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THE RIGHT HONOURABLE
FRANCIS RAWDON HASTINGS,
Earl of Moira, Baron Rawdon, &c. &c.
THE UNITED DOMINIONS CONTAIN NOT A TRUER PATRIOT;
WHO COULD DISTINGUISH HIMSELF BY HIS PEN,
NO LESS THAN BY HIS SWORD AND HIS ELOQUENCE,
THE FIRST VOLUME.
Sect. II. From the death of Sir William Temple, to the time of
IN presenting to the public a new edition of the Works
of so well known and popular a writer as Dr. SWIFT, it would be equally unjust and invidious to withhold the preliminary observations of men high in esteem for critical sagacity, who on former occasions have not disdained to undertake the office of ushering the Dean's writings into the world. These, therefore, will be found collected into one point of view in the General Preface.
From a large accumulation of useful materials (to which the present Editor had contributed no inconsiderable share, and to which in 1779 he annexed a copious index to the Dean's works, and a chronological list of the epistolary correspondence) a regular edition in seventeen volumes was in 1784 compiled by the late Mr. Sheridan; to whom the former biographers were collectors of materials; and who prefixed an excellent life of the Dean, which no man was better qualified than himself to undertake. This renders it unnecessary to enter farther on that subject, than merely to observe, in the words of a late worthy friend,* that, "if we deduct somewhat from report, which is apt to add to the oddities of men of note, the greatest part of his conduct may be accounted for by the common operations of human nature-Choler," Lord Bacon observes, 'puts men on action; when it grows adust, it turns to melancholy.' In Swift, that humour seems to have been predominant; governed, however, even in his younger days, by a fund of good sense, and an
* Mr. Bowyer, the justly celebrated printer.