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ply, which was followed by a few ex. Wilberforce read the resolution of planatory observations from Lord Cas. the House. The Queen then returntlereagh.

ed the following answer: The vote, after many loud calls, was now taken, when there appear. “ I am bound to receive with graed,

titude any attempt on the part of the

House of Commons to interpose its For the original motion, 394 high mediation, for the purpose of Against it,

124 healing those unhappy differences in

the Royal Family, which no person has Majority for the resolution, 267 so much reason to deplore as myself.

And with perfect truth I can declare, On the same day, the House of that an entire reconcilement of those Lords, with a good deal of dissatis- differences, effected by the authority faction, agreed to defer the sitting of of Parliament, on principles consistthe Committee till Tuesday next. ent with the honour and dignity of

On the following evening, an ex- all the parties, is still the object dearplanation was given by Mr Brougham, est to my heart. from which it appeared, that the “I cannot refrain from expressing Queen, immediately on being inform- my deep sense of the affectionate laned of the omission of her name in the guage of these resolutions; it shews Liturgy, had addressed a complaint the House of Commons to be the faithon the subject to one of his Majesty's ful representative of that generous ministers.

people, to whom I owe a debt of graAfter the passing of the resolution titude that can never be repaid. in the House of Commons, Mr Wil. “ I am sensible, too, that I expose berforce, Sir T. Acland, Mr Bankes, myself to the risk of displeasing those and Mr Stuart Wortley, were ap- who may soon be the judges of my pointed, as a deputation, to wait upon conduct; but I trust to their canthe Queen and present it to her. dour, and their sense of honour, conThe expectation of this event excited fident that they will enter into the an extraordinary interest in the pub- feelings which alone influence my delic mind, and all the streets border- termination. ing on her Majesty's residence were “ It would ill become me to ques crowded to excess. The disposition tion the power of Parliament, or the shewn by this multitude was such as mode in which it may at any time be altogether tended to confirm her Ma- exercised ; but, however strongly I jesty in the resolution which she was may feel the necessity of submitting supposed already to have formed. As to its authority, the question whether the carriages conveying the mem- I will make myself a party to any bers of the deputation appeared, hoot- measure proposed must be decided ing and hissing, with cries of " No by my own feelings and conscience, address," were raised to a great ex. and by them alone. As a subject of tent. The four gentlemen having the state, I shall bow with deference alighted, were received by the Queen -if possible, without a murmur-to in the drawing - room, with Mr every act of the sovereign authority; Brougham and Mr Denman on each but, as an accused and injured Queen, side, and attended by Lady Anne Ha- I owe it to the King, myself, and all milton. The members having knelt, my fellow-subjects, not to consent to and kissed her Majesty's hand, Mr the sacrifice of any essential privilege, or withdraw my appeal to those prin- original right was greatly strengthen. ciples of public justice, which are ed by his Majesty's having voluntaalike the safe-guard of the highest rily come down, and thrown himself and the humblest individual."

upon their judgment. To him, there.

fore, advice could be tendered with The deputation, having received the very best possible grace ; while this reply, made their obeisance and the offering it to the other party, was retired; while the multitude, on re- going out of the regular course of ceiving notice of what had passed, tes- Parliament, and not very compatible tified their concurrence by the loud. with its dignity. What was still more est acclamations.

important, counsel addressed to the Such was the unfortunate issue of regular quarter would have been all this attempt, made with the best in- but imperative; while in the other tentions, to avert the evils impending case, its acceptance depended upon upon the House and the public from the will, perhaps capricious, of an this inquiry. We do not hesitate to individual, from whom they had no say, after considering all the circum- room to expect the exercise of any stances and issues, that the Queen peculiar discretion. Tlie resolution would have acted a wise part in seizing might equally, in this case as this opportunity of retiring, with a other, have given it to be understood, good grace, from the conflict. Still that the concession was asked merely we question whether the plan of pa. for the sake of peace, and did not imcification adopted was altogether hap- ply any sacrifice or change of opinion. py or promising. It should seem, ac- Its success, we think, can scarcely cording to the views already given, be doubted, especially as there could that the other side was the quarter to be little anxiety to open a cause in which Parliament might most natu- the face of such a torrent of popular rally have looked to close the contest, opinion, the impossibility of stemming either by arbitration or concession. which, by almost any proof or process, The Parliament is constitutionally must have been already foreseen. the King's great council; and this

CHAPTER VII.

TRIAL OF THE QUEEN.

Remonstrances against the Mode of Proceeding.-Report of the Lords Committee.

-Bill of Penalties.--Discussions respecting it.-Preliminary Questions.-
Opening of the Trial.-Evidence against the Queen.- Pleadings-Evidence
in Defence of the Queen.--Pleadings.-Debates in the House of Lords.--The
Bill carried. Withdrawn.

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Every effort to adjust amicably the challenges the most complete investidifferences in the Royal House, and gation of her conduct; but she proto avert a full inquiry into this pain- tests, in the first place, against any seful subject, having thus proved abor- cret inquiry: and if the House of tive, nothing remained but to proceed Lords should, notwithstanding, perin the course which had been already şist in a proceeding so contrary to, marked out. Before, however, the every principle of justice and of law, secret committee began its operation, she must in the next place declare, the Queen interposed a remonstrance that, even from such an unconstituagainst the mode of investigation em- tional course, she can have nothing to ployed. She drew up a petition in the apprehend, unless it be instituted befollowing terms:

fore the arrival of those witnesses

whom she will summon immediately To the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, to expose the whole of the machinain Parliament Assembled. tions against her. She is anxious that

there should now be no delay what" CAROLINE R.

ever in finishing the inquiry; and none “ The Queen, having been inform- shall be occasioned by her Majesty. ed that proceedings are about to be But the Queen cannot suppose that instituted against her in the House of the House of Lords will commit so Lords, feels it nece

cessary to approach crying an injustice as to authorize a your Lordships as a petitioner and a secret examination of her conduct, in fellow-subject. She is advised that, the absence of herself and her coun. according to the forms of your Lord- sel, while her defence must obviously ships' House, no other mode of com

rest upon evidence, which for some munication is permitted.

weeks cannot reach this country. The “ Now, as at all times, she declares instant that it arrives, she will entreat her perfect readiness to meet every the House of Lords to proceed in any charge affecting her honour; and she way they may think consistent with

the ends of justice ; but in the mean dividual peer might have particular time, and before the first step is taken, and personal motives for declining to her Majesty desires to be heard by her present a petition. This was admitcounsel at your Lordships' bar, this ted, provided the motive were not day, upon the subject matter of this taken from consideration of the place petition."

where he sat. The Chancellor decla

red, that he would never hesitate to This petition was first tendered to present a petition from the highest or the Chancellor, who was requested to the lowest in the land, provided he present it to the House of Peers. The thought it consistent with his duty to application to a channel so hostile, the House. seems not much to be approved, since After these prolegomena, the petiit would scarcely have any other ob- tion was read, and it was agreed, that ject than the awkward situation in Mr Brougham should be heard in supwhich it placed that great function- port of it. ary. Perhaps, however, the Chancellor Mr Brougham stated, that nothing rather committed himself when he de- could be farther from the intention of clined to do what is usually considered her Majesty, than to ask for delay, in as a duty incumbent on any member the accustomed and vulgar sense of of the House. The petition was, there that word. She asked for no delay of fore, on the 26th June, presented by the prosecution; she asked for no deLord Dacre, who, animadverting on lay of judgment, because she was conthe Chancellor's refusal, stated, that scious that she was innocent, and behe himself never had the slightest cause she knew that their Lordships communication with the Queen, but were just ; but she asked for delay, was merely performing what he con. because she knew that all the forms of ceived a duty to a person under ac- law and justice would be set at deficusation. The Chancellor observed, ance if they refused to listen to her that having only three minutes to con- petition, and proceeded to try her on sider of the application, it had occur- the ex parte statements of her enemies. red to him, that he was the last per- What the charges themselves were son in the House by whom this pe- by what testimony they were supporttition ought to be presented; and he ed—who the base tools were who lent had found no precedent in the Jour- themselves to procure, collect, and arnals for such a proceeding. At the range them-how they were scraped same time, he declared to their lord- together-by whose influence they ships, and was ready to declare in the were conjured up, he could not tell; face of the whole world, that he would but it was enough for him to know - rather suffer death than admit any this, that be it creditable to the colabatement of the principle, that a per- lector, or be it odious and disgraceful son accused is not therefore to be con- to the collector and the witnesses, it sidered guilty.

went to affect the character, and to Lords Grey, Holland, and Lans- impeach the conduct of her Majesty, downe insisted, that there was nothing for something that was alleged to have in the situation of the noble and learn- been done abroad. Now, it was known ed Lord which made any distinction to their Lordships, that her Majesty between him and other members of had resided for the last five years at a the House, or exempted him from any great distance from this country; that of the duties incumbent upon them. she had lived beyond the Alps and the

Lord Liverpool urged, that any in- Appenines, and that it was physically impossible for her to procure the pro- fence. How unfair, that before this duction of a single document, the pre- time, the invisible tribunal he begged sence of a single witness, or even the pardon, the secret committee, should answer to a single letter, that might have pronounced sentence, her

name be necessary for the vindication of have been blackened all over Europe, her character, in less than five or six and an unfavourable impression produweeks. Unless, therefore, the neces- ced for a great length of time. These sary time were allowed, her Majesty reasons, he urged, were conclusive could have no means of defence, and against any secret investigation, and might as well be condemned without for delaying the commencement of the

formalities of trial. When an Eng- the trial in any shape, for the space lish woman was accused, no foreigner of two months. must be admitted as an evidence Mr Denman followed on the same against her-none whose principles side, and strongly urged similar arguhung on them by a loose tenurements. In what situation would her none who denied the obligation of an Majesty be placed, after the report oath ; she had an opportunity of of the secret committee? A committee knowing the witnesses against her, of fifteen of the most distinguished and she could compel the attendance peers of that House, whose minds had of those who could give testimony in been impressed by the contents of this her favour. Her Majesty possessed bill, were to pause for a time on these none of those advantages ; she was impressions, and then to sit in judgdiscountenanced by all the authori- ment on her Majesty's character, her ties, both at home and abroad; she honour, and perhaps her life. How had to meet all that bribery, all that was it possible for the most honourforce, all that malignity could col. able mind to divest itself of preju. lect and array against her. He would dices so impressed ? In such cirask their Lordships if they could cumstances, how great was the likedoubt that her Majesty was consci- lihood of worthless characters fur. ous of her innocence, and fearless of nishing such evidence as they might the result, when, under such circum- deem to be acceptable? It was enough stances as these, she called on her to rouse suspicion, that the desire to law officers to go on, and demand. receive such testimony was known to ed no delay of the proceedings. It exist. There was a peculiar call in was his duty, however, to guard her such circumstances, to allow every against the dangers into which she means of guarding against the dangers might be led by this intrepid consci- of subornation. ousness of innocence. It was impos- Mr Williams began on the same sible that the advocate could do his side, but was stopped by the Chancelduty without full communication with lor, who observed that it was not cushis own witnesses, and without an op- tomary for more than two counsel to portunity of knowing the witnesses on be heard in support of a petition, the opposite side. He assumed, with This proceeding was followed next great humility, that their Lordships day by Earl Grey, with a motion for would at least allow her Majesty a doing away with the Secret Commitfew months to bring forward her wit- tee, and for proceeding by open inpesses. He supposed that there was vestigation. It did not appear to him not an English tribunal--not even a that there were any precedents exacte Milan tribunal that would deny an ly applicable to the present case; and, accused party some opportunity of de- if they were, they might have taken

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