoo or Mussulman, in the practice of his religious missionaries and their converts. A printing press, ceremonies.

His Lordship in Council desires that the native troops indeed, was established at that place by the two first
will not give belief to the idle rumours which are circulated Danish missionaries; and, in 1714, the Gospel of St.
by enemies of their happiness, who endeavour, with the ba- Matthew, translated into the dialect of Malabar, was
sest designs, to weaken the confidence of the troops in the printed ihere. Not a line of the Scriptures, in any of
British government. His Lordship in Council desires that the languages current on the coast, had issued from
the native troops will remember the constant attention and the Bengal press on September 13, 1806.
humanity which have been shown by the British govern-
ment, in providing for their comfort, by augmenting the It does appear, however, about the period of the
pay of the native officers and Sepoys; by allowing liberal mutiny at Vellore, and a few years previous to it, that
pensions to those who have done their duty faithiully; by the number of the missionaries on the coast had been
making ample provision for the families of those who may increased. In 1804, the Missionary Society, a recent
have died in battle; and by receiving their children into the institution, sent a new mission to the coast of Coro.
service of the donourable Company, to be treated with the mandel ; from whose papers, we think it right to lay

« The Right Hon. the Governor in Council trusts, that the before our readers the following extracts.
native troops, remembering these circumstances, will be
sensible of the happiness of their situation, which is greater

March 31st, 1805.-Waited on A. B. He says, Gorernthan what the troops of any other part of the world enjoy ;/ernment seems to be very willing to forward our vievs. and that they will continue to observe the same good con- may stay at Madras as long as we please; and when we induct for which they were distinguished in the days of Gen. tend to go into the country, on our application to the govLawrence, of Sir Éyre Coote, and of other renowned he- ernor by letter, he would issue orders for granting us pass


ports, which would supersede the necessity of a public petiThe native troops must at the same time be sensible, tion.---Lord's Day.'-Trans. of Miss. Society, II. p. 366. that if they should fail in the duties of their allegiance, and should show themselves disobedient to their officers, their In a letter from Brother Ringletaube to Brother conduct will not fail to receive merited punishment, as the Cran, he thus expresses himself :British government is not less prepared to punish the guilty, than to protect and distinguish those who are deserving of

* The passports Government has promised you are so val. its favour.

uable, that I should not think a journey too troublesome to • It is directed that this paper be translated with care into obtain one for myself, if I cculd not get it through your in. the Tamul, Telinga, and Hindoostany languages; and that terference. In hopes that your apilication will suffice to copies of it be circulated to each native battalion, of which obtain one for me, I enclose you my Gravesend passport, the European officers are enjoined and ordered to be care- that will give you the particulars concerning my person.'ful in making it known to every native officer and Sepoy Trans. oj Miss. Society, II. p. 369. under his command. • It is also directed, that copies of the paper be circulated

They obtain their passports from Government; and to all the magistrates and collectors under this government, the plan and objects of their mission are printed, free for the purpose of being fully understood in all parts of the of expense, at ihe Government press. country. • Published by order of the Right Hon. the Governor in

• 1805, June 27, Dr. -- sent for one of us to consult Council.

with him on particular business. He accordingly went. G. BUCHan, Chief Secretary to Government.

The Doctor told him, that he had read the publications Dated in Fort St. George, 3d Dec. 1806.'

which the brethren lately brought from England, and was Scott Waring's Preface, iii.-Y. so much delighted with the report of the Directors, that he So late as March 1807, three months after the date an introduction, giving an account of the rise and progress

wislied 200 or more copies of it were printed, together with of this proclamation, so universal was the dread of a of the Missionary Society, in order to be distributed in the general revolt among the native troops, that the different settlements in India. He offered to print them at British officers attached to the native troops con- the Government press free of expense. On his return, we stantly slept with loaded pistols under their pillows.

It appears that an attempt had been made by the ed to accept the Doctor's favour. We have begun to premilitary men at Madras, to change the shape of the Se pare it for the press.'--Trens. of Miss. Society. II. p. 394. poy turban into something resembling the helmet of the light infantry of Europe, and to prevent the native Missionaries write thus to the Society in London,

In page 89th of the 18th Number, Vol. III., the troops from wearing, on their foreheads, the marks cha- about a fortnight before the massacre at Vellore. racteristic of their various castes. The sons of the late Tippoo, with many noble Mussulmen deprived of • Every encouragement is offered us by the established office at that time, resided in the fortress of Vellore, government of the country. Hitherto they have granted and in all probability contributed very materially to us every request, whether solicited by ourselves or others. excite, or to infiame those suspicions of designs

Their permission to come to this place; their allowing us

an acknowledgment for preaching in the fort, which sancagainst their religion, which are mentioned in the tions us in our work; together with the grant which they proclamation of the Madrus government, and gener. have lately given us to hold a large spot of ground every ally known to have been a principal cause of the in. way suited for missionary labours, are objects of the last surrection at Vellore. It was this insurrection which importance, and remove every impediment which might be

We trust not to an arm of first gave birth to the question upon missions to India ; apprehended from this source. and before we deliver any opinion upon the subject desh; but when we reflect on these things, we cannot but itself, it will be necessary to state what had been behold the loving kindness of the Lord." done in former periods towards disseminating the In a letter of the same date, we learn from Brother truths of the gospel in India, and what new exertions Ringletaube, the following fact :had been made about the period at which this event took place.

"The Dewan of Travancore sent me word, that if I deMore than a century has elapsed since the first spatched one of our Christians to him, he would give me Protestant missionaries appeared in India. Two

leave to build a church at Magilandy. Accordingly, I shall

send in a short time. For this important service, our society young divines, selected by the University of Halle, is indebted alone to Colonel without whose deterwere sent out in this capacity by the King of Den- mined and fearless inter position, none of their missionaries mark, and arrived at the Danish settlement of Tran- would have been able to set a foot in that country.' quebar in 1706. The mission thus begun, has been ever since continued, and has been assisted by the * There are six societies in England for converting Society for the promotion of Christian Knowledge Heathens to the Christian religion. 1. Society for Missions establíshed in this country. The same Society has, to Africa and the East; of which Messrs. Wilberforce, for many years, employed German missionaries, of Grant, Parzy, and Thorntons, are the principal encourag:

abaptist So. the Lutheran persuasion, for propagating the doctrines ciety for Missions. 4. Missionary Society. 6. Society for of Christianity among the natives of India. In 1799, Promoting Christian Knowledge. 6. Moravian Missions their number was six ; it is now reduced to five. They all publish their proceedings.

hear this news,

In page 381, Vol. II., Dr. Kerr, one of the chaplains they may succeed in depriving the Brahmins of their power, on the Madras establishment, baptizes a Mussulman and let you have it." who had applied to him for that purpose ; upon the

· November 16th.-Received a letter from the Rev. Dr. first application, it appears that Dr. Kerr hesitated; Taylor; we are happy to find he is safely arrived at Cal. but upon the Mussulman threatening to rise against creasing success. The natives around us are astonished to

cutta, and that our Baptist brethren are labouring with in. him on the day of judgment, Dr. Kerr complies.

It is bad news to the Brahmins, who seem It appears that in T'inevelly district, about a year unable to account for it; they say the world is going to before the massacre of Vellore, not only riots, but ruin.:-- Trans. of Miss. Society, II. 442 and 446. very serious persecutions of the converted natives had • While living in the town, our house was watched by taken place, from the jealousy evinced by the Hindoos the natives from morning to night, to see if any person and Mussulmen at the progress of the gospel.

came to converse about religion. This jrevented many from coming, who have been very dezirous of hearing of

the good way.' **Rev. Sir, -I thought you sufficiently acquainted with

'--Trans. of Miss. Society, No. 18, 1. 87. the late Ferations of the Christians in those parts, arising mins, were inclined to join the Christian church, it would

• If Heathen, of great induence and connections, or Brahfrom the blind zeal of the Heathen and Mahometans; the probably cause commotions and even rebellione, either to latter viewing with a jealous eye the progress of the gospel, prevent them from it, or to endanger thcir life. In former and trying to destroy, or at least to clog it, by all the crafty years, we had some instances of this kind at Tranquebar ; means in their power. I therefore did not choose to trouble where they were protected by the assistance of gorernment. you; but as no stop has been put to these grievances, things If such instances should happen now in our present tinies, go on from bad to worse, as you will see from what has we don't know what the consequences would be.'--Trans. happened at Hickadoe. The Catechist has providentially of Miss. Society, II. 185. escaped from that outrageous attempt, by the assistance of ten or twelve of our Christians, and has made good his fizht to Palamcotta ; whilst the exasperated mob, coming nish Missionaries at Tracquebar to the Directors of

This last extract is contained in a letter from Da. from Padeckcpallve, hovered round the village, plundering the houses of the Christians, and ill-treating ibeir families, the Missionary Society at London. by kicking, flogging, and other bad usage; these monsters It is hardly fair to contend, after these extracts, not even forbearing to attack, strip, rob, and miserably that no symptoms of jealousy upon the subject of re. beat the Catechist Jesuadian, who, partly from illness and ligion had been evinced on the coast, except in the partly through fear, had shut himself up in his house. I case of the insurrection at Vellore ; or that no greater day the Catechist himself called on me, and told me the activity than common had prevailed among the mis. truth of it. From what he says, it is plain that the Manikar sionaries. We are very far, however, from attributing of Wayrom (a Black peace-officer of that place) has con- that insurrection exclusively, or even principally, 10 trived the whole affair, with a view to vex the Christians. any apprehensions from the zeal of the missionaries. i doubt not that these facts have been reported to the Rev. The rumour of that zeal might probably have more Mr. K. by the country priest; and if I mention them to you, readily disposed the minds of the troops for the cor. it is with a view to show in what a forlorn state the poor rupt influence exercised upon them ; but we have no Christians hereabouts are, and how desirable a thing, it doubt that the massacre was principally owing to an as soon as possible ; then tranquillity would be restored, adroit use made by the sons

of Tippoo, and the high and future molestations prevented. I request you to com- Mussulmen living in the fortress, of the abominablu Iunicate this letter to him with my compliments. I am, military foppery of our own people. sir, &c. Manapaar, June 8, 1805."

After this short sketch of what has been lately pass. This letter left a deep impression on my mind, especi- ing on the coast, we shall attempt to give a similar ale when I received a fuller account of the troubles of the account of missionary proceedings in Bengal; and it are frequently driven from their homes, put in the stocks, appears to us, it will be more satisfactory to do so as and exposed for a fortnight together to the heat of the much as possible in the words of the missionaries Taging sun, and the chilling dews of the night, all because themselves. In our extracts from their publications, there is no European missionary to bring their complaints we shall endeavour to show the character and style of to the ear of Government, who, I am happy to add, have the men employed in these missions, the extent of never been deficient in their duty of procuring redress, their success, or rather of their failure, and the gene. where the Christians have had to complain of real injuries. ral impression made upon the people by their efforts One of the most trying cases, mentioned in a postscript of for the dissemination of the gospel. the above letter, is that of Christians being flogged till they consent to hold the torches to the Heathen idols. The

It will be necessary to piemise, that the missions letier says, "the Catechist of Collesigrapatuam has in- in Bengal, of which the public have heard so much of formed me, that the above Manikar has forced a Christian, late years, are the missions of Anabaptist dissenters, of the Villally caste, who attends at our church, to sweep whose peculiar and distinguishing tenet it is, io tap. the temple of the idol. A severe fogging was given on this tize the members of their church by plunging then occasion.”-From such facts, the postscript continues, into the water when they are grown up, instead of believers, as long as every Manikar thinks he has a right to sprinkling them with water when they are young. do them what violence he pleases."

• It must be observed, to the glory of that Saviour who is respectable name of the Deputy Chairman of the East strong in weakness, that many of the Neophytes in that India Company, who, in the common routine of office, district have withstood all these fiery trials with firmness. will succeed to the Chair of that Company at the ensu. Many also, it is to be lamented, have fallen off in the evil ing election. The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of day, and at least so far yielded to the importunity of their the East India Company, are also both of them trus. Eshes, after the manner of the Heathen. How great this tees to another religious society for missions to Africa

and the East. falling off has been I am not yet able to judge. But I am happy to add, that the Board of Revenue has issued the The first Number of the Anabaptist Missions informs strictest orders against all unprovoked persecution.'- us that the origin of the Society will be found in the Trans. of Miss. Society, II. 431-433.

workings of Brother Carey's mind, whose heart appears

to have been set upon the conversion of the Heathen in The following quotations evince how far from indif. 1786, before he came to reside at Moulion. (No. I. p. 1.) ferent the natives are to the progress of the Christian These workings produced a sermon at Northampton, religion in the East.

and the sermon a subscription to convert 420 millions • 1805. Oct. 10.-A respectable Brahmin in the Com. account : “ Information is come from Brother Carey,

of Pagans. Of the subscription, we have the following to him the important object of our coming to India, and that a gentleman from Northumberland

had promised mentioned some of the great and glorious truths of the gos- to send him 201. for the Society, and to subscribe four vel, which we wished to impart in the native language.- guineas annually. He seemed much hurt, and told us the Gentoo religion was of a divine origin as well as the Christian ;-that heaven • At this meeting at Northampton two other friends sub

like a palace which had many doors, at which scribed, and paid two guineas a-piece, two more one guinea people may enter ;-that variety is pleasing to God, &c.- each, and another half a guinea, making six guineas and & and a number of other arguments which we hear every half in all. And such members as were present of the first day. On taking leave, he said, " the Company bas got the subscribers, paid their subscriptions

into the hands of the country, (for the English are very clever,) and, perhaps, I treasurer; who proposed to put the sum now received into


the hands of a banker, who will pay interest for the same.'

Brother Carey's Piety at Sea. --Bapt. Diss. Soc. No 1. p. 5.

Brother Carey, while very sea-sick, and leaning over In their first proceedings they are a good deall the ship to relieve his stomach from that very oppressive guided by Brother Thomas, who has been in Bengal complaint, salu his mind was even then filled with consobefore, and who lays before the Society an history of lation in contemplating the wonderful goodness of God. his life and adventures, from which we make the fol. Ibid. p. 76. lowing extract:

Extract from Brother Carey's and Brother Thomas's On my arrival in Calcutta, I sought for religious people,

Journals, at sea and by land. but found none. At last, how was I rejoiced to hear that a very religious man was coming to dine with me at a house

$ 1793. June 16. Lord's Day. A little recovered from my in Calcutta ; a man who would not omit his closet hours, of sickness; met for prayer and exhortation in my cabin; had & morning or evening, at sea or on land, for all the world a dispute with a French deist.'-Ibid. p. 158. I concealed my impatience as well as I could, till the joyful

30. Lord' Day. A pleasant and profitable day: moment caine: and a moment it was, for I soon heard him our congregation composed of ten persons.'-Ibid. p. 159. take the Lord's name in vain, and it was like a cold dagger,

July 7. Another pleasant and profitable Lord's Day; with which I received repeated stabs in the course of half our congregation increased with one. Had much sweet enan hour's conversation : and he was ready to kick me when joyment with God.'-Ibid. I spoke of some things commonly believed by other hypo

*1794. Jan. 26. Lord's Day. Found much pleasure in readcrites, concerning our Lord Jesus Christ; and with fury put ing Edwards' Sermon on the Justice of God in the

damnation an end to our conversation, by saying I was a mad enthusi- of Sinners.'-Ibid. Ju. 166. ast, to suppose that Jesus Christ had anything to do in the · April 6. Had some sweetness to-day, especially in readcreation of the world, who was born only seventeen hun-ing Edwards' Sermon.?- Ibid. p. 171. dred years ago. When I returned, he went home in the June 8. This evening reached Bowlea, where we lay to same ship, and I found him a strict observer of devotional for the Sabbath. Feit thankful that God had y reserved us,

I was hours, but an enemy to all religion, and horribly loose, vain, and wondered at his regard for so mean a creature and intemperate in his life and conversation

unable to wrestle with God in prayer for many of my dear After this I advertiseil for a Christian ; and that I may not friends in England.'- Ibid. p. 179. be misunderstood, I shall subjoin a copy of the advertise

--- 16. This day I preached twice at Malda, where ment, frodi the Indian Gazette of November 1, 1783, which Mr. Thomas met me. Had much enjoyinent; and thou, now lies before ine.'-Bapt. Miss. Soc. No I. p. 14, 15.

our congregation did not exceed sixteen, yet the pleasure I

felt in having my tongue once more set at liberty, I can Brother Thomas relates the Conversion of an Hindoo on hardly describe. Was enabled to be faithful, and felt a the Malabar Coast to the Society.

sweet affection for immortal souls.-Ibid. p. 180.

• 1796. Feb. 6. I am now in my study; and oh, it is a A certain man, on the Malabar coast, had inquired of va- sweet place, because of the presence of God with the vilest rious devotees and priests, how he might make atonement of men. It is at the top of the house; I have but one winfor his sins ; and at last he was directed to drive iron spikes, dow in it.'

- Ibid. p. 295. sufficiently blunter, through his sandals, and on these spikes

• The work to which God has set his hand will infallibiy he was to place his naked feet, and walk (if I mista ise not) prosper. Christ has begun to bombard this strong and an250 cosa, that is about 480 miles. If, through loss of blood, cient fortress, and will assuredly carry it.'-Bapt. Miss. Vol. or weakness of body, he was obliged to halt, he might wait

I. p. 328. for healing and strength. He undertook the journey; and

More missionaries I think absolutely necessary to the sup: while be halted under a large shady tree where the gospel port of the interest. Should any natives join us, they would was sometimes preached, one of the missionaries came, and become outcast immediately, and must be consequently suppreached in his hearing from these words, The blood of Je-ported by us. The missionaries on the coast are to this day sus Christ cleanseth from all sin. While he was preaching, obliged to provide for those who join them, as I learn from the man rose up, threw off his torturing sandals, and cried a letter sent to Brother Thomas by a son of one of the mis out aloud, " This is what I want!"-Bapt. Miss. Soc. No. I.

sionaries.' - Ibid. p. 29.

In the last extract our readers will perceive a new On June 13, 1793, the missionaries set sail, carrying difficulty attendant upon the progress of Chistianity in with them letters to three supposed converts of Bro- the East. The convert must not only be subjected to ther Thomas, Parbotee, Ram Ram Boshoo and Mohun degradation, but his degradation is so complete, and Chund. Upon their arrival in India, they found, to his means of providing for himself so entirely destroyed, their inexpressible mortification, that Ram Ram had that he must be fed by his instructor. The slightest relapsed into Paganism: and we shall present our success in Hindostan would eat up the revenues of readers with a picture of the present and worldly the East India Company: misery to which an Hindoo is subjected, who becomes a convert to the Christian religion. Every body knows most active missionaries give the following account of

Three years after their arrival, these zealous and that the population of Hindostan is divided into success. castes, or classes of persons; and that when a man loses his caste, he is shunned by his wife, children, "I bless God, our prospect is considerably brightened up, friends and relations; that it is considered an abomi- and our hopes are more enlarged than at any period since nation to lodge or eat with him ; and that he is a wan. the commencement of the mission, owing to very pleasing derer and an outcast upon the earth. Caste can be appearances of the gospel having been made eifectual to lost by a variety of means, and the Protestant mis. Four poor labouring Mussulmen, who have been setting sionaries have always made the loss of it a previous last. I hope their baptism will not be much longer deferred;

their faces towards Zion ever since the month of August requisite to admission into the Christian church.

and that might encourage Mohun Chund, Parbotte, and

Casei Naut (who last year appeared to set out in the ways of On our arrival at Calcutta, we found poor Ram Boshoo God), to declare for the Lord Jesus Christ, by an oren pro

for us: but to our great grief, he had been bowing fession of their faith in him. Seven of the natives, we hope, down to idols again. When Mr. T. left India, he went from are indeed converted.'-Bapt. Miss. Vol. I. p. 345, 346. place to place; but, forsaken by the Hindoos, and neglected by the Europeans, he was seized with a flux and t'ever. In this state, he says, “I had nothing to support me or my

Effects of preaching to an Hindoo Congregation. family ; a relation offered to save me from perishing for I then told them, that if they could not tell me, I would want of necessaries, on condition of my bowing down to the tell them; and that God, who had permitted the Hindoos to idol ; I knew that the Roman Catholic Christians worship- sink into a sea of darkness, had at length commiserated ped idols; I thought they might be commanded to honour them; and sent me and my colleagues to preach life to images in some part of the Bible which I had not seen; I them. I then told them of Christ, his death, luis jersen, his hesitated, and complied; but I love Christianity still.” - love, his being the surety of sinners, his power to save, &c. Bapt. Miss. Soc. Vol. I. p. 64, 65.

and exhorted them earnestly and affectionately to come to Jan. 3, 1794. We thought to write you long before this, him. Effects were various; one man came before I had but our hearts have been burthencd with cares and sorrows, well done, and wanted to sell stockings to me.'-Bapt. Miss. It was very afflicting to hear of Ram Boshoo's great perse, Vol. I. p. 357. cution and fall. Deserted by Englishmen, and persecuted by his own countrymen, he was nigh unto death. The na

Extracts from Journals. tives gathered in bodies, and threw dust in the air as passed along the streets in Calcutta. At last one of his rel • After worship, I received notice that the printing-press atives offered hiin an asylumn on condition of his bowing was just arrived at the Ghat from Calcutta. Retired and down to their idols.'-Ibid. p. 78.

thanked God for furnishing us with a press. '- Ibid. p. 469,

P. 334,

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