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Greek refinements: studies in temperamental architecture
William Henry Goodyear
Visualitzaciˇ completa - 1912
abaci abacus Adolf Michaelis angle triglyph appear architects architrave asymmetries Athenian authors average axial spacing bays Brooklyn Institute Museum building centre Century B.C. chapter columnar diameter columnar spacings convex Cori cornice curvature curves in elevation curves in plan dimensions diminution Doric temple Dorpfeld east front Egesta entablature entasis equal Erechtheum explanation fact feet fronts and flanks gable Girgenti Greek curvature Greek refinements Greek temples Ground-plan Hauck Hera Hoffer horizontal curvature horizontal curves illustration instance intercolumnar space intercolumniations irregularities Koldewey and Puchstein Maison Carree mason's error measurements mediaeval mentioned Metaponto metope Michaelis modern north flank observations Olympia optical effect optical illusions Paestum Parthenon passage Penrose photograph Pisa Cathedral Poseidon at Paestum Professor Propylaea quoted Selinus side sixth century so-called temple spacial contraction stylobate systematic Temple G Temple of Poseidon Temple of Zeus Temple Ruin thenon theory Theseum Thiersch tion Vitruvius wholly Zeus temple
PÓgina 22 - The Civil Architecture of Vitruvius. Comprising those Books of the Author which relate to the Public and Private Edifices of the Ancients. Translated by William Wilkins, MA, FAS, late Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge; author of The Antiquities of Magna Grsecia.
PÓgina 32 - The stylobate," says this military engineer of Julius Caesar, " ought not to be constructed upon the horizontal level, but should rise gradually from the ends toward the centre, so as to leave there a small addition. The inconvenience which might arise from a stylobate thus constructed may be obviated by means of unequal scamilli. If the line of the stylobate were perfectly horizontal, it would appear like the bed of a channel.
PÓgina 83 - they endeavored to make the architecture of their buildings resemble nature, to transfer to them the beautifully curving forms which surrounded them, and thus to infuse the lifeless forms of art with the breath of living nature." This is, as far as I know, the earliest statement of the "vital motive" in Greek architecture, and the reader will remember that it refers to the fundamental lines. Since that time the "vitality of Greek art" is a commonplace of the textbooks, but the idea has not been...
PÓgina 96 - ... for it not only obviates the dry uniformity of too many parallel lines, but also produces exquisite varieties of light and shade. One of the most happy instances of this latter effect is in the temple of Nike Apteros, in front of the southern wing of the Propylaea. The facade of this temple and...
PÓgina 60 - Vitruvius seems to have assumed, and probably rightly, that the entablature curve followed and was a consequence of that of the stylobate. Penrose on the other hand argued, with less probability, that the reverse was the case; that Ictinus, in order "to obviate a disagreeable effect produced by the contrast of the horizontal with the inclined lines of a flat pediment...
PÓgina 32 - In placing the capitals upon the shafts of the columns, they are not to be arranged so that the abaci may be in the same horizontal level, but must follow the direction of the upper members of the Epistylium, which will deviate from the straight line drawn from the extreme points, in proportion to the addition given in the centre of the...
PÓgina 96 - Penrose calls attention to the remarkable absence of parallelism among the several buildings. " Except the Propylaea and Parthenon, which were perhaps intended to bear a definite relation to one another, no two are parallel. This asymmetria is productive of very great beauty; for it not only obviates the dry uniformity of too many parallel lines, but also produces exquisite varieties of light and shade. One of the most happy instances of this latter effect is in the temple of Nike Apteros, in front...
PÓgina 106 - Profil entlang und findet, da▀ keine einzige mathematisch gerade Linie an dem ganzen Bau ist. Man wird zunńchst an ungeschickte Vermessung, an die Wirkung der Erdbeben und anderes der Art denken. Allein wer z. B. sich der rechten Ecke der Vorderseite gegenŘberstellt, so da▀ er das obere Kranzgesimse der Langseite verkŘrzt sieht, wird eine Ausbeugung desselben von mehreren Zollen entdecken, die nur mit Absicht hervorgebracht sein kann. Und ─hnliches findet sich weiter. Es sind ─u▀erungen desselben...
PÓgina 106 - Vorderseite gegenŘberstellt, so da▀ er das obere Kranzgesimse der Langseite verkŘrzt sieht, wird eine Ausbeugung desselben von mehreren Zollen entdecken, die nur mit Absicht hervorgebracht sein kann. Und ─hnliches findet sich weiter. Es sind ─u▀erungen desselben GefŘhls, welches die Anschwellung der Sńule verlangte und auch in scheinbar mathematischen Formen Řberall einen Pulsschlag inneren Lebens zu offenbaren suchte 1 .ź Burckhardt lenkt mit Recht die Aufmerksamkeit auf die kŘnstlerische...
PÓgina 95 - The whole building is constructed, so to speak, on a subjective rather than an objective basis; it is intended not to be mathematically accurate, but to be adapted to the eye of the spectator. To the eye a curve is a more pleasing form than a straight line, and the deviations from rigid correctness serve to give a character of purpose, almost of life, to the solid marble construction.