Imatges de pàgina

less sway and power, I am willing to conclude our happiness is not decreased by the curtailment of these privileges.-Wolf's Travels.

(4) An ille mihi liber videtur cui mulier imperat! Cui leges imponit, præscribit. Jubet, vetat, quod videtur ; qui nihil imperanti negat, nihil audet; poscit? dandum; vocat! veniendum; minatur? extimiscendum.

CICERO, in Paradoxis.

(5) Let it be ever remembered, that she who by teazing, by wheedling, by finesse under any shape whatever, seeks to weary or deceive her husband into consent or acquiescence, acts no less plainly in opposition to her duty of scriptural obedience, than she would have done had she driven him into compliance by the menaces and weapons of an Amazon.-GISBORNE,

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(6) People sometimes wonder to see some men rise fast to eminent dignities. They do not ascend by degrees, but fly from the lowest to the middle, and from that to the highest.

“ For what reason?” will people say; has he done?” The solution of all this is, that some powerful Woman protects him. The same complaints will be made a thousand years hence, if the world continues so long; and as a private man is not able to reform this confusion, prudence may permit him to make use of it. Observe that I do not say it would be right to do so.

BAYLE. In a government which requires that particular regard be paid to its tranquillity, it is absolutely necessary to shut up the women, for their intrigues would prove fatal to their husbands. :

In monarchies women are subject to very little restraint:

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there each courtier avails himself of their charms and passions to advance his own fortunes.-MONTESQUIEU.

(7) Women are, by law, supposed to be under the control of their nearest male relatives, prior to marriage; and, in a case of seduction, a father is obliged to sue for the loss of his daughter's services. After marriage the fiction is continued : she is a femme couverte, an infant under the care of a protector, whose power is declared to extend“ to everything not criminal, or not entirely inconsistent with the wife's happiness.”


(8) Even women who have no connexion with the political hemisphere, are seen to be inspired by the passion communicated from their superiors-imbibe the quintessence of political attachment and antipathy—and by the ardour with which they copy the only part of their model which they have the means of emulating, show that it is not through want of ambition that they are left behind in the race.-GISBORNE.

Nor reigns Ambition in bold man alone,
Soft female hearts the rude invader own!


(9) We find the manners more pure, in the several parts of the East, in proportion as the confinement of women is more strictly observed.- MONTESQUIEU.

(10) Josephus, the Jewish historian, mentions one of their laws which makes female testimony inadmissible:—“But let not the testimony of women be admitted, on account of the levity and boldness of their sex.”—B. iv. ch. 8.

(11) Let us pause to express our utter contempt for the man who would strike a woman! A blow is a reason for


a brute-neither fit for man to give nor woman to receive:
besides, those who are perverse never mend by it; those
who are gentle deserve it not !

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(12) Trade and wealth are the strength and pursuit of every wise nation ; yet these must certainly produce luxury,which no less certainly must produce their destruction.-SOAME JEN YNS.

Profuseness will be wherever there is affluence; they are firmly linked together, and constant dependants upon one another. Wealth unbars the gates of cities ; profuseness gets in at the same time, and there they jointly fix their residence: after some continuance in their new establishment, they build their nests and propagate their species; they hatch no spurious brood, but their genuine offspring.-SMITH's LONGINUS.

One of the most certain consequences of a very extended commerce, and of what is called the most advanced and polished state of society, is an universal passion for riches, which corrupts every sentiment of taste, nature, and virtue.-DR. GREGORY.

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(13) That luxury, which began to spread after the restoration of King Charles the Second, hath increased ever since; hath descended from the highest to the lowest ranks of our people, and is become national! Now nothing can be more certain than this, that national luxury may in time establish national prostitution.--BOLINGBROKE on Parties.

Were a Lucian or a Voltaire to pay us a visit from Guinea or the Five Nations, what a picture of manners might he present to his countrymen on his return! Nor would exaggeration be necessary to render it hideous: a

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plain, historical account of some of our fashionable duellists, gamblers, and adulterers (to name no more), would exhibit specimens of "brutish barbarity," such as might vie with any that ever appeared in Kamschatka or the land of the Hottentots !-DR. BEATTIE's Essay on Truth.

It is not the necessity of the lower, but the luxury of the higher classes, which stands in the way of our great public interests.—Dr. Chalmers' Political Economy.

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(14) Turn to the polished age of Louis XV. society," writes Marmontel, “where pleasure was the reigning object, it was natural that the female sex should possess a high degree of influence. They occupied, in fact, a more prominent part in the theatre of life than is usually assigned them: they were the arbiters not of public amusements only, but of literature and the arts-of celebrity, in short, of every kind. Their character was not, as is well known, improved by these circumstances; and it is certain, that from the character of the sovereign and the higher orders, the most dissolute and worthless of the sex became often the channel through which court favour was distributed."

(15) In consequence of the murder of that saint having been brought about by female agency, any woman who enters the chapel dedicated to him at Genoa, is, by a decree of the Pope, ipso facto, excommunicated.


(16) The subject of the Iliad, viz. the Trojan War, took its rise in the adultery of a woman; and as it had a female origin, so, too, was it protracted on account of another-a concubine of Achilles. The leading events of the Æneid

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likewise point in the same direction: the adventurers in
that poem are first involved at Carthage by the affair of
the amorous Dido; their own women afterwards set fire
to the fleet; and lastly, their struggles and disasters in
the promised land have a similar origin:

“ Causa tanti mali conjur iterum."

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(17) The mistress of Cethegus, a man very powerful in his day, may be said to have had, at one time, the whole power and patronage of the city at her disposal. The mistress of Verres, the prætor, had equal influence, and persons of worth and honour were obliged to court her smiles. This it was that made Cicero exclaim, in his famous oration, “ What a shame is it that a prætor should perform the functions of his office as it pleased a woman!"

(18) Who is she? a rajah was always in the habit of
asking, whenever a calamity was related to him, however
severe or however trivial. His attendants reported to him
one morning that a labourer had fallen from a scaffold
when working at his palace, and had broken his neck.
“Who is she?" demanded the rajah. "A man; no wo-
man, great prince," was the reply. “ Who is she?" re-
peated the rajah, with increased anger. In vain did the
attendants assert the manhood of the labourer. Bring
me instant intelligence what woman caused this accident,
or woe upon your heads !” exclaimed the prince. In an
hour the active attendants returned, and prostrating them-
selves, cried out, “O wise and powerful prince, as the
ill-fated labourer was working on the scaffold, he was at-
tracted by the beauty of one of your highness's damsels,
and gazing on her, lost his balance and fell to the ground.”

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