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Mother of ages, fruit-producing moon;
Fair lamp of night, its ornament and friend.-Orpheus.
THE MONTHS. The moon being ordained as a perpetual and universal chronometer, we may, with reason, conclude, that in the infancy of the world her rotations kept an exact pace with the sun's progress through each of the twelve zodiacal signs; but from what natural causes, whether by decay in the gravitating forces, or otherwise, the present annual difference of eleven days is occasioned, must ever remain (perhaps) matter for finite contention. If, however, we admit an hypothesis, of a reception in the cavities of the earth of a flood of waters from the moon, at the period of the deluge, then the latter might finish her lunations six days sooner, by levity, and the former be retarded five days, by gravity, which at once will account for the variance, and regulate the antediluvian, or Noëtic month (which we know consisted of thirty days) with the twelve lunar appearances, without resorting to a rude embolism of five days, invented from necessity by Noah, who, in Greek fable, is called Saturnus, and Janus at Rome. The Julian month, January, which takes its name from this prince of astronomers, agrees nearly with the eleventh moon Tybi, of the ancient Egyptian calendar, and the fifth of the Alexandrian, or the modern year-with the fifth secular and the eleventh sacred moon, Shebat, of the Jews-with the fifth moon, Merded, of the Persian Yesdegerdic year-with the fifth moons Thir, Khaguets, and Tona, of the Ethiopian, Armenian, and Coptic calendars—with the fifth moons, Peritius, Kisarius, and Heraclius, of the Syro-Macedonians, Cyprians, and Bythinians-with the fourth solar month, Canun II. of the Syrians with the eighth month, Anthesterion, of the Athenians, the fifth Dystrus of the Macedonians, and the first, Audynæus, of their solar year—and with the seventh moons, Regiab and Regeb, of the Arabs and the Turks. It was called Wolf-month by the Saxons, and is the Laaw-maund of the Hollanders.
The city of Bagdad is taken by the Tartars, 1258.
The greatest pleasure of life is love; the greatest treasure is contentment; the greatest possession is health; the greatest ease is sleep; and the greatest medicine is a true friend.-Sir W. Temple.
There is such a mixture of folly and infirmity in the best and wisest of the human race, that we should be much more thankful for the good we meet with, than disappointed at the bad. We are in the hands of Providence; and though we are bad enough ourselves, our cause is good and noble. Miss Talbot.
John VI. (Pope), 705.
The easiest and the shortest way for a man to arrive at true glory is really to be what he desires to appear to be, saith Socrates; for that which is but external show, adds his com
mentator, Cicero, as a flower, quickly fades and withers.
Sts. Julian and Basilissa, M. Amoret! as sweet and good
Egypt, c. 313.
St. Peter of Sebaste, c. 387.
As the most delicious food,
St. Vaneng, d. Normandy, 688.
We tell the ladies that good wives make good husbands; I believe it is a more indisputable position that good brothers make good sisters.-Johnson, in diê.
Peace is that harmony in the state, that health is in the body.-Clarendon.
THE EIGHT nundinal letters, A to H, corresponding in the Roman Calendar with the first eight days of January, and so repeated, like our dominical character, throughout the year, were used for the convenience of those who resided in the country, in order that they might assemble within the city, and transact their affairs. These markets were held every ninth day, on the return of the letter, and hence is derived their name, "Nundina."
The Agonalia, a feast in honour of the god of business, Agonius (or of Janus, as some suppose, but incorrectly, as the old Calendar marks his sacrifices on the eighth, unless he be confounded with Mercury, the for the master), was kept on the present day.-See 21st May. The town of Altona, on the Elbe, is burnt by the Swedes, 1712, under the command of General Steinbock, so illustrious for his wisdom and heroic virtues.
The treaty of Constantinople is signed, by which the sovereignty of the Crimea was ceded to Russia, 1784. Upon the same day, 1792, a final treaty of peace was concluded by Catharine with the Ottoman Porte, fixing the river Dniester as the common boundary between the two empires.
Beattie explains to Dr. Blacklock his motives for pruning the sickly and exotic plant of infidelity, 1769: "A very little truth will sometimes enlighten a vast extent of science. I found that the sceptical philosophy was not what the world imagined it to be, nor what I, following the opinion of the world, had hitherto imagined it to be; but a frivolous, though dangerous, system of verbal subtilty, which it required neither genius, nor learning, nor taste, nor knowledge of mankind to be able to put together; but only a captious temper, an irreligious spirit, a moderate command of words, and an extraordinary degree of vanity and presumption.”
Two ships sail from Gravesend, with black people on board, to effect a new settlement at Sierra Leone, 1787. This is the prosperous colony founded by Granville Sharp.
Sir David Baird takes possession of the Cape of Good Hope, by capitulation, upon the defeat of General Janssens, 1806.-The funeral of Nelson was solemnized at St. Paul's, on the same day, amidst a nation's
The paths of glory lead but to the grave.—Gray.
Fame, if not double-faced, is double mouth'd,
Nich. Steno, 1638, Copenhagen. L. F. Duke of Bouflers, 1644. Card. Gabrielli, 1654, Castella. Joshua Barnes, 1654, London. J. E. Grabe, 1666, Koningsberg. Michael Ney, 1769, Sarre-Louis.
Age will superciliously censure all who are younger than themselves, and the vices of the present time as new and unheard of, when in truth they are the very same they practised, and practised as long as they were able. They die in an opinion that they have left none wiser behind them, though they have left none behind them who ever had any esteem of their wisdom and judgment.-Clarendon.
Obits of the Latin Church. St. Marcian, d. Constant. 5th Century.
St. Agatho (Pope), d. 682. St. William, Abp. of Bourges, d. 1209.
Miltiades (Pope), 314. Gregory, Bp. of Nyssa, 400. John I. (of Constant.) 976. Bishop Bloet, expired 1123. Gregory X. (Pope), 1276. J. Cochlæus, 1552. d. Breslau. Sir Maurice Abbot, 1640. Abp. (W.) Laud, behead. 1645. Edw. Cave, 1754. Clerkenwell. John, Duke of Rutland, 1711. Francis Nicole, 1758. d. Lyons. Adm. Boscawen, 1761. Penkenel. Adam Anderson, 1765. George Costard, 1782. Elias de Beaumont, 1785. Peter Lyonet, 1789. d. Hague. M.J. de Chenier, 1811.d. Paris.
I cannot think Nature is so spent and decayed, that she can bring forth nothing worth her former years. She is always the same, like herself; and when she collects her strength, is abler still. Men are decayed, and studies: she is not.-Jonson.
Prosperity is so favourable to the coward, that it may even conceal his baseness; but those misfortunes which make him known, and despised, enable the brave to show themselves in their genuine colours.-Archidamus.
Write nothing but what you have seen, nor let it be published until you are dead.-Boccalini.
THEODOSIUS establishes the Catholic creed upon the ruins of Arianism in all the provinces of the East, by means of a military commission, dated on the present day, A. D. 381.
The ancient Swedish year began with the midwinter of the Romans; i. e. the twentieth (this) day after our winter solstice, when the festival of the new year was celebrated in the city of Stockholm.
No gentle breathing breeze prepares the spring,
And starving wolves along the main sea prowl,
And to the moon in icy valleys howl.—A. Philips.
Oliver Cromwell takes his seat in the House of Commons, 1628. It was King Charles's third parliament.
Dom. John Bourget, so respectable for his learning and piety, is elected an honorary member of the Society of Antiquaries, London, 1765.
Bruce, the traveller, returns to Cairo from the Abyssinian court, after an absence of more than four years, 1773.
Beattie, writing to the Duchess of Gordon, 1779, "I used to devour the Night Thoughts' with a satisfaction not unlike that which, in my younger years, I have found in walking alone in a churchyard, or on a wild mountain, by the light of the moon, at midnight. Such things may help to soften a rugged mind. When I first read Young, my heart was broken to think of the poor man's afflictions. Afterwards, I took it in my head, that where there was so much lamentation, there could not be excessive suffering; and I could not help applying to him sometimes those lines of a song,
'Believe me, the shepherd but feigns;
I have since found, from his friends, that my conjecture was right."
It is difficult to find a young fellow that is neither a wit in his own eye, nor a fool in the eye of the world. Congreve.