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must not be excluded from the maa Whigs avowed that their intention nagement, but they must not be al was to reform all corporations and lowed to obtain a majority. The in- municipal institutions as they bave stant they do so, the balance is sub- done those of Scotland, by subjecte verted; the great weight of public ing them at once to the direction of opinion runs down to the wrong office-bearers eleeted by the tenside, and the machine is destroyed pounders. If such was their design by the acting together of the forces in October 1833, we much fear more which were intended to keep it in moderate councils are not likely due equilibrium, by exerting their to prevail in May 1835, after an respective influence in opposition to alliance offensive and defensive has each other.
been formed with the Radicals, and It was with a view to the esta- O'Connell has been installed in his blishment of a system which, abo- important office, that of the secret lishing at once and for ever all self- and irresponsible ruler of Governelection and close management, ment. If any such rude and Radical should establish Corporate and Mu- innovation as this is brought forward, picipal Reform on such a safe and we call upon Sir R. Peel and the Conconstitutional basis, that Sir Robert servatives to oppose it to the utterPeel, we are persuaded, continued most in the Lower House, and upon the commission which the Whigs had the Peers at once, to reject it in the issued. Something required to be Upper. The subject of Corporate done. Abuses in many places ex- Reform is not like the Irish Tithe isted; corporations had dwindled Bill, pressing, and productive of caaway to a few members, and funds lamity if delayed : it is one which had been diverted from their des- may, with perfect safety, be rejected, tined ends to the purposes of indi. and which bad infinitely better be vidual aggrandisement, — all this, rejected an hundred times over, than the result of the want of due public permitted to lead to the establishcontrol over those intrusted with ment of such an execrable system as the management, required a reme- the management of municipal or cordy; but let us beware, lest, in avoid- porate institutions by the ten-pouning Scylla, we fall into the jaws of ders; in other words, by a clique of Charybdis. The Corporate Reform needy, rapacious, and, for the most which the Conservative would have part, unprincipled adventurers in introduced would have been one every city, who have acquired the based on the true principles, found- dominion of the people by flattering ed on the remedy of acknowledged their passions. We denounce such abuses, without the concession of a system, as fraught with the very more democratic control than was worst possible effects, as calculated necessary to guard against their re- instantly and irrevocably to fasten vival. This would neither have upon the country abuses and corbeen innovation nor revolution, but ruptions tenfold greater than it rerenovation and improvement; which, moves—as subversive of the natural without departing from the fun. and only safe order of Government, damental principles of European and utterly inconsistent with the society which have subsisted in whole system and fabric of Eurothese realms for a thousand years, pean society. We denounce it would merely have cut off the still more, as laying the axe to the abuses which time had fastened on root of the true nursery of freedom, its institutions, and restored those which is to be found in the associachecks which experience has proved tion of men in situations of trust and to be essential to their permanent local power in every part of the well-being.
country-who are held together by What the Corporate Reform of the durable bond of common intethe O'Connell Administration will rest and profession, and as likely to be we know not, though we own destroy thosestrongholds in which inour anticipations are of the very fant liberty in modern Europe found worst kind. In the close of their its first refuge and surest support. official pamphlet on the Reform Mi- We tell the people of England that Distry and the Reform Parliament, the ten-pounders are notbing but published in October 1833, the an aggregate of numbers from a
particular class in society, without alike our civil and religious liber. any community of occupation, pro- ties, from the rapid strides which fession, or durable interest, held to- Catholic ambition, going hand in gether by a rope of sand—that no hand with infidel impatience and permanent or lasting efforts in favour democratic despotism, has recently even of liberty are to be expected made. We trust that the well-dis. from their exertions—that no free. posed and rational part of the Engdom ever yet subsisted six months lish people will see that Corporate which was established by the agency Reform is nothing but the sop of such a heterogeneous multitude, thrown out to Cerberus, while the and that in the lapse of years they perilous gates are passed ; the peaceinevitably and invariably sink under offering presented to the populace the despotic rule of a single or during the important crisis when an limited number of leaders who have irretrievable inroad is effected upon made their passions the means of the Protestant constitutions of the destroying the bulwarks of real empire. It is just because the O'Conliberty in the land. We say this not neli Ministry clearly perceive that from the mere deductions of history the nation has become alive to this or foreiga observation-not merely danger that they will infallibly prefrom a contemplation of the utter sent the municipal and corporate and irrevocable prostration of free- institutions of the empire as the dom which has resulted from the next holocaust to be offered to destruction of the corporations and the spirit of Revolution, and the overthrow of the old municipal sys- most effectual means of diverttem in France, but from a practical ing the public attention from the acquaintance with the working of real objects which they have in the proposed change in our own view; and it is for that reason, as country, and a melancholy recogni. well as on account of the enormous tion in the Scottish towns, under the peril with which the measure itself, Burgh Reform system, of all the if based on Radical principles, is innumerable abuses and evils which attended, that all friends to their historians and observers of foreign country should combine to resist convulsions have unanimously con- the momentous change. Let the curred in representing as following people of England, therefore, supits establishment in other states. 11, port Corporate Reform, but resist after such warning, both from his. Corporate or Municipal Revolution. tory and experience, the English are Let them cling to that Conservative deluded enough to swallow the bait amelioration which can alone remeof Radical Corporate Reform, they dy the evils of the close system, deserve to suffer all the incalculable without inducing the woful corevils which follow in its train. ruption of a ten-pounder Admini
But we confidently hope for bet- stration; and by furthering the imter things. We trust in the effect provement, but resisting the deof the general burst of indignation struction, of our institutions, at which the monstrous alliance be- length put a bar to that feverish tween Whigs and Radicals has oc- passion for innovation which procasioned. We trust in the at-last- mises to bury in one common ruin awakened sense of the nation to our liberties, our religion, and our the enormous danger which awaits national existence.
INDEX TO VOLUME XXXVII.
Aird, Thomas, poem by him of the Surplus Revenues of the Irish Church,
Christian Bride, in Three Cantos, 810-Battle of the Constitution must
be fought in the Registration Courts,
Chateaubriand, his Conversations, 620.
Tocqueville, Remarks on his Book, 759. William Pitt, 7, et seq.
Christian Bride, a Poem, by Thomas
Conservative Government, shall we have
tive Principles, 432-Reverence to old
sent the condition of the Protestant 435- Remarks on the Character of
Ministeries of Grey and Melbourne,
Dissolution, 439, el seq.-Refutation
they have been Enemies of the Coun-
John, Chap. XI., 18-Sham Fight Government has nothing to do but Re.
Delta, Poem by him. The Child's Bu.
imputed to its division into two Go- Democracy in America, by M. Alexis de
Early Called, the, Chap. I. By the
ties in the House of Commons, ib. 82—Chap. II. 196.
Fall of Melbourne Ministry, 30.
Legendary Tale, with very little lore,
Liberal Wbig, Letter from a, 125–His
Remarks on Sir R. Peel's Address to
Recommendation of a Coalition, 127-
which Government ought to act in
His Character at his greatest Eleva- Dissenters, 375; as regards Church
Rates, 376; as regards Commutation
Bishops from House of Lords, 377;
Remarks on “ La Magnetiseur, and of Income among the Working Clergy,
378_Coalition again Recommended,
form which may yet be safely given,
Whig Addresses at the Elections, 386
of Whigs and Tories, 937— Appropria-
tion of Church Property, 910— Ad-
B-m to a great personage, ib. versities, 942.
Mant's British Months, reviewed, 684.
the Work of Retributive Justice, ib.
not's Farewell, 233—Antique Greek Destruction the Result of their own
Mistake in supposing the Reform Bill
Gravedigger, &c. in Hamlet, 254– 32- Three circumstances in this Coun-
natural tendencies of the Reform Bill,
People ib. ; 2. Firm Conduct of the
King, 35–Sergeant Spankie's Letter
the Whig Cabinet after the passing of
testants to the People of England, 210. the measures of the Whig Govern-
ner of criticising Shakspeare, 237. licy, 41-State in which the Whigs
The Internal State of the Empire, 45
- Prospects of the new Government,
Michael Lynx, the man who knew him.
Middle Ages, Stories of the, 505. Queen
nirs, Impressions, &c. during a voy- Devil's Gully, 319.-Chap. XII. My
Uncle, 417–Chap. XIII. The Suicide,
579—Chap. XIV. The Moonbeam,
767—Chap. XV. The Breaking Wave,
Municipan and Corporate Revolution, clines to join the Rockiogham Admi.
964— Unequivocal symptoms of re- nistration, 12, 13–Uopopularity of
Coalition Ministry of 1783, 477–
X, 627–Chap. XI, 723_Chap. lition of Fees in Publie Offices, 481-
The King's dislike to the Coalition
marks on the Grassmarket Meeting, in India, 481-Pitt's opposition to that
difficulties and uncommon firmness at
betwixt the present time and 1783,
-Character of bis Eloquence, ib.-
represent the condition of the Protes- a decisive influence on events, 560—
ing the Test and Corporation Acts,
851-Reflections on the early stage of
perty of the Church was adjudged to
Letter from Alan Stevenson, 884. Prince Talleyrand, 76– Madame Dude-
Poetry- Poems by William S. Roscoe,
reviewed, 153— The Christian Bride,
by Thomas Aird, 178— The Hugue-
not's Farewell, by Mrs Hemans, 233
Entrance at College, &c. 5-His Stu- Dunbar, 287-Sonnet on the Duke of