Imatges de pàgina

Six Cherokee Indians accom- her churches. The same evan panied Sir Alexander Cumming to gelical truths, which people had England, where a treaty of peace from their infancy been taught to was signed,' &c. tants of the several towns of the regard as divine, were now exhibitCherokees amounted to more than

ed in a manner new and surpris20,000, 6000 of whom were war

ing; and every dormant passion riors.' P.125.

was excited.'

The question is, For his documents of South whether the result of this spiritCarolina and Georgia, Dr.Holmes ual Quixotism was for the benefit of is indebted to an anonymous his- religion and morality? It comtory of those provinces, which was

pletely broke the order and discifor sale in this town some years pline of the New-England churchago, but is now scarce.

A later es ; it shook the walls of our edition may have been printed university; and filled the country with the author's name ; for our

with enthusiasm and ill humour. annalist refers to Hewit, whom we

Before this time, the people were suppose to be one of the ministers governed by pious principles ; of Edinburgh. He some years and their religion had less passion ago resided in America. To his with it. Men, from a sense of account of Georgia the Dr. has duty, attended publick worship ; added certain valuable observations heads of families and magistrates of his own, and some facts, well were church members ; in every worth preserving

house, there was a regular mornA. D. 1746.

A curious fact is ing and evening sacrifice. There mentioned for the observation of was peace in the hamlet, honour our spiritual corps.

in the temples, and order in the

community. But how soon did the • Ordination of ministers among river,which maketh glad the people the Separates in New England be- of God by its gentle streams, to gan this year. During the memo

use the figure of the Psalmist, berable period between 1740 and 1750, there were formed perhaps

come like the troubled sea, whose thirty small separate congrega

waters cast up mire and dirt ! tions; some of which were after- Ministers of piety and learning ward dissolved; others became re- Were pointed at by the finger of gular; and ten or twelve, which scorn, and obliged to quit their reinained in 1785, were“ more and parishes ; the most orthodox seeking ordination from among the preachers, if they had not a voice, standing ministers."

and zeal which blazed, were said to

be unconverted ; and all the tender Dr. Ho mes in a note upon this charities of life were despised, as says, that these may be traced to the filthy rags of a prostitute. If the preaching of George Waite- there ever should be a townfield. Previous to nis arrival in meeting orator, with talents like America, the churches in New Whitefield, and he should make Engiuni experienced little innova- a cry for liberty, and set himself tion. The discourses from the against laws and rulers, the state desk, though evangelical, of society may show, what a revo. not inpassioned. Such was the lution our churches suffered from stale of New-England, when a the conduct of that wonderful foreiga procacr, young, zealous, man. Our author's reflection is eloquent, and daring, appeared 'in very proper ; for every historian


should use this motto, Medium est without, to encourage the men. virtus quod tenuisse juvat. “In a Had he been the commander, review of this subject,' says he, would he not have ordered Ger«to condemn indiscriminately were rish and Scammel to join the fightuncharitable, if not impious ; to ing men, instead of going where approve, without stricture, were men had been placed by their Coto incur a just charge of weakness lonel and were doing their duty, and enthusiam.'

and who were already in the best The last 200 pages of this vo- situation they could be ? lume are taken up with the af- Dr. Holmes says Putnam confairs which led to the Revolution ducted the retreat. He would or were connected with it. Hence not have used the expression, had it cannot be so interesting to the he been on the spot. It is the antiquarian ; and it is less impor- first time we have ever met with tant to the common reader, as the it, as applied to this battle. Insame thing has been said so often stead of a retreat, every man ran either by Gordon, Ramsay, Mar- by himself, or all ran in the most shall, or Pemberton, who, though disorderly manner, some over the mentioned last, is not least worthy common and some to Medford, just of respect; having written a jour- as they could best avoid the enenal of the war, printed in the His- my's fire. Gen. Putnam was a torical Collections, which makes deserving officer, but not to be up a chief part of the 2d volc named this day with Col. Starkes. ume, and another book more dif- No men ever behaved with more fuse upon the subject, in MS. courage, than the Americans who styled Memoirs of the Revolution fought ; none with more cowarin Massachusetts, besides his dice, than those who remained idle chronological papers, to which Dr. at some distance. H. so frequently recurs.

It is true, that Dr. H. quotes There are two facts, which our four lines of poetry, where the author must have received from merit of Gen. Putnam is celebrathear-say, as he quotes no au- ed; but a man may be a good poet, thority ; but which are contra- and no historian. For facts, we ry to common report, and to the may expect more from old parchgeneral account of our historians. ments. In page 335, which takes up the The other exception we make events of the war in 1775, there is is to a marginal note, page 344, a concise description of the battle where he mentions the death of of Breed's-hill, in which words are General Montgomery. It is conput in the mouth of Gen. Putnam trary to an account given in the which we always understood were Historical Collections, Vol. 1st, p. spoken by Col. Starke. He cer- 111. A gentleman furnished that tainly commanded the troops be- article, who knew every minute hind the rail fence, which did circumstance which took place. such amazing execution upon Our annalist refers to no authority. the British forces as they ascend- On all that part of the volume, ed the hill. Gen. Putnam had no containing materials for our bistocommand that day. He went ry since the close of our war with down as a volunteer, like General great Britain, we are compelled to Warren.

went into say, that it is meagre and unsatisthe trenches ; the other remained factory. Yet we cannot accuse

The one

Dr. Holmes of having neglected learning, and the general diffusion his duty; for unfortunately the of knowledge ; to early formation means were not within his reach. of churches and the regular mainThe early part of our history will

tainance of publick worship ; and

to the union and co-operation of soon be known with greater cer- the colonies, in measures for the tainty, than the later occurrences. defence and interests of the whole. We cannot however but regret, But, whatever has been the influthat no notice is taken of the bis- ence of these causes, there is still tory of the questions on the Brit- the highest reason for acceding to ish Treaty.

the conclusions of Washington : On page 466 we observe a con

“ No people can be bound to acfusion is the printing of the notes, ble hand, which conducts the af

knowledge and adore the invisiwhich we should not have expect fairs of men, more than the people ed from a press. so correct, as

of the United States. Every step, that of Cambridge. So valuable by which they have advanced to a work, which may be quoted three the character of an independent centuries hence, should have re- nation, seems to have been distinceived a more careful revision, guished by some token of provithan is usually bestowed on the in- means, and under the same divine

By the same flammatory publications of the pol- patronage, may the prosperity of iticians of an hour, who must know, the United States be protracted Debernur morti nos nostraque.


GER.' P. 508. We are much pleased with the concluding remarks of our author.

ART. 7. • Of the three centuries, which The Garland of Flowers , composed have elapsed since the discovery of translations, chiefly, original, of America, nearly two have pas- from the Spanish, Italian, Greek, sed since the permanent settlement

Latin, cc. of Virginia. The events of these

By Robert Walpole, two centuries are in the highest de

esq. B.A. of Trinity college, Camgree interesting to us ; and for bridge. Ne leggano i severi i that reason they have been the detti nostri.' Tasso. New-York, more recited.

The means, by reprinted by Riley & Co. 1806. which five millions of people have, in so short a time become planted

Few studies have been so diliin a wilderness ; have established gently cultivated as that of translafree constitutions of Government; tion, and few are of such extensive and risen to opulence, to indepen- utiliiy. It is a kind of classick dence, and to national distinction, commerce, which gives us the merit serious inquiry. Much un

treasures of every country, and on questionably is to be ascribed to the salubrity of the climate of which few other duties are impoNorth America ; to the fertility

sed beside that of fidelity. But and variety of its soil ; to the ex

there are a species of smugglers tent of its sea coast ; to its many and counterfeits, who have connavigable rivers ; to the excellent trived to elude this impost, and pasturage and fisheries of the who have introduced into the renorth, and the valuable products of publick a base sort of merchandise. the south ; to the enterprise, industry, simplicity of manners, and translation, the obstacles which ob

This is most to be lamented. By unconquerable love of liberty, which have characterised the ina struct the paths of knowledge are habitants; to the early establish- in a great measure removed ; and ment of schools, and seminaries of life, which seems too short for per

fection in any individual branch of Sanctius, and the English versifiscience, by this happiest of mod- cation is very rough. Perhaps ern inventions, may be said figu- there is not a softer poet in the ratively to be prolonged.

Spanish language than Garcilaso Most of the flowers which com- de Vega ; there is none who has pose this little volume, entitled so enriched the poetry of his counthe Garland, have already been try. transplanted into English verse, The Morgenlied, from the Gerand we must say by more skilful man of Gesner, is also a beautiful bands. Some of them have re- little poem, and we will not say it ceived the labours of great and is here “ shorn of its beams.” learned competitors for the poetick The sonnet from the Sicilian of laurel. Those which now first ap- Meli nearly resembles the fourpear in English are not indebted teenth canzone of Petrarch, so ofto Mr. Walpole for any thing be- ten and so beautifully translated, yond the smoothness of their ver- that it is wonderful Mr. W. should sification ; perhaps little more have attempted it “ in his hours of should be looked for, as the work relaxation.” is professedly (ridiculous affecta- We wish with the translator, tion !) the “ result of employment that he “ had not been prevented in jours of relaxation from other by want of time from selecting the literary pursuits,” intended merely originals” from the various authas an exercise to become more ors he has undertaken 10 translate. intimately acquainted with the lan- It would have been more satisfacguage of the originals,” and as tory to the reader, and perhaps suc i cannot be a subject of serious more favourable to the translator, criticism. Doubtless the work to have presented the readings of was published at the earnest so- those editions he has used. In a licitation of Mr. Walpole's friends. work, where recurrence must be

Isabel, from the Spanish, is per- had to so many authors of differhaps the best specimen of the wri- ent languages to test the translater's ability; the first stanza is pe- tor's fidelity, this is still more necutiarly happy;" corrientes aguas cessary. But we are sensible,that puras cristallinas," &c.

in most translations, like the little

volume in review, “time is always 'Ye crystal floods, that lave

wanted to collect the originals." With gently murmuring wave These banks, where spring its earliest sweets exhales ;

ART. 8.
Ye lofty shades that show
Within the stream below

Annals of the life of the Right Hon. Your broad bows bending to the whis

William Pitt. Philadelphia, B. pering gales.'

Graves, for Hugh Maxwell, &c.

12mo. pp. 138. Nor is the fourth inferiour to this in point of harmony.

This work has been for some

months before the American pub. And is all fled, like dreams lic. It issued from the English

That fade before morn's hcams? In vain these eves each grace, each press shortly after the death of the charm require,' &c.

illustrious personage of whom it

professes to be a biography ; was The fifteenth reads very differ- republished in Philadelphia with ently in the edition of the learned extraordinary celerity, and has are ply repaid the prompitude and ac- and take a previous sample of the tivity of the printers, by a very whole piece. rapid sale of a large edition. The · In the biography of a man, who, English editor (who,with due modo in a short life of forty-seven years; esty, abstains from a pretension to had risen to such a lofty station on the name of Author) enters upon the rock of fame, it might be exhis subject, by cautioning the rea. pected that the first twenty-two der against “expecting anecdotes, years should have occupied no inwhere he will encounter orations, considerable portion of the vol. and incidents, where he will but ume. Though the period of his meet with opinions,” and candidly infancy might have been compen. professes to have resorted princi- diously dispatched, yet the years pally to the journals of parliament of his adolescence must have furand the periodical publications for nished ample matter to his histothe matter of his volume. As he rian ; and the cotemporary bioghere promises but little-he may rapher might have gathered, from certainly claim the modicum of even colloquial sources, some tesmerit, due to a literal performance timonials of his prematurity of talof this promise' ; but, while we al- ents,some prognostics of his future low him this praise, we think it greatness. The stories of his our duty to state that another, as college and his university might solemn, though but implied, en- have been collected, the compangagement still remains unper- ions of his amusements and his formed. So alluring a title page studies might have been question. as “ Annals of the life of the right ed, and the trifling and the philo. honourable William Pitt,” dis- sophick reader would have equally played in the front of a volume, at been gratified by the most coma bookseller's window, is a tacit mon anecdotes of the early years promise to the publick, that either of such a man. But the history of entertainment or instruction, either this long period, amounting to novelty of matter or felicity of se- nearly half his life, is hurried over lection, is to be there obtained. or compassed in less than two The credulous purchaser pays pages by his paper-sparing andown his money, thrusts the half. nalist. bound treasure, yet damp and

• William Pitt' (says the Editor) was reeking from the press, into his the youngest son of the illustrious bosom, retreats with hurried steps Earl Chatham, and was born on the to his chamber, and, in the very 28th of May, 1759, at a time when his first page, is informed, forsooth, father's glory was at its zenith ; and by the candid Editor, that his pre- of his councils, and the vigour and

when, in consequence of the wisdom cious work is compounded from prompitude of his decisions, British garbled gazeites and pilfered mag- valour reigned triumphant in every azines ; that it is a book made by part of the globe. On the accession of the scissors, a new edition of'an

his present majesty, that great states, old newspaper. We once more

man, in consequence of new arrange:

ments, retired from the station which repeat that we think it our solenin le had so honorably filled, and, consignduty to protest against this literarying his elder sons to the care of others, fraud ; and we caution our readers, he devoted his own time to the educa! before they again commit the irre- tion of this his favourite cuild, on a mediable act of paying down their he was in the habit of saying) that "he

strong and well-foumed persuasion (as dollar on the counter of the book would one day increase the gtony of seller, to borrow his paper cutter, the name of Pitt.” His classical

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