Henri Poincaré: A Scientific Biography
Princeton University Press, 2013 - 592 pàgines
Henri PoincarÃ© (1854-1912) was not just one of the most inventive, versatile, and productive mathematicians of all time--he was also a leading physicist who almost won a Nobel Prize for physics and a prominent philosopher of science whose fresh and surprising essays are still in print a century later. The first in-depth and comprehensive look at his many accomplishments, Henri PoincarÃ© explores all the fields that PoincarÃ© touched, the debates sparked by his original investigations, and how his discoveries still contribute to society today.
Math historian Jeremy Gray shows that PoincarÃ©'s influence was wide-ranging and permanent. His novel interpretation of non-Euclidean geometry challenged contemporary ideas about space, stirred heated discussion, and led to flourishing research. His work in topology began the modern study of the subject, recently highlighted by the successful resolution of the famous PoincarÃ© conjecture. And PoincarÃ©'s reformulation of celestial mechanics and discovery of chaotic motion started the modern theory of dynamical systems. In physics, his insights on the Lorentz group preceded Einstein's, and he was the first to indicate that space and time might be fundamentally atomic. PoincarÃ© the public intellectual did not shy away from scientific controversy, and he defended mathematics against the attacks of logicians such as Bertrand Russell, opposed the views of Catholic apologists, and served as an expert witness in probability for the notorious Dreyfus case that polarized France.
Richly informed by letters and documents, Henri PoincarÃ© demonstrates how one man's work revolutionized math, science, and the greater world.
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Views of Poincaré
Poincarés Way of Thinking
1 The Essayist
2 Poincarés Career
3 The Prize Competition of 1880
4 The Three Body Problem