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As for my part, I do not speak wholly for my own sake in this point; for palmistry and astrology will bring me in greater gains than these my papers; so that I am only in the condition of a lawyer, who leaves the bar for chamber-practice. However, I may be allowed to speak in the cause of learning itself, and lament that a liberal education is the only one which a polite nation makes unprofitable. All mechanic artizans are allowed to reap the fruit of their invention and ingenuity without invasion ; but he that has separated himself from the rest of mankind, and studied the wonders of the creation, the government of his passions, and the revolutions of the world, and has an ambition to communicate the effect of half his life spent in such noble inquiries, has no property in what he is willing to produce, but is exposed to robbery and want, with this melancholy and just reflection, that he is the only man who is not protected by his country, at the same time that he best deserves it. According to the ordinary rules of computation, the greater the adventure is, the greater ought to be the profit of those who succeed in it; and by this measure, none have pretence of turning their labours to greater advantage than persons brought up to letters. A learned education, passing through great schools and universities, is very expensive, and consumes a moderate fortune, before it is gone through in its proper forms. The purchase of an handsome commission or employment, which would give a man a good figure in another kind of life, is to be made at a much cheaper rate. Now, if we consider this expensive voyage which is undertaken in the search of knowledge, and how few there are who take in considerable merchandize; how less frequent it is, to be able to turn what men have gained into profit; how hard is it, that the very small number who are
distinguished with abilities to know how to vend their wares, and have the good fortune to bring them into port, should suffer being plundered by privateers under the very cannon that should protect them! The most eminent and useful author of the age we live in, after having laid out a princely revenue in works of charity and beneficence, as became the greatness of his mind, and the sanctity of his character, would have left the person in the world who was the dearest to him in a narrow condition, had not the sale of his immortal writings brought her in a very considerable dowry; though it was impossible for it to be equal to their value. Every one will know, that I here mean the works of the late archbishop of Canterbury", the copy of which was sold for two thousand five hundred pounds.
I do not speak with relation to any party; but it has happened, and may often so happen, that men of great learning and virtue cannot qualify themselves for being employed in business, or receiving preferments. In this case, you cut them off from all support, if you take from them the benefit that may arise from their writings. For my own part, I have brought myself to consider things in so unprejudiced a manner, that I esteem more a man who can live by the products of his understanding, than one who does it by the favour of great men.
m Dr. John Tillotson. King William settled upon his widow a pension of 4001. a year for her life. The very respectable communicator of this information was, he assured the writer, well informed, that the same royal benefactor gave her moreover 1500l. to purchase a house, and the same sum to furnish it. Dr. Birch, in his · Life of Tillotson,' p. 49, relates the following fact, from a manuscript account taken from the archbishop's own mouth. Soon after the marriage of Mary to the Prince of Orange, there was a design to invite them to an entertainment in the city, which the court did not like. The prince and princess were, therefore, hurried out of town, and had scarce time to make a proper provision for their journey. Mr. Bentinck, who accompanied them, applied to the corporation of Canterbury, to borrow money for their use; but the mayor and his brethren, after consulting together, refused to lend them any. Dr. Tillotson, then dean of Canterbury, being informed of this, got together all his own, and what other money and plate he could borrow, which he offered to Mr. Bentinck. This was highly acceptable to the prince and princess, to whom he was immediately introduced. Thus began his acquaintance and correspondence with the prince, the princess, and Mr. Bentinck; which paved his way to the archbishoprick of Canterbury.
The zeal of an author has transported me thus far, though I think myself as much concerned in the capacity of a reader. If this practice goes on, we must never expect to see again a beautiful edition of a book in Great Britain.
We have already seen the Memoirs of sir William Temple, published in the same character and volume with the history of Tom Thumb, and the works of our greatest poets shrunk into penny-books and garlands. For my own part, I expect to see my Lucubrations printed on browner paper" than they are at present, and, if the humour continues, must be forced to retrench my expensive way of living, and not smoke above two pipes a day.
* Mr. Charles Lillie', perfumer, at the corner of Beaufort Building, has informed me, that I am obliged to several of my customers for coming to his shop upon my recommendation, and has also given me farther assurances of his upright dealing with all who shall be so kind as to make use of my name to him. I acknowledge this favour, and have, for the service of
my friends who frequent his shop, used the force of magical powers to add value to his wares. By my knowledge in the secret operations of nature, I have made his powders, perfumed and plain, have the same effect as love-powder, to all who are too much enamoured to do more than dress at their mistresses. His amber, orange-flower, musk, and civetviolet, put only into an handkerchief, shall have the same effect towards an honourable lover's wishes, as if he had been wrapped in his mother's smock. Washballs perfumed, camphired, and plain, shall restore complexions to that degree, that a country fox-hunter, who uses them, shall, in a week's time, look with a courtly and affable paleness, without using the bagnio or cupping
n The original Tatler in folio is printed on very brown paper. It is humorously called tobacco paper, Tatler, No. 160.
• See Tatler, No. 110. Note on Mr. Lillie.
N. B. Mr. Lillie has snuffs, Barcelona, Sevil, musty, plain, and Spanish, which may be taken by a young beginner without danger of sneezing.
SHEER-LANE, Nov. 30.
WHEREAS several walking dead persons arrived within the bills of mortality, before and since the 15th instant, having been informed of my warrant given to the company of Upholders, and being terrified thereat, it not having been advertised that privilege or protection would be allowed, have resolved forth. with to retire to their several and respective abodes in the country, hoping thereby to elude any commission of interment that may issue out against them; and being informed of such their fallacious designs, I do hereby give notice, as well for the good of the public, as for the great veneration I have for the before-mentioned useful society, that a process is gone out against them; and that, in case of contempt, they may be found, or heard of, at most coffee-houses in and about Westminster.
I must desire my readers to help me out from time to time in the correction of these my Essays ; for as a shaking hand does not always write legibly, the press sometimes prints one word for another; and when my paper is to be revised, I am perhaps so busy in observing the spots of the moon, that I have not time to find out the errata that are crept into my Lucubrations.
No. 102. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1709.*
FROM MY OWN APARTMENT, DEC. 2.
A CONTINUATION OF THE VISION.
The male world were dismissed by the goddess of justice, and disappeared, when on a sudden the whole plain was covered with women. So charming a multitude filled
my heart with unspeakable pleasure; and as the celestial light of the mirror shone upon their faces, several of them seemed rather persons that descended in the train of the goddess, than such who were brought before her to their trial. The clack of tongues, and confusion of voices, in this new assembly, were so very great, that the goddess was forced to command silence several times, and with some severity, before she could make them attentive to her edicts. They were all sensible that the most important affair among woman-kind was then to be settled, which every one knows to be the point of place. This had raised innumerable disputes among them, and put the whole sex into a tumult. Every one produced her claim, and pleaded her pretensions. Birth, beauty, wit, or wealth, were words that
my ears from all parts of the plain. Some boasted of the merit of their husbands; others of their own power
* Addison's.-On the authority of the list delivered by Steele to Mr. Tickell. Addison's · Works, first 4to. edit. vol. ii. p. 221. It is also ascribed to Addison by Christopher Byron, esq. in his MS. notes on the Tatler, and so is No. 100. of which this is the sequel.
P Addison prefixed these last lines as an introduction to the indication of an erratum in his preceding paper, which is now rectified according to his direction. This erratum was one, he said, among several, of which he made no particular mention.