Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Westen Cultures

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Helaine Selin
Springer Science & Business Media, 31 de jul. 1997 - 1117 pàgines
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The Encyclopaedia fills a gap in both the history of science and in cultural stud ies. Reference works on other cultures tend either to omit science completely or pay little attention to it, and those on the history of science almost always start with the Greeks, with perhaps a mention of the Islamic world as a trans lator of Greek scientific works. The purpose of the Encyclopaedia is to bring together knowledge of many disparate fields in one place and to legitimize the study of other cultures' science. Our aim is not to claim the superiority of other cultures, but to engage in a mutual exchange of ideas. The Western aca demic divisions of science, technology, and medicine have been united in the Encyclopaedia because in ancient cultures these disciplines were connected. This work contributes to redressing the balance in the number of reference works devoted to the study of Western science, and encourages awareness of cultural diversity. The Encyclopaedia is the first compilation of this sort, and it is testimony both to the earlier Eurocentric view of academia as well as to the widened vision of today. There is nothing that crosses disciplinary and geographic boundaries, dealing with both scientific and philosophical issues, to the extent that this work does. xi PERSONAL NOTE FROM THE EDITOR Many years ago I taught African history at a secondary school in Central Africa.
 

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LIST OF ENTRIES
xxi
ABACUS
xxviii
The development of the alphabet
59
Chant 2 Ascendant as sketched in northern India
80
امید
84
1
147
BLA
156
PLACE NAME
174
B
624
Vo0021
625
le
647
os
648
2010
649
Maya gods of mathematics and writing
650
The number sequence of the Coahuiltecan of
653
The number sequence of the Eastern Pomo
655

AZTEC
175
YUCATEC
176
co
177
SOLOT
178
According to native historical accounts the Mexica people
201
ASTRONOMICAL CLOCKS IN CHINA COLONIALISM AND MEDICINE
211
142
246
11
270
278
278
288
288
S
320
2
328
G
342
Monolinear lusona with rotational symmetry
367
368
368
Nt
385
Major instruments of masonry and stone of
462
7 송
471
K
475
7 12 1 14
531
12 25
532
26
557
MAPS AND MAPMAKING OF THE AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL PEOPLE
560
cine
578
glo
582
Chõnhado Map of the World
583
I GAMES
617
618
618
0
621
PI
623
H
680
1
774
The koti zigi game
782
E14
783
Classification of numbers according to the Jainas
785
a
810
the epicycles their R sines and allied matters
828
Q
830
and it is greatly to his credit that he contributed
832
RATIONALE IN INDIAN MATHEMATICS RATIONALITY OBJECTIVITY AND
845
1
860
0
862
tractului datorta
925
95021
964
4
965
HEDE
966
the Arabic translations made by Thăbit himself The ideas
970
integer and fraction are separated by a semicolon the
988
Indian sine table with R 3438
989
W
1002
BE
1006
1009
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES IN PERU Ancient Peru
1026
O
1035
ſB
1036
C
1037
G
1038
5666
1039
LIST OF AUTHORS
1063
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