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true, has produced chiefly the bud' or ward in one sordid path, there is noth. germ ; for the developement and ex. ing sufficiently powerful to allure us pansion of the natural talent, with some from it, either to the right hand or to very respectable exceptions, it has been the left. as yet much indebted to the fostering Your effectual support of this insti. care of some other. Hence in one of tution, wherein no personal motive can the most pleasing departments of the be pretended, will be so far a practical arts, a West, a Copley, a Stuart, and a contradiction of the libel, and prove its Trumbull, who might have withered best refutation. & declined in their native bed, by trans. Nevertheless, objections will be made plantation into a more improved soil, to your design, as a departure from achave arrived at the fullest growth of customed simplicity--Between simpliexcellence. In this home establish- city and refinement, or if you will, luxment you provide what may make such ury, the question has been frequent and excellence all your own-a school for undecided ; but if luxury be a conse. study, a field for competition ; and be. quential evil of the progress of our come, moreover, the instruments in dif- country, a better question, perhaps, it fusing a taste throughout, to ensure would be, how is it to be understood ? general encouragement, and particular Where an unrestricted, and unopprespatronage.
sed industry gains more than simplicity If your just pride should be excited, requires, the excess, as it cannot be from this one consideration, not to ne- pent up, will be employed upon gratifiglect a child of your own, it may be no cations beyond it-how retain the cause, less piqued by another.
and repress the effect ? Philosophy and The visitors to us from the other he. the laws would here teach in vain ! misphere, before the era of our revolu- where a constantly rising flood cannot Lion, came to a new country, with dis- be banked out, the waters should be positions to estimate us, more by our directed into channels the least hurtful advance on the course, than by our dis. -so ought the exuberant riches, which tance from the goal : and they were would incline towards voluptuousness, pleased to find that in its nonage, it had to be led off to objects more innoxious proceeded so far in culture and refine. -even to those of greater purity and ment. Those of latter days, now that innocence ; those that will not pamper we have cut the cord of foreign depen- the senses, but rather amuse, if not indence, and set up for ourselves, discov. struct the understanding ; and it may, er a very different humour. Overlook with some truth be observed, that those ing or derogating from whatever is who carry the whole fruit of an assiduvaluable or praise-worthy, aggravating ous and successful toil to the common some blemishes, and contemning all hoard of national wealth, undiminished things in a new scene, which they have by any waste of it, but on the few wants not the faculty to understand instead of simplicity, contribute with most efof presenting a likeness of the country, fect to the refinement or luxuries, to they have disfigured it with a moral and which, in their practice, they seemed physical caricature ; insomuch that the most averse. notion they have succeeded, in their Such being the consequence of a books of travels, in impressing upon the growing opulence, the alternative would too willing belief of the ancient world be, not as between simplicity and luxu. is, that it demands the hardihood of a ry, but between the grosser and more Ledyard, or of a Mungo Parke, to ex- refined species of the latter. Where plore the miseries of our wilderness, is the room then, for hesitation in the and to encounter the barbarity of our choice ? manners.
But are our particular objects alone Witnesses of the diligent habits, and to be cherished are none else worthy various enterprizes of the American of our care? This is best answered by people, they ascribe to avarice what is remarking, that ours are well suited to due to freedom, which always prompts a voluntary society ; that all the liberal the labours of man by the assurance it arts are of a kindred spirit-kindling at gives him, that the fruit is all his own; each other's flame; that as members of and they insist, with a wonderful har- the same family, they have a mutual mony of detraction, that all our pursuits sympathy and relation; naturally fourare selfish-and that going straight for- ishing together ; the best examples in
Vol. IV. No. 4. Dd
poetry, eloquence, and luistory, being and the universal good held in subordi. always contemporary with those of nation to his particular interest, where sculpture, painting, and architecture. this tendency is resisted, or a country In this institution you directly or in- made stationary or retrograde. directly promote them all.
The forms and objects of our various The mechanick arts, we mean those American governments are of this ten. of the more ingenious and elegant kinds, dency, and when improved by experi. not failing of the inspiration, the work ence, and ameliorated by time, they man in them is converted into an artist,' will, as we are bound to hope, be the and they partake of the common benefit. guarantees of our growth and prosperiEvery fashion, which always comes in ty. But there are other contributory as a beauty, and goes out as a deformi. causes-a geographical position and ty-fashion, on whose incessant change figure, the most favourable to a foreign the judgment takes so little part, may commerce; and to supply it, the double be brought more under the dominion fertility of spring and autumn : so un. of taste, with her «fixed principles and usual to regions of our temperature, ancy ever new.'
with a rapid agricultural improvement. But a
a stronger incentive to second An increase of population, unknown to Four original efforts remains--your in- any modern time, and now proceeding terest in the national reputation. Men at an accelerated pace. Those, we identifying themselves with their coun- may say, are the principles that as a try, take it with a salutary prejudice to nation have already carried us the full their bosoms, and I trust not from this length of some, and those not the least natural bias, for which we have the considerable, of the European statesstrongest pieas, but that we have a having seen their effect in part, we pride in whatever tends, in the world's may prophecy the rest, that we are estimation, to exalt the character of our destined to a rank and station with the city, and that we gratulate ourselves on most considerable. its numerous institutions, which regard These few considerations, as the our charities, our civil economy and subject will be enlarged on by your police, and extending in not a few to own reflections, have been thought sufthe interests of literature and the sci. ficient by the directors for this occaences among which may be particu- sion-and with these few they venture, larly distinguished the philosophical to solicit the continuance of your supsociety--the very extensive publick li- 'port to this object of your munificence. brary--the museum, that spirited la- To solicit indeed is unnecessary-It is bour of an individual—and the enlarged' enough, they are persuaded, to hint that medical school.
the institution is still in need of the An establishment for the Fine Arts hand that raised it—that without it, it is now our principal desideratum, and may decline to a mere monument of perhaps more than all, in adding to its abortive zeal, ominous of future underattractions, may contribute to determine takings, instead of what it ought to be, the choice of the hesitating stranger to the evidence of a successful labour, so Philadelphia, as the desirable seat of highly creditable to your city and to reason and politeness.
yourselves. A further doubt than what lias been Not that the directors mean to con. suggested, may be urged against your fine themselves to the original patrons, design. It is whether your country has their hope does not rest solely on your reached that point of exaltation which liberality : trusting that many there are calls for, or justifies it?
of a congenial spirit yet untried, who, Let him who may suggest the doubt, following in your steps, will cheerfully bear this truth in mind, that every civ. incline to assist your views." ilized and intelligent community, naturally rises in its condition, and that At a meeting of the Members of the it is only from the defect of wholesome Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine principles in the political association Arts, in the Hall of the Academy, where this consequence is not perceiv- The following resolutions having ed; it is indeed chiefly in arbitrary passed the Board of Directors, were monarchies, in which the whole being proposed and unanimously adopted, to is of less account in the eye of govern- wit : ment, than the individual at the head, Whereas, this Society has obtained
a Charter of incorporation, and by the make up their subscriptions to that aid of voluntary contributions, have be amount--and such as decline doing so, come possessed of a valuable appro. shall have a free ticket, and enjoy all priate building, erected under their the rights to which they are now en. own authority and direction ; and also titled, but shall not be considered as of a considerable importation of Casts, share-holders on the terms of these from the most celebrated collections of resolutions. Statuary. For the purposes of more 7. All subscribers to the institution, firmly establishing the said institution, either by contribution or loan, who in and rendering it commensurate with cline to become share-holders as afore. the laudable intention of its supporters, said, may be credited to the amount of Be it resolved,
their subscription, or any part thereof, 1. That the rights and property of in payment for shares of stock as they the Society shall be divided into 300 shall respectively apply for. shares.
2. That every subscriber of 50 dol. American Mathematical Society. lars in cash, and paying an annual sub. scription of 2 dollars shall receive a Convinced of the utility of mathecertificate of proprietorship, for one matical investigation ; its great imshare, to be held in perpetuity by him. portance in every part of mechanical self, his heirs or assigns.
science ; its subserviency to the con, 3. Transfers of shares may be made venience of mankind ; and the abridg. by the proprietors in person, or by at ment of labour, a number of gentle. torney, with the approbation of any men of Philadelphia, and other parts three of the Directors, and in the pre- of the United States, convened in the sence of the President or Treasurer, Philosophical Hall, in the city of Pbilasubject always to the said annual pay- delphia, June 2, 1806, and resolved to ment of 2 dollars; and the proprietor institute a society for the promulgation of each share of stock, for the time of mathematical knowledge. They being, shall be entitled to a free ad. then proceeded to digest and adopt a mission into the Academy at all times constitution, for the better regulation of within the hours appointed for publick their subsequent proceedings. exhibition.
Having adopted the constitution, the 4. The building having been erect. society proceeded to the election of ofed on two lots taken on annual ground ficers, and the standing committee, rents for the purpose, Resolved, That when the surplusage arising from the annu- Mr. Robert Patterson was chosen al payment of 2 dollars on each share, president, after the payment of the said ground Mr. Samuel B. Wylie, secretary, and rents, shall be solely applied to the Mr. Joseplı Clay, treasurer. forming a sinking fund, until the sum Messrs. Clay, Wylie, and Delamar, is sufficient to purchase off and ex- the standing committee of correspontinguish the same, unless other means dence. be adopted for that purpose.
The society being thus organized, 5. That the monies which shall proceeded to business, and pitchedl uphereafter be received from the sub- on the following subjects as prize quesscription for shares, shall be duly ap- tions ; and plied in the following order, to wit : Resolved, 1. That a premium of fifty first, to the discharge of the present dollars be awarded to the author of the claims on the society, for materials and best approved compendious system of work applied to the building-Second, practical surreying. to the discharge of all monies now
2. That a premium of thirty dollars held on loan-Third, that the remain be given to the author of the best apder, together with the revenue arising
proved piece upon the theory of arches from the exhibition, after deducting the
to support weistit al pressure. Both salary of the attendant and other con
pieces to be put into the hands of the tingent expenses, shall be applied to
secretary on or before the 15th day of the further promotion of the objects of April, accompanied with letters rea the institution.
spectively, signifying the caudidate's 6. Those who are now subscribers name and place of residence. under 50 dollars, shall be invited to The committee think it unnecessary to enlarge upon the importance of such the Greek poet Hesiod. This eminent an institution. Should the mathemati- artist has in hand the following pieces cians in the different parts of the Uni- of sculpture. A great national monuted States contribute their exertions to ment of Earl Howe for St. Paul's Caits support, not only the present, but thedral, and a statue of Sir Joshua future generations will reap the advan. Reynolds for the same place; a statue tage. Animated with these views, the of Mr. Pitt for the city of Glasgow; committee of correspondence address a publick monument to the late Josiah the several mathematicians in the Uni- Webb, Esq. for India; with several inted States, with a display of the gen- ferior commissions both publick and prieral outline of the constitution of the vate. He has just completed a magnisociety, and most cordially solicit their ficent statue of the Raja of Tanjore, co-operation in promoting the object of for that Prince, and a monument to the the society, and invite them to attend Rev. F. Swartz a missionary, who died the next stated meeting.
in the Raja's dominions.
Mr. North more has nearly completed EUROPEAN
an Epick Poem, of ten books, upon
which he has been engaged for a conThe designs of Mr. Flaxman from
siderable time : it is entitled, Washingthe Italian poet Dante, which were
ton, or Liberty Restored, and, exclusive originally composed in Italy, for Mr. of the Imagery, is entirely founded upThomas Hope are at length preparing on historical rccords. for publication, they consist of one Mr. Janson who has lately returned hundred and nine subjects, of a small- from America, has brought with him er size than his compositions from Ho. many interesting materials towards mer. Mr. Flaxman has also thoughts furnishing a complete survey of the of publishing his compositions from the state of society and manners in that Lord's Prayer and acts of Mercy, the country : which will speedily appear result of many years study. He also in one 4to. volume, accompanied with is employed upon compositions from a number of engravings.
For APRIL, 1807.
America requires the rigid application
of the British Rule of '56. New. The American Ship-Master's Daily York, Brisban & Brannan. 62 Cents. Assistant, or compendium of marine The Culex of Virgil ; with a trans. law, and mercantile regulations and lation into English verse. By Lucius customs ; being a correct and useful M. Sargent. 8vo.pp. 41. Boston, print. guide to all men in business, especiallyed at the Emerald Press, by Belcher & those employed in the merchant-ser. Armstrong: 1807. vice. Explaining, by judicial decisions, Transactions of the Society of the duty, authority, and responsibility Duchess County for the promotion of of ship-masters, and the liability of Agriculture ; with select Essays on ship-owners for the contracts or inis. Rural Economy, chosen from various conduct of those they employ as mas- authors, and published by order of the ters,&c. The whole carefully compiled Society, Vol. 1, No. 1. Poughkeepsie. from undoubted authorities.
A Statement of Facts relative to the 608. Portland, printed for D. Johnson. late proceedings in Harvard College, J. M’Kown, printer. 1807.
Cambridge. Published by the Students. War without Disguise, or the Frauds 12mo. pp. 12. Boston, April 10, 1807. of Neutral Commerce a justification of Don Quixotes at College, or, a hisbelligerent Captures ; with observa- tory of the gallant adventures lately attions on the Answer to War in Dis. chieved by the combined students of quise and Mr. Madison's Examination. Harvard University ; interspersed by Shewing that the true interest of some facetious reasonings. By a Senior.
8vo. pp. 20. Boston, Etheridge & Bliss, Strong, pastor of the north Presbytefor the author.
rian church in Hartford. Hartford. No. I. of the New-Milk Cheese, or Hudson & Goodwin. 1807. the Comi-Heroick Thunderclap, a semi. globular publication, without beginning NEW EDITIONS OF WORKS. and without end. By Van Tromp, (of the honourable society of Knights Er- The New American Practical Navi. rant.) 8vo. pp. 24. Boston, printed at gator: being an epitome of navigation the Van Tromp Press. 1807 Letters occasioned by Rev. Samuel used with the nautical almanack, in de
containing all the tables necessary to be Worcester's two Discourses on the per- termining the latitude and the longitude petuity and provision of God's gracious by lunar observations ; and keeping a covenant with Abraham and his seed; complete reckoning at sea : illustrated detecting, by plain scripture, stubborn by proper rules and cxamples: the facts, and sober reason, some of his whole exemplified in a journal, kept gross misrepresentations, unfounded as
from Bosten to Madeira, in which all sertions, and sophistical arguments. By the rules of navigation are introduced. Daniel Merrill, A. M. pastor of the
Also, the demonstration of the most church of Christ in Sedgwick. 12mo. tseful rules of Trigonometry : With pp. 92. Boston, Manning & Loring
many useful problems in Mensuration, An Address, pronounced at Hatfield, Surveying, and Guaging : And a dic. on the 4th March, 1807, in commemo- tionary of sea-terms ; with the manner ration ef the inauguration of Thomas of performing the most common evoluJefferson, as President of the United tions at sea. To which are added, soine States. By Samuel Brazer, jun. general instructions and information to
An Essay on the Human Character merchants, masters of vessels, and othof Jesus Christ. By William Austin. ers, concerned in Navigation, relative to 12mo. pp. 120. Boston, William Pel- Maritime Laws and Mercantile Cusham-price 75 cents.
tems. By Nathaniel Bowditch, fellow The importance of preaching the of the American academy of arts and Word of God, in a plain distinguish. sciences. Illustrated with coppering, and faithful manner. A sermon, plates, engraved by Hooker. Second, delivered at the ordination of the edition, with many improvements.Rev. Josiah W. Cannon, to the pasto. Newburyport, E. M. Blunt, (proprietor) ral care of the church and congrega- for Wm. Andrews, No. 1, Cornhill, tiod in Gill, (Mass.) By Theophilus Boston. 8vo. pp. 680. May, 1807. Packard, A. M. pastor of the church A new system of Domestick Cook in Shelburne. Greenfield, J. Denio. ery, formed upon principles of econo
A discourse, delivered at the dedi. my, and adapted to the use of private cation of the new academy in Frye- families. By a Lady. 12mo. pp. 295. burg, June 4, 1806. By the Rev. Boston, Wm. Andrews. 1807. Nathaniel Porter, A. M. Portland. Memoirs of Marmontel, written by Thomas B. Wait. 1806.
himself. Containing his literary and A sermon, delivered at Ashburn. political life, and anecdotes of the prinham, May 22, 1806, at the interment cipal characters of the eighteenth cenof Mr. John Cushing, jun. who expired tury. First American edition. In two at the house of his father. By Seth volumes. Vol. I. pp. 117. Vol. II. 208. Payson, A. M. pastor in Kindge. 12mo. New-York, Brisban & Brannan. Leominster, (Mas.)
S. & J. Wilder. A Voyage to Terra Firma, on the A discourse delivered next Lord's Spanish main, in South America, durday after the interment of deacon Pe- ing the years 1803 and 4.
By F. De. ter Whitney, who departed this life pons, forinerly agent of the French Dec. 9, 1805, in the Goth year of his government at Carraccas ; with a very age. By Nathanael Emmons, D. D. larg'e map of the country, &c. 3 vols, pastor of the church in Franklin. 8vo. price S6,50, boards. New York, Providence. Heaton & Williams. Brisban & Brannan. A sermon delivered
at Hartford, Select Lives of Foreigners, eminent January 6, 1807, at the funeral of the for piety : containing biographical Rev. James Cogswell, D. D. late sketches of the archbishop of Cambray, pastor of the church in Scotland, in Michael de Molinos, Peter Poiret, An. the town of Windham. By Nathia tonia Bourignon, Marquis de Renty,