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call of Thistlewood, were hastily put- defences of their counsel, the Jury, ting out the lights. Thus prepared in a case of such manifest and atrofor the mortal combat, they rushed cious guilt, made no hesitation in findto meet the officers; and Thistlewood ing a verdict against them to the full thrust his sword into the body of one, extent of the charge. (Smithers) who instantly expired. What connexion, or whether any, The troops now rushed in, and a des. this daring attempt had with the disperate conflict ensued in the dark; contents fermenting in the provinces, during which, Captain F. had nearly does not seem very well ascertained. received the pistol-shot of one of the Certain it is, that at this time, the assassins. Thistlewood made his way malcontents entered very extensivedown the stair, and escaped ; but ly into the determination to throw off nine were seized; among whom were all appearances, and to raise the standIngs, Tidd, and Davidson, three ring- ard of open insurrection. For some leaders; the rest leaped out of the months, preparations for this issue window behind, and escaped over had been almost publicly makingwalls, and through obscure passages. midniglit drillings took place through

The most active exertions of the out all the disturbed districts-popupolice were now directed to the ap- lar meetings were entered and quitted prehension of Thistlewood; and on in the military step-pikes were mathe following morning he was traced nufactured-and supplies of fire-arms by Lavender and Bishop to an ob- procured from every quarter. scure house in White-street, Little The centre of disturbance, as to Moorfields. There, having lulled him, England, lay among the woollen maself into a belief of his own safety, he nufacturers in the Western Riding of was found lying securely in bed, and Yorkshire; particularly about Leeds, was obliged to surrender without re- Wakefield, and Huddersfield. From sistance.

the 31st March to the 3. April, the On the same morning, Brunt, an- inhabitants were disturbed by small other of the most active agents, was armed detachments traversing the arrested at his own house. It was sa- country, and even approaching the tisfactory to observe, that as the towns, though they did not venture conspirators were carried along the to face the military. At length, it bestreets, sympathy in their favour seem- came generally understood, that on ed scarcely in any instance excited; the night of Tuesday the 3d, a geneand, in general, unequivocal horror was ral union was to take place, and a expressed of the crime which they desperate attempt made to possess had meditated.

themselves of Huddersfield. A meetThe leading conspirators being thus ing was held of the principal inhabisecured, no time was lost in bringing tants of that town-the armed assothem to trial. The great technical ciation was called out—the entrances difficulties, which by the legitimate barricaded--and Huddersfield exhijealousy of the English law attend bited all the appearances of a besiethe proof of treason, obliged the law- ged place. During the night, paofficers to secure conviction, by call- troles employed to scour the country ing in the murder of Smithers; and brought intelligence that armed pareven to avail themselves of the act ties were moving from all points in against cutting and maiming. Not- the direction of Grangemoor, a large withstanding, however, the ingenious plain about six miles from Hudders. field, and half way on the road to months it had been understood, that Wakefield. Thither, accordingly, was union societies, connected with those dispatched a small body of troops, in England, had been very activeconsisting partly of Irish dragoon that secret drillings were carried on guards, and partly of yeomanry.

-and threats of actual insurrection Meantime, the insurgents, to the num- had been repeatedly thrown out. Arber of two or three hundred, had ac- rests of suspected persons had taken tually collected in Grangemoor, with place at different times, but without arms and standards. This force, how- being able to strike at the root of the ever, was so much smaller than they evil. A general rising, it appears, was bad been taught to expect, as plain- now determined on, in concert, doubtly to prove the delusion practised less, with their brethren in England; upon them. Their situation besides, but the means taken to effect their when, inflamed by the harangues of purpose displayed an excess of audatheir popular orators, they formed a city, which the latter could in no detumultuary resolution to hazard all gree match. On the night of Saturin the cause of liberty, was very dif- day the 1st April, there was posted ferent from the present, when they up in the streets of Glasgow, an“ Adfound themselves standing on the bat- dress to the Inhabitants of Great Britle field, to abide the issues of life and tain and Ireland.” It was composed death. Under the influence of these in name of the provisional governfeelings, long before the appearance ment, and might be considered as an of the cavalry, the whole party threw open declaration of war against the down their arms, and fled in every di- existing government. It enjoined, rection which appeared to afford the that all labourers, of every descripbest promise of safety. The soldiers, tion, should desist from work, and on arriving, saw nothing but the field should not resume it, till they had bestrewn with a hundred pikes and a obtained equality of rights ; it degreen standard, which they collected. nounced, as traitors to their King, all No further attempts were made in who should resist the measures about this quarter to disturb the public to be taken to attain that object ; fitranquillity.

nally, it warned all who should neIn the course of these transactions, glect to comply with these injunctwenty-two persons were arrested; tions, that the provisional government and in September following, the Jury would not indemnify them for any found true bills against them for High loss which they might sustain during Treason. On their consenting, how the approaching conflict. The same ever, to plead Guilty, the lives of all placard was posted up in Paisley, and were spared, and milder punishments in all the towns and villages for twenallotted, according to the degrees of ty miles round. The power of those their guilt.

from whom this mandate had emanaIt was in Scotland, after all, that ted, was fully displayed next week by rebellion stalked with the most open the multitudes who quitted their em, front. No part of that division of that ployments, and wandered through the country contains such a concentrated streets in a state of portentous idlemass of population as Glasgow and ness. Emissaries were then sent to its vicinity, including Paisley, and nu- all the works that were still carried merous large villages, all employed in on; and by the joint influence of perthe cotton manufacture. For several suasion and threats, most of them were emptied. The great mass of the sun had risen with so lowering an population being thus loosened from aspect, closed in tranquillity; and but all their regular habits, and withdrawn for a partial and almost accidental even from their means of subsistence, sally, the soil of Scotland would have would not, it was hoped, remain long been unstained with a drop of civil without being impelled into that ex- blood. tremity which it was their object to Glasgow seems evidently to have precipitate.

been viewed by the malcontents as The Scottish administration, mean- the destined theatre on which bosti. while, were providing, in a very ac- lities were to commence; and partive and judicious manner, against the ties from the neighbourhood were threatened danger. They sought to even invited to flock to it, as their assemble such a force as might not common rallying point. Yet, on the only deprive rebellion of every chance morning of the 5th, a small armed of success, but might even deter its band issued forth from that city, with votaries from the fatal attempt. In purposes which were never exactly the course of a few days, the military defined, but, from the course followforce, including the yeomanry caval- ed, could not possibly be other than Ty, from all the neighbouring coun- of the most desperate character. ties, was concentrated at Glasgow. They proceeded to Kilsyth, where On the morning of Wednesday the they had some refreshment, in pay. 5th, which had been almost announ- ing for which they took a receipt, in ced as the opening of the grand cam- terms which evidently proved their paign, the streets of that city pre expectation of being officially reimsented an imposing mass of nearly bursed. They then proceeded along 5000 troops, of all arms, drawn up in the bank of the canal, till they arrived regular array. Rebellion was appal- at a large common called Bonnymuir, led, and hid her face. In the extre- where they expected, it is supposed, mities of the city only, some faint and to have been joined by a considerable convulsive efforts were made to effect force. On their way, they had met an her purpose. At six in the evening orderly with dispatches, whom they a drum was beat through Calton and at first detained, but on his pretending Bridgeton ; several banners were ex- to favour their enterprize, allowed hibited ; and muskets fired at inter- him to depart, after presenting him vals, as signals. At the same time with a copy of their seditious placard. small parties entered sequestered This man immediately hastened to houses, searching for arms, and, by Kilsyth, where he found Lieutenants violent threats, urging the inhabitants Hodgson and Davidson, commanding to take the field. These movements small parties, one of the 10th hussars, issued in the assemblage of two or and the other of the Stirlingshire three hundred men, partially armed yeomanry. These active young offiwith pikes and muskets. A party of cers lost not a moment in setting out cavalry, however, having rushed in in chase of the enemies of public and seized eleven of the most active, peace. After a rapid ride of nine the rest hastily skulked off, and ap- miles, they reached Bonnymuir, where peared no more. In Tradestown, a the radical guerilla had halted. That bugle summoned sixty pikes ; but on body, on seeing itself about to be seeing the smallness of their force, confronted with this band of disciand no prospect of co-operation, they plined assailants, did not lose all instantly dispersed. The day, whose courage. They drew up behind a

state.

wall, which stretched across the com- only by dim and distant tradition, mon, and which they hoped would caused an extraordinary alarm and protect them against the approach emotion. Yet it formed, in fact, one of the cavalry. Lieutenant Hodgson, of those crises which, in the civil as however, finding a breach at one end, in the natural body, expel the eledashed through it, followed by his ments of disease, and prepare the troops, and instantly charged. A mo- frame for returning to a healthful mentary somewhat brisk conflict en

The authors of the commosued. A pike was violently thrust tion, sensible how ridiculously inade. against Mr Hodgson, which pierced quate were the means with which his hand, and mortally wounded the they had hoped to effect the overhorse on which he rode. Several throw of a great empire, threw up other pushes were made with some the cause in despair ; while the miseffect; but in a few moments, the led multitude saw the full depth of insurgent array was entirely discom- the abyss from whose brink they had fited; and, throwing away their arms, barely time to shrink back. This they sought safety in every direction. violent explosion was followed, alNineteen were secured, and carried most instantaneously, by a univerto Stirling; the rest escaped. sal tranquillity; the citizens resumed

Such was the beginning and end of their pacific and industrious occupathis faint shew of civil war; for the tions, and earnestly besought readdisastrous bloodshed which took place mission to those employments which at Greenock, in a manner so strange they had so wantonly deserted; the and unmeaning, had scarcely enough yeomanry returned to their homes ; of political motive or character to be- and nothing remained, but to prolong to history; and we refer to the cecd according to the regular course Chronicle for a full detail of it. Even of law, against thosc who had renthis, in a country which for more dered themselves obnoxious to it duthan seventy years had been a stran- ring these violent proceedings. ger to intestine warfare, and knew it

CHAPTER III.

CLOSE OF THE PARLIAMENT.

Formal Meeting at Death of George III.-The King announces his intention

to dissolve Parliament.- Debates on this subject. - Temporary Votes of Money. -Discussions respecting the Queen.-- Proccedings relative to Corrupt Burghs. - Dissolution.

The proceedings of Parliament meetings were accordingly held on during the present year are not of that and the two following days, that varied character, nor susceptible when such members as attended took of the same minute classification the oaths to the new Sovereign. On which has been followed in the his- the 24 February, as it would have tory of the two preceding years. The been indecorous to have proceeded to dissolution consequent upon the de- any ordinary business, Parliament mise of George III. caused a pretty was prorogued till the 17th. long delay in its meeting for purpo- On the 17th, the House having ses of real business ; while consider- met, a message was immediately preably before its usual period of sepa- sented from his Majesty. It began rating, all its ordinary business was with alluding, in natural and proper brought to an abrupt termination. terms, to the event which had just taA ground of debate occurred, which, ken place. It then stated, that his like Aaron's rod, instantly swallowed Majesty being under the necessity of up every other; and after which, summoning a new Parliament withthe House with difficulty found pa- in a limited period, had judged it tience to go through that ordinary most conducive to the public interoutine which is necessary for the rest and convenience, to assemble dispatch of public business.

one without delay. The Houses The first meeting of Parliament were therefore invited to concur in this year was one of mere form. The such arrangements as might enable constitution holds it indispensable the public service to be carried on that the great council of the nation during the interval. shall meet on the day immediately In the proceedings to be held upfollowing the death of the Sovereign, on this address, ininisters proposed, even though that day should chance, with the general approbation of the as it now did, to be a Sunday. Short House, that the last point, which

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