Imatges de pàgina

Review of Intelligence.

and Eristians, have enorgetically protested that they talk. On the first day Dr. Millor and Dr. Gibson had washed their hands of such proceedings altogether. things all to themselves, the latter especially inflicting But what will these honest men say when they read on the much-enduring brethron one of those dreary

the debate in the Presbytery of Edinburgh ? It appears orations which once wrung from an afflicted listener tho TIIE SCOTTISII CHURCHES,

that this zeal for Establishments at any price is not a pathetic cry of, “Oh, Moderator, life is short.” During The Commission of Assembly met on the 3rd of March, mere idiosyncrasy of Dr. Begg. It is a leading charac- the second day Dr. Adam and others got in a word, but Mr. Nixon moderator. Professor Macgregor reported, | teristic of his party; and the great“ gun” who has of altogether we can hardly bring ourselves to allow that in regard to the Insurance Maintenance Fund, that up late been put forward to clear the ground for the after- the amount of illumination given to the world has been to the first of the month applications had been received fighting, does not thunder louder when he is denouncing such as to justify the taking of such an unconscionable from ninety congregations to insure buildings, to the the Union, than when he is pouring forth fire and fury time to the adoption of an undisputed motion. The amount of £125,925, being on the average £1288 per upon all who, from a sense of loyalty to Christ as the following remarks by Dr. Millor are referred to elsecongregation,

King of nations, do not object to the disendowment of where :-
Sir Ilenry Moncreiff stated that there had been re- the Irish Church,

“ in the first place he had to make out this point ceived, for transmission to the Assembly, the following We shall come in time to understand one another with which his overture began--that the Lord Jesus applications : Six from stations to be sanctioned as better. As long as disputants keep in the region of the Christ had been made by God Head over all things, all pastoral charges; seventeen from ministers for grants theoretic-splitting hairs about abstract principles--it nations also for the Church's sako, which was the body in connection with colleagues or assistants; and one may be possible to confuse people who are even re- and fulness of him that filled all in all. He had thought application of a special nature, bearing on the position markable for their judiciousness and common sense. there would be little need to expound that great truth of a younger minister of the Church. It was intimated But the mist will not long continue after the principles -little need on the ground that it was a commonplace that it was intended to recommend the elevation of the come to be applied ; and we are persuaded that a goodly in theology, that everybody knew it, and everybody congregations of Aberdour, Boharm, Millerston, Ancrum, number of those who are now moving in a certain direc- acknowledged it. He found, however, of late, that ho Tarland, and Bridgegate, Glasgow, to the platform of tion will waken up to suspect that all is not as it should had been mistaken in this; it was denied-(hear, hear) the equal dividend.

be, when they learn that this outcry against the “ volun

--by some, and it was sadly forgotten by others. He Professor Douglas then brought under the notice of taryism ” of the Articles of Agreement means not only was sorry to be obliged to say that Dr. Buchanan was the Commission the new Scotch Education Bill intro- the upholding of all existing Establishments, but the one of those who had forgotten it. Dr. Buchanan knew duced into the IIouse of Lords, on the part of the advocacy of a policy on the part of the civil magistrate it; but somehow or other in writing his speech with a Government, by the Duke of Argyll, and some discus- in this country which must utterly defeat and frustrate rapid pen he had forgotten it. What Dr. Buchanan sion took place upon its terms; but as copies of the Bill the very ends of civil government. In doing what is said concerning this truth was, that the Lord Jesus had only just been received, it was agreed to postpone right," it has been well remarked, “ you necessarily co- Christ was King in Zion in one sense--as Mediator. any judgment upon it till the 15th of March, when a operate with everything that is good;" and the Church That was agreed; but then he said that the Lord special adjourned meeting of the Commission was ap- of God is not so dependent on the State for its prosperity Jesus Christ was King of nations only ex natura rerum, pointed to be held.

as to require that in all circumstances the civil ruler as being God, and not as Mediator at all. He (Dr. This special meeting was held accordingly, and was should be actively concerning himself about the suste- Miller) found his Bible telling him plainly that the Lord largely attended. After two elaborate reports had been nance of its ministers. It is the will of Christ that the Jesus Christ, in the eternal covenant of grace, had rend by Professor Douglas and Dr. Begg respectively, civil magistrate should always, and above all things, this kingdom given to him as the Immanuel-as tho a remarkably able and sifting debate occurred, in the do what is right, and he may be as truly acting as Christ's Mediator of his people—and he wondered when Dr. course of which a very fair and full exposition was given minister when he is taking away the endowments of Buchanan, referring to the old banner of our forefathers, at once of the faults and of the excellencies of the

one particular religious community, as when he is be- | quoted the legend, ‘For Christ and his Crown and measure. In the end, the Commission came to a unani- stowing them upon another. As it happens, the Queen's Kingdom ;' for it was well known that there was moro mous finding to the following effect :

subjects are of many different religions, and nothing than that. The motto was, ' For Christ, his Crown and 1. That the proposals of the Bill with reference to whatever can exempt her from the obligation to give to Covenant,' because it was by the eternal covenant that the parochial schools were unsatisfactory.

them all " that which is just and equal.” That that Jesus Christ, as Mediator, was made King of nations, 2. That the proposed constitution of the Board was cannot mean an obligation to endow all the religions is and Head over all things to the Church, nations included. also unsatisfactory, and ought to be considerably modi- universally agreed among us. And there is only one He was afraid that there was a great deal of loose theofied; and that the meetings of the Board should be in other conceivable way of it-viz., that when the endow-logy upon the point of what Christ was as Immanuel, public.

ment of one particular Church in the country has come and what he did as Immanuel. Tho remarkable pub3. That it is essential to the right working of the to involve an irritating and practical injustice, steps lication, the ' Presbyterian,' tried to cast suspicion upon Bill, with reference to adopted schools, that the central should be taken in order to the endowment being with- this great doctrine; it did not deny it, but nibbled at authority of such a body as the Free Church be effec- drawn. Such a case has, as we believe, occurred in it and garbled it, more especially those passages in tively recognized, besides the local parties, before a Free Ireland; and we shall not break our heart if the prin- which the Lord Jesus Christ was called King of kings Church school, hitherto sustained and regulateıl by such ciple is applied to Scotland next. We don't believe that and Lord of lords. Dr. Buchanan and tho • Presbyauthority, shall be made an adopted school.

religion would go by the run among ourselves even al- terian’alleged that lie and those who held his views on 4. That it is also essential that the proposed power of though the Establishment were to go down to-morrow; this question said that Christ was mediatorial Head of the Board to require the managers of adopted schools to and so far from imagining that it will be all over withi the nations. He (Dr. Miller) had to state that they said repair and enlarge their schools at their own expense Christianity the moment the Protestant Church in no such thing. None of them were such idiots as to should not be vested in the Board.

Ireland is freed from the gilt chains of the State, we say that. To say that he, and those who thought with And, 5. That the provisions in regard to testing the confidently anticipate for the gospel in that country a him upon this point, held that the Lord Jesus Christ qualifications of teachers, and other matters affecting freer course and far greater triumphs. There may be was mediatorial King of nations, was a gross and untheir interests, are not satisfactory.

experienced temporary inconveniences, and the tide in founded calumny. What they did say—and here was At the end of February, Sir Henry Moncreiff's over- some quarters may even appear for a moment to recede. a distinction which Dr. Buchanan, with all deference, ture in favour of spiritual independence (which was But it can never, in the long run, le unwise or unpro- had not attended to, and which the belauded · Presidentical in form with that of Dr. Buchanan) was fitable to do what is morally right and politically equit. | byterian' knew nothing of -- was this, that Jesus carried unanimously in the Presbytery of Edinburgh ; able; and it would be disloyalty to the Divine Govern- Christ, as Mediator for the Church, had given to but on the 10th of March a discussion took place, in the ment to have any fears about the ultimate consequences. him the Kingship and the Headship of the nations. same Presbytery, on a proposal made by Mr. William These, we know, are the prevalent feelings among the That was what the Bible held, and they held it Balfour of Holyrood to supplement Sir Henry's overture country ministers of the Free Church, and in case any because the Bible held it. This doctrine had ever by means of what he reckoned a thorough-going testi- of them should be perplexed by the conduct of so many

been the doctrine of their Church, and most assuredly inony in favour of the Headship of Christ over the of their metropolitan brethren in giving their votes for it was the doctrine of the Confession of Faith, and nations. The ternis of the proposal were objected to Mr. Balfour's overture and their cheers to Mr. Balfour's was the doctrine from the Reformation up till now. chiefly because they implied that the relationship of speech, we recommend them to weigh the votes as well The Presbyterian’accused them of being Erastian, of Christ to his Church is of the like nature with his re- as to count them. The division was as follows-wo give tending towards Erastianism. He would like to have lationship to the civil magistrate (which, we can see, the names of the ministers only :

proof of that. But proof of a sort was provided. Would Mr. Balfour himself has now discovered to be a tre- For Dr. Rainy's Overture.Dr. Brown, Sir H. W. the world believe that the proof consisted in this, that mendous mistake), and Dr. Rainy was constrained to Moncreiff, Mr. Thomas Brown, Mr. R. M.Donald, Mr. they were in the habit of quoting certain texts whicli move an amendment. The amendment, however, was W. Arnot, Mr. John Thomson, Dr. Blaikie, Mr. E. A. the Erastians quoted ? (Laughter.)

• A Daniel como not one cunningly concocted by the Union Committee. Thomson, Mr. Tasker, Dr. Rainy, Mr. R. G. Balfour, to judgment, yea, a Daniel.' On the same ground they It was simply the substantive motion submitted by Dr. Mr. J. H. Wilson, Mr. D. K. Guthrie, Mr. J. Gall, Mr. could be proved to be Papists or Unitarians, because Samuel Miller to the Presbytery of Glasgow, and we con- Alexander Cusin, Mr. James Morrison, Professor Mac- they quoted texts which the Papists and Unitarians fess to being considerably surprised, not only at twenty- gregor, and Mr. J.C. M.Phail.

quoted; and could be accused of all manner of heretics, two men in Edinburgh preferring Mr. Balfour's overture For Mr. Balfour's Overture.--Dr. Begg, Mr. Thorburn, because they quoted texts which heretics quoted. (Hear, to Dr. Miller's, but at the style of the speeches by which Mr. Nisbet, Mr. Moody Stuart, Dr. H. Bonar, Dr. hear.) What should they quote ? He supposed they that overture was supported. We have everywhere met Thomas Smith, Mr. Thomas Main, Mr. T. Addis, Mr. were to quote the · Presbyterian' henceforth, which, for unsophisticated brethren who have been concussed by R. Philip, Mr. Wm. Balfour, Mr. A. S. Muir, Mr. Wm. limself, he humbly declined to do. (Laughter.) They the sheer force of Dr. Begg's powers of assertion into Fraser, Mr. Robert Gordon. Mr. John M'Ewan, and Mr. were, however, not only Erastians in the same breath something like a misgiving that possibly there may be Thomas Cochrane.

and in the same article, but they were told they were after all some ground for his fears abont our falling Dr. S. Miller's motion has, as we anticipated, been old Cameronians. They were black and they were away from our testimony, but who, when pressed to say agreed to without a dissentient voice in the Presbytery white. He had altogether misread history, if it were whether they approved of his clubbing with Prelatists of Glasgow; not, however, without two long days of not a fact that the Cameronians resisted unto blood

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against Erastianism. And yet, if this writer in the one extremely interesting feature of this offering is, than the Scotch, and we are persuaded that the apos' Presbyterian' had lived in the days of Richard that, with the exception of a few generous subscriptions | tolic delegate will find in their loving co-operation a Cameron, he (Dr. Miller) supposed he would have of large amount, the sum has been raised in innumer- reflection of his own zeal and charity. His Grace arproved, or tried to prove, that Richard Cameron died an able small contributions. From a calculation, founded rives in Scotland at a critical moment, when a dangerErastian, because he was a Cameronian, and that his on various returns in the treasurer's hands, it appears ous cilucational measure will claim his immediate at. bloody death upon Ayr Moss was the first, or at least that of the £4500 about £3500 belong to the Juvenile tention, in order that he may successfully contend with one of the first, examples of ' a martyr by mistake.'” Offering, consisting of nearly a hundred and twenty a party which threatens to rob Catholic children of

The overture sent up by both Edinburgh and Glasgow thousand separate donations, averaging about 70. each. their birthright tho mischievous design be not is as follows:

In this case, we put more value on the multitude of the thwarted by timely resistance." " Whereas the Presbytery, at its meeting of the 24th givers than on the magnitude of the gift, to our famishFebruary, overtured the General Assembly to take mea- ing fellow-men in Rajpootana.”

ENGLISH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCHES. sures to keep before the world one vital part of our We noticed in our last that the Forfar Presbytery of A paragraph entitled “ Curious Scene in a Church," Church's testimony-namely, that Jesus Christ is the the Established Church had transmitted to the General has recently gone the round of the newspapers. The only Lord and King in Zion—the doctrine and carrying Assembly an overture asking for the appointment of a scene in question occurred at the induction of the Rev. out of which are indispensablo to his glory and the Committee on Union. We havo now the happiness of J. J. Muir to the Presbyterian Church, St. Heliers, Church's well-being:

recording another sign of re-awakening life in that com- Jersey. The congregation had unhappily become " And further, whereas another and correlative truth munion. At a late meeting of the Presbytery of Dun- seriously divided soon after the removal of the late is also an express doctrine of the Word of God-namely, blane, and on the motion of Dr. Turner of Port of minister, the Rev. A. J. Murray, now at Croydon. The that the powers that be, which are ordained of God, have Monteith, the following overture was unanimously division was marked by much of the party and personal been put under Christ, that he might be Head over all adopted—viz., “ Whereas the doctrine of the spiritual bitterness not unknown, though happily not of very things to the Church, which is his body-a doctrine ever independence of the Church is a doctrine of the Word common occurrence, in connection with the popular maintained by the Church as a principle essential to the of God, and as such is affirmed in the Westminster choice of Christian ministers. Various attempts were honour of her only Head, the Lord Jesus, as King of Confession of Faith; and whereas adherence to this made to bring the two sections into harmony, but withnations as well as King of Zion :

doctrine has been by this Church proclaimed at various out much result. At length, after many ministers had And whereas at this time, in these lands, this prin- | times as occasion has required; and whereas extreme been heard, it was found that there was a very general ciple is in imminent danger of being practically lost sight views of this doctrine, not warranted by said Confession feeling in favour of the Rev. J. J. Muir, late of the Free of, and even of being theoretically ignored :

of Faith, or founded on Scripture, have been adopted Church, Inellan, who had supplied the pulpit for four " It is hereby overtured by the Free Presbytery of and maintained by some at various periods in the his- Sabbaths; and a call was given to him, signed by more Edinburgh to the ensuing meeting of the General As- tory of the Church, which extreme views, as experience than three-fourths of the members. Some of the office. sembly to adopt such means as to its wisdom may has amply shown, exert an injurious influence on the learers who were prominent on one side in the prescem best for keeping prominently in the view of all minds of those who hold, maintain, and attempt to act vious division, though professing much regard for Mr. people the duty which, as under Christ, the nations owe upon them, and operate to the prejudice and subversion Muir personally, used various efforts to induce the to the Church and to the truth of the living God." of true liberty, and to the setting up of ecclesiastical Presbytery of London not to sustain the call. Having

A meeting has been held in Bombay for the purpose domination; it is humbly overtured to the venerable been unsuccessful, they had recourse to the singular of presenting a testimonial and address to the Rev. Dr.

the General Assembly to take the subject into its ear- expedient of disowning the authority of the Presbytery, Wilson. His Excellency Governor Sir Seymour Fitz- nest consideration anew, to proclaim adherence to the to which, at the unanimous request of the members and gerald presided. The day of meeting was admirably true spiritual independence, as declared in the standards office-bearers, the congregation was transferred by last chosen, being the fortieth anniversary of Dr. Wilson's of the Church, and as opposed to Erastian doctrine and General Assembly of the Free Church, with which it landing in India. The “ Times of India" says: "All practices; and to give forth such deliverance in accord- had been previously connected. Intimation was made classes of the community regarded the meeting as an ance with the Confession of Faith as may show the to the Presbytery by the parties in question that meaopportunity of doing honour to one of the most eminently tendency of extreme views to endanger our Protestant sures were to be taken to restore the congregation—at useful men who ever passed a life of exile in this rights and civil freedom."

least the congregational property—to the Free Church, country. The Rev. John Wilson's name has been a The Established Presbytery of Edinburgh has, by a to which, according to the terms of the trust-deed, they household word all over India for the last generation of large majority, pronounced against the new Education held that it still belonged. And it was with a view of years, and it has been his singular good fortune, by the Bill. Mr. Stevenson proposed the adoption of a motion advancing this object that the peculiar and picturesquo cxercise of rare judgment in conjunction with his mis- to the effect that the denominational system should be interdict known as the “ Clameur de Haro" was taken, sionary zcal and faithfulness, to secure for himself the maintained under proper regulations; and that in any When the members of Presbytery were about to give affection and respect of all classes of the native com- system of national education provision should be made the right hand of fellowship to Mr. Muir, an elder rose munity as well as of our own. The whole community for religious instruction. Dr. Nisbet seconded the mo- from his seat, stepped forward and knelt on the step of therefore united in doing honour to their foremost citi- tion. Dr. Wallace, Old Greyfriars, proposed as an the platform, at the feet of the Rev. G. Lewis, late of zen and philanthropist."

amendment—" That the Presbytery approve generally Ormiston, who was associated with the Presbytery, and The ordination has taken place during last month of of the provisions of the bill, so far as they deal with the with clasped hands and upturned eyes said in a low Mr. H. Mackenzie at Chapelhall, of Mr. Elder at Rothe educational necessities of the country, but are of opinion tone, “ Haro, Haro, à mon aide, mon prince, on me fait say, and of Mr. D. Douglas Bannerman at Dalkeith. that the proceedings of the Central Board and of School tort.” There was no interruption to the proceedings, Mr. Yule has been inducted into the charge of North-Committees should be open to the public; and that it and no excitement, as all present knew beforehand field Free Church, Aberdeen. Mr. Mellis has been should be taken into consideration, in the event of the what was to happen. The effect of this appeal, which called to Carnbee, Mr. W. Douglas to Strathbraan, and conversion of old national into new national schools, dates back to the famous Duke Rollo—Haro being a Mr. S. M'Phail to the Free High Church, Elgin. A whether the burden hitherto borne by the heritors might contraction, it is said, for Ha! Rollo-father of William new church has been opened in Newport, Fife, by the not be so dealt with as to be more subsidiary to the the Conqueror—is to stop proceedings on the part of Rev. J. H. Wilson of Edinburgh. It is a very handl-general educational interests of the country, consistently any one invading the property rights of another, under some building, costing between two and three thousand with justice to individuals; and remit to the Law Com- certain penalties, till the disputed question has been pounds. The collection at the opening amounted to mittee to consider whether any and what amendments legally settled. What bearing it was intended to have upwarıls of £200. Mr. Arnot has also just opened a may be made in any of its provisions and details, and upon the service, in the midst of which it so inappronew church in Kirkcaldy for the Free Church congre- to report.” Mr. Lang seconded the amendment. After priately occurred, no one appears to know. gation, Abbotshall. We are greatly pleased to notice a long discussion, the motion proposed by Mr. Steven- The removal of Dr. King from London to Edinburgh that a new swarm is ready to hive off from Fountain- son was carried by a majority of thirteen to six.

is regretted by London Presbyterians, to whose councils bridge Church, and form a fresh settlement in the Sir Robert Anstruther has given notice of his inten- he always brought that ripened wisdom and chastened neighbourhood. The success of Mr. Morgan has been tion to move after Easter for the appointment of a select catholicity of spirit with which he is endowed in no most signal, and his congregation promises to be a very committee to inquire into the working of lay patronage ordinary measure. The regret is relieved, however, by banian tree. in Scotland.

the conviction that the great Union cause may gain by The Sustentation Fund for the ten months ending The Archbishop of Anazurba, who hides under that Dr. King's presence in Edinburgh, while in the even15th March amounts to £99,659, 1s. 6d., being an in- sounding title the more modest office of head of the ing of his days he may find a more congenial place both crease of £1732, 12s. 4d.

Popish Hierarchy for Scotland, received, before leav- of work and rest in the pleasant suburb almost under A generous effort, attended by most gratifying results, ing Newcastle for Glasgow, a testimonial, which the the shadow of the Pentlands, and among the minisis being made at present by the United Presbyterian Tablet" says was not only an acknowledgment for terial friends of early days, than in the turmoil and Church to help towards the relief of that region in India past services, but an augury of his future success. bustle of London, in which its missionaries labour, and which is threatened The

progress of religion in Scotland," we are assured, It is a pleasant indication of the growing brotherliwith famine. Scarcely any rain has fallen for a long “has of late years been extremely rapid. Already the ness due to the negotiations for Union, that the London time upon Rajpootana, and what happened last year at Catholics, but lately a mere handful, form one-tenth of Presbytery of the English Presbyterian Church passed Orissa may, it is feared, occur this year there. The the whole population. Bitter as are the prejudices of a resolution regarding Dr. King's translation, embodymissionaries appealed home for aid, and the Mission Scotchmen, and fierce as is their self-esteem, they are ing an expression of their cordial respect and esteem, Board promptly telegraphed to them to draw upon it conspicuous for keen intelligence, and are beginning to of regret for the loss which his congregation and brethfor £1000. But though that was done as an act of faith form a truer judgment of the human religion bequeathed ren and the Presbyterian cause would suffer, and of (for at that time they had no funds collected), the issue to then by their so-called Reformers. The day of grace their earnest prayers that he might be greatly blessed has proved that the benevolence of the ple was not has come for them also; and we trust that the arch- in Edinburgh. overestimated. The “Missionary Record” now an- bishop, who has so long and so diligently cultivated Another evidence of the growing good understanding nounces the great success of the Famine Fund. On

another field, is about to reap in a land where he has between the Churches occurred in connection with a March 1st it amounted to £4500. And," it is said, I not sown. There are no better Catholics in the world new congregation in Manchester. The parties forming

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it, and who applied to be recognized by the United | binding together the bishops, clergy, and laity who now " Adopted National School" is to be left, like the paroPresbyterian Church, had separated from a congrega- form the Established Church of Ireland.

chial school, under the same management as before, tion of the English Presbyterian Church. Communica- With regard to the disposal of the endowments, Mr. and the Church is still to have the satisfaction of contritions were at once opened with the sister Presbytery, Gladstone proposes to continue to the present in- buting to its support-receiving as at present the aid by that to which the application was made, and mem- cumbents (including the curates) as long as they live from the Privy Council grants. bers of each have cordially recognized the thorough the incomes they now enjoy, to hand over to the new For the oversight of the “ New National Schools,” good feeling and courtesy that has marked the pro-body whatever churches and glebe-houses it declares which may be said to represent the School of the Future, cedure of the other. While this spirit bodes well for itself in a condition to use, and to suffer it to remain in a new body is to be created, to be called “ the School Union, cases such as this, as was remarked by Mr. J. | possession of all the private bequests which have been Committee." It is to consist of a certain number of C. Paterson at the Lancashire Presbytery, illustrate made to it since the Restoration. The cathedrals are to men, who are to be elected in landward parishes by the urgent need of having it accomplished without be also left as they were, with a sum of money payalvle the ratepayers, and in burghs by the Town Councils, delay on the English side of the Border.

out of the national purse to help to maintain them; and and to hold office for three years. It is to have the We referred recently to an important evangelistic compensation at a certain rate having been made to the power of assessing up to a certain figure for educational enterprise commenced by Mr. J. T. Davidson of Isling- Papists and Presbyterians for the loss of the Maynooth purposes. ton, London. The Sabbath afternoon services for the Grant and the Regium Donum, the surplus is to be ap- The religious teaching in the schools is to be left to working people, held for some months in a hall with plied to the relief of the sick and suffering.

be arranged for by the different sets of managers-only, sitting room for nearly a thousand, got at length so The following figures represent, in the first place. the as the scheme is for the benefit of all denominations, a crowded, that Mr. Davidson ventured on the bold step amount of means which are supposed to be available; conscience clause is introduced into the Bill, providing of having a part of the great Agricultural Hall cur- and, in the second place, the various ways in which the that the children shall not be required (if their parents tained off as the place of meeting. Seats were pro- money is intended to be spent :

do not wish it) to be present during the time when vided for three thousand. They are completely occu

religious services or instructions are being carried on. piel, and last Sabbath afternoon numbers were stand

The Bill for the ABOLITION OF TESTs in the English Tithe rent-charge........

.£9,000,000 ing. This fact shows that Presbyterian ministers have Leased lands and perpetuity rents....

Universities passed the second reading in the House of

Glebe and other lands let out for short terms... 1,500,000 a wide and effectual door open before them in London.

Lands in occupation of ecclesiastics..


Commons on the 15th of March, and there can now be no We trust that the vacant congregations there may soon

Miscellaneous funds. ...

doubt about its becoming the law of the land. find worthy successors to their former ministers, who

£16,000,000 course this is the right thing. These institutions are

Surplus...... 8,650,000 were the very foremost men in the London Presby

national, not denominational, and the argument of the terian Church-viz., the beloved and lamented Dr.

£7,350,000 University Commissioners was quite unanswerable when Hamilton, Dr. Chalmers, and now last, and not least,

they said: “It certainly is singular that a lay corpora

Life interests of incumbents of all ranks .£1,900,000 Dr. King.

800,000 tion should require from laymen, simply as a condition Lay compensations.

600,000 We observe that Mr. Hugh M. Matheson, of whose Advowsons...


of membership, that which the Church of England (loes

Private endowments.. more than princely liberality many of our readers have

not require for participation in its most sacred ordi

Building charges on glebe-houses... ficard, and whose rare generosity is only surpassed by Presbyterian and Roman Catholic compensations 1,100,000 nance.” At the same time, we are not so perfectly sure

Expenses of Commission (£20,000 a year).. 200,000 a yet rarer modesty and humility, has purchased and

as many are that the opening up of the English Univermade over to the Presbytery a chapel in the very heart

£8,650,000 sities will be an unmixed advantage. There has long of working-class London, as a centre for evangelistic Believing, however, that on the whole " the results will been a tendency among the distinguished students of work. Mr. Whitmore, minister of Millwall, a man of come out rather better than worse,” Mr. Gladstone fises our Scottish Colleges to seek south to Oxford or Camgreat natural ability and of great fervour of spirit, £7,500,000 as the probable surplus.

bridge, and it is very well known that the consequences thoroughly acquainted with the London artizans of the The second reading has been carried by a majority have not always been eminently satisfactory. Many of higher class, and who, though brought up in another of 118.

these young men have become thoroughly denationalized, denomination, became a Presbyterian by conviction, Of course there are very few who are perfectly pleased and, instead of adding fresh lustre to their country's has been appointed to take charge of this work. with the arrangement. The Conservative Church party reputation, have too often brought discredit upon it by

cannot be made to see in the scheme anything else than silly scoffing at what is noblest in our religious history. BILLS BEFORE PARLIAMENT.

confiscation and sacrilege, and are prepared to resist its Nor do we in the least expect that by the abolition of There are four Bills before Parliament just now, execution to the death. Any earnest Churchmen—not the tests the influence of the Church of England will which have more or less in them of the ecclesiastical being politicians—who have made up their minds not be materially lessened. With a more widely-opened element-viz., that of Mr. Gladstone for disendowing the to fight, are silent-not from satisfaction, but from the door there will simply be a greater rush of NonconIrish Church, that of the Duke of Argyll for establish-feeling that they must acquiesce in the inevitable; while formists to the scene; and we are not without some ing a national system of education in Scotland, that of even from such Presbyterians and Papists as approve of apprehension that an astute Church paper is right when Sir J. D. Coleridge for the abolition of University tests, the Bill on the whole, there come bitter complaints of

it says: and that of Mr. Hadfield for the full opening up of partiality and injustice.

• There appears to be little doubt that the University parochial churchyards in England to Dissenters.

This, however, must be said, that the measure has Tests Bill, again introduced by Sir Johın Coleridge, Without discussing the merits of any of these here, been prepared with a skill and carefulness and con- will, like that for the Abolition of Church Rates, become we may, in a few sentences, indicate the radical features sideration which are far from being so manifest in the the law of the land, owing to the much greater zeal exof cach. The formal disendoroment of THE IRISH CHURCH second of the Bills now before Parliament that intro- hibited in the attack than in the defence. We have not is to take effect immediately on the passing of the Bill; duced by the Duke of Argyll for the extension and im- much confidence in the motives or the language of its its disestablishment, real as well as formal, on the 1st provement of EDUCATION IN SCOTLAND. The Duke's champious, but we do not feel the same apprehension as January 1871, unless the time be further extended by Bill certainly does not make upon the reader the same to its results as many of our fellow-Churchmen enterParliament. On the first of those dates all the pro- impression of consistency, earnestness, and statesman- tain. We believe that the more Nonconformist students perty of the Church passes into the hands of Com- | like forethought which appear in the scheme of the are brought within the atmosphere of our ancient Unimissioners appointed for ten years by Parliament; on Premier. It is a half measure ; and its value lies mainly versities, the less likely are they to continue in the the second “the Ecclesiastical Courts of Ireland will be in its laying the rails for future legislation. This is the Dissent with which Gower Street would never meddle; abolished, the ecclesiastical jurisdiction in Ireland will real inducement to favour the passing of it, if suitably and we think it not unlikely that competition, instead cease, the ecclesiastical laws of Ireland will cease to amended. We notice elsewhere some of the objections of the present monopoly, may give a wholesome stimulus bind by authority as laws, the right of peerage on the

which have been taken to the measure.

Here we

to Catholic teaching, now somewhat languid by the part of the bishops will lapse, all ecclesiastical corpora- shall simply give a brief summary of its provisions. Isis. And, as regards any peril to the faith of the tions in Ireland will be dissolved.” During the inter- The Bill contemplates the existence of three classes students, we have never seen the use of retaining the vening period appointments may continue to be made of schools: Old National, Adopted National, and New Thirty-nine Articles at all; nor do we think any Nonto bishoprics and benefices; but they will confer no National Schools—the two first embracing such as are conformist professors and heads could be found more vested interests, and the Crown will not be authorized at present parochial and denominational, the last such antagonistic to the teaching of the English Church than to appoint a bishop unless on the prayer of the bishops as it may be thought desirable to add to those already Professors Payne Smith, Heurtley, and Jowett, Drs. of the province desiguating a particular person for the established.

Wynter, Symons, and Liddell, with many others who vacancy. The future constitution of the Church is to For the management of the scheme, a Central Board have signed all the tests, are at this moment." be such as its members shall determine. Bishops, clergy, is to be instituted, to consist of nine persons—two to The BURIALS REGULATION BILL is intended to relieve and laity are expected, during the eighteen months of partial | be elected by the royal burglis, two by the University the Nonconformists of England from a stupid disability. suspense, to frame for themselves " something in the nature Councils, two by the Conveners of Counties, one by the At present all parishioners have a right of sepulture in of a governing body;" and with that view all statutory re- Educational Institute, and two to be appointed by the the parochial churchyard, but the churchyard is regarded strictions on Irish synods and correntions are to be re- Crown, one of whom is to act as chairman, with a salary. as consecrated ground under the special spiritual overmoved: this governing body the Crown is to be autho- With regard to local government, it is proposed sight of the Establishment. Hence the clergyman rized to “recognize" by Order in Council; and it will to leave the parish schools on their present footing that claims the exclusive right of holding religious services then become incorporated for certain purposes. It is is, in the hands of the larger heritors and the parish in the place, and if he is not personally satisfied as to not, Mr. Gladstone takes care to say, to be the creation minister. Power is given, however, to the heritors of a the position and prospects of the departed, he may refuso of the Crown, nor is the Crown to form any judgment parish to relieve themselves of the burden of supporting to permit any ceremony at the grave at all. Now this about it except on the single point whether it be a bona the school, by transferring the obligation to the rate- is not a grievance which we would feel in Scotland, befide representative body or no. Unless and until they payers.

cause it is not usual with us to have any service at the are altered by this body, the ccclesiastical laws of the Denominational schools are to be assumed into the grave. But in England the case is different. A silent Church will continue, though they will lose their force system, when the Board approves, on such terms as may burial is customary only when there has been suicide, as laws, to subsist as the terms of a voluntary contract be agreed upon between the parties interested.


and we can well sympathize with the Independents,




of the power:

who, desiring to have a service at the burial of their education to their children; and they have done this very little difficulty indeed in saying whose fellowship friends, are interdicted from employing their own minis- with unquestionable success, under the eye, and often we would prefer. ters to conduct it; and especially with the Baptists, who by the assistance, of the Government, on the denomina- “The kingly office of Jesus Christ is the end of the cannot sometimes even get the parish minister to per- tional principle, which they supposed would never be exercise of his other oflices. Without his kingly office, form the duty for them, because he may be of opinion disturbed. By one stroke of his pen, his Grace topples the exercise of his office of a prophet and of a priest that a child mbaptized cannot possibly be within the down this noble edifice, and makes Catholics feel that woull be in vain. As a king, he gives efficiency and bond of the covenant.

in rearing it they have laboured in vain. Should the power to his whole mediatorial work. He taught as a

Bill become law, it will soon destroy the schools they prophet, and died as a priest, that he might reign as a ROMAN CATHOLIC SCHOOLS.

now possess by an ingenious method, which is blandly king. His whole humiliation on earth was preparatory If the other Presbyteries of the Established Church called adoption, and then it will strictly forbid them to to the full exercise of his kingly office in heaven. Befollow the lead of the Presbytery of Edinburgh in its establish others their place. No great share in the cause he humbled himself, therefore God hath highly preference of a denominational to a national system conducting of the national schools can for many years exalted him, and given him a name which is above of education, they may lay their account with having to come fall to the lot of Catholics. The General Board every name. (Phil. ii. 8, 9.) the hearty sympathy and cordial co-operation of the and the local committees will have complete control Nations are distinct provinces in the great moral Papists. They are as thoroughly convinced as any of over these schools; and it requires no great sagacity to empire of Emmanuel. He is the Governor of the naus can be of the dangers of a godless e«lucation, and, in foresee that Catholics will not be admitted into the tions, Prince of the kings of the earth, and the King of insisting on the necessity of having a guarantee for the former, and that they will long remain a powerless kinys, and Lord of lords. Sustaining to him the relateaching of religion in the schools, they use language minority in the latter. The Scotch will have their tion of subjects, nations and their rulers and people owe which has a surprisingly wholesome ring about it. national education resting on the national creed; and to him allegiance and obedience. His law, revealed in

For example: “We hold," says one of them, “ that that creed, such as it is, they look for in the Bible. the Bible, is their rule. Whatever lawful power civil the education of a man ought to be built up throughout Since the days of Chillingworth it has been the boast rulers have, they have received from him. By him its whole structure together with the principles of of Protestants that the Bible is their religion ; now the kings reign and princes decree justice. They are his Christian doctrine; and as the stones of a stately build- Bible will be read and expounded in every school in deputies on earth, to maintain his authority and law ing, while they are laid upon one another, are also each Scotland-on it the entire scholastic fabric will be among men. laid upon a firm and imperishable cement, which secures crected. To be consistent, you must banish every reli- * The Lord Jesus Christ is the King of nations, anci the perpetuity and solidity of the whole; so, in like gion of every kind from the school-rooms; you must he raises up nations and gives them great power and manner, the doctrinal influence of the Christian religion write all your school-books over again, and purge prosperity, that they may promote the glorious ends of ought to be distinctly associated with the daily and them from every taint of Christianity, and of every his mediatorial kingrlom on earth. If nations submit to hourly education of youtlı.”

other religion ; then, and then only, will the dream Jesus Christ as their King, and receive lis law as their Dr. Gibson or Mr. Stevenson of St. George's might be realized of demolishing utterly the denominational | higher law, and serve the purpose of their being raised have said that; but let us hear what the whole means system.”

up and prospered, they are perpetuated and blessed. when the veil is taken off its face.

We do not know about the great sacrifices to which But if they say, . We will not have this man to reign * The true Catholic view," said lately the Very Rev. the Roman Catholics of Scotland have submitted for over us.' If they say, 'Let us break his bands asunder, Canon Oakley, was that religion should be the prin- the sake of education ; but Lord Russel made a state- and cast his cords from us,' then he will break them cipal object aimed at, and that human learning should ment the other day about Ireland which is worth re- with a rod of iron, and dash them in pieces like a be secondary. Religion was the only basis of morality. | membering. He said that while in England the State potter's vessel. To all the nations and their rulers, God (Cheers.) It was important that those who were re- had to supplement the educational efforts of the deno- the Father says, 'Kiss the Son, or ye shall perislı from ceiving instruction should be tauglit to remember the minations to the extent of 40 per cent-in Ireland the the way when his wrath is kindled but a little.' If the presence of God, and to prepare for the judgment day. public grants were at the rate of 93 per cent! That is, doctrine of justification by faith alone be the standing How could any person learn history correctly without Government has about all the paying and scarcely any or falling of the Church, the doctrine of the universal knowing what was written by Catholic historians? He

Lordship of Jesus Christ is the standing or falling of did not like the word denominational, but Catholics had

nations. to use it, as it was well understood by all who were


* And the great happiness of the millennial period of taking a part in the educational movement. The un- We all know what comes of giving a dog a bad name, the world will consist chiefly in the cheerful and unidenominational system left out religion, or only brought and we can guess also what an advantage it must be to versal submission of men of all kindreds and tongues to it forward incidentally, and therefore Catholics ought a bad dog to have such a good reputation in the world Jesus Christ as Lord of all. And because of the great to contend energetically for that which was denomina- as to have a kindly construction put upon all its actions. power and influence of civil governments upon the tional. In Ireland the theory was secular, but that was Of such a case we are often reminded in the present people in making them happy or miserable, the happiconsiderably counteracted by the Catholicity of the day. Call a man a Voluntary, and, to some people, you ness of that blessed time is represented as largely conpeople. (Clicers.) The system in Ireland excluded instantly suggest an infidel; call a man, on the other sisting in the submission of all civil governments and religious teaching, images, and other lielps to the in- hand, a supporter of the principle of a religious Estal- their officers to the King of kings and the Lord of lords. culcation of religious sentiments. The English system lishment, and you suggest an eminently trustworthy Then all kings shall fall down before him, and all nawas denominational, and, if not perfect, was, at all person, full of sobriety, and orthodoxy, and grace. But tions shall serve him. And men shall be blessed in events, very good. The Governinent inspectors of surely it is time that we were looking at things as they him, and all nations shall call him blessed. Then the Catholic schools were. Catholics, and Catholic children are, and thoroughly realizing this fact, that as there are kingdoms of this world will become the kingdoms of could be brought up as good Catholics. But the Eng- many grounds on which a union between Church and our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall take to himself lish system was threatened; for there was a large party State is defended, so there are at least two very differ- his great power and reign. And under the powerful, in favour of mixed education, against whom it would ent classes or sorts of Voluntaries.

benign, and glorious administration of Emmanuel as bo necessary for Catholics to make a bold stand. Such a very striking case in point has just come under Lord of all, earth will keep jubilee a thousand years ! (Cheers.) Many members of other religions also our notice, that we ask our readers' attention to it.

* The Protestant reformation was accomplished on agreed with Catholics on this point, and with all such We have before us at this moment, first, the speech de- the ground of the priestly office of Jesus Christ. The it was important to co-operate. Catholics themselves livered by Mr. Disraeli on the 18th March last; second, an reformation of the world will be accomplished upon the ought to be as one man in opposing any system not article from an American Presbyterian newspaper, on ground of liis universal lordslip." founded upon religion.”

The Importance of Christ's Kingship."
Now, we commend these sentences to the attention We need not cite Mr. Disraeli at length, as many of

THE BIBLE IN SPAIN. of those who are inclined to let well alone, or to our readers must remember the scope of his speech. We assent to the Duke of Argyll's proposal to regard the much admire some of his remarks about the reciprocal Our readers are aware of the existence in Edinburgli Papists as occupying an exceptional position. We may benefits conferred upon one another by the Church and of a “ Spanish Evangelization Society," of which the acquiesce in a denominational system, rather than have the State; but there is no mistaking his meaning amid presidents are Lord Benholme, Sir H. Monereift, and 110 effective system at all, and we might assent to it even the cloud of words with which he invests it. In the first Sheriff Jameson. It has carried on a good work for cheerfully, if all denominational schools were conlucted place, he is afraid of a Church being made independent, fourteen years; and now that Spain is open to the as ordinary Protestant schools are. But seeing what and would keep it under stringent State control. And, gospel, it is in a far better condition than it could have use the Papists make of their nationally supported in the second place, the chief glory of an Establishment, been if newly established, to take advantage of the opschools, we confess to having a very anxious wish to in his eyes, consists in this, that it is a city of refuge portunities which are everywhere offering for evanget somehow or other, and as specdily as possible, out for fugitives from discipline.

gelical effort. The objects which it aims at are twoof our present entanglement with such pestilent institu- Now let us turn to the “ Voluntary." We call him a first, to go in at whatever door is opened to it and tions. The country does not contribute to cducational Voluntary because he would probably--as a New School preach the gospel wherever Spaniards are to be found purposes with the design of making men " gooil | American I resbyterian-call himself by that name,

and willing to hear; and, second, to establish fixed congreCatholics," and it would have greater confidence in the because he would assert, perhaps very strongly, that gations, with a view to having Christian influence public utility of “ Catholic' schools if they were some- there ought to be no Establishments or State Churches radiating in all directions from leading centres. At times examined by other than “ Catholic" inspectors. at all. Somehow, however, we cannot but believe that present it employs twelve agents, three of whom aro

In the meantime, however, the Papists threaten, as he is not very far from the centre after all. We would men of superior education, well-tried Christian charwe have said, a determined opposition to the Duke of differ from him in a matter of detail, because we do acter, and good ministerial gifts, and who are labourArgyll's Bill; and the grounds of it are thus stated in believe it to be lawful, in certain circumstances, to sus- ing, two of them in Seville, and one in Malaga. Other a letter to the - Tablet:

tain the Church out of the national resources; but he trustworthy men are just commencing their labours at “Within these last twenty years the Catholics of | is about as unlike the traditional Voluntary as Mr. Granada and Cordova, whilo the society is still conScotland have made great exertions, and have submitted Disraeli is unlike our ideal State Churchman; and if tinuing what has hitherto constituted a main portion of to great sacrifices, in order to secure a good and sound we had the choosing of our company. we should have its work-its scheme of colportage.

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We are persuaded that the services of this society are am a practical farmer-with a farm of one acre. was first spread. On the contrary, both he and Lord not known or appreciated as they ought to be. There member the scenes of other years to which you refer. Clarendon, while they regard missionaries as in their is no country in Europe in so interesting a state as They are gone, and cannot be recalled. There are place so long as they act as the camp-followers of 'comSpain is at this moment; and we shall have good brighter scenes and even happier lands, and there will merce,' and humbly follow in its wake'—to use Lord ground for everlasting regret if we let the tide turn be prolonged and unbroken friendships beyond the Clarendon's own recommendation to the Missionary again before we have taken full advantage of it. If we grayo—that grave which is but little before us.” Society—condemn these same missionaries strongly had no agency that we could use, or if the agency were

for regarding their message as a more important one under a direction that we could not trust, we might


than that of piece-goods. Each Foreign Secretary have some excuse for listlessness. But here are trust- A curious conversation took place a week or two ago in turn regards as part of his legitimate policy to worthy men in the field waiting to be sent, and here is in the House of Lords on the subject of Christian Mis- enforce the treaty rights of English commerce in China.

society, managed by persons of the very highest repute sions. As our readers are aware, some ill feeling has Only the other day Sir Rutherford Alcock was most amongst us, which is prepared to take the oversight of lately been shown in China toward certain missionaries peremptory in demanding reparation for some English all the work; and it will be in the last degree discredit- who were not the agents of any of the societies at traders who had been asserting their "treaty rights' able to us if, in these circumstances, the cause of home, but were labouring in the Celestial Empire on in the interior. But Foreign Secretary after Foreign Spanish evangelization is left to languish for lack of their own responsibility. To protect these men from Secretary devotes his mind to the problem of curbing hearty and generous support.

the outrages with which they were threatened, a hostile missionaries as earnestly as he does to the problem of

demonstration required to be made by the English defending traders in China. Now, what are we to say AMERICAN NOTES.

authorities in China, and there seemed some risk of to that as a symptom of the Christianity of the class of As the time approaches for the meeting of their our being involved in war on their account.

statesmen who preside at our Foreign Office ? Can we Supreme Courts, the Presbyterian Churches which Apropos of this incident, the Duke of Somerset made honestly say that, as a rule, they do think the Christian have been negotiating with a view to Union are look- a violent attack upon missions in general-declared his faith half as important as even the unscrupulous and ing forward with growing confidence to the consumma- belief that all missionaries were either enthusiasts or demoralizing portion of our commerce? Is it possible tion of their hopes.

The Old School men seem now to rogues--gave it as his opinion that if men would go to misinterpret the tone of the Duke of Somerset's be willing to surrender the Tenth Article, which ex- forth into heathendom to preach the gospel, they ought inquiry as to these “troublesome' people, and Lord pressly reserved to each Presbytery the right to examine to be content to follow in the wake of trade and civi- Clarendon's reply that he has earnestly recommended even such ordained ministers as were invited to settle lization-and ended by as good as proposing that all them to keep in the wake' of trade? Is it not that within its bounds; and almost all, on both sides, are English missionaries in China should be recalled.

Christianity is a very nice sentiment, to be indulged in agreed upon the undesirableness of introducing into the Happily there were present some who held whole- due season, when all the more important objects of life, basis of Union any addition to, or explanation of, the somer views of the divine commission than did his like trade, for instance, have been provided for ; but pure and simple standards. There are some technical Grace of Somerset, and among others the new Bishop that till then, why, statesmen should try to keep down difficulties in the way of the completion of the work in of Peterborough—better known, as yet, by his plainer its troublesome zeal, and in order to do so, may well May, but it is not unlikely that these may be got over, name of Dean of Cork. He had never opened his lips avail themselves of any taunts such as come in their and that we may actually hear, in less than a couple of in the House before, but he could scarcely sit still way--for instance, that borrowed so eagerly by the months, of the formation of a Presbyterian Church with while the cause he represented was so grossly tra- Duke of Somerset from some Chinese mandarin, that, upwards of five thousand ministers.

duced; and we can fancy he now rejoices that his at least till France and England have settled their Mr, Joseph M. Wilson, of Philadelphia, has published maiden speech was spoken in defence of missions. differences as to the relative claims of Roman Catholia pamphlet of " Statistical Tables, showing the Religious On this debate, the “ Spectator " has the following cism and Protestantism, it will be certainly safer to Condition of the United States.” The tables are pre- pointed remarks:

defer the duty of spreading either faith?"
pared from the United States Census of 1860, and show “ The Lower House of Convocation is of opinion that
that in the total of church edifices of all kinds there are the Disestablishment of the Irish Church will un-

sittings for 19,128,751 of the 31,500,000 population of Christianize’ the government of Ireland. We should Two clergymen of the Church of England have just left
country. The total value of these churches in 1860 was like, however, to have a little discussion with some of our shores for missionary work in India; men of char-
£34,300,000. The following are the proportions of those reverend gentlemen as to what it would need to acter, standing, and recognized position in the Church ;
church accommodation provided by the various denomi- un-Christianize the government of England. Of course, both of Oxford University, where, in their respective
nations :

if they have sunk so completely into the conventional colleges, they had graduated in honours twenty-five Methodist.

view of things as to hold that the government of Eng.6,259,799

years ago; subsequently fellows of their colleges; and Baptist...

• 4,044,218

land remains Christian, in spite of all that its leading at the time when they were led to offer themselves for Presbyterian..

2,565,949 Roman Catholic

. 1,404,437

statesmen may believe and do, so long as it legally missionary work, holding important and valuable inCongregational.

956,351 Episcopal.

' establishes' any form of the Christian faith, and cumbencies-one as vicar of East Ham, diocese of Lon

847,296 Lutheran.


ceases to be Christian, in spite of all that its leading don, and the other as the vicar of St. Paul's Church, Christian


statesmen may believe and do, directly it breaks that Cheltenham. German Reformed..


legal tie between the secular government and the Friends..

The Pope is to have trouble with his General Council. 269,084 Universalist..


Church, there is an end of the controversy-and an end The French Emperor has offered a military guard to proDutch Reformed..

211,068 Unitarian.


which seems to us to prove that the reverend gentlemen tect it in the exercise of freedom of discussion, but then Jewish.

34,412 who talk of Christianizing and un-Christianizing govern- he expresses a hope (which in the circumstances sounds

20,316 Adventist


ments, know nothing at all of what Christian service very like a demand) that it shall not discuss anything Swedenborgian.

15,395 Spiritualist

But if we are to judge by our Lord's own self- which is inconvenient or disagreeable. At present the Shaker..

denying spirit of life and actions as to what Christianizes French Church enjoys a measure of independence which Minor Sects


and what un-Christianizes a government, we should has been so much of a reality in the hands of the Arch..19,128,751

certainly have said that Mr. Gladstone is now doing bishop of Paris, that a conflict of jurisdictions is even Of the church accommodations, nearly 17,000,000 are more to Christianize the English government than has now raging between the supreme and local ecclesiasprovided by the Protestant churches commonly called been attempted by our, on the whole, manly, and, in- tical authorities; and it is feared, not without reason, evangelical, so that more than half of the entire popula- tentionally at least, just, but decidedly rather pagan that if the personal infallibility of the Sovereign Pontiff tion could worship every Sabbath in such churches if Administrations for some generations back. Look only is decreed by the Council, “ Gallican Liberty” may como they would. The number of sittings provided by the at the spirit of the House of Lords in relation to Chris- to be nowhere. Protestant unevangelical churches is but little over tianity as evinced by the very interesting and instruc- This is the explanation of the following paragraph in 1,000,000; altogether they are not half as strong as the tive conversation about our missionaries in China, a letter from Rome to the “ Pall Mall Gazetto”:Presbyterians; and the Methodists outnumber the between the Duke of Somerset and the Earl of Claren- " The cardinalate is offered to the Archbishop of Paris, whole of them nearly six to one. The Methodists also don on the one side, and Earl Grey and the Bishops of on condition that he will make a simple statement of outnumber the Romanists four to one, and the Presby- St. David's and Peterborough on the other side, last the manner in which he has administered his diocese ; terians even have nearly twice as many church sittings Tuesday evening. The Duke of Somerset's tone was but he declines to yield even this concession, and will as the sect that calls herself - The Catholic Church." thoroughly scornful to the missionaries as to troublesome only enter the Sacred College unshackled. Indeed, it The Methodists, it will be seen, are far ahead of any enthusiasts who stir up the political waters with their is known here that should the question of Gallicanism other church.

medilling, and who need at least as much curbing as be raised in the Council, the archbishop will head a Rev. Albert Barnes, the commentator, completed his the Roman authorities thought it desirable to apply to St. protest of the French Episcopacy against its discussion, seventieth year, Friday, December 4th. Writing to a Paul and the other Christian missionaries of the first age. Hence there is an eager desire to bring him to terms." friend, he says :

The Bishop of Peterborough reminded the noble duke Archdeacon Denison has presented a petition to Con" I have a great desire to live. I am not tired of life, that if all missionaries had been prevented in like vocation, asking that he and others should be protected nor disgusted with the world, nor discouraged or dis- manner from becoming troublesome' in their day, from the imputation of being unfaithful to the Church heartened in regard to the future. I believe that there neither he himself nor the noble duke would now be of England in teaching “ that the Eucharist is the Sacare glorious things in prospect for our earth, and that Christians. But perhaps the Duke of Somerset would, rifice of Christ upon the Cross”--that the Eucharistic it will be a greater thing to live for the next half if he were quite frank, admit that there is a question as Sacrifice is " propitiatory and impetratory”-and that its century than it has been to live in the one that is past, to the sense in which he is a Christian, as there is efficacy extends to “the living and faithful departed." and where we have had something to do. You hare certainly such a question as to most of us. Clearly, in We are glad to record that the petition was listened to the advantage of me in another respect. You have the one thing, he is not a Christian. He has no belief at with signs of impatience; but, alas ! for the hope of the use of your eyes. I have not, and am obliged to write all in an aggressive faith that would hazard every- triumph of the gospel in the English Church, it was not this letter by the aid of a machine, and this I can use thing, life itself, for a chance of announcing a revelation. thought needful to take any further notice of it than but little. I preach a little, but have no charge, and He has no sympathy with the spirit in which the gospel to put it aside.

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