Imatges de pÓgina


God; and I have often thought that Christians act incon- | hearers every night at six o'clock. How unworthy am I?
sistently with their high profession, when they omit, even-Pray for us." Ev. Mag, 84.
in their most common and trivial expenditures, to give a
decided preference to the friend of their Lord. I do not,
however, an cipate any such ground of complaint in this
instance; but rather believe that the religious world in
general will cheerfully unite with me, while I most cordially
wish success to the Princess of Wales Yacht, and pray that
she may ever sail under the divine protection and blessing;
that the humble followers of Him who spoke the storm into
a calm, when crossing the lake of Gennesareth, may often
feel their hearts glowing with sacred ardour, while in her
cabins they enjoy sweet communion with their Lord and
with each other; and that strangers, who may be provi.
dentially brought among thein, may see so much of the
beauty and excellency of the religion of Jesus exemplified
in their conduct and conversation, that they may be con-
strained to say, "We will go with you, for we perceive that
God is with you.-Your God shall be our God, and his people
shall henceforth be our chosen companions and associates."
I am, Mr. Editor, your obliged friend and sister in the
gospel, E. T.-'Ev. Mag. p. 268.

The testimony of a profane Officer to the worth of Pious

Mr. Editor-In the mouth of two or three witnesses, truth shall be established. I recently met with a pleasing confirmation of a narrative, stated some time since in your Magazine. I was surprised by a visit from an old acquaintance of mine the other day, who is now an officer of rank in his Majesty's navy. In the course of conversation, I was shocked at the profane oaths that perpetually interrupted his sentences; and took an opportunity to express so valuable a body of men. "Sir," said he, still interspermy regret that such language should be so common among sing many solemn imprecations' no officer can live at sea without swearing ;-not one of my men would mind a word without an oath; it is common sea-language. If we were not to swear, the rascals would take us for lubbers, stare in our faces, and leave us to do our commands ourselves. I never knew but one exception; and that was extraordinary. I declare, believe me 'tis true (suspecting that I might not credit it,) there was a set of fellows called MethoA religious newspaper is announced in the Ev. M. dists, on board the Victory, Lord Nelson's ship, (to be sure for September.-It is said of common newspapers, he was rather a religious man himself!) and those men neThat they are absorbed in temporal concerns, while ver wanted swearing at. The dogs were the best seamen on board. Every man knew his duty, and every man did the consideration of those which are eternal is postponed; the business of this life has superseded the claims of his duty. They used to meet together and sing hymns; and immortality; and the monarchs of the world have nobody dared molest them. The commander would not engrossed an attention which would have been more have suffered it had they attempted it. They were allowed a mess by themselves; and never mixed with the other properly devoted to the Saviour of the universe. It men. I have often heard them sing away myself; and 'tis is then stated, that the columns of this paper (The true, I assure you, but not one of them was either killed or Instructor, Price 6d.) will be supplied by pious re- wounded at the battle of Trafalgar, though they did their flections; suitable comments to improve the dispensa-duty as well as any men. No, not one of the psalm-singing tions of Providence will be introduced; and the whole gentry was even hurt; and there the fellows are swimming conducted with an eye to our spiritual, as well as away in the Bay of Biscay at this very time, singing like temporal welfare. The work will contain the latest the d. They are now under a new commander; but still are allowed the same privileges, and mess by themnews up to four o'clock on the day of publication, to- selves. These were the only fellows that I ever knew to gether with the most recent religious occurrences. do their duty without swearing; and I will do them justice The prices of stock, and correct market-tables, will to say they do it." J. C.-Ev. Mag. p. 119, 120. also be accurately detailed.'-Ev. Mag. September Advertisement. The Eclectic Review is also understood to be carried on upon Methodistical principles.

Nothing can evince more strongly the influence which Methodism now exercises upon common life, and the fast hold it has got of the people, than the advertisements which are circulated every month in these very singular publications. On the cover of a single number, for example, we have the following:

These people are spread over the face of the whole earth in the shape of missionaries.-Upon the subject of missions we shall say very little or nothing at present, because we reserve it for another article in a subsequent Number. But we cannot help remarking the magnitude of the collections made in favour of the missionaries at the Methodistical chapels, when compared with the collections for any ccmmon object of charity in the orthodox churches and chapels.

'Religious Tract Society.-The most satisfactory Report was presented by the Committee; from which it appeared, that since the commencement of the Institution in the year 1799, upwards of Four Millions of Religious Tracts have been issued under the auspices of the Society; and that considerably more than one-fourth of that number have been

"Wanted, by Mr. Turner, shoemaker, a steady apprentice; he will have the privilege of attending the ministry of the gospel;-a premium expected, p. 3.-Wanted, a serious young woman, as servant of all work, 3.-Wanted, a man of serious character, who can shave, 3.-Wanted, a serious woman to assist in a shop, 3.-A young person in the millinery line wishes to be in a serious family, 4-sold during the last year.'-Ev. Mag. p. 284. Wants a place, a young man who bas brewed in a serious family, 4.-Ditto, a young woman of evangelical principles, These tracts are dropped in villages by the Metho4-Wanted, an active serious shopman, 5.-To be sold, an dists, and thus every chance for conversion afforded eligible residence, with sixty acres of land; gospel preached in three places within half a mile, 5.-A single gentleman to the common people. There is a proposal in one may be accommodated with lodging in a small serious of the numbers of the volumes before us, that travelfamily, 5.-To let, a genteel first floor in an airy situation lers, for every pound they spend on the road, should near the Tabernacle, 6.-Wanted, a governess, of evan- fling one shilling's worth of these tracts out of the chaise window;-thus taking his pleasures at 5 per gelical principles and corresponding character, 10.' cent. for the purposes of doing good.

The religious vessel we have before spoken of, is

thus advertised:

'The Princess of Wales Yacht, J. Chapman, W. Bourn, master, by divine permission, will leave Ralph's Quay every Friday, 11.' &c. &c.—July Ev. Mag.

After the specimens we have given of these people, any thing which is said of their activity can very easily be credited. The army and navy appear to be particular objects of their attention.

'British Navy-It is with peculiar pleasure we insert the following extract of a letter from the pious chaplain of a man-of-war, to a gentleman at Gosport, intimating the power and grace of God manifested towards our brave seamen. "Off Cadiz, Nov. 26, 1806.-My dear friend-A fleet for England found us in the night, and is just going away. I have only to tell you that the work of God seems to prosper. Many are under convictions;-some, I trust, are converted. But my own health is suffering much, nor shall I probably be able long to bear it. The ship is like a tabernacle; and really there is much external reformation. Capt. raises no objection. I have near a hundred

Every Christian who expects the protection and blessing of God, ought to take with him as many shillings' worth, at least, of cheap Tracts to throw on the road, and leave at inns, as he takes out pounds to expend on himself and family. This is really but a trifling sacrifice. It is a highly reasonable one; and one which God will accept.-Er. Mag. p. 405.

It is part of their policy to have a great change of Ministers. Same day, the Rev. W. Haward, from Hoxton Academy, was ordained over the Independent church at Rendham, Suffolk. Mr. Pickles, of Walpole, began with a prayer and reading; Mr. Price, of Woodbridge delivered the introduc tory discourse, and asked the questions; Mr. Dennant, of Halesworth, offered the ordination prayer; Mr. Shufflebottom, of Bungay, gave the charge from Acts xx. 28; Mr. Vincent, of Deal, the general prayer; and Mr. Walford of Yarmouth, preached to the people from 2 Phil. ii. 16.'— Ev. Mag. p. 429.

Chapels opened.-Hambledon, Bucks, Sept. 22.-Eighteen months ago this parish was destitute of the gospel: the people have now one of the Rev. G. Collison's students, the Rev. Mr. Eastmead, settled among them. Mr. English of

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Wooburn, and Mr. Frey, preached on the occasion; and effecting an object which providence has placed in our Mr. Jones of London, Mr. Churchill of Henley, Mr. Red- power. The doctrine of the immediate and perpetual ford, of Windsor, and Mr. Barratt, now of Petersfield, pray-interference of Divine Providence, is not true. If two ed.'-Ev. Mag. p. 533.

It appears also, from p. 193, Meth. Mag., that the same principles prevail on board his Majesty's ship Sea-horse, 44 guns. And in one part of Evan. Mag., great hopes are entertained of the 25th regiment. We believe this is the nuinber; but we quote this fact from memory.

men travel the same road, the one to rob, the other to relieve a fellow-creature who is starving; will any but the most fanatic contend, that they do not both run the same chance of falling over a stone, and break. ing their legs? and is it not matter of fact, that the robber often returns safe, and the just man sustains the injury? Have not the soundest divines, of both churches, always urged this unequal distribution of good and evil, in the present state, as one of the strongest natural arguments for a future state of retri bution? Have they not contended, and well and ad. mirably contended, that the supposition of such a state is absolutely necessary to our notion of the justice of God-absolutely necessary to restore order to that moral confusion which we all observe and deplore in the present world? The man who places religion upon a false basis is the greatest enemy to religion. If victory is always to the just and good, how is the fortune of impious conquerors to be accounted for? Why do they erect dynasties, and found families which last for centuries? The reflecting mind whom you have instructed in this manner, and for present effect only, naturally coines upon you hereafter with difficulties of this sort; he finds he has been deceived; and you will soon discover that, in breeding up a fanatic, you have unwittingly laid the foundation for an atheist. The honest and orthodox method is to prepare young people for the world, as it actually exists; to tell them that they will often find vice perfectly successful, virtue exposed to a long train of afflictions; that they must bear this patiently, and look to another world for its rectification.

We must remember, in addition to these trifling specimens of their active disposition, that the Methodists have found a powerful party in the House of Commons, who by the neutrality which they affect, and partly adhere to, are courted both by ministers and opposition; that they have gained complete possession of the India-House; and under the pretence, or, perhaps with the serious intention of educating young people for India, will take care to introduce (as much as they dare without provoking attention) their own particular tenets. In fact, one thing must always be taken for granted respecting these people, -that wherever they gain a footing, or whatever be the institutions to which they give birth, proselytism will be their main object; everything else is a mere lead, if universally insisted upon, and preached among instrument-this is their principal aim. When every the common people, to every species of folly and proselyte is not only an addition to their temporal enormity. When a human being believes that his power, but when the act of conversion which gains a internal feelings are the monitions of God, and that vote, saves (as they suppose) a soul from destruction, these monitions must govern his conduct; and when a -it is quite needless to state, that every faculty of great stress is purposely laid upon these inward feel. their minds will be dedicated to this most important ings in all the discourses from the pulpit; it is, of of all temporal and eternal concerns. course. impossible to say to what a pitch of extrava. gance mankind may not be carried, under the influence of such dangerous doctrines.

2. The second doctrine which it is necessary to notice among the Methodists, is the doctrine of inward impulse and emotions, which, it is quite plain, must

Their attack upon the Church is not merely confined to publications; it is generally understood that they have a very considerable fund for the purchase of livings, to which, of course, ministers of their own profession are always presented.

Upon the foregoing facts, and upon the spirit evinced by these extracts, we shall make a few comments. 1. It is obvious, that this description of Christians entertain very erroneous and dangerous notions of the present judgments of God. A belief, that Providence interferes in all the little actions of our lives, refers all merit and demerit to bad and good fortune; and causes the successful man to be always considered as a good man and the unhappy man as the object of divine vengeance. It furnishes ignorant and designing men with a power which is sure to be abused:the cry of, a judgment, a judgment, it is always easy to make, but not easy to resist. It encourages the grossest superstitions; for if the Deity rewards and punishes on every slight occasion, it is quite impossible, but that such an helpless being as man will set himself at work to discover the will of Heaven in the appearances of outward nature, to apply all the phe-cessary to the mere support of life. nomena of thunder, lightning, wind, and every strik- 4. The Methodists lay very little stress upon prac ing appearance to the regulation of his conduct; as tical righteousness. They do not say to their people, the poor Methodist, when he rode into Piccadilly in a do not be deceitful; do not be idle; get rid of your thunder storm, and imagined that all the uproar of the bad passions; or at least (if they do say these things) elements was a mere hint to him not to preach at Mr. they say them very seldom. Not that they preach Romaine's chapel. Hence a great deal of error, and faith without works; for if they told the people, that a great deal of secret misery. This doctrine of a they might rob and murder with impunity, the civil theocracy must necessarily place an excessive power magistrate must be compelled to interfere with such in the hands of the clergy; it applies so instantly and doctrine: but they say a great deal about faith, and so tremendously to men's hopes and fears, that it must very little about works. What are commonly called make the priest omnipotent over the people, as it al- the mysterious parts of our religion, brought into ways has done where it has been established. It has the foreground much more than the doctrines which a great tendency to check human exertions, and to lead to practice-and this among the lowest of the prevent the employment of those secondary means of community.

3. The Methodists hate pleasure and amusements; no theatre, no cards, no dancing, no punchinello, no dancing dogs, no blind fiddlers; all the amusements of the rich and of the poor must disappear, wherever these gloomy people get a footing. It is not the abuse of pleasure which they attack, but the interspersion of pleasure, however much it is guarded by good sense and moderation; it is not only wicked to hear the licentious plays of Congreve, but wicked to hear Henry the Vth, or the School for Scandal; it is not only dissipated to run about to all the parties in London and Edinburgh, but dancing is not fit for a being who is preparing himself for Eternity. Ennui, wretchedness, melancholy, groans and sighs, are the offerings which these unhappy men make to a Deity who has covered the earth with gay colours, and scented it with rich perfumes; and shown us, by the plan and order of his works, that he has given to man something better than a bare existence, and scattered over his creation a thousand superfluous joys, which are totally unne

Methodism in his Majesty's ship Tonnant-A letter from the


It is with great satisfaction that I can now inform you God has deigned in a yet greater degree, to own the weak efforts of his servant to turn many from Satan to himself. Many are called here, as is plain to be seen by their pensive looks and deep sighs. And if they would be obedient to the heavenly call instead of grieving the Spirit of grace, I dare say we should soon have near half the ship's company brought to God. I doubt not, however, but, as I have cast my bread upon the waters, it will be found after many days. Our 13 are now increased to upwards of 30. Surely the Lord delighteth not in the death of him that dieth.' Meth Mag. p. 188.


The Methodists have hitherto been accused of dis- | difficulty, under the influence of this nonsense, in senting from the Church of England. This, as far as converting these simple creatures into active and relates to mere subscription to articles, is not true; mysterious fools, and making them your slaves for but they differ in their choice of the articles upon life? It is not possible to raise up any dangerous which they dilate and expand, and to which they enthusiasm, by telling men to be just, and good, and appear to give a preference, from the stress which charitable; but keep this part of Christianity out of they place upon them. There is nothing heretical in sight, and talk long and enthusiastically before ignosaying, that God sometimes intervenes with his special rant people, of the mysteries of our religion, and you providence; but these people differ from the Establish- will not fail to attract a crowd of followers: verily ed Church, in the degree in which they insist upon the Tabernaele loveth not that which is simple, inthis doctrine. In the hands of a man of sense and telligible, and leadeth to good sound practice. education, it is a safe doctrine; in the management of the Methodists, we have seen how ridiculous and degrading it becomes. In the same manner, a clergyman of the Church of England would not do his duty, if he did not insist upon the necessity of faith, as well as of good works; but as he believes that it is much more easy to give credit to doctrines than to live well, he labours most in those points where human nature is the most liable to prove defective. Because he does he is accused of giving up the articles of his faith, by men who have their partialities also in doctrine; but parties, not founded upon the same sound discretion, and knowledge of human nature.


Having endeavoured to point out the spirit which pervades these people, we shall say a few words upon the causes, the effects, and the cure of this calamity. The fanaticism so prevalent in the present day, is one of those evils trom which society is never wholly exempt; but which bursts out at different periods, with The last eruption took place peculiar violence, and sometimes overwhelms every thing in its course. about a century and a half ago, and destroyed both Church and Throne with its tremendous force. Though irresistible, it was short; enthusiasm spent its force; luged with ribaldry and indecency, because it had the usual reaction took place; and England was de 5. The Methodists are always desirous of making been worried with fanatical restrictions. By degrees, The public men more religious than it is possible, from the con- however, it was found out that orthodoxy and loyalty If they might be secured by other methods than licentious stitution of human nature, to make them. could succeed as much as they wish to succeed, there conduct and immodest conversation. would at once be an end of delving and spinning, and morals improved; and there appeared as much good of every exertion of human industry. Men must eat, sense and moderation upon the subject of religion as and drink, and work; and if you wish to fix upon them ever can be expected from mankind in large masses. high and elevated notions, as the ordinary furniture of Still, however, the mischief which the Puritans had their minds, you do these two things; you drive men done was not forgotten; a general suspicion prevailed of warm temperaments mad, and you introduce in the of the dangers of religious enthusiasm; and the farest of the world, a low and shocking familiarity with natical preacher wanted his accustomed power among words and images, which every real friend to religion a people recently recovered from a religious war, and would wish to keep sacred. The friends of the dear guarded by songs, proverbs, popular stories, and the About the middle of the last century, Redeemer, who are in the habit of visiting the Isle of general tide of humour and opinion, against all excesses Thanet (as in the extract we have quoted)-Is it of that nature. possible that this mixture of the most awful, with the however, the character of the genuine fanatic was a most familiar images, so common among Methodists good deal forgotten, and the memory of the civil wars now, and with the enthusiasts in the time of Crom-worn away; the field was clear for extravagance in well, must not, in the end, divest religion of all the piety; and causes, which must always produce an deep and soleinn impressions which it is calculated to immense influence upon the mind of man, were left to produce? In a man of common imagination (as we their own unimpeded operations. Religion is so noble have before observed,) the terror, and the feeling and powerful a consideration-it is so buoyant and so which it first excited, must necessarily be soon sepa- insubmergible-that it may be made, by fanatics, In this instance Messrs. Whitrated: but, where the fervour of impression is long to carry with it any degree of error and of per preserved, piety ends in Bedlam. Accordingly, there ilous absurdity. is not a mad-house in England, where a considerable field and Wesley happened to begin. They were part of the patients have not been driven to insanity men of considerable talents; they observed the com to Newgate. by the extravagance of these people. We cannot mon decorums of life; they did not run naked into the not committed enter such places without seeing a number of honest streets, or pretend to the prophetical character; and artisans, covered with blankets, and calling them- therefore they were selves angels and apostles, who, if they had remained They preached with great energy to weak people; contented with the instruction of men of learning and who first stared-then listened-then believed-ther education, would have been sound masters of their felt the inward feeling of grace, and became as foolish short, folly ran its ancient course, and buman nature own trade, sober Christians, and useful members of as their teachers could possibly wish them to be; in society. evinced itself to be what it has always been under similar circumstances. The great and Lermanent cause, therefore, of the increase of Methodism, is the cause which has given birth to fanaticism in all ages-the facility of mingling human errors with the fundamental truths of religion. The formerly imperfect res dence of the clergy may, perhaps, in some trifling degree, have aided this source of Methodism. But unless a man of education, and a gentleman, could stoop to such disingenuous arts as the Methodist preachers, unless he hears heavenly music all of a sudden, and enjoys sweet experiences, it is quite impossible that Le can contend against such artists as these. Move ac tive than they are at present the clergy might perhaps be: bat the calmness and moderation of an Establish ment can never possibly be a match for sectarian ac tivity. If the common people are ennui'd with the fine acting of Mrs. Siddons, they go to Sadler's Wells. There popularity is The subject is too serious for ludicrous comparisons: but the Tabernacle really is to the Church, what Sadler's Wells is to the Drama. gained by vaulting and tumbling-by low arts which the regular clergy are not too idle to have recourse to, but too dignified; their institutions are chaste and

6. It is impossible not to observe how directly all the doctrine of the Methodists is calculated to gain power among the poor and ignorant. To say, that the Deity governs this world by general rules, and that we must wait for another and a final scene of existence, before vice meets with its merited punishment, and virtue with its merited reward; to preach this up daily, would not add a single votary to the Tabernacle, nor sell a Number of the Methodistical Magazine: but to publish an account of a man who was cured of scrofula by a single sermon-of Providence destroying the innkeeper at Garstang for appointing a cock-fight near the Tabernacle; this promptness of judgment and immediate execution is so much like human justice, and so much better adapted to vulgar capacities, that the system is at once adinitted as soon as any one can be found who is impudent or ignorant proenough to teach it; and, being once admitted, duces too strong an effect upon the passions to be casily relinquished. The case is the same with the doctrine of inward impulse, or, as they term it, experience. If you preach up to ploughmen and artisans, that every singular feeling which comes across them is a visitation of the Divine Spirit, can there be any

severe, they endeavour to do that which upon the | clear, if they were done, they would do much good. chole, and for a great number of years, will be found Whatever happens, we are for common sense and orto be the most admirable and the most useful: it is thodoxy. Insolence, servile politics, and the spirit of no part of their plan to descend to small artifices for persecution, we condemn and attack, whenever we ob. the sake of present popularity and effect. The re- serve them; but to the learning, the moderation, and ligion of the common people, under the government of the rational piety of the Establishment, we most earthe Church, may remain as it is forever; enthusiasm nestly wish a decided victory over the nonsense, the must be progressive, or it will expire. melancholy, and the madness of the Tabernacle.* God send that our wishes be not in vain.


It is probable that the dreadful scenes which have lately been acted in the world, and the dangers to which we are exposed, have increased the numbers of the Methodists. To what degree will Methodism extend in this country? This question is not easy to answer. That it has rapidly increased within these few years, we have no manner of doubt; and we confess we cannot see what is likely to impede its progress. The party which it has formed in the Legislature; and the artful neutral. ity with which they give respectability to their small number, the talents of some of this party, and the unimpeached excellence of their characters, all make it probable that fanaticism will increase rather than diminish. The Methodists have made an alarming inroad into the Church, and they are attacking the army and navy. The principality of Wales, and the East India Company, they have already acquired. All mines and subterraneous places belong to them; they creep into hospitals and small schools, and so work their way upwards. It is the custom of the religious neutrals to beg all the little livings, particularly in the north of England, from the minister for the time being; and from these fixed points they make incursions upon the happiness and common sense of the vicinage. We most sincerely deprecate such an event; but it will excite in us no manner of surprise, if a period arrives when the sober and orthodox part of the English clergy are completely deserted by the middling and lower classes of the community. We do not prophesy any such event; but we contend that it is not impossible, hardly improbable. If such, in future, should be the situation of this country, it is impossible to say what political animosities may not be ingrafted upon this marked and dangerous division of mankind into the godly and ungodly. At all events, we are quite sure that happiness will be destroyed, reason degraded, sound religion banished from the world; and that when fanaticism becomes too foolish and too prurient to be endured (as is at last sure to be the case), it will be succeeded by a long period of the grossest immorality and debauchery.


We are not sure that this evil admits of any cure, Nundydroog; and, in one day, 450 Mahomedan SeSubsequent to this explosion, there was a mutiny at or of any considerable palliation. We most sincerely hope that the government of this country will never poys were disarmed, and turned out of the fort, on be guilty of such indiscretion as to tamper with the the ground of an intended massacre. It appeared, Toleration Act, or to attempt to put down these follies also, from the information of the commanding officer by the intervention of the law. If experience has at Tritchinopoly, that, at that period, a spirit of distaught us anything, it is the absurdity of controlling affection had manifested itself at Bangalore, and other men's notions of eternity by acts of Parliament places; and seemed to gain ground in every direction. Something may perhaps be done, in the way of ridi-On the 3rd of December, 1806, the government of cule, towards turning the popular opinion. It may be Madras issued the following proclamation :— as well to extend the privileges of the dissenters to the members of the Church of England; for as the law now stands, any man who dissents from the Established Church may open a place of worship where he pleases. No orthodox clergyman can do so with out the consent of the parson of the parish, who always refuses, because he does not choose to have his monopoly disturbed; and refuses in parishes where there are not accommodations for one half of the per-ed that many persons of evil intention have endeavoured, sons who wish to frequent the Church of England, for malicious purposes, to impress upon the native troops a and in instances where he knows that the chapels belief that it is the wish of the British government to confrom which he excludes the established worship, will vert them by forcible means to Christianity; and his Lordbe immediately occupied by sectaries. It may be as cious reports have been believed by many of the native well to encourage in the early education of the clergy, troops. a better and more animated method of preaching; and it may be necessary hereafter, if the evil gets to a great height, to relax the articles of the English church, and to admit a greater variety of Christians within the pale. The greatest and best of all remedies is per haps the education of the poor; we are astonished, that the Established Church of England is not awake to this mean of arresting the progress of Methodism. Of course none of these things will be done; nor is it

"The Right Hon. the Governor in Council, having observed that, in some late instances, an extraordinary de gree of agitation has prevailed among several corps of the ular endeavour to ascertain the motives which may have native army of this coast, it has been his Lordship's particled to conduct so different from that which formerly distinguished the native army. From this inquiry, it has appear

ship in Council has observed with concern, that such mali


INDIAN MISSIONS. (EDINburgh Review, 1808.) Considerations on the Policy of communicating the Knowledge of Christianity to the Natives in India. By a late Resident in Bengal. London. Hatchard, 1807.

An Address to the Chairman of the East India Company, occasioned by Mr. Twining's Letter to that Gentleman. By the Rev. John Owen. London. Hatchard.

Letter to the Chairman of the East India Company on the Danger of interfering in the religious Opinions of the Natives af India. By Thomas Twining. London. Ridgeway.

Vindication of the Hindoos. By a Bengal Officer. London.


Letter to John Scott Waring. London. Hatchard.
Cunningham's Christianity in India. London. Hatchard.
Answer to Major Scott Waring. Extracted from the Chris-

tian Observer.

Observations on the Present State of the East India Company.
By Major Scott Waring. Ridgeway. London.

the European barracks, at Vellore, containing then four Ar two o'clock in the morning, July the 10th, 1806, complete companies of the 69th regiment, were sur rounded by two battalions of Sepoys in the Company's service, who poured in an heavy fire of musketry, at every door and window, upon the soldiers: at the same time the European sentries, the soldiers at the main-guard, and the sick in the hospital, were put to death; the officers' houses were ransacked, and every body found in them murdered. Upon the arrival of Sepoys were immediately attacked; 600 cut down the 19th Light Dragoons under Colonel Gillespie, the upon the spot; and 200 taken from their hiding places, and shot. There perished, of the four European com panies, about 164, besides officers; and many British officers of the native troops were murdered by the in


The Right Hon. the Governor in Council, therefore, deems it proper, in this public manner, to repeat to the na

* There is one circumstance to which we have neglected to advert in the proper place-the dreadful pillage of the

earnings of the poor which is made by the Methodists. A

case is mentioned in one of the numbers of these two ma

gazines for 1807, of a poor man with a family, earning only twenty-eight shillings a week, who has made two donations of ten guineas each to the missionary fund!


tive troops his assurance, that the same respect which has The Scriptures, translated into the Tamulic language, been invariably shown by the British government for their which is vernacular in the southern parts of the pen. religion and for their customs, will be always continued; insula, have, for more than half a century, been print. and that no interruption will be given to any native, wheth-ed at the Tranquebar press, for the use of Danish er Hindoo or Mussulman, in the practice of his religious missionaries and their converts. A printing press, indeed, was established at that place by the two first Danish missionaries; and, in 1714, the Gospel of St. Matthew, translated into the dialect of Malabar, was printed there. Not a line of the Scriptures, in any of the languages current on the coast, had issued from the Bengal press on September 13, 1806.

It does appear, however, about the period of the mutiny at Vellore, and a few years previous to it, that the number of the missionaries on the coast had been increased. In 1804, the Missionary Society, a recent institution, sent a new mission to the coast of Coromandel; from whose papers, we think it right to lay before our readers the following extracts.*


His Lordship in Council desires that the native troops will not give belief to the idle rumours which are circulated by enemies of their happiness, who endeavour, with the basest designs, to weaken the confidence of the troops in th

British government. His Lordship in Council desires that the native troops will remember the constant attention and humanity which have been shown by the British government, in providing for their comfort, by augmenting the pay of the native officers and Sepoys; by allowing liberal pensions to those who have done their duty faithfully; by making ample provision for the families of those who may have died in bottle; and by receiving their children into the service of the Honourable Company, to be treated with the same care and bounty as their fathers had experienced.

"The Right Hon. the Governor in Council trusts, that the native troops, remembering these circumstances, will be sensible of the happiness of their situation, which is greater than what the troops of any other part of the world enjoy; and that they will continue to observe the same good conduct for which they were distinguished in the days of Gen. Lawrence, of Sir Eyre Coote, and of other renowned he


The native troops must at the same time be sensible, that if they should fail in the duties of their allegiance, and should show themselves disobedient to their officers, their conduct will not fail to receive merited punishment, as the British government is not less prepared to punish the guilty, than to protect and distinguish those who are deserving of its favour.

It is directed that this paper be translated with care into the Tamul, Telinga, and Hindoostany languages; and that copies of it be circulated to each native battalion, of which the European officers are enjoined and ordered to be careful in making it known to every native officer and Sepoy under his command.

It is also directed, that copies of the paper be circulated to all the magistrates and collectors under this government, for the purpose of being fully understood in all parts of the


Published by order of the Right Hon. the Governor in


G. BUCHAN, Chief Secretary to Government. 'Dated in Fort St. George, 3d Dec. 1806.' Scott Waring's Preface, iii.-Y.

'March 31st, 1805.-Waited on A. B. He says, Governernment seems to be very willing to forward our views. We may stay at Madras as long as we please; and when we intend to go into the country, on our application to the gov ernor by letter, he would issue orders for granting us passports, which would supersede the necessity of a public petition.-Lord's Day.'-Trans. of Miss. Society, II. p. 365.

More than a century has elapsed since the first Protestant missionaries appeared in India. Two young divines, selected by the University of Halle, were sent out in this capacity by the King of Denmark, and arrived at the Danish settlement of Tranquebar in 1706. The mission thus begun, has been ever since continued, and has been assisted by the Society for the promotion of Christian Knowledge established in this country. The same Society has, for many years, employed German missionaries, of the Lutheran persuasion, for propagating the doctrines of Christianity among the natives of India. In 1799, their number was six; it is now reduced to five.

In a letter from Brother Ringletaube to Brother Cran, he thus expresses himself:

The passports Government has promised you are so valuable, that I should not think a journey too troublesome to obtain one for myself, if I could not get it through your interference. In hopes that your application will suffice to obtain one for me, I enclose you my Gravesend passport, that will give you the particulars concerning my person.'Trans. of Miss. Society, II. p. 369.

They obtain their passports from Government; and the plan and objects of their mission are printed, free of expense, at the Government press.

with him on particular business. He accordingly went. 1805, June 27, Dr. sent for one of us to consult The Doctor told him, that he had read the publications which the brethren lately brought from England, and was so much delighted with the report of the Directors, that he an introduction, giving an account of the rise and progress wished 200 or more copies of it were printed, together with of the Missionary Society, in order to be distributed in the different settlements in India. He offered to print them at the Government press free of expense. On his return, we consulted with our two brethren on the subject, and resolv

So late as March 1807, three months after the date of this proclamation, so universal was the dread of a general revolt among the native troops, that the British officers attached to the native troops constantly slept with loaded pistols under their pillows. It appears that an attempt had been made by the ed to accept the Doctor's favour. We have begun to premilitary men at Madras, to change the shape of the Se-pare it for the press.'-Trans. of Miss. Society. II. p. 394. poy ban into something resembling the helmet of the light infantry of Europe, and to prevent the native troops from wearing, on their foreheads, the marks cha

racteristic of their various castes. The sons of the late Tippoo, with many noble Mussulmen deprived of 'Every encouragement is offered us by the established office at that time, resided in the fortress of Vellore, government of the country. Hitherto they have granted and in all probability contributed very materially to us every request, whether solicited by ourselves or others. excite, or to inflame those suspicions of designs Their permission to come to this place; their allowing us against their religion, which are mentioned in the tions us in our work; together with the grant which they an acknowledgment for preaching in the fort, which sancproclamation of the Madras government, and gener- have lately given us to hold a large spot of ground every ally known to have been a principal cause of the in-way suited for missionary labours, are objects of the last surrection at Vellore. It was this insurrection which importance, and remove every impediment which might be first gave birth to the question upon missions to India; apprehended from this source. We trust not to an arm of and before we deliver any opinion upon the subject flesh; but when we reflect on these things, we cannot but itself, it will be necessary to state what had been behold the loving kindness of the Lord." done in former periods towards disseminating the truths of the gospel in India, and what new exertions had been made about the period at which this event took place.

Missionaries write thus to the Society in London, In page 89th of the 18th Number, Vol. III., the about a fortnight before the massacre at Vellore.

In a letter of the same date, we learn from Brother Ringletaube, the following fact :

'The Dewan of Travancore sent me word, that if I despatched one of our Christians to him, he would give me send in a short time. For this important service, our society leave to build a church at Magilandy. Accordingly, I shall is indebted alone to Colonel- -, without whose determined and fearless interposition, none of their missionaries would have been able to set a foot in that country.'

There are six societies in England for converting Heathens to the Christian religion. 1. Society for Missions to Africa and the East; of which Messrs. Wilberforce, Grant, Parry, and Thorntons, are the principal encouragers. 2. Methodist Society for Missions. 3. Anabaptist Society for Missions. 4. Missionary Society. 5. Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. 6. Moravian Missions They all publish their proceedings.

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