Imatges de pàgina

ry handsome face; she married a 'master-builder, and died in childbed of her first child, who died with her. Mary, the second, lived and died single. Deborah, the youngest, in her father's life-time, went over to Ireland with a lady, and afterwards was married to Mr. Abraham Clarke, a weaver in Spitalfields, and died in August 1727, in the 76th year of her age. She is said to have been a woman of good understanding and genteel behaviour, though in low circumstances. As she had been often called upon to read Homer and Ovid's Metamorphoses to her father, she could have repeated a considerable number of verses from the beginning of both these poets, as Mr. Ward, Professor of Rhetoric in Gresham College, relates upon his own knowledge; and another gentleman has informed me, that he has heard her repeat several verses like wise out of Euripides. Mr. Addison, and the other gentlemen who had opportunities of seeing her, knew her immediately to be Milton's daughter by the fie militude of her countenance to her father's picture; and Mr. Addison made her a handsome present of a purse of guineas, with a promise of procuring for her some annual provision for her life, but his death happening soon after, she lost the benefit of his generous design. She received presents, likewise, from several other gentlemen, and Queen Caroline sent her fifty pounds by the hands of Dr. Freind the physician. She had ten children, seven fons and three daughters;

but none of them had any children, except one of her fons, named Caleb, and one of her daughters, named Elizabeth. Caleb went to Fort St. George in the East Indies, where he married, and had two fons, Abraham and Ifaac; the elder of whom came to England with the late Governor Harrison, but returned upon advice of his father's death, and whether he or his brother be now living is uncertain. Elizabeth, the youngest child of Mrs. Clarke, was married to Mr. Thomas Foster, a weaver in Spitalfields, and had seven children, who are all dead; and she herself is aged about fixty, and weak and infirm. She seemeth to be a good plain sensible woman, and has confirmed feveral particulars related abovc.

To what has been said in the Life, of our Author's having no monument, it may not be improper to add, that on inquiry at St. Ĝiles's church, the fexton shewed a small monument, which he said was supposed to be Milton's; but the inscription had never been legible since he was employed in that office, which he has possessed about forty years. This, sure, could never have happened in fo short a space of time, unless the Epitaph had been industrously erased; and that fup position carries with it so much inhamanity, that we ought to believe it was not erected to his memory.



The works of inferior geniuses have their infancy, and often receive additions of strength and beauty in the several impressions they undergo whilst their authors live: but the following Poem came into the world, like the persons whom it celebrates, in a state of maturity. However, though in the first edition it was disposed into Ten Books only, Milton thought proper, in the second, to make a new division of it into Twelve: not, I suppose, with respect to the Æneis, (for he was, in both senses of the phrase, above imitation) but more probably, because the length of the Seventh and Tenth required a pause in the narration, he divided them each into two; on which distribution, to the beginning of those Books which are now the Eighth and Twelfth, he added the following verses, which were necessary to make a connexion.

Book VIII. ver. I.

The angel ended, and in Adam's ear
So charming left his voice, that he a while
Thought him ftill speaking, ftill stood fix'd co lear
Then as new wak'd thus gratefully reply'd.

The latter half of the verse was taken from this in the first edition,

To whom thus Adam gratefully reply'd. Volume I.

Book XII. ver. I.

As one who in his journey bates at noon,
Though bent on fpeed ; so here the arch-angel pads'd
Betwixt the world destroy'd and world restor'd,
If Adam ought perhaps might interpose;
Then with transition sweet new speech resumes.

At the same time the Author made some few additions in other places of the Poem, which are here inserted for the fatisfaction of the curious.

Book V. ver. 637
« They eat, they drink, and with refe&tion sweet
“ Are fill'd, before the all-bounteous King, &c.

were thus enlarged in the second edition.

They eat, they drink, and in communion sweet
Quaff immortality and joy, fecure
of surfeit, where full measure only bounds
Excess, before th' all-bounteous King, &c.

Book XI. ver. 484. after

Inteftin stone and ulcer, colic pangs,

these three verses were added,

Daemoniac phrenzy, moaping melancholy,
And moon-struck madners, pining atrophy;
Marasınus, and wide-wafting pestilence.

And ver. 551. of the fame Book, which was originally thus,

" of rendering up. Michael to him reply'd.

receiv'd this addition,

of rendering up, and patiently attend
My diffolution. Mickael reply'd.

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There is nothing in nature more irksome than general discourses, especially when they turn chiefly upon words : for this reason I fall wave the discussion of that point which was started some years since, Whether Milton's Paradise Lost may be called an Heroic Poem? Those who will not give it that title may call it (if they please) a Divine Poem. It will be sufficient to its perfection if it has in it all the beauties of the highest kind of poetry; and as for those who alledge it is not an heroic poem, they advance no more to the diminution of it, than if they should say Adam is not Æneas, nor Eve Helen.

I fall therefore examine it by the rules of Epic poetry, and see whether it falls sort of the Iliad or Æneid in the beauties which are essential to that kind of writing. The first thing to be considered in an epic poem is the Fable, which is perfect or imperfect ac

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