« AnteriorContinua »
KING Edward IV.
Edward, Prince of Wales, afterwards Edward V.
Sons to Edward IV.
Richard, Duke of York,
George, Duke of Clarence, Brother to Edward IV.
Richard, Duke of Gloucester, Brother to Edward IV.
afterwards King Richard III.
Cardinal, Archbishop of York.
Duke of Buckingham.
Duke of Norfolk. Earl of Surrey.
Marquis of Dorset, Son to Queen Elizabeth.
Earl Rivers, broker to the Queen.
Lord Gray, Son to Queen Elizabeth.
Earl of Richmond, afterwards King Henry VII.
Sir Richard Ratcliff.
Thomas Lord Stanley.
Earl of Oxford.
Sir Will. Brandon.
Brakenbury Lieutenant of the Tower.
Elizabeth, Queen of Edward IV.
and Richard III.
Sheriff, Purfuivant, Citizens, Ghofts of thofe murdered by Richard III. with Soldiers and other Attendants.
* LIFE and DEATH
King RICHARD III.
ACT I. SCENE I.
London. A Street.
Enter Richard Duke of Gloucefter folus.
OW is the winter of our difcontent,
In the deep bofom of the ocean buried.
Now are our brows bound with victorious wreaths; Our bruised arms hung up for monuments;
The Life and Death of King Richard III.] This tragedy, though it is called the Life and Death of this prince, comprizes, at moft, but the last eight years of his time; for it opens with George duke of Clarence being clapped up in the Tower, which happened in the beginning of the year 1477; and clofes with the death of Richard at Bofworth-field, which battle was fought on the 22d of August, in the year 1485. THEOBALD.
-this fun of York;] Alluding to the cognizance of Edward IV. which was a fun, in memory of the three funs, which are faid to have appeared at the battle which he gained over the Lancaftrians at Mortimer's Crofs. STEEVENS.
Our ftern alarums chang'd to merry meetings,'
merry meetings.] It is not improbable that Shakespeare was indebted on this occafion to the following lines in The tragical Life and Death of King Richard the Third, which is one of the metrical monologues in a collection entitled, The Mirror of Magiftrates, the preface to which is dated 1586.
-the battles fought in fields before
The war-god's thundring cannons dreadful rere,
God Mars laid by his launce, and tooke his late,
-barbed feeds] are steeds adorned with military trappings. I. Haywarde, in his Life and Raigne of Henry IV. 1599, fays, The duke of Hereford came to the barriers, mounted upon a white courfer, barbed with blew and green velvet, &c.
It is obferved in the Turkish Spy, that the German cairaffiers, though armed and barbed, man and horfe, were not able to stand against the French cavalry. Barbed feed, in Haywarde's hiftory, means only fteeds covered with trappings on thofe parts which were cafed with armour in more dangerous fervice. STEEVENS.
5 He capers] War capers. This is poetical, though a little harth; if it be York that capers, the antecedent is at fuch a di ftance, that it is almoft forgotten. JOHNSON.
Cheated of feature by diffembling nature,] By diffembling is not