Mr Hopkins' Men: Cambridge Reform and British Mathematics in the 19th Century
Springer, 21 de març 2008 - 410 pàgines
A few years ago, in the Wren Library of Trinity College, Cambridge, I came across a remarkable but then little-known album of pencil and watercolour portraits. The artist of most (perhaps all) was Thomas Charles Wageman. Created during 1829–1852, these portraits are of pupils of the famous mat- matical tutor William Hopkins. Though I knew much about several of the subjects, the names of others were then unknown to me. I was prompted to discover more about them all, and gradually this interest evolved into the present book. The project has expanded naturally to describe the Cambridge educational milieu of the time, the work of William Hopkins, and the later achievements of his pupils and their contemporaries. As I have taught applied mathematics in a British university for forty years, during a time of rapid change, the struggles to implement and to resist reform in mid-nineteenth-century Cambridge struck a chord of recognition. So, too, did debates about academic standards of honours degrees. And my own experiences, as a graduate of a Scottish university who proceeded to C- bridge for postgraduate work, gave me a particular interest in those Scots and Irish students who did much the same more than a hundred years earlier. As a mathematician, I sometimes felt frustrated at having to suppress virtually all of the ? ne mathematics associated with this period: but to have included such technical material would have made this a very different book.
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Adams Airy Airy’s algebra Anglican appointed Arthur Cayley astronomy became Bishop Bristed British Caius College calculations Cambridge University Cambridge’s chair Challis Charles Church Clerk Maxwell Colenso Coll Cotterill Darwin degree Earth Edinburgh elected Ellis England English fellow fellowship G.G. Stokes geometry George George Peacock Glasgow graduates Green Henry honours India J.D. Forbes J.J. Sylvester James Clerk Maxwell James David Forbes John John Couch Adams Kelland King’s College later lectures Library London Lucasian Mackenzie magnetism Master mathe Mathematical Tripos mathematician Maxwell’s Natural Philosophy Newton’s O’Brien Oxford P.G. Tait papers Peacock Peterhouse physical planet Porter portraits Pratt private tutors Professor of Mathematics published pupils Routh Royal Society School scientific Scots Scottish senior wrangler Smith & Wise Smith’s Prize St Andrews St John’s College Sydney teaching theory tion Treatise Trinity College Tripos examinations undergraduate Venn waves Whewell’s William Hopkins William Thomson William Whewell Winstanley wrote