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extremely unfavourable opinion of masses of our reading are in virtue of direct and immediate union to Christ illustration and as a testing case, Mr. Balfour adduces public, we can sympathize so far with him in the glow- and communion with lim. He has discovered a new the action of the Scottish Parliament of 1500 in ratifying language of the last ten or twelve pages of his article of a standing or falling Church, instead of ing the Confession of Faith. They sanctioned a creed, second part. Those who accept all the teaching of " Ecce Luther's article, justification by faith : and it is very he says, when they ratified the Confession, although Homo," are certainly on a very different platform from natural that this should not have much importance they gave no endowment at that time; and by this act tho followers of cither Strauss or Renan; and if they attached to it loy him. For his definition of faith, of the Legislature, he adds, altogether apart from endo admit all the facts which the book presents, and “neither more nor less than moral worth or goodness," dowments, the “Church of Scotland was set up as a the legitimate consequences from them which it unfolds goodness when it shows itself conquering convention," civil establishment of religion” (p. 13). He assumes at once with great power and beauty, we do not under- &c. (p. 65), makes our justification to be by works; as, that the United Presbyterians, objecting to Establishstand how they can consistently stop short of the testi- in fact, he so misunderstands the language of our Lord ments, must object to this; and thus we may measure mony of the centurion at the cross, “ Truly, this man as to assert that" a man may have his sins forgiven the range of their principle. was the Son of God."
because he loves much” (p. 67). If this be so, the The answer is plain. First, What the United PresBut people often act very inconsistently; and what- name of justification may be retained, but its real byterians tako exception to is the competency of tho ever his readers may do, we cannot throw off the appre- meaning is turned upside down; and this appears to us magistrate giving a legislative sanction to a creed, “ in hension that the writer shrinks from the conclusions to be the case at pp. 82, 83.
the way of setting up a civil establishment of religion.” which he ought to draw. The whole tone of Mr. Glad- The writer has certainly confined himself rigorously That is their own account of it ; and it will not do to stone's criticism is more hopeful than we are able to to morality ; but in the way in which he restricts this turn a dictum sccundum quid into a dictum simpliciter ; approve. And we think the reason of this is highly 80 as to exclude duty to God, the unwarrantableness of that is, to neglect their own specification of the thing creditable to his own orthodoxy and his goodness of his method comes out to view. The social morality they are prepared to oppose. Secondly, Mr. Balfour licart. It seems to us that he has put moro positive itself is not satisfactory. That" enthusiasm of human- desires that the United Presbyterians should affirm in Christianity into the book than any fair analysis can ity," into which lie resolves all well-lloing, might often terms that they think it competent for the magistrate discover in it. Often it may be so with very defective be an ignis futuus to lead us astray, rather than a light to give legislative sanction to a creed apart from a civil books, written in a fresh and vigorous style upon reli- to guide us. We cannot coincide in Mr. Gladstone's establishment. We do not know, and we do not much gious topics; if they be only reverential, so as not to opinion that the question of slavery is ably dealt care to know, whether they would assent to a proposition shock us, they are suggestive so as to interest us, and with" in the conclusion of chapter twelfth; it seems to us in those terms. We think it not unlikely that they even to do us good. But they do this good to us because that the apologist of slavery could derive considerable might object to those terms as ambiguous, and fitted to from other quarters we have derived the sound and support from the teaching. There is a curious para- expose them to misrepresentation. They would cersolid instruction which these books themselves never graph in pr. 279, 280, which must be very consolatory tainly make very particular inquiry what the legislativo could supply. Being otherwise provided for, we feel no to any Spanish inquisitor who desires to justify an auto- sanction of a creed is held to mean, and what it points want ourselves. But there will be a grievous want to da-fé; we should like some better safety from persecu- to, before they would agree to tho coinpetency of it. those whose religious instruction is chiefly derived from tion. Or if we turn from the practice to the theory of But this is of less importance; for, thirdly, They have these books. And wo entirely doubt the expediency, it morals, his speculations on justice and mercy (beginning laid it down that nations and their rulers may and not the lawfulness, of a representation of our Lord's life, with his very definitions of them, pp. 232, 233) are one- ought to know for themselves tho teaching of God's Jooking at hiin merely as a man. For, first of all, it is sided, erroneous, and dangerous. But morality ought | Word; may and ought to give effect to it publicly, as the plain that this must give a picture of him which is at never to le so treated as to exclude our duty to God, rule of their action in matters to which it applies; may once dim and distorted. And secondly, the argumenta- which, in the words of Christ, is the first and great com- and ought to further the interests of the religion tion of Mr. Gladstone from the reticence of the three mandment; our duty to man is but the second command- therein divinely authorized, by every means consistent first Gospels on the subject of Christ's Godhead seems ment, and is like the first; both are named in Ecce with its spirit and enactments; may and ought to reto is wholly fallacious. We do not think it would be Homo " (p. 151), but the first is practically ignored. It cognize Christ's Church as having mission from Christ difficult for any attentive reader of them to take excep- is proof to our minds how hopelessly the writer has lost to do her great work, and as qualified by him with tions to his arguments at every step. And, on his own his way, when he writes about love to Christ as being rights and liberties in the discharge of it which all showing, it was only comparative reticence; whereas just love to“ the ideal of men in man!” (p. 165), &c. powers must hold sacred. That being so, all that reour complaint against “ Ecce Homo" is, that it is wholly To present this social morality for examination as the mains is the measure and manner of applying a prinsilent upon the subject, without any direct reference to teaching of Christ, is much the same as to present a ciple agreed upon.
And if the United Presbyterians Christ as God's own, eternal, only begotten Son. So piece of good cloth, to withdraw the warp by some pro- prefer to say that the truth of God does not need legis. that if our Loril's question to those who had watched cess, and to leave the threads of the woof hanging by lative sanction, but that nations ought to know it, and his whole course, “ What think ye of Christ?" were put themselves, loose and of little value.
to recognize and defer to it as authoritative, and to to the writer, we are not quite sure that he would go
regulate the use of their own authority with a due roeven so far as those who replied, " The son of David ;”
gard to its claims,-then there inay still be a differenco but though he did, we fear he might have their diffi- Dr. Rainy's Position Indefensible; or, The Real Question between us and them, but it is not a difference in culty in replying to our Lord's further question, “ If
at Issue in the Union Movement, By the Rev. principle. David call him Lord, how is he his son?”
William Balfour, Ilolyrood Free Church, Edinburgh, Apply all this to Mr. Balfour's testing case ; namely, With all this we do not forget the writer's strong pro- 1868. Pp. 48.
the Act ratifying the Confession in 1560. His reasontestations that his book is only a fragment, and that he Mr. Balfour's pamphlet is acute and earnest; It is ing here is vitiated by a fundamental mistako, inashas still to deal with the theology of the subject, and argumentative throughout, and the argument is urged much as he considers this Act to have " set up the thinks our scruples “ astonishing and unreasonable." with the intensity of strong conviction. His point is Church of Scotland as a civil establishment." That We can honestly say that we look forward to that second that more is in question between us and the United
The remarkable thing about that Act is part with the strongest wish to find our fears turning Presbyterians than any mere matter of endowment. precisely this, that it “ ratifies " a creed, and yet sets up out to be unfounded. But it does seem to us that he We are divided, he thinks, by a vital matter of prin- no Church as a civil establishment. Beyond all reasonhas either made assumptions which he must throwciple; nay, it is the very same difference, not one whit able doubt, the legislative establishment of the Church aside at the end of his “ tentative, not didactic” process, ameliorated or abridged, that was always regarded as dates from 1567, and from the Act declaring " the foreor that he has laid his foundations so narrow that he involved in the Voluntary controversy by the defenders said Kirk"-ministers and people, whom this Act dewill not be able to build upon it the magnificent temple of Establishments thirty-five years ago.
scribes-—" to be the onely true and haly Kirk of Jesus of the whole truth of God. For instance, at pp. 48, 49 We have not space to sift this last assertion. But it Christ within this realme." But let that pass. Mr. he seems to evacuate the cross of Christ, making it a matters the less, for it is a side issue. The bottom of Mr. Balfour in effect asks whether the United Presbymere " combination of greatness and self-sacrifice," and Balfour's whole argument is found in the United Pres- terians would approve of such an Act as that of 1560. affirming that the epistles of Paul throughout bear byterian Distinctive Article, and in the first clause of it. We cannot answer for them; but we rather suppose testimony that this, and nothing else, kindled that There it is said " that it is not competent to the civil | they would inquire what that " ratifying ” meant, and apostle's enthusiasm ; and that what Paul constantly magistrate to give legislative sanction to any creed, in for what it was intended to lay a basis. As a matter repeats in impassioned language, the other apostles the way of setting up a civil establishment of religion." of fact, they might state plausible grounds for thinking echo. Accordingly, the references to sin are alarmingly Mr. Balfour argues, first, that this means, or was in- that in 1560 “ratifying” meant that the religion set rare throughout the volume, and chiefly in circum- tended to mean, that the magistrate is not at liberty to forth in the Confession was to be the only religion stances in which they might have been awanting alto give legislative sanction to a creed, in any sense or for lawful within Scotland : and so far as it meant gether. Very naturally, the Christ or Messiah of Jewish any purpose—“ to any effect whatever” (p. 13). Then he this, the United Presbyterians would no doubt object expectation is spoken of simply as a king, without re- argues that, taken in this sense, the position implies that to it. As a matter of theory, looking to what it ference to his prophetical office, unless in a sense that we the Word of God “excludes all exercise of civil autho- might possibly be taken to mean, there might be think erroneous and dangerous ; and without the rity about religion and the Church of Christ" (p. 16). debate. But mark what that is about which there is no slightest referenco to his priestly office, though this was Hence the Articles of Agreement, whatever they may debate. Mark what would be competent, according to the fundamental idea of the Anointed One, and was seem to concede, are really vague, equivocal, and mis- the Articles, to a nation and its rulers, that happened expressly referred to by prophets and psalmists, by lead. The first clause of the Distinctive Article abo- to be, in God's providence, turning generally from whom he rightly holds that the faith in a Messiah was lishes them for any practical purpose. Dr. M'Crie is Popery to Bible Christianity, as Scotland was in 1560. unfolded and sustained. Nor can it surprise us that he cited saying," It would be a strange thing if it should It would be the duty of the rulers of such a nation, in denies that Christ is “the direct source of all bumanity,” | be argued that Christianity forbids any homage being the light of the new truth received, to reject the claims and makes that enthusiasm which seems to him the done to its Founder by national laws, or any service of Rome to be mistress and teacher of the nations, and essence of Christianity come from Christ to men in being performed to him by their administration;" and to have, in that character, the support of national laws. general only through the medium of others (pp. 321, Mr. Balfour adds, -" This strange thing the United It would be their duty, on the same grounds, to recall 322) ; whereas, no truth seems more manifest to
Presbyterians assert and attempt to defend” (p. 10). and reverse all legislation in favour of Romish doctrine. ordinary Christians than this—that they are what they | Such is his account of the difference in principle. For It would be their duty to reform their marriage laws
was not so.
after the rule of God's Word. It would be their duty to his own room; and at however early an hour the party to do with the question now under discussion, and give men their liberty on festival days, and to maintain might have arranged to start the following morning, he wonders that any man can think it bad. He cites at the outward observance of the Sabbath alone, " recog- rose an hour earlier, that his devotional exercises might great length froin Dr. Rainy and others in order to show nizing its perpetual obligation according to the rule of not in any way be interfered with." The discourses on that those who defended the Australian Union did 80 the divine Word.” It would be in the line of their the Parable of the Talents, which constitute the principal because the basis in that case was defensible in prin. duty in connection with the agitation which these part of the volume, are a characteristic contribution ciple. Of course they did. The basis for the Union changes might cause, especially in any portions of the from one who lived habitually under so deep and prac- now in hand, when it comes to be drawn up, will be nation that were lingering behind the rest, to address a tical a sense of responsibility to Christ. We know that defensible, and will be defended, on the very same proclamation to their subjects, in which they should de- Mr. Cowe kept up his liabit of studying closely the Word | ground. There was nothing in the Australian for clare that these changes were made in no spirit of in- of God, and that he was writing the results of his mula that could be fairly said to withdraw the recog. difference or hostility to religion, but with a concientious studies till his last illness came upon him ; but we can- nition of the magistrate's obligations as generally regard to revealed truth and duty; and while refer- not tell whether he left anything fit for publication.
set forth in the Confession of Faith. The formula ring every man to the judgment of his own conscience Memorials of the late Rev. Andrew Crichton, B.A., limited the standards on that point only by disclaiming in religion, should admonish them to make sure that of Edinburgh and Dundee. Edited by William G. intolerant and persecuting principles. Those who dewhat they received was indeed truth, and agreeable to Blaikie, D.D. London, 1868. Pp. 355.—This is another fended that Union were entitled to stand on that fact, Christ's true religion. It would be their duty to give volume of remains, with a sketch of the author's life; and they did so. But did not the basis expressly recog. all practical facilities and furtherance to the progress of yet there is a marked difference between it and the pre- nize a difference of opinion on the question of the magistruth and the ministration of it. And while repelling ceding one, inasmuch as Mr. Crichton died in the thirty- trate? Was it doubted or denied that opponents of the encroachments made by Rome in the name of first year of his age, and the seventh of his ministry. Establislıments were to join in that basis, giving their Church jurisdiction, it would be their duty to recognize | The remains (including sermons, articles and reviews, own construction to its language, where it disclaimed the rights and liberties conferred by Christ on his letters, and a few pages of poems which were all written “ persecuting and intolerant principles ?” Was that Church and by him made sacred, and to countenance before he entered on the ministry), give evidence of a
doubted then, or is it doubted now? And what was and protect her in her work. Finally, if they did not wonderful mastery over the English language, as well the moral drawn from the fact that opponents of Estabproceed to cndow the Church, they would refrain, not as of much insight into current habits of thought, and lishments could join on such a basis? What but this, from indifference to her material support, but from a of considerable power of original thinking and of deep that probably the Voluntaries and we were much inore conviction that that matter was provided for more suit feeling. The sermons have much about them to at- nearly agreed at bottom than we had been accustomed ably and scripturally otherwise.
tract attention and admiration; for ourselves, we prefer to think? Was not that brought out by Mr. Nixon, If rulers in such a case act thus, then they do not those on “ The Aloneness (?) of God's Salvation," " The and especially by Dr. Cunningham, in a manner that refrain from “ legislative sanction" of truth in the Rigliteousness of God,” “ An Inevitable Question,” . El- absolutely prostrated all opposition ? It was argued that sense of withholding the testimony to it, implied in Elohe-Israel," and " Falling Asleep;” nor do we shrink the fair explanation of the Union being formed on such a conforming their own action to its requirements, but from avowing our liking for them, in spite of—we had
basis must be this, that men might be opponents of only in the sense of not imposing penalties on the one almost said on account of-a certain immaturity which Establishments, and yet be prepared conscientiously to hand, and not establishing the Church on the other. occasionally marks them as proceeding from one of such affirm, or at all events not prepared to deny, the relig
For our part, we believe as much as Mr. Balfour that promise cut down in his prime. The biography also is ious obligations of nations and rulers. In that case, and the magistrate may competently do more than the entirely to our liking; everywhere natural, true, and in- in that view of the case, a union notoriously planned to United Presbyterians admit; and that in some circum- teresting, from the account of his school-days down to comprehend opponents of Establishments, was defended. stances they may do so with advantage, and therefore that of his death. It is reasonable enough that a third What was defensible in Australia is defensible in Scotought to do it. Nor do we doubt that, whenever the part of this sketch should be devoted to his college life: land; but with this difference, that in Scotland we question becomes practical, discussion will clear up the and this is set before us in such a way as might be ex- have been at pains to ascertain the correctness of that question and lead to a harmonious adjustment. The pected from Dr. Blaikie.
state of the facts which in the Australian debate was difference which exists between us and our United The pamphlets are all from the Presbytery of Edin- matter of inference or probable conjecture. We have Presbyterian brethren might make it difficult for us to burgh. That Prosbytery possesses great active and great been at pains to make sure that there is that fundawork together, were we situated now as the Church passive power. The debate on Union, in March, must mental agreement underlying the surface difference. was situated in 1567. It would, therefore, have been have been something imprecedented. Part of it has The distinction between the two cases is all in favour of the of much practical moment at that time. Now, in 1868, become public property, in a shower of printed speeches home Union. Yet Dr. Begg argued in broad and largeit is hardly of any. But neither at the one date nor at of great length and breadth, and various degrees of hearted reasonings for the one. In connection with the the other could it be regarded as a theological differ-depth. We say part of it; for we still want several other he has thought it fit to say, in his published speech, ence, theoretically sufficient to ground a separation. long speeches, and a good many short ones. Some that he will as soon ** subscribe a renunciation of all right
of them may even yet appear.
In the meantime, in the covenant of grace,” as--what?—" be a party to besides Dr. Buchanan's speech, the report of which was anything by which the glory of Christ as King of nations
previously circulated, and which has now been re- might be compromised.” We are glad the sentence did OUR LIBRARY TABLE.
published; and Mr. William Balfour's, virtually repre- not end—" as be a party to making Establishments We notice now two biographies and several pamphlets. sented by his pamphlet, we have those of Dr. Bonar, matter of forbearance." But since the sentence was The first is,-Christian Responsibility: its Nature and of Mr. Main, of Dr. Begg, of Mr. E. A. Thomson, and not to end so, we respectfully submit that it might have Measure. By the late Rev. Robert Cowe, A.M.. With a of Dr. Charles Brown. Each has something prefixed
been in the circumstances, not to have begun it. Memoir by the Rev. James Freer. Glasgou, 1868. Pp. or appended, which carries on tho development of the Rationalism, or Broad Churchism versus the Bible. By xxvi, 403.--This volume will be specially acceptable to argument. The two latter we especially recommend. the Editor of “ Times of Refreshing." Stirling, 1868,—has those who knew and valued Mr. Cowe, but it has intrin- Dr. Brown's appendix is admirable for its graceful and come to hand since the above was written. It appears sic merits to recommend it. The little memoir is charac- effective handling of the ad hominem argument. Mr. to be a well-planned and well-executed brochure. It is teristic of the man, and its affectionate spirit is worthy Edward Thomson's statement embodies a whole class of intended to point out in a clear readable way the relaof the writer. It is interesting and instructive to read facts and arguments with which it is high time that the tion in which the prevailing Broad Churchism of many how Mr. Cowe made his way in spite of early difficulties, Church became more familiar. As for Dr. Buchanan, books, magazines, and sermons stands to the teaching partly by the loving help of a brother; and how, after Dr. Bonar, Mr. Main, and Dr. Begg, we shall only say, of Scripture. The preface tells plainly the object in view. having proved himself well worthy of such help, he very that if their cause proves untenable, it is not for want "The alarming spread of a modified Rationalism delicately extended the like assistance to a young con- of scholarship, zeal, or ability on the part of its advo- among some classes of society in scotland, is the cause vert, who became to him a son in the gospel. There is cates.
of the issue of this tractate. Previous to attempting its a good sketch of his evangelical and faithful work as a Dr. Begg has prefixed to his published speech a long preparation, the writer sought, but in vain, to procure minister, first in the Moderate district of Berwickshire, and elaborate preface, dealing mainly with questions re- such brief treatises upon the subject as would be suitand afterwards in Portobello, in Manchester, and in garding the consistency of his opponents, of the Frec able to put into the hands of the young, who evidently Glasgow. There is no veil thrown, by mistaken kind- Church, and of himself. But the materials le brings stood in danger of having their faith in the truths of ness, over an “extreme delicacy of sensibility” which forward are all beside the point ; so much so, that it is the gospel undermined by the attractive and fascinating “ caused the slightest jar to fret and wound his spirit,” wonderful to see a man of Dr. Begg's ability taking the literature of Kingsley and other Broad Church writers. and which seemed to his friends to shut him out at trouble to adduce them. What possible end can be Nothing, however, in a simple, succinct, and brief form, times from certain fields of usefulness or forms of suc- served by showing that Dr. M. Crie, or Dr. Cunningham, fitted alike to interest and inform general readers recess to which others less peculiarly sensitive had access. or Dr. Begg's present opponents, or the whole Free garding the character of the Broad Church theories, " Mr. Cowe was throughout life distinguished by great | Church, have at different times advocated the lawful- and their direct antagonism to Scripture, could be obsingleness of aim. A kind of inflexible integrity and ness of Establishments, or of Endowments, have ex- tained. The utter hopelessness of effecting the object uprightness distinguished him from his very boyhood. pressed their sense of the importance of them, and have by directing attention to thoso elaborate works upon the When at school, his teacher declared that he never knew argued against Voluntaryism? Who denies it? Does subject which only could be procured, ultimately deterof his telling a single falsehood. .... He had himself a that settle the question whether the actual difference mined the writer to prepare this little work.” kind of heroic enthusiasm for whatever he believed to now defined as between us and the United Presby- The service thus indicated is performed in a space, be truth and right, and an equally strong detestation of terians is, in existing circumstances, a valid reason for ninety-four pages, and in seven chapters, devoted to the everything that appeared to compromise the claims of separation ? Is it anything but trifling to expatiate on topics of Sonship, Substitution, Regeneration, Justificaduty. These feelings were nourished by a habitual and generalities like these? The case is no better as re- tion, Eternal Death, Inspiration of Scripture, and a condevout study of the Word of God." The writer obvi- gards Dr. Begg's own consistency. Here he has to deal cluding summing up. These topics appear to be dealt
with Mr. Cameron's striking commentary on the Aus- with in a plain, straightforward way, and with a great ously speaks from his own observation, when he tells how, during a Continental trip, Mr. Cowe " always re- tralian debate, in his “ Forgotten Chapter.” Dr. Begg deal of scriptural intelligence. Believing that it will tired early in the evening for meditation and prayer in | boldly replies that the Australian debate had nothing | meet a widely-felt want, we recommend it.
Reviety of Intelligence.
subject, on the ground that such a law would be uncon- looking Churches, who are at present watching with stitutional, and he declared that whatever judgment interest and anxiety the issue of the experiment we might be come to, he himself would claim the right to have been making during the last quarter of a century vote for any member he pleased. The motion, however,
to sustain an Ecclesiastical Establishment of national " A time this which, so far as I can measure, is by in favour of adopting a rotation rule was carriod by a dimensions on the Voluntary system. A few weeks far the gravest which we have seen for a quarter of a large majority.
ago a letter appeared in the “ Times," in large type and century." These words, spoken by Mr. Gladstone on
The SPRING Synops do not call for much notice, as in a prominent place, pointing the eyes of faint-hearted the 28th of March last, have awakened a response in they have generally just gone over the ground already Christians in England-who, in these days of threatened the breasts of thoughtful men all over the country; and
traversed in the Presbyteries. That of Glasgow and disendowment, might be haunted with dreams of conin reviewing, as we propose to do here, the current Ayr was chiefly occupied with a discussion of the sequent destitution — to the case and history of the events of such a time, we shall endeavour to bear habi
claims of those who have been nominated to the vacant Free Church of Scotland; and while constant reference tually in mind the very serious character which belongs chairs, and the final result was the recommendation of is made in the periodicals of the Ritualists, who have to it. These columns will not be taken up with mere Mr. Macgregor of Paisley. A motion in favour of the quite made up their minds that a separation between the ecclesiastical gossip. The paragraphs will be more
withdrawal of all State aid to the Irish Church was Church and State must take place in this country soon, than a loose string of“ varieties,” selected with a view carried ly 35 to 15; and an overture to maintain the and who are anxious, with as little delay as possible, to simply to the entertainment of the reader. Our aim religious character of our National Schools passed unani- provide against that contingency,—while constant referwill always be to single out such facts for recoril as may mously. In the Synod of Fife the business was more ence is made by them to what we have shown to be illustrate the course of public opinion on Church ques
varied. First, an elaborate report was read by Mr. possiblo, Dr. M.Cosh is about to publish, for the encourtions, and as may help to inform those who are con
Wood of Elie on the Proclamation of Banns; next a agement of our Irish Presbyterian brethren, a sketch of cerned to know how it faros, not in their own sphero
discussion on Union took place, resulting in the adoption the history of our Sustentation Fund—with the founding alone, but throughout the world, with “ the Ark of of a favourable overture by a majority of 23 to 6; then of which he was himself personally concerned, and God.”
Mr. D. Fergusson submitted a scheme for the training whose course and success, he says, he has continued to FREE CHURCH.
and employment of an order of evangelists and lay watch with a never-flagging interest. With the Assembly in prospect, the PRESBYTERIES OF preachers, and proposed an overture thereanent, which We are sorry to hear that our Foreign Mission income THE FREE Church have been during the month largely was unanimously adopted; further, it was agreed to is not in the same satisfactory condition. The year occupied with the discussion of subjects which they de- bring under the notice of the Assembly the importance threatened to end with a deficit of £900. Happily sire to see attended to in the Supreme Court; and of enlarging the scientific education of our theological it was discovered that there lay at Calcutta unappronaturally the Union question has been receiving special students; and finally, while a petition against the priated funds to the amount of £600, and these have prominence. The particular point debated has genc- establishing of a Catholic University was adopted reduced the balanco against the Committee to £300; rally been, whether the Committee should be forthwith unanimously, the Synod, without a vote, agreed not to but it is a matter of deep regret that the Assembly discharged, or whether it should be re-appointed with a petition in the meantime in favour of Mr. Gladstone's should require to be met with the report of a deficit at view to the prosecution of the work of negotiation to its
resolutions. A disputed settlement caso occupied the all--especially as the income would need to be considernatural close- viz., the exhausting of the whole pro
attention of the Synod of Aberdeen. Mr. Miller, who is ably larger than it is, in order to meet the reasonable gramme. Shades of difference, indeed, have been ob- also under call to Dunse, was elected minister of Old charges which ought to be made against it during the servable in parties whio are substantially agreed—as, Meldrum by a majority, but a minority objected on the coming year. The cost of living in India is greater for instance, in reference to the importance to be ground that there still hung over him an unsettled than it used to be, and an addition should be made to attached to the existence of dissensions within our own charge of plagiarism. The Synod resolved to take no the salaries of the missionaries ; the mission-stations borders. But, since the great debate in Elinburgh, action in the case until that charge had been finally in several instances are under-manned, and if we are to there does not appear to have been much discussion of disposed of, and remitted it to the Presbytery of Ellon keep our ground the present staff must be increased ; the proposed Union on its own essential merits; and, to do as they judged right, after the meeting of the and what is peculiarly trying, we have four young men with regard to the one issue specially raised, the balance Synod of Merse and Teviotdale. Mr. Fullarton of about to be licensed who have volunteered for foreign of opinion in the provincial courts has been very dle
Strathdon was continued in his present chargo at his services, and we have not the means at present of emcidedly in favour of proceeding. The Presbyteries of own request, although the Presbytery had agreed pre- ploying them. We earnestly trust that these facts may Lochcarron (unanimously), Inverness (by 7 to 5), Dun- viously to his translation to the Wynd Church, Glasgow. be pondered by the members of the Church. We all formlino (by 6 to 4), have overtured the Assembly to end An overture in favour of the prosecution of the Union know very well that we get, on the whole, a good deal or suspend the negotiations ; while, on the other side, negotiations was carried unanimously. The Synod of
more credit for our liberality than we deserve. It may Kirkcaldy, Cupar-Fifo, Auchterarder, Kirkcudbright, Merse and Teviotdale has had two meetings—one on its scem very wonderful to people who never have given Kolso, Forres (not very cordially), Biggar and Peebles, usual day of assembling, and the other a week later, on themselves, that a poor Church like ours should contriStrathbogie, Jedburgh, and others, have expressed their Monday, April 21. was mainly occupied on both bute some £300,000 a year to religious objects ; but opinion that nothing has occurred which requires that occasions with the case of Mr. Miller, to whom we have when we come to look at the thing in detail, we do not the negotiations should not be proceeded with.
already referred, and in connection with whose call to find that it involves after all much sacrifice on the part of Apart from the Union, the subject which has been Dunso the charge of plagiarism originally arose. The any number of our individual members. Scotland has most occupying the attention of Presbyteries has been the case came up in the form of an appeal, from a minority grown within the last few years immensely in wealth. nomination of candidates for the two chairs in the New in the Presbytery, against a judgment of that court ro- The increase in comfort and luxury is visible everyCollege—the one rendered vacant by the lamontod death fusing to proceed to Mr. Miller's settlement. A very where to the eye; and considering the deplorable conof Dr. Bannerman, the other likely to be vacant in con- full discussion took place, and the Synod ultimately dition of our lapsed masses at home, and the wants of sequence of the desire which has been expressed by Dr. | decided by a majority of 8 to 4 to dismiss the appeal myriads perishing for lack of knowledge abroad, ono James Buchanan, to be allowed to enjoy, in the evening and to affirm the sentence of the court below. In this does feel inclined sometimes to cry out, “ Is this a time of his days, the rest to which his prolonged labours in the conclusion, however, the appellants did not acquiesce, for you, O ye, to dwell in your cieled houses, while the service of the Church well entitle him. Among those and the case is to come up to the Assembly. We notice, house of God lies waste ?" who have been named for the offices are Dr. Blaikie, as a somewhat unusual thing, that a corresponding Mr. Thomson of Paisley has been renewing the efforts Mr. M. Dods, Dr. T. Smith, Mr. Walker of Carnwath, member from another Synod not only took the lead on made so successfully last year to provide ordinances for Dr. Macgilivray of Aberdeen, Mr. Macgregor of Paisley, one side in the conduct of this affair, but kept his place English-speaking travellers on the Continent. As this Mr. Dykes, Dr. M'Cosh, and Mr. James S. Candlish. in the front in connection with all the other business. new and excellent scheme becomes more perfectly orya
We observe that the Presbytery of Lochcarron has The Synod completed its work, first, by refusing to nized, a larger number of stations will be occupied, with overtured the Assembly to establish a " Gaelic Record" transmit an overture which assumed that there was a probably less expense on the whole to the Church. The with Dr. Mackay as editor ; that Dr. J. Wood has given panic in the Church on the subject of the Union nego- active co-operation not only of the United Presbyterian notice of his intention to move the Presbytery of Dum- tiations, and afterwards by agreeing unanimously to Church but of the American Presbyterians should be fries at its next meeting to overture the Assembly anent send up to the Assembly a request that the Union Com- solicited. It is well known that a very large proportion the employment of lay preachers; and that the Presby- mittee be " instructed and encouraged to prosecute and of the travellers who take advantage of our services are tery of Dundee has had before it one of those perplexing complete their work with as little delay as possible.” We Americans, and we can conceive of most pleasant consecases which must now and then occur in connection regret that we are obliged to go to press before receiving quences following from our Committee entering into with our Home Missionary operations—the case of a information as to the proceedings of the other Synods. negotiations with our brethren on the other side of the territorial mission attached to the Free Church of Hill- It must be extremely gratifying to the Church to Atlantic with a view to united action in this connection. town, in which the kirk-session of the parent church learn that the great movement on behalf of the Susten- An opportunity may be afforded at the approaching and the congregation gathered under its auspices differ tation Fund has been so far successful that there is now Assembly to have a conference on the subject. We are as to the suitableness of the probationer occupying the no doubt about the dividend of this year reaching the glad to learn that we are to have among us again delefield. The former have dismissed the labourer; the point so long aimed at—that of £150 for each minister. gates from both the Old School and the New School latter, to the number of 211, refusing to concur in the The increase on the whole Fund for the cleven months | Presbyterians; and, while we heartily trust that they act, have withdrawn from the Mission Hall, and peti- is upwards of £7000, and the amount available for the will receive during their stay in Scotland such a weltioned the Presbytery to be allowed to set up for them- Equal Dividend is within £10 of £6000. A now spirit of come as will in some measure express our grateful senso selves. A motion, made by Mr. W. Wilson, to refuse liberality in connection with the Sustentation Fund of the magnificent recoption afforded in the United the prayer of the petition, was rejected; and there the appears to have been awakened, especially among the States to our own deputation, we hope that advantage will matter rests in the meantime. The Presbytery of wealthier members of the Church; and in some instances be taken of their presence to draw still closer the bonds Aberdeen has been discussing the question of whether we understand individual contributions are now being which do and ought to unite the several communities it may and ought to require that its representatives to given which have not been equalled in amount since the which we respectively represent. the Assembly be elected by rotation. Principal Lums- Disruption. We very heartily rejoice in this state of Among the Continental stations, none oppears moro den keenly opposed the proposal to pass a law on the things, not on our account merely, but on account of on- interesting than that of Venice. We have just received
a letter, dateil April 18, from Mr. Campbell of Markinch, byteries on the subject of patronage; in Glasgow, a duction of measures affecting the State Church in whose labours there last year were so highly appreci- | week or two ago, a largely signed memorial of Ireland. The committee recommended the transmission ated, and who has gone out again this year, at the request United Presbyterian elders led to a discussion anent of a petition to Parliament praying for the withulrawal of the Committee, with the view specially of inquiring the drinking of toasts; and, in our own Church, we of State and from all religious bodlies in that country. into the feasibility of establishing in Italy an institution have had a number of influential elders' meetings in
A motion in terms of this recommendation was made, similar in kind to those which we have in the Presi- connection with the Union movement. The series com- but it was met by an amendment based on this principle, dency cities of India. We wish we could give Mr. inenced in Edinburgh with a conference, presided over that “as a Presbytery and a Church of Christ they had Campbell's letter entire, but our space will permit only by Lord Ardmillan ; it was continued in Aberdeen, nothing to do with politics at all.” On the vote being a short extract from it. He says :
where Mr. Niel Smith, jun., was in the chair; and taken, however, the motion was carried by a majority " I was long of reaching this place, but still I was in Glasgow followed suit with two meetings, one of office- of 37 to 2. Dr. A. Thomson then submitted, in an time to witness the deeply-interesting ceremony of the bearers favourable to Union, the other of such as sym
excellent and temperate speech, a series of resolutions reception of about thirty evangelici into the Waldensian pathized with the minority in last Assembly. Our on National Education-one of which provided that Church, and to be present yesterday at the communion, space forbids any particular re/erence to what was said "it should be left to the Local School Committee to when about one hundred and fifty actually were pre- at those conventions, but we cannot help expressing determine what instruction in religion should be imsent and partook of the sacrament of the Lord's Supper. our satisfaction with the tone which generally prevailed parted to the schools under their superintendence." The number of communicants is about two liundred, but in the last of them. The speakers were evilently men An amendment, that the National System should le of course at no one time, in any church, can all be pre- who aro prepared to discuss the subject which now purely secular, was lost by 38 to 3. We do not affect sent at the sacred ordinance. The reception on Good | divides the Church in the spirit of Christian gentlemen. to conceal the satisfaction with which we regard these Friday of the new brethren and sisters was a deeply Loyal-hearted Free Churchimen themselves, they will decisive votes-especially as the expression of opinion touching transaction. One of them was an ex-priest. not impute motives to, or act unkindly or uncandidly indicated in the first was re-echoed so emphatically a
... On the Sabbath I could only get to the Italian towarı, their brethren. They are in favour of Union, week later in the Presbytery of Glasgow. In that service after our own service in English was over. Wc if it can consistently be accomplished; they propose court, in speaking on a motion to repudiate the had a very nice little congregation of thirty or forty no such extreme measure as the premature dismissal minutes of a pro re nata meeting which had been called British and Americans, and I intimated to them what was of the Union Committee; and whether we approve to petition against the endowment of a Catholic Uniabout to take place in the district of S. S. Giovanni e of their resolutions or not, we cannot help feeling versity, Dr. Joseph Brown is reported to have said that Paolo. Many would have gono with me, but a perfect respect and cordiality for their proposers. The air Ecclesiastical Courts should have no communications deluge of rain was falling, and gondolas were not to is now sensibly clearing. The time for offensive per- with Civil Governments;" but although his motion diad be had. As it was, however, Mr. James Dalmahoy and sonalities is past. We shall be able to talk of the a good deal more to support it than such an extreme Mr. Haldane of Edinburgh, and Mr. R. Johnson, with Church's duty in these eventful times with temper and sentiment as that–inasmuch as the pro re nata meeting his daughter, from Manchester, accompanied me. We calmness, and we may confidently hope for an issue had resolved to go the length of sending a deputation were just in time for the sacrament. The place is not which in the end shall seriously affect neither the in- to London-yet an amendment to sustain entire the very well suited for church purposes, and accordingly tegrity nor the permanent peace of the Church.
action of the Presbytery was carried by the sweeping little company after company came up and stood round
majority of 45 to 15. Throughout the country generally the preacher's desk, and so standing partook of the
UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
we observe that the Presbyteries of the United Presby. sacred elements. The pastor and his assistant only The United Presbyterian Church is threatened with terian Church are petitioning Parliament in favour of said a few words as each new company came up. This the loss simultaneously of its two mission secretaries- Mr. Gladstone's resolutions. was so far well, but a little more time was wanted. Dr. Somerville resigning on account of age and infirmity, Our little band of British Christians joined with the Mr. Macgill through a natural desire to secure some
ESTABLISHED CHURCH. Italians in the ordlinance, and we all felt that it was repose after ten years of what must have been often
The re-appearance of Dr. Norman Macleod after his worth the journey to Venice for that one hour alone. extremely harassing work. It will not be easy, how- visit to India will be the great event, no doubt, in the Many of the communicants were much affected, some cver, to fill the place of Mr. Macgrill; and as he has not General Assembly of this year. His reception in the sobbing aloud, while tears were falling from many eyes.
Dr. Somerville's too good excuse for retiring, we are East by all denominations was very cordial—he hud an .... You may imagine my joy at what I saw during not surprised to see that some Presbyieries are moving opportunity of seeing much and we sincerely trust these two days' services. I found all the elements of a with a view to the retaining of his services.
that what he may say will have the effect of stimulating prosperous and growing Church; and I have had afresh A hard case, which we hope will be the means of the missionary spirit in all the home Churches. this borne in upon me, that Venice is ripe not for one leading to united action throughout the whole of Scot- As was natural, the Presbyteries throughout the but for half-a-dozen of congregations. Were our Wal- land, has been for some time before the Presbytery of country have been petitioning in favour of the maintedensian friends to send us half-it-dozen of their best Glasgow. It is that of the assessing of a mission church nance of the Irish Church. The feeling of hostility to men, congregations could be found for all. How easy at St. Rollox to help to provide a mange and glebe for Mr. Gladstone's Resolutions has not, however, been it is to work when God is working!”
the quoad sacra parish of Springburn. Within the last quite universal. Individuals here and there have, Our Disruption ministers are fast wearing away. few years, a new definition of the term “ heritor” has though vainly, protested against putting the Irish and Within the last few weeks God has removed three men come into use ; and now, every little feuar of a cottage Scotch Establishments in the same category, and in --all well known in the Church: Mr. M'Leod of Snizort, and kailyard is invested with the privilege of support- several of the Synods the matter has proceeded to a vote. Dr. Bannerman, and Mr. Leitch of Stirling. The least ing the ecclesiastical fabrics of the Establishment. 131 In Fife the motion to maintain the status quo was carried prominent of the three was Mr. Leiteh—for he contined plain terms, Church-rates, which are just about to be by 12 to 2; in Aberdeen by 24 to 14; and in Merse and himself chiefly to the quiet round of pastoral duty—but abolished in England, are being quietly introduced into Teviotolalo by the casting vote of the moderatorthe blank made by his death in the town of Stirling | Scotland; and we know of Free Church ministers who 10 taking each side. and neighbourhood will be felt to be immense. “He have contributed to the erection of costly parish churches Overtures on Patronage have yone up from various was a good man, and full of faith and of the Holy and to an indefinite amount of improvement on the Presbyteries to the Assembly, but we scarcely think that Ghost;” and during his long and laborious ministry dwelling-houses of parochial clergy. We don't at all that question will for the present be seriously stirred. he served his Master with a singleness of eye and a say that the thing is wrong or illegal-although if it is No doubt the feeling is deepening that now Establishsimplicity of heart, which will keep his memory green much forced we shall soon hear of poinding in the ments are more than ever upon their trial, and many and fresh in the hearts of very many.
country as well as in Edinburgh—but we do say that the agree with Dr. Pirie, although they are not quite so The University of Edinburgh recently conferred the movement, whoever is responsible for it, is not much in outspoken as he is, that it will be necossary in the good degree of D.D. on the Rev. A. B. Davidson, Professor of the interest of the Establishment ; and in any case, if the time coming, when household suffrage prevails, to Hebrow in the New College, and on Rev. A. H. Char- fenars of Scotland are to have new burdens laid on them, popularize the Church as much as possible. But we teris, Park Church, Glasgow; Rev. W. Lee, Roxburgh it is only fair that they should have some new rights. cannot see that anybody is seeking this particular re(son of the late Principal Lee); Rev. T. Finlayson, They have a far deeper interest in the parish school- form under the constraint of conscience. It is with Moderator of the United Presbyterian Synod; Rev. W. master, for example, than the large heritor can pretend them a matter of expedieney, and not of principle; and Robertson of the Greyfriars'; Rev. R. S. Scott, United to, and they ought to have at least an equal say with as long as that feeling continues, the Church will proPresbyterian Church, Manchester; and Rev. Mr. Blake- him in his appointment.
bably consider it wisest on the whole to “ let sleeping nay, Church of England, Birkenhead. At the same We had written thus far when, what we regard as dogs lie;" for no saying what might happen if a powertime, the degree of LL.D, was conferred on Rev. H. rather a grave piece of information, was communicated ful agitation were to arise on such a subject. B. Tristram, author of “ Travels in the Holy Land;" Mr.
It is to the effect that two Bills have been very Smith, editor of“ The Friend of India;” and Rev. W. quietly introduced into Parliament to provide that the
CHURCH OF ENGLAND. Veitch, author of " Greek Verls, Irregular and Defec- Established Church may enjoy increased facilities for There is no institution in the country which has been tive.” The Rev. John Adam of Well-Park Free Church, erecting new parishes, and throwing upon the heritors more seriously disturbed of late, by assaults from withGlasgow, has also had the degree of D.D. conferred on (including, of course, all the feuars) the burden of the out and troubles from within, than the Church of Enghim by the University of Glasgow.
erection and maintenance of the churches. We trust land, We are sorry that the meeting of the English Presby- that this will be seen to at once. The United Presby- In the first place, on the 11th of March last a Bill 1erian Synod has fallen too late to be noticed in this terian Presbytery of Glasgow has already taken action, passed through the House of Commons abolishing the number. It was constituted on Monday evening the and not much will be seeded, we are sure, to secure compulsory collection of CHURCH RATES." 20th April, at Sunderland—the Rev. John Reid of such an expression of opinion from Scotland as will rates had previously supplied the funds by which Blyth, Northumberland, being elected moderator. It effectually prevent the perpetration of what in present the ecclesiastical edifices of the Establishment were has very important business to transact.
circumstances would be a gross piece of injustice. maintained; and now the parochial clergy will have The lay element secms making its influence felt in Dr. Peddie, at a meeting of the Edinburgh Presbytery, to depend for what they need in that way on the all the Churches at present. In two districts we have held on April 7, gave in the report of a committee voluntary liberality of their parishioners. To give our observed bodies of ellers petitioning Established Pres- which had been appointed to watch over the intro- readers a distinct idea of the significance of this change,
we may quote a sentence or two from three different fiscation, because hitherto they have been used as Lord's death, could not fail to impress the people. But English newspapers,—the “ Saturday Review” (which schools for the training of the clergy, while, if their the most distinguishing mark of all was the omission of we all know)—the “ Church Times” (a Ritualistic government was to be taken out of the Church's hands, the Holy Eucharist, and the saying on that lay only organ)—and the “ Rock,” the new penny periodical strictly denominational colleges would require to be what were commonly called “table prayers."! The established by the Evangelicals.
crecteil. And, more than that, one result only could Rev. H. Candy proposed a resolution to the effect that “ It would be idle," says the " Saturday Review," be expected to follow from the removal of religious more of a joyous character should be imported into " to pretend to underrate the importance of the decision tests——the secularizing, and ultimately the infidelizing, the Burial Service. Ho recomiended all present to by which Church Rates have been abolished. We say of the universities.
buy a copy of Mr. Brett's pamphlet on the Burial of abolished, for it would be mere affectation to consider In spite, however, of all the opposition which is the Dead. They would see there patterns of coffins and Mr. Gladstone's Bill in the light of a compromise. It offered, the opening of Oxford and Cambridge to all furniture of a very much better kind than those generis abolition, even though the form of the abolition is the classes of her Majesty's subjects seems certain ere long ally used. Clergymen might procure a small storo of very reverse of pure and simple.... It is unquestionally to take place. They will then cease to be Church of such handles, plates, &c., and they would soon find a vast step towards the separation of Church and State, England institutions, and become really national estab- peoplo glad to use them. The Hon. Secretary, who supposing that connection to exist, and admitting that lishments; and those who know what they have been secondled the motion, insisted that the funeral celethe expression is more than a picturesque figure. It to the Church in time past will understaud why so bration should follow immediately after the lesson, and may be very desirable for ardent Churchnen to per- much anxiety is displayed in connection with the never be postponed till after the body is buried; as suade themselves that all this is for the best, and that changes which it is proposed to make upon their cou- though it were only for the comfort of the mourners, the exchange of the security of an application to the stitution. There can be no doubt about the fact that
instead of being, as it really is, the Church's last offermagistrate, for the higher and holier sanction of con- the abolition of university tests will bo a serious blow ing for hier departed member, (!) the pleading for the descience and sacrod duty, is a benefit to the Church. Of to the supremacy of the Church of England.
parted soul the merits and death of Christ.' He adthe piety and beauty of these sentiments there can and But worse, a thousand times, than the two evils wo vised also that there should be a coloured pall in every ought to be no question. ... The only thing we are have named-the Abolition of Church Rates and of Re- parish-violet with red cross for adults, and white with anxious that Churchinen should realize is, that the ligious Tests—is THE DISTRACTED STATE OF THE CHURCH red or gold cross for children. Where possible, it cross change will be a very real and serious one, and is not to
All our readers are aware, in a general way. should be borne before the funeral procession, at least be dealt with by sentimental talk.”
that Ritualism—which is, of course, just an euphemism through the churchyard, but better still through the The “ Church Times” admits the importance of the for Romanism-is spreading in the Church of England; streets or village. These · improvements' were, howstep, but, with that buoyant faith and courage which but we question whether inany of them adequately ever, only to be for communicants. “As for the citso never seem to desert the party which it represents, it realize the full intensity of the strugglo which is now of all others who had wilfully rejected the communion does not regret the decision. On the contrary, it ex- going on. Two powerful organizations have been re- of the body and blood of Christ, the service, iis usually pects much good to come ultimately out of the evil. cently established within the one communion. One, conducted, was only too appropriate; the gloom and “ We may now have peace," it says, “ where before was called “The English Church Union,” exists for the pro- woe which pervaded it justly expressing the sadness estrangement; and the missionary work of the Church, motion of what is called the Catholic Reviral; the other, and anxious doubt with which we must commit their especially among Dissenters, can hardly fail to gain by entitled “ The Church Association," is founded for the
bodies to the ground."" the alteration of the law."
extrusion of Ritualism, and the defence and propagation The childislıness of a good deal of this will perhaps On the other hand, the “Rock" cannot reconcile it- of Protestant truth. Both societies have their central be the first thing that strikes the reader, but these exself to the thing at all; and it anticipates that all man- boards and their provincial branches; and you cannot ternal observances are no mere child's play in the estiner of evil consequences will follow from it, especially open the pages of any of their many organs without mation of the men who are struggling to introiluce upon the poor. “The Church of England,” it says, coming within hearing of the clash of arms. The Evan- them; as, indeed, has been strikingly brought out in " has always rejoiced in being a free resort of all her gelicals are indignant and impassioned, the Ritualists connection with the case of Mr. Mackonochie of St. members, where indigence and poverty miyht worship bold and often contemptuous; and the grounds of the Alban's, Holborn. He was prosecuted before the Court God without any mental disturbance about pew-rents quarrel are so substantial and so vital, that we cannot of Arches for introducing illegal rites and ceremonies or offertory collections; but in some cases it is so no foresee any legitimate end of the controversy except one into his church, and the decision of the presiding judge longer, and the widow's mite has to be subdivided to which must rend the Church itself asunder. “ Tolerit- in the case was given on Saturday, the 28th of March pay something for the support of livine worship, con- tion is an easy plant in the soil of indifference.” 11 last. That decision was on the whole liostile to him. trary to all the arrangements and traditions of our is easy for a very Broad Churchman, who has no pro- He was permitted, indeed, to keep two big candles ancestors. What has been exceptional now threatens found convictions at all, to live under any crecil or no burning on the altar in broad daylight, for that, it to become universal, if any Abolition Bill—whether Mr. creed; but the High Churchmen and the Low Church- seems, is agreeable to the usages of the Church of Haricastle's open and honest one, or Mr. Gladstone's men of England are unquestionably in carnest, and the England; but he was expressly told that the law formore plausible scheme-shall become law, and take theory of indefinite a comprehension " can never work bade the burning of incense, the public mixing of water effect in our parishes.”
pleasantly with them. The English Church at present with wine in the chalice, and the elevation of the Another serious assault on the integrity of the English is, in the most literal sense, a house divided against Host. Of course, after that, a crowd of people went next Church is being made this session in connection with itself-divided about the very fundamentals of the day to St. Alban's, to see how Mr. Mackonochie took tho Mr. Coleridge's Bill for THE ABOLITION OF Tests in the Christian faith; and how it is to " stand” must be an
judgment; and they were not long left in a state of Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. The second anxious question to many of its most devoted adherents.doubt. The acolyto sent up such clouds of incense reading of the Bill comes on in a few days, and although we shall have occasion to return frequently to this from his censer that the very church was darkened with it is not expected that the end aimed at will be gained subject, for nothing that affects a great Protestant com- it. We cannot suppose that the man who acted in that during the present year, yet it is so perfectly well munion like the Church of England can ever possibly way, though he has since professed to submit to the understood what will be the issue in the long-run, that be without interest to us; and, apart from that, we feel judgment, imagined that he was testifying for trifles. the Bishop of London and others are trying to stare off that we are near akin to the great Evangelical party In the presence of this fierce conflict between the the calamity by means of a compromise. The case on in it which is now contending for truths which we hold Ritualists and the Evangelicals even thc Broad Churchthe one side is well stated in a circular-letter which has in common with them, and we are deeply concerned men are becoming alarmed. Hitherto they have affected been recently sent to the Nonconformist ministry of about that party being guided through the conflict in to look on with a half-amused, half-scornful air. But England by Six Dissenting Graduates and Under- such a way as to bring nothing but good to the general now they begin to be afraid that the house which, they graduates of Cambridge. The universities,” say they, cause of Christianity.
of England, and are meant to be seats of national educa- work in which the Ritualists are engaged. A branch about their cars, and they are manifestly looking about tion-not mere Anglican nurseries. Till recently, none meeting of the “ Church Union" was lately held at in some anxiety for additional supports to prop up the but members of that Church were admitted to them, Bridport, and the following is a report of what took old edifice. They are growing exceedingly courteous even as students; now Nonconformists may study place on the occasion :
and kind, for example, to the Dissenters; and within freely, and compete for the minor rewards, but from the “After disposing of certain routine business, the Rev. the last month or two we have had two Deans publicly chief privileges and prizes they are still shut out. At H. O. Francis proposed the following resolution : That proposing that steps should be taken with a view to tho Oxfore they can take no degree above the incomplete it is desirable to promote, if possible, a more earnest and re-union of the Nonconformists and the Church. Dean one of Bachelor of Arts; at Cambridge the degree of devout observance of the anniversary of our Saviour's Stanley's theory is to make the Church co-extensive Master of Arts is given them, it is true, but without a Crucifixion than has usually been paid by the great with the nation, and to endow all Christian sects. by voico.in the government of the university, or the clec. | majority of the people of England. Among other whatever name they may be called. Dean Alford is not tion of its representatives in Parliament; while both at things, he said that he thought the custom of eating quite so wild, but urges in the meantime friendly coOxford and Cambridge they are excluded from fellow- cross buns on that day had become harmful, tending to operation with Dissenters, with the view possibly of ships, the crowning rewards of ability and merit. These make people look at it as a day for a special kind of incorporation in the ench. And a motion introduced fellowships are in themselves worth, on an average, feeding. The Rev. C. Woodcock, who seconded the Jately into the Convocation of York was quite in the £250 a year for a various length of time, but are worth motion, took a higher flight. He suggested the services samo line, to open negotiations with the Wesleyan far more from their connection with college preferments at St. Alban's, Holborn, as a pattern, with some slight | Methodists, in the hope of bringing them back again and social position. . . We therefore beg you to
modifications, for country parishes. Nothing,' he also within the pale of the Establishment. It would ponder the gravity of this subject, to bring it before the
added, could be more appropriate or more edifying bc unjust to say that there overtures to “ the sects" are notice of your congregation, and to send in a petition than the service of “ The Three Hours' Agony," and entirely the result of the pressure of circumstances, for subscribed by so many as feel interested in its design." The Reproaches.” Such outward marks as stripping we are told that at least the Dean of Canterbury has On the other siile, the Jeading nen of the Church the altar, removing flower vases, veiling the crosses, long maintaineil friendly relations with his Dissenting pleiul that, to open the wiversities in the way pro- tolling instead of ringing the bell for all services, and brethren; but we can scarcely doubt that some light is poscil, would be practically to commit an act of con- especially tolling at the actual hour of our blerzico thrown upon the uppringing of so much coruliulity ly