Fritz London: A Scientific Biography
Cambridge University Press, 24 de nov. 2005 - 324 pàgines
Fritz London was one of the twentieth century's key figures in the development of quantum physics. A quiet and self-effacing man, he was one of the founders of quantum chemistry, and was the first to give a phenomenological explanation of superconductivity. This thoroughly researched biography gives a detailed account of London's life and work in Munich, Berlin, Oxford, Paris, and finally in the United States. Also, by following his correspondence, collaborations, and controversies with other leading physicists and chemists including Erwin Schrödinger, Walter Heitler, Linus Pauling, Robert Mulliken, John van Vleck, Max von Laue, and Lev Landau, it examines the process by which scientific theories become legitimized. Covering a fascinating period in the development of theoretical physics, and containing an appraisal of London's work by the late John Bardeen, this book will be of great interest to physicists, chemists, and to anyone interested in the history of science.
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1 From philosophy to physics
2 The years in Berlin and the beginnings of quantum chemistry
3 Oxford and superconductivity
4 Paris and superfluidity
London in the USA
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approach April asked atoms Berlin Bose–Einstein condensation Bose–Einstein statistics calculations Casimir chemical bond chemists conference considered developments diamagnetism discussed Duke Edith London Einstein electrons energy equations experimental experiments fact felt forces formulation Fritz London Fritz to Heinz Fröhlich Germany Gorter group theory Heinz London Heisenberg Heitler and London helium-II hydrogen ideas judgements Kapitza Keesom Landau later Laue to London Laue's Leiden letter Lindemann liquid helium Lorentz Medal low temperature physics macroscopic quantum magnetic field mathematical matrix mechanics measurements Meissner Meissner effect molecular molecules Mulliken Nazis Oxford paper Paris Pauling Pfänder phenomena phenomenon philosophy phonons Phys physicists Pippard possible principle problem proposed published quantum chemistry quantum mechanics Schrödinger scientific second sound velocity Simon Sommerfeld started superconductivity superfluidity talk theoretical physics theory of superconductivity thesis thought tion Tisza Tisza to London two-fluid model University valence Walter Heitler wave function write zero zero-point energy Zilsel Zürich